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Ecological Sciences (Research Page)

Ecological Sciences (ES) is a multi-disciplinary group of over 80 researchers with a unique breadth of scientific expertise, skills and knowledge in the ecology, physiology and systematics of microbes, lichens, fungi, plants, inve ... Read more

Days Until
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SSCR Annual General Meeting and Lecture: 23 May 2018 (Event)

The Scottish Society for Crop Research (SSCR) is holding their Annual General Meeting and Lecture at Abertay University, Bell Street, Dundee on 23 May 2018. The AGM itself is open only to SSCR members and the Lecture is open to al ... Read more

Days Until
50

Open Farm Sunday 2018: New Venue! (Event)

Come and spend a fun family day at Glensaugh Farm! The Institute will be taking part in Open Farm Sunday 2018 on 10 June. ... Read more

Film screening - “10 Billion What’s on your plate?” (Event)

We are pleased to invite you to a screening of “10 Billion What’s on your plate?”, on Thursday 22 March 2018. Doors will be open at 6:30 pm with the event starting at 7:00. The film follows th ... Read more

Professor Steve Albon appointed to new lowland deer expert panel (News)

Professor Steve Albon, an Honorary Research Associate of the James Hutton Institute, has been appointed a member of a new expert panel established by Scottish Natural Heritage (SNH) to examine complex issues related to deer manage ... Read more

Professor Alison Hester appointed to new grouse moor management review group (News)

Professor Alison Hester, of our Ecological Sciences group, has been appointed as member of a new independently-led group which aims to ensure grouse moor management practices are not only sustainable but are legally compliant. T ... Read more

Connections between greenspace and residents to be explored in Cumbernauld project (News)

Researchers at the James Hutton Institute have become important partners in a project which aims to improve green spaces in a Lanarkshire town. Cumbernauld Living Landscape, a partnership between the Scottish Wildlife Trust, Nor ... Read more

Web mapping service improved in latest update to Scottish Soils app (News)

The SIFSS (Soil Indicators for Scottish Soils) app has recently been updated to improve usability. Aimed at growers, farmers and land managers in Scotland, the app allows them to quickly identify soil type in their area. ... Read more

Visit the new-look Scotland's Environment Web (News)

The team behind Scotland’s Environment Web, a James Hutton Institute-supported website aiming to be a ‘one-stop’ resource to access a variety of information resources on the Scottish environment, have launched a ... Read more

NEFERTITI: Networking European Farms to Enhance Cross Fertilisation and Innovation Uptake through Demonstration (2018-2021) (Project)

NEFERTITI will establish an EU-wide highly connected network of well-specified demonstration and pilot farms, which is designed to enhance thematic knowledge exchange, cross fertilisation among actors and efficient innovation upta ... Read more

NEWBIE - New Entrant netWork: Business models for Innovation, entrepreneurship and resilience in European agriculture (2018-2021) (Project)

The overall goal of the NEWBIE network is to enable new entrants to successfully establish sustainable farm businesses in Europe.  In NEWBIE, “new entrants” are defined as anyone who starts a new farm business or ... Read more

The challenge of marginal land: efficient utilisation of the managed natural environment (News)

Research projects aiming to provide land managers with alternatives for efficient land management of upland systems will be presented at an event titled "The Challenge of Marginal Land: efficient utilisation of the managed na ... Read more

Native plants need re-seeding after rhododendron removal (News)

Native plants need a helping hand if they are to recover from invasive rhododendron, Scottish ecologists have discovered. A new study in the Journal of Applied Ecology reveals that – even at sites cleared of rhododendron 30 ... Read more

Open Farm Sunday 2017 (Event)

  Come and spend a fun family day on the farm! ... Read more

Fascination of Plants Day (Event)

Plant Power - a fascinating day for all the family! ... Read more

Community screening of Grazing on the Edge (Event)

Common grazings cover 6% of Scotland, supporting High Nature Value habitats like upland grasslands, and a distinct culture of crofting and traditional hill grazing. But declining agricultural incomes and demographic change have me ... Read more

Ecological research key to managing Scotland's natural resources (News)

Scotland’s environment faces many challenges including a changing climate, invasive species, pollution and changes in the way our land and seas are managed, and ecological research is at the heart of solutions to help policy ... Read more

Open Farm Sunday 2017 (Page)

The James Hutton Institute will be holding Open Farm Sunday on 11 June 2017, Dundee site. Find us at Directions to the Dundee site. Open farm Sunday - latest  ... Read more

Banned pollutants found in deepest reaches of our oceans (News)

A research collaboration featuring scientists from the James Hutton Institute, Newcastle University and the University of Aberdeen has uncovered evidence that man-made pollutants have now reached the most remote habitats of our pl ... Read more

Invertebrates on Scottish Sites of Special Scientific Interest (SSSIs): Site Condition Monitoring 2013-14 (Event)

Chris Cathrine from Caledonian Conservation will deliver this Aberdeen Entomological Club seminar entitled “Invertebrates on Scottish Sites of Special Scientific Interest (SSSIs): Site Condition Monitoring 2013-14. It will b ... Read more

Behaviours in relation to rural diffuse pollution (Research Page)

Significant efforts and resources have been deployed to mitigate rural diffuse pollution through regulatory, guidance and voluntary measures. Despite these ongoing efforts, rural diffuse pollution remains a persisten problem. In S ... Read more

Background (Page)

The long-term viability of farming in Scotland depends on the sustainable management of our agricultural habitats. We need to achieve a balance between maximising crop production, conserving arable biodiversity and maintaining eco ... Read more

Peat Surveys: Knock Moss (Research Page)

Peat Deposit: Knock Moss, Wigtownshire ... Read more

Peat Surveys: Elsie Moss (Research Page)

Peat Deposit: Elsie Moss, Aberdeenshire ... Read more

Peat Surveys: Fiag Plantation (Research Page)

Peat Deposit: Fiag Plantation, Highland ... Read more

Peat Surveys: Wyndford Moss (Research Page)

Peat Deposit: Wyndford Moss, Aberdeenshire ... Read more

Decision to keep beavers in Scotland welcomed by Hutton scientists (News)

Scientists at the James Hutton Institute have welcomed the Scottish Government's decision to allow beavers to remain in Argyll and Tayside as a protected species, but warned continued long-term monitoring and active manag ... Read more

Peat Surveys: Summary (17 Selected Peat Deposits) (Research Page)

Summary of Peat Deposit Depths, and Land Cover in 1988 ... Read more

Peat Surveys: Blacklaw Bog (Research Page)

Peat Deposit: Blacklaw Bog, South Lanarkshire ... Read more

Peat Surveys: Awhirk Moss, Wigtownshire (Research Page)

Peat Deposit: Awhirk Moss, Wigtownshire ... Read more

Peat Surveys: Drumbreck Moss (Research Page)

Peat Deposit: Drumbreck Moss, North Lanarkshire ... Read more

Peat Surveys: Drumbow Moss (Research Page)

Peat Deposit: Drumbow Moss, North Lanarkshire ... Read more

Peat Surveys: Dirskelpin Moss (Research Page)

Peat Deposit: Dirskelpin Moss, Wigtownshire ... Read more

Potatosize (Research Page)

The PotatoSize app provides potato growers with information on the proportion of their crop that lies within each size range of interest. It uses image analysis to interpret a photo of potatoes sampled in the field. Development wa ... Read more

Peat Surveys: Nutberry Moss and Dornock Flow (Research Page)

Peat Deposit: Nutberry Moss and Dornock Flow, Dumfriesshire Survey: 1967 ... Read more

Photosynthesis by aquatic organisms ‘counters’ impact of global warming (News)

Changes in temperature can greatly affect the rate at which aquatic organisms such as algae process inorganic carbon present in streams and waterways, an international team of researchers has found. The study, which saw research ... Read more

Peat Surveys: Creca Moss (Research Page)

Peat Deposit: Creca Moss, Dumfriesshire ... Read more

More needed to promote sustainable food production, Hutton scientists say (News)

More needs to be done to promote sustainable food production if we are to solve the apparent conflict between the interests of nature and those of modern agriculture, according to researchers at the James Hutton Institute. This wa ... Read more

Scotland's Soil Data (Research Page)

To view a wide range of soil and land capability maps online please visit Scotland's Soils website or the National Library of Scotland where you can view a selection of the published 1:63,360 (1 inch to the mile) scale maps. A ... Read more

Peat Surveys: Gartur Moss (Research Page)

Peat Deposit: Gartur Moss, Stirlingshire ... Read more

Our Science (Research Page)

Our work covers much of the terrestrial environment and involves soils, water and crop production. Soils Physical, chemical and biological processes within soils underpin a vast range of ecosystem services. Our work deals with ... Read more

Peat Surveys: Cranley Bog (Research Page)

Peat Deposit: Cranley Bog, South Lanarkshire ... Read more

Peat Surveys: Harburn and Cobbinshaw Bogs (Research Page)

Peat Deposit: Harburn and Cobbinshaw Bogs, West Lothian ... Read more

Peat Surveys: Backhill of Bush Moss (Research Page)

Peat Deposit: Backhill of Bush Moss, Kirkudbrightshire ... Read more

Hutton climate change research featured in high-profile publications (News)

Climate change and forestry research from James Hutton Institute scientists has been featured in two influential publications: Forestry for a low-carbon future – integrating forests and wood products in climate change strate ... Read more

Peat Surveys: Mindork Moss (Research Page)

Peat Deposit: Mindork Moss, Wigtownshire ... Read more

Peat Surveys: Glims Moss (Research Page)

Peat Deposit: Glims Moss, Orkney ... Read more

Peat Surveys: White Moss (Research Page)

Peat Deposit: White Moss, Orkney ... Read more

Peat Surveys: Dornal Bog (Research Page)

Peat Deposit: Dornal Bog, Wigtownshire ... Read more

Peat Surveys: Threepwood Moss (Research Page)

Peat Deposit: Threepwood Moss, Roxburghshire ... Read more

Social Innovation in Marginalised Rural Areas (SIMRA) (Project)

SIMRA seeks to fill the significant knowledge gap in understanding and enhancing social innovation in marginalised rural areas by advancing the state-of-the-art in Social Innovation (SI) and connected governance mechanisms in agri ... Read more

Collaboration receives £450K to explore food, energy, water and environment interactions in Ethiopia (News)

A collaboration involving the James Hutton Institute and the University of Aberdeen has been awarded approximately £450K to carry out two research projects into building resilience to drought in Ethiopia and the interaction ... Read more

MAGIC “Moving Towards Adaptive Governance in Complexity: Informing Nexus Security" (Project)

MAGIC takes a fresh look at the Europe’s goals for smart, sustainable and inclusive growth and the policies and instruments intended to support these goals. Many issues – including water, energy and food security - are ... Read more

Biodiversity and Ecosystems (Research Page)

The aim of the Biodiversity and Ecosystem subgroup is to understand how human driven global and local changes impact on the network of interactions between animals, microbes and plants in natural and semi-natural habitats to predi ... Read more

Peat Surveys: Peat Deposits (Research Page)

Maps of the distribution of surveys of peat deposits by the Scottish Peat Committee and Macaulay Institute Peat Surveys (since 1984) ... Read more

Scotland’s forgotten genius – more Hutton theories to be published (News)

Two hundred and ninety years ago today, one of the most influential Scots ever was born: a man whose influence on our understanding of the earth was revolutionary at the time and has unlocked vast areas of related knowledge since ... Read more

Mining legacy springs hope for greener future (News)

An old coal mine in Lanarkshire could soon be springing back into life and once again provide heating for people’s homes thanks to geothermal power. A joint effort by North Lanarkshire Council and the James Hutton Institute ... Read more

Scotland’s Environment Web shortlisted for LIFE Citizens’ Award (News)

Scotland’s Environment Web, a website that aims to be a ‘one-stop’ resource to access a variety of information resources on the Scottish environment, has been shortlisted for the LIFE Citizens’ Award for En ... Read more

James Hutton Group awarded £22.8m for agriculture, food and environment research (News)

Scotland will remain at the forefront of ground-breaking advances in farming and food production as a result of continued Scottish Government funding for scientific research, Rural Affairs Secretary Richard Lochhead has said. Mo ... Read more

More than just fish food: Ecosystem services provided by freshwater insects (Event)

Craig Macadam, Conservation Director from the invertebrate charity Buglife, will deliver this Aberdeen Entomological Club seminar entitled “More than just fish food: Ecosystem services provided by freshwater insects”. ... Read more

LEAF Technical Day for Farmers 9 June 2016 (Page)

The Institute and LEAF will hold a Technical Day for farmers on 9 June 2016 at Balruddery Farm near Dundee. See below for flyer, invite and contacts. Latest ... See LEAF's blog on the event ..... featuring Euan Caldwell ... Read more

Understanding Predation project identifies pathways to address conflict (News)

A report from a ground-breaking project identifying ways to resolve conflicts about predation has been launched by Environment Minister, Dr Aileen McLeod. The report analyses the views of a large number of stakeholders in con ... Read more

References to GreenHealth research project (Project)

The GreenHealth project, and its findings, are referenced by the following research teams or outputs:   ... Read more

Dragonflies and damselflies of North East Scotland (Event)

Juliette Dinning will deliver this Aberdeen Entomological Club seminar entitled “Dragonflies and damselflies of north east Scotland”. It will be held at the James Hutton Institute in Aberdeen (and screened to the Insti ... Read more

Dispelling the myths: a new look at wood ants (Event)

Dr Jenni Stockan from the Environmental and Biochemical Sciences Group, James Hutton Institute, will deliver this Aberdeen Entomological Club seminar entitled “Dispelling the myths: a new look at wood ants”. It will be ... Read more

UK increasingly 'outsourcing' environmental impacts of its food supply (News)

A new study from researchers at the James Hutton Institute, the University of Aberdeen, the Rowett Institute of Nutrition and Health and the Alpen-Adria University in Vienna shows that the UK’s food self-sufficiency has decr ... Read more

Staff and Students (Research Page)

Staff For students, follow the link here: Students ... Read more

Mapping Relevant to Ecosystem Services - MRES (Research Page)

The MRES report provides a review of recent and ongoing work relevant to ecosystem service mapping in Scotland. It provides a reference resource for future research and a list of example methodologies used in this area, while at t ... Read more

Cairngorms Peatland Restoration project wins Nature of Scotland Innovation Award (News)

The Cairngorms Peatland Restoration project has won the Nature of Scotland 2015 Innovation Award, sponsored by the James Hutton Institute, for its efforts in restoring peatlands that provide homes to a variety of plants and animal ... Read more

Our Science (Research Page)

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Research Facilities (Research Page)

... Read more

James Hutton Institute to present Environmental Leadership award (News)

On Monday 7th September, the Food and Drink Federation Awards 2015 will celebrate the best and the most innovative and inspiring food and drink businesses across the UK supply chain, with the James Hutton Institute sponsoring the ... Read more

Too many businesses unaware of impact of declining natural capital (News)

The Natural Capital Initiative, a partnership between the Society of Biology, British Ecological Society, Centre for Ecology & Hydrology and the James Hutton Institute, has launched the ‘Valuing our Life S ... Read more

James Hutton Institute welcomes Defra’s open data vision (News)

The James Hutton Institute has welcomed the announcement made by Environment Secretary Elizabeth Truss that Defra is to release its data reserves to create opportunities for people in the UK making their living from food, farming ... Read more

Geothermal energy projects awarded quarter million (News)

Almost a quarter of a million pounds of funding has been awarded to five feasibility projects across Scotland, including the James Hutton Institute's Hartwood Research Farm in Lanarkshire, to investigate how thermal energ ... Read more

What did plants ever do for you? (News)

Whether you have green fingers or not, every breath you take, every meal you eat owes a debt to plants. From one little seed, planted into soil, many green lives can arise - from small herbs up to big trees, or from ornamental flo ... Read more

Entries open for RSPB's Nature of Scotland Awards (News)

The search for Scotland’s leading lights of conservation has begun with entries now open for the RSPB’s prestigious Nature of Scotland Awards, with the James Hutton Institute sponsoring the Innovation category. The a ... Read more

World Water Congress Special Session, Edinburgh 27th May (Research Page)

Wednesday 27th May 14:45 - 18:30 (Session SS6) ... Read more

China-UK dialogue on science, policy and food security (News)

In order to ensure food security for its sizeable population, China needs to find ways of overcoming pressing environmental challenges and developing a science to policy interface. That was the key message of the China-UK Summit f ... Read more

Sustainable Coasts: Balancing socio-economic drivers whilst preserving coastal amenity & habitat (Event)

As east-central Scotland's Local Coastal Partnership, the Tay Estuary Forum puts together a conference each year to reflect current issues within the coastal and marine environments at both a regional and national scale, ... Read more

Researchers gather to highlight importance of native plant seeds (News)

Eleven early stage researchers employed on the EU-Marie Curie funded Initial Training Network attended a 5-day workshop at the James Hutton Institute in Dundee as part of the Native Seed Science, Technology and Conservation (NASST ... Read more

MAJI: More Action for Just Initiatives for Climate Change Adaptation in Southern Africa (Project)

The James Hutton Institute helps to support effective and equitable water management that will be sustainable in the long-term (and in the face of climate change), through its role in supporting a VSO-led project called “&qu ... Read more

Mountain hare study begins (News)

The James Hutton Institute has joined forces with Scottish Natural Heritage (SNH) and the Game and Wildlife Conservation Trust (GWCT) to begin a three-year study to trial different methods of assessing mountain hare populations in ... Read more

Workshops (Research Page)

Scotland’s peat bogs - rural community perceptions on Lewis (PDF File: 5,798KB) ... Read more

Policy and Research Briefs (Research Page)

The briefs described on this page are either hosted on the knowledgescotland website, or are available for direct download (pdf format). ... Read more

Dr Helaina Black appointed Ecological Sciences group leader (News)

Senior soil ecologist Dr Helaina Black has been appointed to the leadership of the Ecological Sciences group at the James Hutton Institute, following the retirement of Dr Pete Goddard. ... Read more

Climate change will have far reaching effects on UK agriculture (News)

With 2014 reported as the warmest year since records began, continuing a strong trend in recent years, we ignore the implications for agriculture in the UK in the medium to long term at our peril. The issue is not just the rising ... Read more

RURALREIN (Project)

Reindeer herding and commodification of the outfields in Southern Sami areas- Challenges to established rights and practices (RURALREIN) ... Read more

Soils Maps of Scotland (Research Page)

To celebrate World Soils Day on the 5th December and the start of the International Year of Soils, we have made available for download scanned copies of the original seven 1:250,000 scale soil maps of Scotland and the accompanying ... Read more

Open Farm Sunday 2015 (Page)

The James Hutton Institute will be holding Open Farm Sunday on 7 June 2015, 10 am to 4 pm, Dundee site. Find us at Directions to the Dundee site. An emphasis this year will be on soil as part of the International Year of the S ... Read more

Need a stress-buster? Go for a nature walk (News)

Group walks in nature are associated with greater mental wellbeing as well as lower depression and stress, an article co-authored by a James Hutton Institute researcher in Aberdeen has concluded. ... Read more

Soils@Hutton - Soil Survey and Monitoring (Research Page)

National Soil Inventory for Scotland ... Read more

Soils@Hutton - Soil and Natural Capital (Research Page)

Scotland's soil resources ... Read more

Soils@Hutton - Soil and Climate Change (Research Page)

Learn more about soils & climate change ... Read more

Greenspace Data (Research Page)

Data sources ... Read more

Academy student’s research on sea urchins features in prestigious journal (News)

A young scientist has got his career off to a flying start by having his work from a summer project published in renowned journal LWT - Food Science and Technology. Connor Powell, from Breadalbane Academy in Perth, was supervised ... Read more

Policy, practice, science and decision making: a tough balancing act (News)

What are the challenges faced by policy developers in Scotland, at a time of increasing calls on decision makers to base their conclusions more firmly on the underlying science and avoid inefficient use of resources? These issues, ... Read more

Diffuse pollution modelling (Research Page)

Data from spatial monitoring of water quality provided parameter sets for validation of catchment scale models. These have been used in a number of externally funded research projects including REFRESH. ... Read more

Phosphorus biogeochemistry in riparian buffer strips (Research Page)

Management to mitigate pollutant swapping Buffer strips are useful for mitigating diffuse pollution. As riparian buffers perform their role in sediment trapping, P accumulates with no loss mechanism (as in wetland denitrificatio ... Read more

Flood inundation modelling (Research Page)

Tarland modelling                         Hydraulic models help to predict where flooding might occur, how s ... Read more

Green Health Project Scientific Publications (Project)

Publications and Knowledge Exchange Project outputs include a number of papers in scientific journals, conferences, and events for stakeholders. Examples of such outputs follow: ... Read more

Green Health Project Research Team (Project)

James Hutton Institute ... Read more

Green Health Project Consultative Group (Project)

The Green Health Consultative Group ran for the period of the project. Over this time, members provided advice and guidance on specific topics including at the outset definitions and terminology relating to green space, upcoming p ... Read more

TRANSGRASS: A transdisciplinary platform and toolkit for understanding and managing grasslands as socio-ecological systems (Project)

TRANSGRASS innovatively combined collaborative video, interactive Touchtable technology, and ecological surveys with a series of workshops to develop a transdisciplinary platform for the integration of contested for ... Read more

Capturing the wild: Smart camera records Scotland’s unseen wildlife (News)

Monitoring of Scotland’s wildlife in some of the most remote and inaccessible parts of the country has been transformed thanks to a new ‘smart camera’ developed by experts at the James Hutton Institute and the Un ... Read more

Learning Landscape Partnerships (Project)

Despite many decades of research within protected area landscapes, many protected area management organisations struggle to use scientific expertise in their management and decision making processes. The project has been funded by ... Read more

6. Working with stakeholders (Research Page)

Aim: to maintain active engagement with HEP stakeholders and researchers Our research aims to support sustainable HEP development and therefore needs to be designed and executed in partnership with conservation managers and HEP ... Read more

5. Governance of small scale schemes (Research Page)

Aim: understand the governance, regulation and economics of small scale run-of-river HEP schemes We are interested in how economic, regulatory and social issues relate to small scale HEP development and shape the outcome of ... Read more

3. Areas sensitive to cumulative impacts (Research Page)

Aim: to identify areas sensitive to future HEP developments There is significant potential for cumulative impacts to occur where HEP developments are clustered within a catchment. Our research is identifying the potential areas ... Read more

2. Environmental impacts of impoundment schemes (Research Page)

Aim: to determine the environmental impacts of HEP impoundment schemes In regulated rivers, instream habitats are under the most stress during high and low flows. Our research aims to better understand the impacts of extreme flo ... Read more

State of Scotland’s environment outlined in new report (News)

On the whole, Scotland’s environment is of good quality and there have been many significant improvements in recent years. However, the 2014 State of the Environment Report clearly shows that some habitats and species are un ... Read more

LEAF Technical Day for Farmers 3 June 2014 (Page)

The Institute and LEAF held a Technical Day for farmers on 3 June at Balruddery Farm near Dundee. Here we report on the day's events - the demonstrations, the talks, the discussions. ... Read more

Host Identity and Climate as Determinants of Ectomycorrhizal Fungal Distribution in Scotland (Research Page)

Background Over 85% of land plants are obligate associated with mycorrhizal fungi illustrating the importance of the symbiosis. Fungi provide water and essential nutrients to their host plants in exchange for carbohydrates deriv ... Read more

Young scientist wins prestigious research accolade (News)

A young scientist whose research focusses on pathogens in the environment has been awarded the prestigious Peter Massalski Prize for meritorious research. Dr Fiona Brennan, research scientist with the Ecological Sciences group at ... Read more

Hydropower resources research (Research Page)

Hydropower plays a key role in Scotland’s renewable energy contributions and renewables targets for 2015 (50%) and 2020 (100%). Our research is supporting the sustainable planning, development and management of this resource ... Read more

Scotland’s Hydro Nation challenge highlighted in new book (News)

Research by the James Hutton Institute and the Centre of Expertise for Waters (CREW) relating to the role of ecosystem services in meeting Scotland’s Hydro Nation Challenge has been featured in a new book edited by Arup Grou ... Read more

European Society for Rural Sociology chooses Aberdeen for 2015 congress (News)

The James Hutton Institute, in partnership with Aberdeen Exhibition and Conference Centre (AECC), are proud to announce that the European Society for Rural Sociology (ESRS) have chosen Aberdeen as the host city for their 2015 ... Read more

Safeguarding Natural Capital research outputs (Research Page)

As part of our work on behalf of the Scottish Government, the European Union and a range of other funders, members of staff in the Safeguarding Natural Capital theme produce and contribute to a variety of outputs, a range of which ... Read more

Wanted: bright ideas to protect our landscapes (News)

Do you love getting outdoors and enjoying nature? Are you bursting with ideas about how to better protect our landscapes? Then the UK E-CLIC Landscape Competition wants to hear from you. The E-CLIC project, an European Union initi ... Read more

Open Farm Sunday 8 June 2014 (Page)

The James Hutton Institute was not open for Open Farm Sunday on 8 June 2014. This year we held a LEAF Technical Day for Farmers on Tuesday 3 June. See the exhibits at Farmers' Technical Day. ... Read more

The Atlantic Maritime Croplands – sustainability and environment (Research Page)

A case study on sustainable agriculture and the environment at the James Hutton Institute ... Read more

Potential impact of ash dieback on UK wildlife (News)

A scientific report published today has explored what might happen if Chalara infection and associated ash dieback led to widespread death of nearly all ash trees within the UK. It reports that it is likely that there would be a h ... Read more

Exploring barriers to natural flood management (Project)

This project aims to provide a better understanding of barriers to the adoption and implementation of natural flood management (NFM) in Scotland.  ... Read more

Vibrant Rural Communities workshop (Research Page)

A workshop was held at Birnam Arts and Conference Centre on 20 November 2013 to provide an update on research being conducted as part of the Vibrant Rural Communities theme of the Food, Land and People Strategic Research programme ... Read more

LandSFACTS downloads (Research Page)

The LandSFACTS software is available in several formats: with graphical interface, helpfile and tutorial [XP, W7], cf. below command-line [XP, W7, W7 x64, Linux x64], by request dynamic libraries [XP, W7, W7 x64, Linux x ... Read more

New Zealand flatworm (Research Page)

... Read more

LandSFACTS publications (Research Page)

Publications relating to the LandSFACTS model. ... Read more

LandSFACTS model details (inputs/outputs) (Research Page)

The LandsFACTS model was originally (v1.6) set up to simulate cropping systems at the landscape scale. Since 2007, it was further developed to allow modelling land uses at multiple scales within an evolving environment. The diagra ... Read more

LandSFACTS (Research Page)

LANDscape Scale Functional Allocation of Crops Temporally and Spatially ... Read more

Scenarios and land use futures (Research Page)

Environmental, economic and social issues associated with agriculture are often fundamental for rural prosperity and sustainability, with consequent implications for any debate about future land use. A key to supporting the planni ... Read more

Realising Land's Potential stakeholder engagement events (Research Page)

Stakeholder engagement events relating to theme topics Health and wellbeing conferences and workshops Date Title Theme role Venue 25 November 2013 ... Read more

Natural resource datasets and databases (Research Page)

Soil mapping ... Read more

Information notes (Research Page)

Green space Services: Community Engagement Case Study (GreenHealth project, Note No. 5) ... Read more

Review of the economics of sustainable land management measures in drinking water catchments (Project)

Project aim The aim of this project was to review the economics of sustainable land management measures in catchments where abstraction for the provision of drinking water takes place. Funding was provided by CREW (Scotland&rsqu ... Read more

Piloting a Water Restoration Park in Scotland (Project)

The aim of this project was to support Scottish Water pilot a restoration park to reclaim waste water and market it to non-household water users. Funding was provided by CREW (Scotland’s Centre of Expertise for Waters) and t ... Read more

HUNTing for Sustainability (Project)

Project aim The overall goal of the project ‘Hunting for Sustainability’ was to assess the social, cultural, economic and ecological functions and impacts of hunting across a broad range of contexts in Europe and Afr ... Read more

Greenhealth (Environment and Human Health – EHH) (Project)

The aim of this project was to test the importance of factors associated with public and individual perceptions, and actual measures, of the environment, and measures of its character, directly related to people’s health and ... Read more

Water, health and wellbeing (Blue Health) (Project)

Project aim This aim of this project was to aid consideration of thinking of policy and practice linked to well-being and water. Funding was provided by Scotland’s Centre of Expertise for Waters (CREW) and it ran from ... Read more

Towards European Societal Sustainability (TESS) (Project)

The aim of TESS is to investigate the role of community-based transition initiatives in fostering a more low-carbon and sustainable Europe. TESS is a European Union project funded under the Seventh Framework Pr ... Read more

Understanding and reducing rural-urban conflicts: governing outdoor access (Project)

Project aims This project looks at the management of conflicts: ... Read more

FarmPath – Farming Transitions: Pathways towards regional sustainability of agriculture in Europe (Project)

The overall goal of FarmPath is to identify and assess future transition pathways towards regional sustainability of agriculture in Europe, and the social and technological innovation needs required to initiate and progress along ... Read more

Prospects for Farmers’ Support: Advisory Services in European AKIS (PRO AKIS) (Project)

In times of changing conditions, with strong pressure from markets and citizens to adjust and innovate, farmers need timely access to knowledge and information, to training and education, and to facilitating and supporting service ... Read more

Ecosystem Approach Review (Project)

Project aim This project explored existing examples of the Ecosystem Approach, to identify implications for future equitable and holistic natural resource management.  ... Read more

Bacterial endosymbionts and beneficial insects (Research Page)

A promising area for managing insect pests is through improved understanding of the importance of microbes associated with insects. Many insect species rely on symbiotic bacteria for their survival and these ‘hidden players& ... Read more

Exploiting plant traits to improve pest biocontrol (Research Page)

Exploiting genetic variation in the ability of plants to resist or tolerate attack by pests and pathogens has long been a focus of crop breeding programmes, although the genetic basis for plant resistance is often poorly-understoo ... Read more

Ecosystem services (Research Page)

Natural Capital is the resource from which Ecosystem Services, i.e. what an ecosystem 'does' or provides that ultimately gives some benefit to humans, are generated. We often think of these services in 4 categories: ... Read more

Integrated pest management - weeds (Research Page)

Expertise and capability at the James Hutton institute, Dundee ... Read more

Principal Investigators involved in IPM (Research Page)

Principal Investigators working on IPM at the James Hutton Institute. ... Read more

Integrated pest management (Research Page)

At the James Hutton Institute we carry out research in several areas to create a toolbox of flexible solutions, that when deployed together, are more effective, that is, components of sustainable integrated pest management (IPM), ... Read more

IPM in the agroecosystem (Research Page)

IPM is also about managing the other species in agroecosystem and not just the crop and visible weeds, pathogens, pests and their symptoms. It should also include management of: ... Read more

What is IPM? (Research Page)

... Read more

Nature of Scotland Awards 2013 (Event)

The Nature of Scotland Awards aim to recognise and celebrate excellence, innovation and outstanding achievement in Scottish nature conservation. This is the second year of the awards which are supported by the James Hutton Institu ... Read more

Scottish Rivers Handbook (Research Page)

The Scottish Rivers Handbook has been produced by the James Hutton Institute and the University of Stirling for CREW, the Centre of Expertise for Waters. It is an accessible, fully illustrated 36 page book providing an overview ... Read more

People (Research Page)

Valuation and governance of natural capital Looking at natural capital inherently requires looking at the relationships between humans and their natural environment. The concept of ‘capital’ implies that components o ... Read more

Biodiversity (Research Page)

The term biodiversity describes the diversity of life on Earth. Diversity can occur at a number of levels of biological organisation, from genes, through to individuals, populations, species, communities and entire ecosystems. ... Read more

Land (Research Page)

Landscapes and regions are where many natural processes and human activities interact and potentially conflict in different ways, giving complex challenges for sustainable management. Managing landscapes has to satisfy multiple ... Read more

Soil Capital (Research Page)

Soils underpin a multitude of ecosystem goods and services that are not only vital to peoples’ livelihoods and Society in general, but also to Earth’s regulating systems. ... Read more

Open Farm Sunday 9 June 2013 (Page)

The James Hutton Institute site at Invergowrie, near Dundee took part in Open Farm Sunday on 9 June 2013.  ... Read more

New woodland impact report from Scottish Beaver Trial (News)

The latest report by researchers from the James Hutton Institute examining the effect of beavers on woodland has been published by Scottish Natural Heritage (SNH) as part of the ongoing monitoring work on the Scottish Beaver Trial ... Read more

Data and Archived Sample Requests (Page)

The core dataset of soil, plant and invertebrate data and samples that are collected every year from the CSC are archived and databased for future research projects on long-term trends and to allow exploration of links between dif ... Read more

BaBU Review (Research Page)

The Biotic and Biophysical Underpinning of Ecosystem Services in the Scottish Context  review was carried out to help deliver increased understanding of the linkages between the primary ecological and evolutionary processes, ... Read more

Valuing the impacts of ecosystem service interactions for policy effectiveness (Research Page)

This project was conducted as part of the Valuing Nature Network funded by the Natural Environment Research Council (NERC). It brought together a team of soil scientists, ecologists, modellers and economists. The aim was to develo ... Read more

Cost-effectiveness, disproportionality analysis and multiple benefits of the EU Water Framework Directive (Research Page)

The Water Framework Directive (WFD) aims to deliver good ecological status (GES) for Europe’s waters. It includes economic principles, such as the use of cost-effectiveness analysis of measures to achieve GES and of derogati ... Read more

Exploring ways for the application of ecosystem services approaches at the catchment level (Research Page)

Co-construction of a common understanding between scientist, practitioners, land managers and other stakeholders brings knowledge from different disciplines and stakeholders that is crucial for a better understanding of the linkag ... Read more

Information and Computational Sciences
Information and Computational Sciences
Landscape and Visualisation Modeller
chen.wang@hutton.ac.uk
+44 (0)344 928 5428 (*)

The James Hutton Institute
Craigiebuckler
Aberdeen AB15 8QH
Scotland UK

 

Dr Chen Wang is a Landscape and Visualisation Scientist, who joined the Information and Computational Sciences group at the James Hutton Institute in 2010.

Current research interests

His research interests include 3D modelling of landscapes; Integrating virtual environment with Remote Sensing and GIS for land and sea planning; Urban environment modelling and reconstruction; Augmented Reality visualization; Character and traffic animation; 3D flooding modelling and simulation for monitoring and management.

He is also interested in designing combination approaches for representation and assessment of 3D virtual environment in land planning and management.

Recent Projects:

European Union

External Projects          

Scottish Government

Past research

Some 3D Visualisation Projects are listed below:

Integration of GIS and Virtual Reality for Future Land-Use: A Case Study from Royal Deeside

A 3D model of Aboyne was developed to present information on land-use as part of a knowledge exchange programme. This was implemented as a tool for eliciting stakeholder and public opinions on benefits associated with land-use. Multiple functionalities of the interactive models for the case study area have been designed and tested among participants such as: ‘drag-and-drop’ features. It allows audiences to choose where they would like to position elements was added based on a series of 3D icons. The virtual reality environment (Virtual Landscape Theatre) was used as the medium with invited groups from schools and youth groups, university students, natural heritage managers, planners, and the general public, enabling fly-through, exploring specific views, and switching between presence and absence of some wildlife.

Moving Forward from Ash Dieback: Scenarios of Change in Visualisation

The approach taken was to present the information in an interactive highly visual way by developing a 3D model using Maya software and generating trees showing various stages of infection. Take the video walk-through of a virtual reality model of a hypothetical woodland in north-west Scotland to learn what signs to look for, informing you of a woodland being infected (red sign) or uninfected (blue sign), photographs of symptoms of the disease, and view scenarios of the loss of ash trees and regeneration of woodland trees.

Offshore Renewable, West Coast

A prototype 3D model was developed to present alternative designs of a hypothetical windfarm offshore of the island of Tiree, on the west coast of Scotland. The model was used to identify issues associated with the development of offshore windfarms, including alternative options for the heights of wind turbines, and factors such as sea state and atmospheric visibility.

Community Planning and Engagement for Greenspace Using 3D Visualisation Tools

This research describes the findings of engagement with local communities in a case study in Dundee identifying scenarios of potential greenspace content, use, and environments conducive to health and well-being. 3D visualisation tools were used to present multiple functions of the greenspace, community-identified priorities and the introduction of potentially new 3D features such as dog exercise area, shelter for adults, barbeque equipment and car parking. 

Public Interpretation of Land and Sea Use Using Visualisation Tools

Prototype 3D models offer greater flexibility in delivering a comprehensive creative features set with tools for animation, modeling, simulation and rendering in Loch Linnhe.

Developing a Novel Approach for 3D Visualisation of Tarland

It is important for development of prototype models for use in raising public awareness of changes in rural areas, focusing on greenspaces, and testing responses to scenarios of change. Specifically, the focus is on the design of appropriate types and speeds of movement of features. This modelling is done using the Maya and ArcGIS software packages together in a novel combination of spatial and visualisation tools. The experiment results show evidence that different types of animation with interactive communication will influence participation and decision making in land use planning.

Animation of Undersea Environment, with Movement of Fish,Water,Shadows and Flora

The model includes the representation of lighting and consequent illumination and reflections, and the movement of the sea surface. It includes marine flora and fauna such as starfish, sea weed, sea grass, sea anemone, shell, fan coral, coral reef rocks with lobster, crabs, dolphins, and other fish. This model is the basis of an animation of a hypothetical marine environment for discussing issues relating to potential impacts of change and the introduction of man-made structures, such as renewable energy developments.

Visualise Offshore Oil Platform with Different Sea State

The 3D model of Oil Platform incorporates different sea states, according to the World Meteorological Organisation 0-9 scale. The 3DS Max software is used to develop the sea states. The ‘Tide Height’ parameter is used to determine the height of nominal plane of the sea surface for computing reflections.

Renewable Energy, Solar Farm Visualisation

A prototype 3D model was developed to present alternative designs of a hypothetical Solar Farm. In the online version there could be different layers people could click on or off and add comments.

Bibliography

  • Wang, C.; Miller, D.; Jian, Y.; Brown, I., (2016) Integration of GIS and virtual reality for future land-use: A case study from Royal Deeside., 24th GIS Research UK (GISRUK2016) Conference, University of Greenwich, London, 30 March - 1 April 2016.
  • Wang, G.; Donaldson-Selby, G.; Miller, D.R., (2016) 3D GIS approach for flood risk management., Joint Workshop - British Council Newton Fund Researcher Links, "OPTIMISTIC": floOd PredicTIon and Management In Steep urbanIsing Catchments, 11-14 September 2016.
  • Wang, C.; Miller, D.; Brown, I.; Jian, Y., (2016) Public participation to support wind energy development: The role of 3D GIS and virtual reality., Proceedings of 24th International Conference in Central Europe on Computer Graphics, Visualization and Computer Vision, 2016, Plzen, Czech Republic, 30 May - 3 June 2016. (Peer-reviewed).
  • Wang, C.; Jiang, Y.; Xie, H.; Miller, D.R.; Brown, I., (2016) Development of a flood warning simulation system: a case study of 2007 Tewkesbury flood., Floodrisk 2016, 3rd European Conference on Flood Risk Management, Lyon, France, 17-21 October 2016. E3S Web of Conferences, Volume 7, Article No. UNSP 18021.
  • Munoz-Rojas, J.; Miller, D.R.; Horne, P.; Towers, W.; Morrice, J.; Wang, C.; Stannard, C-A., (2013) Scottish Government consultation on National Planning Framework 3., Public Consultation on National Planning Framework 3.

Improving implementation and increasing uptake of measures to improve water quality in Scotland (Research Page)

Guidance and advice for improving implementation and increasing uptake of measures to improve water quality in Scotland The Scotland River Basin Management Plan (2010) requires implementation of programmes of measures to support ... Read more

URflood: Funders (Research Page)

... Read more

URflood: Links (Research Page)

Partners The James Hutton Institute Suomen ympäristökeskus (Finnish Environment Institute) University College Dublin ... Read more

URflood: Partners (Research Page)

The James Hutton Institute ... Read more

URflood: Outputs (Research Page)

Main outputs from the project: ... Read more

URflood: Case Studies (Research Page)

Please use the links below to read more about the country specific case studies ... Read more

URflood: Project Approach (Research Page)

The aims of the project will be delivered via the following work packages: ... Read more

URflood: Key Questions (Research Page)

... Read more

Farmer led phosphorus sampling (Research Page)

Register online now to take part in our farmer led phosphorus sampling project Why is phosphorus important? Phosphorus is an essential plant fertiliser. However, phosphorus is an increasingly expensive commodity, which is min ... Read more

Green Health Conference (Event)

This conference discussed the exciting findings from the four-year Scottish Government funded Green Health research programme which investigated the contribution of green and open space to public health and wellbeing. This free e ... Read more

Tarland Burn, Netherton (Page)

The Tarland catchment has been the focus of water quality research at the James Hutton Institute for over 12 years. In response to policy driven requirements we aim to link hydrology, water quality and ecology in order to provide ... Read more

Environment Minister sees vision of climate change (News)

The Minister for Environment and Climate Change, Paul Wheelhouse MSP, got a virtual reality vision of the impact of climate change when he visited the James Hutton Institute in Aberdeen. The Minister was shown the Institute&rsquo ... Read more

The conservation status and management of mountain hares (Research Page)

Evidence suggests that mountain hare numbers have declined in recent years; however the extent of this decline and whether this represents a long-term decline or is the low phase of a synchronised population cycle is not clear. ... Read more

Estimating mountain hare numbers (Research Page)

Estimating animal abundance or density is a central requirement in ecology and remains one of the most challenging areas of wildlife management. Methods of estimating animal numbers must be tailored to the survey objectives, habit ... Read more

How are mountain hare populations linked in space? (Research Page)

Anthropogenic pressure and climate change are generating an increasingly fragmented landscape in which natural mountain hare populations are becoming more isolated and subsequently prone to greater risk of local extinction due to ... Read more

How do mountain hare populations respond to different management regimes? (Research Page)

Natural populations are often exploited for subsistence or commerce. However, our ability to sustain exploited populations is often inadequate due to limitations in our understanding of critical biological processes, poor demograp ... Read more

Effect of intestinal parasites on mountain hares (Research Page)

What affect do intestinal parasites and food availability have on mountain hare population dynamics? ... Read more

Distribution of mountain hares (Research Page)

The distribution of Mountain Hare (Lepus timidus) in Scotland (2006/07) ... Read more

Transparent soils (Research Page)

... Read more

Agricultural habitat usage by wood mice (Research Page)

Background Small mammals, such as the wood mouse (Apodemus sylvaticus), are a known food source for birds of prey such as barn owls and species of harrier, and rare large mammals such as pine marten, polecats and wildcats. Wood ... Read more

Molecular ecology of peach-potato aphid (Research Page)

Background and rationale ... Read more

HAPE Key projects and outputs (Research Page)

Current projects Transfer of MAP from soil to plant to silage (Quality Meat Scotland, 2013-14) Ecology of Cryptosporidium (Quality Meat Scotland, 2013-14) The capacity and pathogenic potential of bacteria that internalis ... Read more

HAPE Core researchers (Research Page)

... Read more

HAPE Platforms, resources and approaches (Research Page)

Pathogens do not automatically pose a risk to human or animal health if there is no pathway by which they can reach that person or animal (the receptor). Therefore, using a Source-Pathway-Receptor approach to address human and ani ... Read more

HAPE The Centre (Research Page)

The core research group in the Centre for Human and Animal Pathogens in the Environment (HAP-E) at the James Hutton Institute studies the following pathogen-environment systems. ... Read more

Centre for Human and Animal Pathogens in the Environment (HAP-E) (Research Page)

Key pathogens in the environment interests Environmental survival of pathogens (for example, Clostridia in anaerobic digestate) Pathogen transmission between animals and zoonotic transmission from animal to human Transmi ... Read more

Sex and sewage (Event)

Professor Paul Fowler, University of Aberdeen and Dr Stewart Rhind, James Hutton Institute will deliver this free public Cafe Scientifique talk on 'Sex and sewage'. ... Read more

Bumblebee talk and walk (Event)

Insect ecologist Jenni Stockan, of the James Hutton Institute, will join Aberdeen City Council's Countryside Rangers for a public talk and walk all about bumblebees, which are important pollinators for many plants including ag ... Read more

Metabolomics (Research Page)

Principal contact for Metabolomic analysis: Routine use LC-MS Thermo Scientific LCQ Deca with Accela LC System The LCQ deca system is an ion trap mass spectrometer with integer mass accuracy and performs full scan and MSn &n ... Read more

Food analysis (Research Page)

Principal contacts for food analysis: Louise Shepherd Gordon McDougall ... Read more

Chemical analysis equipment (Research Page)

IR research has been carried out in the James Hutton Institute for over 50 years including much of the pioneering work on IR of minerals. The Infrared (IR) Section at the James Hutton Institute has both FTIR (Fourier Transform Inf ... Read more

Mineralogy (Research Page)

Electron Microscopy is an extremely versatile tool which allows the study of both morphology and material composition from virtually all areas of science and technology. The XRD instruments are used for studying the mineralogical ... Read more

Soil and plant analysis equipment (Research Page)

The soil section provides a range of analytical services dedicated to the analysis of soils, peats, sediments and related materials. Dedicated staff and equipment provide high quality, accredited (ISO 17025), analytical data. Supp ... Read more

Organic analysis equipment (Research Page)

Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry systems are used for the determination of endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs) and persistent organic pollutants (POPs): chemicals which can exert profound and deleterious effects on wildlife ... Read more

Water resource monitoring (Research Page)

A new term “weather weirding” has captured public imagination succinctly summing up recent meteorological conditions and illustrating the very real problems of trying to manage water quantity extremes.  ... Read more

Study suggest chemicals in the environment could threaten male fertility (News)

New research from the University of Glasgow, in collaboration with academics in Edinburgh, Aberdeen (James Hutton Institute and the University of Aberdeen) and INRA (France) has shown that fertility in a subset of men could be thr ... Read more

Tightening nutrient cycles in the crop-soil-water ecosystem (Research Page)

Researchers at the James Hutton Institute are working on a number of ways to tighten nutrient cycles. This involves a combination of knowledge into how to reuse societies 'wastes' such as sewage effluent discharges as va ... Read more

Water and food security (Research Page)

Water shortages and drought are the greatest threats facing global food security. At the James Hutton Institute we use a combination of plant and soil sciences to identify crop traits and crop production systems that can maintain ... Read more

Inorganic analysis equipment (Research Page)

The Inorganic section is capable of a wide variety of metals analysis on aqueous samples, using ICP-MS and ICP-OES, ion chromatography, including ultra-low level analysis for mercury, arsenic and selenium in waters and acid digest ... Read more

Isotopic analysis (Research Page)

The James Hutton Institute has state of the art instrumentation capable of carrying out isotopic analysis on many different sample types, such as rocks, soils, plant materials, gases and waters. Principal contacts for Isotopic A ... Read more

Research/Analysis Facilities (Research Page)

Isotopes ... Read more

Publications: MOORCO – Moorland colonisation (Research Page)

Mitchell, R.J., Hester, A.J., Campbell, C.D., Chapman, S.J., Cameron, C.M., Hewison, R.L. and Potts, J.M. 2012. Explaining the variation in the soil microbial community: do vegetation composition and soil chemistry explain the sam ... Read more

Chronosequence: MOORCO – Moorland colonisation (Research Page)

Background The MOORCO chronosequence plots use sites where birch (Betula sp.) has naturally colonised moorland to assess changes in biodiversity and ecosystem services following a change in land use from moorland to birch wood. ... Read more

MOORCO – Moorland colonisation (Research Page)

The MOORCO project studies how woodland expansion onto moorland affects biodiversity and ecosystem services. MOORCO stands for moorland colonisation and is an umbrella project encompassing four different experimental platfo ... Read more

Getting the energy message (News)

Thinking ‘green’ and being pro-environment does not necessarily reduce domestic energy usage. That is the finding of researchers from the James Hutton Institute who revealed income was the main driver behind domestic e ... Read more

Ecological Sciences
Ecological Sciences
Research Assistant
lucinda.robinson@hutton.ac.uk
+44 (0)344 928 5428 (*)

The James Hutton Institute
Craigiebuckler
Aberdeen AB15 8QH
Scotland UK

 

Lucinda graduated in 1998 from Wye College University of London with a BSc (Hons) in Plant Sciences, and has subsequently accumulated over twelve years of laboratory experience.  She spent seven of these years at a commercial cereal breeding company, where she worked initially on pathology field trials and then molecular marker assisted selection of wheat varieties.

Current research interests

Current and forthcoming studies will build on past reseach, and will include the quantitative analysis of gene expression (RT- QPCR) of denitrifying, methane oxidising and methanogen microorganisms in soils. Lucinda will also be part of new projects assessing Scotland’s soil biodiversity. These will involve new second generation sequencing techniques and Lucinda will be responsible for DNA preparations and quality screening for deep-sequencing and metagenomic projects.

Past research

Lucinda has worked on a range of different projects, the largest of these being the National Soils Inventory of Scotland (NSIS).  This large-scale study aims to provide a snapshot of the condition of Scotland's soils and includes data from many different assays. Lucinda's contribution was to conduct m-TRFLP on over 1000 Scottish soils, and to bring all the data together for subsequent analysis.  Other recent projects involved looking at soil quality indicators, examining the contribution of soil gas fluxes to the atmosphere, and collaboration with several external partners.

Bibliography

Community Ecology Staff (Research Page)

The Group’s staff members contribute a wide range of skills to the projects on which they work, including a diverse range of taxonomic expertise and data analysis skills. They have experience of working from mountain tops, t ... Read more

Soil treatments and field site (Research Page)

The LTSE field site at Hartwood is a dedicated site and is fenced off to prevent disturbance by grazing livestock. The topsoil, typical of that found in the agricultural land in Scotland is a medium textured sandy clay loam consis ... Read more

Glen Finglas - experimental design (Research Page)

The experiment involves 24 grazing enclosures, measuring 3.3 ha each. There are four grazing treatments with six replicates of each. These are positioned in three blocks of two replicates each, located in different parts of the es ... Read more

EAWG contacts and membership information (Research Page)

If you would like to be part of the Ecosystem Approach Working Group (EAWG) there are three membership types. ... Read more

EAWG Resources (Research Page)

Outputs and documents from meetings Please got to the meetings page to see the reports made from our EAWG meetings and the accompanying meeting documents. ... Read more

EAWG Meetings (Research Page)

Main EAWG workshops are held once per year, with other meetings arranged as required. See below for more information about individual meetings, including copies of presentations and papers. Documents are in pdf format. EAWG5 - E ... Read more

Ecosystem Approach Working Group (Research Page)

The Ecosystem Approach Working Group (EAWG) is part of the Ecosystem Services Theme, which is one of eight themes in the Scottish Government’s two strategic research programmes Environmental Change and Food and Rural Industr ... Read more

Isotope applications (Research Page)

Our stable isotopes research tackles a range of different applications, and involves collaboration not only with colleagues in the James Hutton Institute but also a wide range of partners across the globe. We have a wide range of ... Read more

Biogeochemistry and hydrology (Research Page)

This group aims to improve knowledge of biogeochemical and hydrological cycles, and their role in ecosystem functions and services. To do this we study chemical, physical, and biological processes and reactions that govern the com ... Read more

Soils, water and catchments (Research Page)

Soil plays a vital role in controlling the flow of water and chemicals between the atmosphere and the earth. As water passes through the soil it is filtered by plants, bacteria, fungi and soil particles, which remove various miner ... Read more

Soils and climate change (Research Page)

The climate is changing in response to the increase in the concentration of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere. While the burning of fossil fuels has made a major contribution to the levels of carbon dioxide, soils have been respo ... Read more

Soils Database (Research Page)

What happens to the information recorded in the field by soil surveyors, and the results of all the analysis carried out on the samples they collect? Once it has been collated, it is stored securely so people from all over the wor ... Read more

Soil science (Research Page)

We conduct a wide range of soil-related research. Read more on the following pages. ... Read more

ESMART: web tools and apps for the Scottish environment (Research Page)

E-SMART: Environmental Sensing for Monitoring and Advising in Real-Time ... Read more

Community-based Management of Environmental challenges in Latin America (Research Page)

COMET-LA was a project coordinated by the University of Cordoba and funded under the European Commission Framework Programme 7. The acronym stands for “COmmunity-based Management of EnvironmenTal challenges in Latin America& ... Read more

Types of analysis done at the LTSE (Research Page)

Measurement type Property of characteristic measured Chemical Total Zn, Cu, Cd, Ni, Pb Extractable Zn, Cu, Cd, Ni, Pb Mineral N Total N Organic C and N Biological ... Read more

People and contacts of the LTSE (Research Page)

For further information about the project partners please contact: ... Read more

Acknowledgements for the LTSE (Research Page)

The LTSE project was undertaken by ADAS, Rothamsted Research and the Water Research Centre (WRc) in England and Wales and, by the James Hutton Institute and Scottish Agricultural College (SAC) (Auchincruive) in Scotland.  The ... Read more

Current projects (Page)

An annual report on all Centre for Sustainable Cropping projects and activities is published in January for the previous calendar year (available on request). ... Read more

Information for new projects (Page)

To avoid duplication of effort or potential interference between projects, we have put in place the following procedure for new projects on the CSC. 1. Discuss your project requirements with the co-ordinator (Cathy Hawes). ... Read more

Publications and further reading (Research Page)

Use the following links to navigate : reports relating to the project, scientific publications, PhD thesis, other reports relating to waste water sludge and external websites ... Read more

Benefits and problems of applying waste water sludge to land (Research Page)

Waste water sludge is a useful source of nitrogen, phosphorus and organic matter, and after further processing can be used as a liming material. However, there are limits to what can be applied. For example applications of waste w ... Read more

Continuous deformable plant models (Research Page)

Currently, most plant root architectural models use computer simulations to mimic the developmental processes of root apical meristems and to construct virtual root architectures: single roots are assembled incrementally through t ... Read more

Multicellular models (Research Page)

Although plants are complex organisms, the position and shapes of cells, tissues, meristems and organs establish themselves through regular and repeated processes. The cell constitutes the elementary structural and functional unit ... Read more

Architectural models (Research Page)

It is essential for future models to provide predictive outputs that can be applied to agronomic, ecologic or environmental issues. In the future, models will be asked to address more diverse challenges such as; how can crops tole ... Read more

Meristematic waves (Research Page)

The root architecture is important for the acquisition of water and nutrients, their transport to above ground organs and the mechanical stabilisation of the stem. Characterising root developmental processes is, therefore, crucial ... Read more

Plant Soil Ecology (Research Page)

Increasing global demand for food, feed and energy crops requires sustainable intensification of agriculture, which must occur without impact on biodiversity or the environment. We have a strong research team that integrates kn ... Read more

Background to the Long Term Sludge Experiment (Research Page)

In 1994, three research Institutes along with two private companies set up a number of field experiments at nine field sites across the UK (pdf file). The sites were chosen to reflect the different soil types found in agricultural ... Read more

Soil forensics (Research Page)

... Read more

Contact (Page)

If you are interested in contributing to the Centre for Sustainable Cropping and would like to make use of this long-term resource, please contact Cathy Hawes in the first instance. For more information please follow the followi ... Read more

News (Page)

Members of the team can access agendas and actions for Centre for Sustainable Cropping meetings here (from within The James Hutton Institute) or here (if accessing from outwith the Institute). ... Read more

Land capability (Research Page)

Soil is a fundamental part of land and is key in determining what activities can be undertaken and supported on different types of land; how capable is land is sustaining different farming systems, different woodland types, valued ... Read more

People and research groups (Page)

Agroecology Graham Begg: Landscape scale population dynamics of plant, arthropod and mammal taxa; patterns of habitat use and dispersal between them; spatial population dynamic models. Measurements: Plant, arthropod and mammal f ... Read more

Soil as natural capital (Research Page)

Soil’s most widely recognised function is supporting plant growth, whether for crops, trees or native habitats. But, sitting as it does at the interface between the atmosphere, biosphere and underlying rocks, soil is being i ... Read more

Environmental data (Page)

Soil temperature and moisture content are influenced by soil management and affect many system processes including microbial and invertebrate activity, nutrient and water uptake by plants and plant growth. These variables are meas ... Read more

Farm operations (Page)

All farm operations and inputs are recorded for each crop and treatment. Economic sustainability will be assessed through calculations of gross margins based on all input costs (seed, fertiliser, crop protection, tractor time and ... Read more

Crop development, yield and quality (Page)

The primary goal of sustainable arable management is to produce good quality food at high yields and with high long-term yield stability. To achieve this, the environment in which the crop is grown needs to be maintained rather th ... Read more

Soil (Page)

Soil Microbial Diversity ... Read more

Insects (Page)

Pitfall Trapping ... Read more

Margin vegetation (Page)

Perennial vegetation in the field margin is a major contributor to biodiversity in arable landscapes and performs a range of important functions including provision of resources for pollinators and natural enemies that forage with ... Read more

Weeds (Page)

Within-field Weeds Weeds are an essential component of arable biodiversity, respond rapidly to changes in management and influence many system processes including nutrient retention and cycling, pest and natural enemy population ... Read more

Datasets (Page)

The basic minimum dataset to be collected and archived from the Centre for Sustainable Cropping every year is listed below. This will form a long-term, spatially referenced dataset, collected according to standardised sampling pro ... Read more

The Sustainable Cropping System (Page)

Data from the published literature and existing field trials are used to select management options for inclusion in the sustainable cropping system. Each is chosen with a view to improving specific aspects of environmental and eco ... Read more

Root-soil interactions (Research Page)

This interdisciplinary research examines below ground interactions between plants and soil, focusing on root growth and the rhizosphere. Research includes root growth processes in relation to environmental stresses, nutrient and w ... Read more

Improving the plant (Research Page)

Better use of water and nutrients, increased resistance to stresses and less wastage in production are major research challenges we address. A combination of genetics and agronomy provides an in-depth understanding of favourable p ... Read more

Natural predators and biopesticides help tackle pests (News)

Scientists at The James Hutton Institute are helping find new ways of tackling crop pests and diseases without using conventional pesticides. They are contributing to the SCEPTRE project which aims to address key gaps in crop prot ... Read more

DNA testing of New Zealand flatworms (News)

An alien invader which threatens the ecological balance of Scotland’s soils is being DNA profiled by scientists at The James Hutton Institute. Arthurdendyus triangulatus commonly known as the New Zealand flatworm is a predat ... Read more

Implications of copper (Cu) on estuarine ecosystem functioning (Research Page)

Many antifouling paints, applied to ships’ hulls and other marine structures, contain copper (Cu) as an active ingredient. As a result many European waterways are becoming increasingly Cu contaminated. This work is investiga ... Read more

Coastal soils (Research Page)

A number of Scotland's rarer soils are found at or near the coast. Perhaps the best known are the sandy soils of the machair of the Inner and Outer Hebrides and the west Highlands. The soils are calcareous - which in itse ... Read more

Carbon stocks in salt marshes (Research Page)

Salt marsh occurs in the intertidal zone and has a number of functions including a filter for pollutants, protecting coasts from flooding and providing habitat for a number of salt tolerant species. More recently it has been recog ... Read more

Carbon cycling (Research Page)

We are collaborating with staff at Oceanlab (Aberdeen University) in a number of projects, mainly involved with carbon cycling, covering both estuaries and the deep sea. This work is fundamental as deep sea sediments cover over ha ... Read more

Ecosystem functioning (Research Page)

Studies are continuing into land run-off and coastal ecosystem functioning and the subsequent increased turbidity and particle loading in the water column. To better understand the biogeochemical processes occurring in sandy int ... Read more

Analytical Services (Research Page)

Our Analytical Group carries out a range of analyses on marine and estuarine sediments. We quantify analytes such as heavy/toxic metals, organotin compounds (now banned as antifouling agents on boats) and a range of persistent org ... Read more

Ecosystem goods and services (Research Page)

This work is examining the potential for increased food production in the Ythan catchment and its likely impacts on meeting nature conservation obligations, using the ecosystem approach. The ecosystem approach is a management tool ... Read more

Sand dune survey of Scotland (Research Page)

The NCC Sand Dune Survey of Scotland which took place from 1975-1977 has since been digitised and is currently being used for two projects. ... Read more

Understanding our resources (Research Page)

To optimise the potential of Scotland’s natural assets and provide local responses to global change, we must build on existing work and continually improve our knowledge to support strategic needs and enable well informed de ... Read more

Climate change and coast flooding (Research Page)

Climate change has the potential to have significant impacts on our coastal communities through increased storm events and sea level rise. An evaluation tool has been developed to compare Scotland’s coastal management polici ... Read more

Pathogen impact on bathing waters (Research Page)

Pathogens from agricultural run-off and sewage effluent are transported to beaches where they can cause non-compliance with bathing water standards. Intensification of livestock-based agriculture and climate change may exacerbate ... Read more

Sand dune communities and climate change (Research Page)

Scotland’s sand dune vegetation has been assessed to investigate species distribution in relation to ecological variables. The response of the vegetation is modelled to assess if ecosystem processes and species distribution ... Read more

Attitudes towards biodiversity management (Research Page)

Public attitudes towards biodiversity and its management are poorly understood, raising concerns over the effectiveness of public participation in biodiversity policy making. Face-to-face interviews were conducted with members of ... Read more

Visualisation and coastal developments (Research Page)

The link between natural environments and their restoration has been the focus of much research including its importance for human wellbeing. We are carrying out a series of studies looking at community perceptions of renewable en ... Read more

Scotland’s coastal assets (Research Page)

Scotland’s natural assets provide a wealth of goods and services which are of benefit to human wellbeing, such as food, fuel, climate regulation and recreation opportunities. To ensure a sustainable future we must balance ou ... Read more

Global Change - the local context (Research Page)

Our work in this area reflects the external pressures Scotland is facing and explores how we can adapt to global changes such as demographic shifts, social attitudes, global trade and climate change. The impacts of which, are ge ... Read more

Genome of devastating pine wilt nematode sequenced (News)

  Scientists from The James Hutton Institute have helped unravel the genome of a nematode that causes huge damage to the forestry industry and forest ecosystems in East Asia. The sequencing of the genome is the first step in ... Read more

Moorland management message to Minister (News)

  Stewart Stevenson MSP, Minister for Environment and Climate Change was welcomed to The James Hutton Institute’s Glensaugh Research Station today (Wednesday 31 August 2011) to find out more about issues affecting moor ... Read more

Green Health (Project)

Contribution of green and open space in public health and wellbeing Partners Lead organisation: James Hutton Institute (Project Co-ordinator: David Miller) Research partners: ... Read more

Royal Highland Show Environmental Challenge Survey (Page)

Congratulations to the winners of the free prize draw who cast their vote choosing their most important environmental challenge facing Scotland today. The winners are: Daye Tucker, Glasgow Anna Swanson, Caithness Benjamin ... Read more

International Network of Environmental Forensics Conference (Event)

The International Network of Environmental Forensics (INEF) was founded in 2008 for the express purpose of providing a forum for scientists, environmental consultants, regulators and lawyers to share information regarding the use ... Read more

Design and Crops (Page)

The Centre for Sustainable Cropping comprises a 42 hectare block of six fields in the south-east of Balruddery Farm. The effects of sustainable (S) versus conventional (C) cropping systems are tested using a split-field design ove ... Read more

The Centre for Sustainable Cropping: a long-term platform for research on arable sustainability (Page)

For all enquiries and for access to fields, data or archived material, please contact Dr Cathy Hawes The Centre for Sustainable Cropping is an experimental research platform at Balruddery Farm near Dundee, Scotland.  The fa ... Read more

All-Energy 2011 (Event)

Join Macaulay Scientific Consulting Limited at the All-Energy Exhibition & Conference - the UK's largest event devoted to all forms of clean and renewable energy. For more information, visit the All-Energy 2011 webs ... Read more

Scottish Biodiversity Week 2011 (Event)

Scottish Biodiversity Week has been held annually since 2001. It originally started off as a local initiative in Fife in 2000 and has since grown to become a national fixture in the Scottish calendar.   Every year ther ... Read more

From garden waste to growing food (News)

The hedge clippings and weeds from your garden could help put food on your table as farmers turn to municipal compost as the answer to increasing restrictions on non-renewable fertilisers. Demand for fertilisers from finite reso ... Read more

Linking Land and Ocean - Managing Agriculture to Protect Australia's Great Barrier Reef (Event)

IBES and ACES are delighted that Prof Iain Gordon, Chief Executive of the James Hutton Institute will be giving a seminar on Friday 20th May at 1130 in the Zoology Lecture Theatre. Iain returned to Scotland to take up the post o ... Read more

VLT Publications (Page)

Publications in which the VLT is presented or discussed Wang, C., Miller, D., Brown, I. and Jiang, Y. 2016. Public Participation to Support Wind Energy Development: The Role of 3D GIS and Virtual Reality. In: Proceedings ... Read more

VLT Team Members (Page)

The Virtual Landscape Theatre is operated by a team at the Aberdeen offices of the James Hutton Institute. They have been responsible for designing, developing and implementing the theatre, 3D models, and programmes of surveys and ... Read more

Automatic Weather Station - Glensaugh (Page)

Meteorological data is captured  at the environmental  monitoring site at Glensaugh.  This data is part of a long term monitoring study, Environmental Change Network (ECN), which aims to identify environmental chang ... Read more

Balruddery Research Farm (Page)

Balruddery Research Farm is an 170 ha arable farm located seven miles west of Dundee and between 70 and 124m above sea level on the lower slopes of the Sidlaw Hills. There are 23 fields varying in size from 2.0 ha to 11 ha. The so ... Read more

Games and Resources (Page)

The Living Field CD ... Read more

VLT Development Theatre (Page)

A development and demonstration virtual reality theatre has been constructed to compliment the mobile Virtual Landscape Theatre. The dimensions and capabilities of the development theatre are the same as the VLT enabling the prepa ... Read more

Glensaugh News 20 December 2010 (Page)

At Glensaugh a new production year has begun with the tupping of our ewes with the tupps (rams) introduced into the Cheviot and blackface flocks. The date for the tupping of hill ewes is “set in stone” (usually 22 Nove ... Read more

Virtual Landscape Theatre (Page)

What is it? The Virtual Landscape Theatre (VLT) is a mobile curved screen projection facility, in which people can be 'immersed' in computer models of their environment to explore landscapes of the past, present and futu ... Read more

Information and Computational Sciences
Information and Computational Sciences
Human-Natural Systems Research Scientist
gary.polhill@hutton.ac.uk
+44 (0)344 928 5428 (*)

The James Hutton Institute
Craigiebuckler
Aberdeen AB15 8QH
Scotland UK

 

Current research interests

I specialise in agent-based modelling of socio-environmental systems, and rigorous approaches to their design and interpretation. Agent-based modelling involves explicit representation of individuals and their interactions, observing the emergent effects these have on the dynamics of the system. It is a relatively new technique, offering an alternative to more traditional approaches to formal analysis of social systems. Within this context, I am particularly interested in options for managing environmental change in coupled human-natural systems through incentive schemes, but in the context of other drivers of human behaviour. We have developed models that can simulate and compare the effects of different rules for incentivising land managers on biodiversity at the landscape scale, whilst varying other drivers of decision change, such as markets, climate and social norms. I have also worked on agent-based modelling of lifestyles, pro-environmental behaviours and transitions to more sustainable ways of living, and current work is examining value chains and resilience in Scottish and Norwegian rural systems.

A key issue in developing models of this kind is transparency, and I am interested in the role of formal ontologies in describing and annotating simulation models and experiments. This is work I have developed in projects with the University of Aberdeen and in subsequent projects.

Past research

I have been involved in a number of international and inter- and transdisciplinary research projects, listed below (note that for older projects links are liable to get mothballed):

  • The CAVES (Complexity, Agents, Volatility, Evidence and Scale) project (2005-2008) was funded by the European Commission's Sixth Framework Programme New and Emerging Science and Technology Pathfinder Initiative on Tackling Complexity in Science.
  • PolicyGrid (2006-2009) and PolicyGrid II (2009-2012) were collaborations with the University of Aberdeen funded by the Economic and Social Research Council through the National Centre for e-Social Science. This work also led to a short project called SwarmCloud with the aim of grid-enabling the FEARLUS model. (See also PolicyGrid and PolicyGrid II entry on ESRC's research catalogue.)
  • The GILDED (Governance, Infrastructure, Lifestyle Dynamics and Energy Demand) project (2008-2012) was funded by the European Commission's Seventh Framework Programme.
  • The LOCAW (Low Carbon at Work: Modelling Agents and Organisations to Achieve Transition to a Low Carbon Europe) project (2011-2013) was funded by the European Commission's Seventh Framework Programme.
  • The MIRACLE (Mining Relationships Among Variables in Large Datasets from Complex Systems) project (2014-2015) was funded by Round 3 of the Digging into Data Challenge. The UK contribution was funded by the Economic and Social Research Council via Jisc.
  • The GLAMURS (Green Lifestyles, Alternative Models and Up-scaling Regional Sustainability) project (2014-2016) was funded by the European Commission's Seventh Framework Programme.

Bibliography

Exhibits (Page)

Virtual Landscape Theatre The Virtual Landscape Theatre (VLT) is a mobile curved screen projection facility, in which people can be 'immersed' in computer models of their environment to explore landscapes of the past, pr ... Read more

Knowledge Exchange Coordinator
Information and Computational Sciences
Knowledge Exchange Coordinator
david.miller@hutton.ac.uk
+44 (0)1224 395276

The James Hutton Institute
Craigiebuckler
Aberdeen AB15 8QH
Scotland UK

 

Current research interests

I am responsible for the strategic co-ordination of knowledge exchange at the institute, and research and commercial projects within the remits of several of the institute research themes. I am the Institute representative on the knowledge exchange and impact Gateway of SEFARI (the collective of six research institutes under the title: Scottish Environment, Food and Agriculture Research Institutes). In the Scottish Government Strategic Research Programme (2011-16) I was co-ordinator of the Land Use Theme.

My current research interests are on understanding the landscape preferences of different types of stakeholder with respect to characteristics of cultural landscapes, the implications for multi-functional land uses, and their incorporation into planning. This work takes account of the context of past and present land uses, and scenarios of future landscapes in the testing of public preferences with a view to understanding the significance of individual drivers of change on characteristics of landscapes. Research into visual quality in relation to scenarios of landscape change was undertaken under the Rural Economy and Land Use Programme (RELU), in collaboration with Dr Asa Ode, of Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences. These studies make extensive use of spatial analysis of landscape characteristics and indicators, visualization tools, and both our stand alone and mobile virtual landscape theatre, with particular interest in enabling the development of visions of future land uses, rural and urban by stakeholders and the public, and the role of public participation in land use decision-making.

The development of these tools increasingly involves the combination of spatial modelling outputs with virtual reality, to provide augmented reality tools for both research and knowledge exchange. Research applications include in renewable energy, urban green spaces and human wellbeing, and rural and urban spatial land use planning. The direction of this research is to explore spatial and temporal pathways of change, and public perspectives on the evolution of land uses and landscapes into the future.

I lead areas of the Institute's knowledge exchange programme, including the Virtual Landscape Theatre, for communicating opinions about urban and rural pressures for land use change, between politicians, planners, and the public, including schools.

My research involves close working in teams comprising the social and natural sciences, which is also reflected in most of my research proposals, Scottish Government research activities, and papers. Examples of such studies are the recent study of the Effects of Greenspace on Human Health and Wellbeing (Scottish Government, Green Health), and Visualization Tools for Public Participation in the Management of Landscape Change (European Union, VisuLands).

Current research projects include

Recent competitive funding (projects overlapping 1 January 2007 - 31 December 2013) totals £6.157k, with £1.962k to the institute.

Collaborative networks

Previous European Union projects include

Reviewing responsibilities have included the European Union Framework Programmes, and research councils in Australia, Switzerland, Belgium and Norway as well as public agencies in the UK.

Past research

My research background has included the development of methods for handling and analysing geographic information, using them to map, monitor and model change in urban and rural land use and landscapes, mapping peat deposits in Scotland, the creation of natural resource databases (for example, land cover), and visual impacts of land use change.

Research on the visual impacts of land use change combine analysis of the landscape visibility, producing the first map of the intervisibility of the terrain of Scotland, land use change, and landscape preferences. Applications of the analysis of landscape intervisibility have included the assessment of landscape sensitivity to wind turbine development for Highland Council in Scotland, and the mapping of visibility for wind farm development in Scottish Borders. It also led to the first national level mapping and analysis of visibility of the seascapes of the coast of Wales as part of Maritime Ireland/Wales INTERREG 1994-1999, and of Scotland.

Wales Visibility of the sea from the land
Wales Visibility of the land from the sea

 

 

 

 

 

Research on viewing distances and visual impact of offshore wind turbines (with Ian Bishop, University of Melbourne) has been cited in a number of advisory reports, including in the UK and USA.

Our tools for the development of visual and cumulative impacts of wind turbines on landscapes have been applied extensively in the assessment of wind farm proposals. Examples include public enquiries into the extension of Cemmaes B, Llanbrynmair, Powys, and a conjoined public enquiry on the visual and cumulative visual impacts of wind turbines proposed at three sites in Mid-Wales, 2001, Carno, Powys, in each case presenting evidence on behalf of the Countryside Council for Wales.

Work on spatial decision support tools has included the use of GIS tools and rules based systems to produce the first spatial plans for the development of wind farms for Wales, the spatial plan for wind energy for Scottish Borders Council and inputs to the plan for Aberdeenshire.

Example of a spatial plan for wind energy in Wales (January 2002)
Spatial plan for wind energy for Scottish Borders Council

 

 

 

 

Digital mapping and analysis tools were developed to support the assessment of natural resources in Scotland. The principal applications have been as follows.

  • The topographic and peat depth surveys of 22 peat deposits in Scotland and England, listed here, (that is, surface and bottom contours, peat depth, isopachytes, cross-sections, peat volume, and peat quality), mainly raised bogs and peat workings. The survey methodology was broadly the same as that of the Moss Survey Group for the Scottish Peat Committee, latterly based at the Macaulay Institute for Soil Research (MISR). A listing of the topographic, depth and reconnaissance surveys of peat deposits in Scotland for the Scottish Peat Committee, and further surveys by MISR is available here. The deepest peat profile I surveyed was 10.0m (Creca Moss). The deepest in the Scottish Peat Survey records is 11.0m (Threepwood Moss, Roxburghshire). Maps of the areas surveys follow, with *.pdfs of the Scottish peat Survey sites to 1984 here, and peat depth surveys post 1984 here.
Sites of topographic surveys of peat deposits in Scotland
Scottish Peat Survey sites: Scottish Peat Committee and Macaulay Institute for Soil Research

 

 

 

 

 

Research on spatial planning and impacts of wind turbines, and resource assessments of peatlands are brought together in work on a payback calculator for wind turbines on peatland. This was for the Scottish Government, in collaboration with University of Aberdeen and Forest Research, from which a paper describing the calculator has also been published.

The studies of urban greenspaces Included inventories in Aberdeen, Edinburgh, Dundee; urban land use change; analysis of accessibility using route networks between every domestic property in the cities and the nearest of each type of greenspace. Projects have been undertaken for Scottish Enterprise on economic valuation (Streetscapes, with Robert Gordon University), the European Union on preferences, use, spatial modelling, and 3D visualisations (Greenspaceco-ordinated by University College Dublin; Greenclusterco-ordinated by Alterra), Edinburgh City Council on geographic analysis of access and greenspace audits, and Scottish Government on the contribution of greenspace to human health and wellbeing (GreenHealth, with Universities of Edinburgh, Glasgow, and Heriot Watt, and BioSS). Watch the video description of the findings here. This is extended to the role of water, notably flooding, in relation to well-being such as a cause of stress, or a factor influencing psychological restoration (BlueHealth, for Scottish Government through CREW).

Recent reports for Scottish Government

Recent presentations

Recent events

  • 'Squeezed Middle' debate about land use in Scotland, at Gordonstoun School, 3rd October 2013.

Bibliography

  • Raven, J.A., (2018) Evolution and palaeophysiology of the vascular system and other means of long-distance transport., Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B - Biological Sciences, 373, Article No. 20160497.
  • Gimpel, A.; Stelzenmuller, V.; Topsch, S.; Galparsoro, I.; Gubbins, M.; Miller, D.R.; Murillas, A.; Murray, A.G.; Pinarbasi, K.; Roca, G.; Watret, R., (2018) A GIS-based tool for an integrated assessment of spatial planning trade-offs with aquaculture., Science of the Total Environment. Published online
  • Nijnik, M.; Nijnik, A.; Sarkki, S.; Mu?oz-Rojas, J.; Miller, D.R., (2018) Is forest related decision amking in Europena treeline areas socially innovative? A Q-methodology enquiry into the perspectives of international experts., Forest Policy and Economics. Published online.
  • Nijnik, M.; Miller, D.R., (2017) Valuation of ecosystem services: paradox or Pandora?s box for decision-makers?, One Ecosystem Journal, 2, Article No. e14808.
  • Miller, D.R.; Donaldson-Selby, G.; Wang, C.; McKeen, M., (2017) Aquaculture spatial planning tool factsheet: seascape visibility analysis., Factsheets on Tool Selection and Guidance for Users and Practitioners; Project Report for Aquaspace, Milestone 20.
  • Miller, D.R.; Nijnik, M., (2017) Data Management Plan: Scientific activities and outputs., Social Innovation in Marginalised Rural Areas Project (SIMRA), Deliverable D1.3. Report to the European Commission, James Hutton Institute, pp14.
  • Miller, D.R.; Nijnik, M., (2017) Data Management Plan: Administration and management., Social Innovation in Marginalised Rural Areas Project (SIMRA), Deliverable D8.2. Report to the European Commission, James Hutton Institute, pp15.
  • Cook, G.; Miller, D.R.; Dawson, L.A., (2017) Report on the Consultation on Rural Economy and Connectivity Committee, Forestry and Land Management (Scotland) Bill., Response from SEFARI, August 2017.
  • Secco, K.; Pisani, E.; Burlando, C.; Da Re, R.; Gatto, P.; Pettenella, D.; Vassilopoulus, A.; Akinsete, E.; Koundouri, P.; Lopolito, A.; Prosperi, M.; Tuomasiukka, D.; Den Herde, M.; Lovric, M.; Polman, N.; Dijkshoorn, M.; Soma, K.; Ludvig, A.; Weiss, G.; Zivojinovic, I.; Sarkki, S.; Ravazzoli, E.; Dalla Torre, C.; Streifeneder, T.; Slee, W.; Nijnik, M.; Miller, D.; Barlagne C.; Prokofieva, I., (2017) Set of methods to assess SI implications at different levels: instructions for WPs 5 & 6., Deliverable 4.2, Social Innovation in Marginalised Rural Areas (SIMRA), Report to the European Commission, James Hutton Institute, pp203.
  • Price, M.; Miller, D.R.; McKeen, M.; Slee, W.; Nijnik, M., (2017) Categorisation of marginalised rural areas (MRAs)., Deliverable 3.1, Social Innovation in Marginalised Rural Areas (SIMRA), Report to the European Commission, James Hutton Institute, pp57.
  • Miller, D.R.; Nijnik, M.; Barlagne, C., (2017) Minutes of 1st General Assembly., Deliverable 8.4, Social Innovation in Marginalised Rural Areas (SIMRA), Report to the European Commission, James Hutton Institute, pp23.
  • Ludvig, A.; Weiss, G.; Zivojinovic, I.; Nijnik, M.; Miller, D.R.; Barlagne, C.; Perlik, M.; Hermann, P.; Egger, T.; Torre C.D.; Streifeneder, T.; Ravazzoli, E.; Sfeir, P.; Lukesch, R.; Wagner, K.; Egartner, S.; Clotteau, M., (2017) Political framework conditions, policies and instruments for SIs in rural areas., Social Innovation in Marginalised Rural Areas, Deliverable 6.1, Social Innovation in Marginalised Rural Areas (SIMRA), Report to the European Commission, James Hutton Institute, pp36.
  • Kluvankova, T.; Gezik, V.; Spacek, M.; Brnkalakova, S.; Valero, D.; Bryce, R.; Slee, W.; Alkhaled, D.; Secco, L.; Burlando, C.; Kozova, M.; Miller, D.R.; Nijnik, M.; Perlik, M.; Pisani, E.; Polman, N.; Price, M.; Sarkii, S.; Weiss, G., (2017) Transdisciplinary understanding of SI in MRAs., Deliverable 2.2, Social Innovation in Marginalised Rural Areas (SIMRA), Report to the European Commission, James Hutton Institute, 58pp.
  • Gimpel, A.; Topsch, S.; Stelzenmuller, V.; Gubbins, M.; Murray, A.G.; Watret, R.; Galparsoro, I.; Murillas, A.; Pinarbas, K.; Miller, D.R.; Brigolin, D.; Pastres, R.; Porporato, E.; Roca Carceller, G.; Marba, N., (2017) Deliverable 3.3 AquaSpace tool to support MSP, Ecosystem Approach to making Space for Aquaculture (Aquaspace)., Report to the European Commission, James Hutton Institute, pp58.
  • Billing, S-L.; Gubbins, M.; Miller, D.R.; Watret, R.; Adams, T.; Black, K.; Donaldson-Selby, G.; Wang, C.; Greenhill, L.; Tett, P., (2017) Argyll and Bute, Scotland, UK., In: Strand, O. & Bergh, O. (eds.) Ecosystem Approach to making Space for Aquaculture (Aquaspace). Deliverable 4.2 Case Study Final Reports, Report to the European Commission, James Hutton Institute. Chapter 15, 251-272.
  • Barlagne, C.; Bryce, R.; Valero, D.; Price, M.; Mosdale, L.; Clotteau, M.; Miller, D.R.; Nijnik, M., (2017) Ethical approvals for research with human participants in the SIMRA Project, Deliverable 9.5., Social Innovation in Marginalised Rural Areas (SIMRA), Report to the European Commission, James Hutton Institute, pp.29.
  • Secco, L.; Pisani, E.; Burlando, C.; Da Re, R.; Pettenella, D.; Nijnik, M.; Miller, D.R.; Slee, B.; Gezik, V.; Kluvankova, T., (2017) D4.1 Guidelines to identify and analyse existing methods to assess social innovation and impacts., Report for Innovative, Sustainable and Inclusive Bioeconomy, SIMRA, 2017.
  • Nijnik, M.; Miller, D.R., (2017) D8.2 Data management plan: administration and management., Report for Innovative, Sustainable and Inclusive Bioeconomy, SIMRA.
  • Nijnik, M.; Miller, D.R.; Slee, B., (2017) D1.4 Criteria and indicators for monitoring and evaluation of scientific results., Report for Innovative, Sustainable and Inclusive Bioeconomy, SIMRA, pp17.
  • Nijnik, M.; Miller, D.R., (2017) D1.3: Data management plan: Scientific activities and outputs., Report for Innovative, Sustainable and Inclusive Bioeconomy, SIMRA.
  • Barlagne, C.; Miller, D.R.; Nijnik, M., (2017) Ethical clearance procedures in SIMRA., Deliverable 1.5, Social Innovation in Marginalised Rural Areas (SIMRA), pp65.
  • Thompson, C.W.; Aspinall, P.; Roe, J.; Robertson, L.; Miller, D.R., (2016) Mitigating stress and supporting health in deprived urban communities: the importance of green space and the social environment., International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 13, Article No. 440.
  • Wang, C.; Miller, D.R.; Brown, I.; Jiang, Y.; Castellazzi, M., (2016) Visualisation techniques to support public interpretation of future climate change and land use choices: a case study from N-E Scotland., International Journal of Digital Earth, 9, 586-605.
  • Nijnik, M.; Miller, D.R., (2016) Project Management Plan: Scientific Activities., Social Innovation in Marginalised Rural Areas Project (SIMRA), Deliverable D1.1, Report to the European Commission, James Hutton Institute. Pp112.
  • Miller, D.R.; Dawson, L.A.; Morrice, J.; McKeen, M.; Donnelly, D., (2016) Report on prototype spatial geoforensic database., EU Project MiSAFE, Deliverable 5.8, Report to the European Commission, EU FP7 MISAFE Project, 313149.
  • Morkvenas, Z.; Navickas, K.; Gulbinas, J.; Jefanovas, A.; Schwarz, G.; Wolff, A.; Bergschmidt, A.; Offermann, F.; Osterburg, B.; Aalders, I.H.; Miller, D.R.; Morrice, J.; Vlahos, G.; Smyrniotopoulou, A.; Artell, J.; Aakkula, J.; Toikkanen, H.; Povellato, A.; Longhitano, D.; Lasorella, V.; Balazs, K.; Toth, P.; Centeri, C.; Podmaniczky, L., (2016) Methodological handbook for the evaluation of environmental impacts of RDPs., EU Project ENVIEVAL, Deliverable 9.5, Report to the European Commission, EU FP7 ENVIEVAL Project, 312071.
  • Miller, D.R.; Donaldson-Selby, G.; Wang, C.; McKeen, M., (2016) Use of 3D visualisation technology for wind farms and other development proposals - update., Interim Contract Report to Scottish Government.
  • Towers, W.; Miller, D.R.; Matthews, K.B. (eds.), (2016) CAP Greening Review, Part 1:Trends in Environmental Indicators - A brief overview of recent trends in key environmental indicators in Scotland, covering biodiversity, water quality, land, including soils and climate change., Scottish Government and The James Hutton Institute Websites.
  • Miller, D.R.; Nijnik, M., (2016) Risk register: Scientific outputs., Social Innovation in Marginalised Rural Areas Project (SIMRA), Deliverable D1.2. Report to the European Commission, James Hutton Institute, pp3 and Spreadsheet.
  • Miller, D.R.; Nijnik, M., (2016) Project Management Plan: Scientific Activities. Social Innovation in Marginalised Rural Areas Project (SIMRA), Deliverable D8.1., Social Innovation in Marginalised Rural Areas Project (SIMRA), Deliverable D8.1. Report to the European Commission, James Hutton Institute, pp112.

LEAF-related publications (Page)

SCRI LEAF Innovation Centre PDF file: The SCRI LEAF Innovation Centre (869 KB) ... Read more

Integrated Farm Management (Page)

Integrated Farm Management (IFM) involves: ... Read more

LEAF-related research (Page)

Research priorities Scientific research at the Institute covers a wide range of scales and disciplines from landscape processes to gene functioning. As a LEAF Innovation Centre, our priorities are: ... Read more

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To help visitors appreciate farmland ... Read more

LEAF Comment (Page)

A series of commentaries and opinions on current topics in food security, sustainable agriculture and environment. A fuller version of some articles will be available as a downloadable file. Impressions of the James Hutton Insti ... Read more

LEAF News and Views (Page)

Open farm Sunday at Glensaugh 10 June 2018 ... Read more

Linking Environment and Farming (LEAF) (Page)

LEAF Linking Environment and Farming promotes environmentally responsible farming. LEAF brings together thousands of individuals and organisations to deliver a shared vision for the future of farming and food. ... Read more

Social, Economic and Geographical Sciences
Social, Economic and Geographical Sciences
Principal Researcher in Catchment Management & Water Quality
andy.vinten@hutton.ac.uk
+44 (0)344 928 5428 (*)

The James Hutton Institute
Craigiebuckler
Aberdeen AB15 8QH
Scotland UK

 

Andy Vinten is a principal catchment scientist, with over 20 years background in applied research in soil and water management. After graduating from Oxford University with a BA in Agricultural and Forest sciences, and a PhD in soil science, he worked on irrigation and water quality issues in the Volcani Center Israel for four years. Thereafter he was a lecturer and senior lecturer on soil science at Scottish Agricultural College, Edinburgh, and managed a Masters Course in Environmental Protection and Management  for 10 years. He joined the Institute in 2005. 

Current research interests

Andy has worked on modelling and measurement of the transport of pollutants (nitrates, phosphates, micro-organisms, pesticides etc.), for many years and contributed to the growing appreciation of the role that agricultural activities play in contributing to bathing water pollution issues in SW Scotland. 

Recent work includes assessment of cost effectiveness and proportionality of diffuse pollutant mitigation measures. This has shown support for SEPA’s targets for restoration of standing waters to Good Ecological Status, but demonstrates that for many lochs where mitigation is likely to be costly, costs can exceed society’s willingness to pay.

He has also sought to identify the responses of stream benthic microbial communities to aquatic pollution using molecular methods, and carried out modelling on the risk of microbial pollution from livestock influencing human health through bathing water and drinking water pollution; A recent interest is in the development of a new technique, filter fences, for erosion control in the aftermath of potatoes.

On-going and recent projects

Bibliography

  • Vinten, A.J.A.; Artz, R.R.E.; Thomas, N.; Potts, J.M.; Avery, L.M.; Langan, S.J.; Watson, H.; Cook, Y.; Taylor, C.; Abel, C.; Reid, E.; Singh, B.K., (2011) Comparison of microbial community assays for the assessment of stream biofilm ecology., Journal of Microbiological Methods, 85, 190-198.
  • Balana, B.B.; Vinten, A.J.A.; Slee, B., (2011) A review on cost-effectiveness analysis of agri-environmental measures related to the EU WFD: Key issues, methods, and applications., Ecological Economics, 70, 1021-1031.
  • Vinten, A.J.A., (2010) Monitoring, modelling and mitigation of P pollution of lochs: cost effective or disproportionate., Scottish Freshwater Group, 84th Meeting, Stirling University, Stirling, 8 April 2010.
  • Vinten, A.J.A., (2010) How effective is the implementation of controls on diffuse pollution under the Water Framework Directive in Scotland? Answers and questions from the Lunan Water Diffuse Pollution Monitored Catchment project., Water Quality Conference, 1st, Leeds University, Leeds, 23-24 June 2010.
  • Vinten, A.J.A.; Stutter, M.I.; Sample, J.; Dunn, S.; Birkel, C.; Potts, J.; MacDonald, J.; Napier, F.; Jeffrey, W.; Christian, C., (2010) How effective is the implementation of controls on diffuse pollution under the Water Framework Directive in Scotland? Answers and questions from the Lunan Diffuse Pollution Monitored Catchment project., Proceedings of the 14th International Conference, IWA Diffuse Pollution Specialist Group: Diffuse Pollution and Eutrophication, Quebec, Canada, 12-17 September 2010.
  • Vinten, A.J.A.; MacDonald, J.; Christian, C., (2010) How effective is the implementation of controls on diffuse pollution under the Water Framework Directive in Scotland? Answers and questions from the Lunan Diffuse Pollution Monitored Catchment project., Water 21, August 2010.
  • Gouriveau, F.; Heal, K.; Stewart, K.; Vinten, A.J.A.; Russell, G., (2010) Constructed farm wetlands: An analysis of costs, benefits and perceptions., Joint SAC/SEPA Biennial Conference 2010, Climate, Water and Soil: Science: Policy and Practice, Edinburgh, 31 March - 1 April 2010.

Social, Economic and Geographical Sciences
Social, Economic and Geographical Sciences
Social Researcher
kerry.waylen@hutton.ac.uk
+44 (0)1224 395313

The James Hutton Institute
Craigiebuckler
Aberdeen AB15 8QH
Scotland UK

 

Current research interests

Kerry's main ongoing research projects

Her research is motivated by the following research questions:

  • When might it make sense to adopt new concepts and instruments for environmental management? How can we best understand the challenges and consequences of implementing such new concepts, especially those (such as the 'Ecosystem Approach') that encourage a systemic approach to connect multiple issues?
  • How are different knowledges produced and used in collaboration and decision-making for environmental management? If and how do concepts (such as ecosystem services) or tools (such as scenario-planning) influence processes of knowledge co-production, including in science-policy interfaces?
  • How can we better enable stakeholder participation in environmental management, including Community-Based Natural Resource Management (CBNRM) in developing countries?  What are the multiple social and environmental consequences of doing so?

Kerry's expertise includes the following skills for carrying out, managing and communicating research:

  • Qualitative research methods e.g. semi-structured interviews, participant observation, Rapid Rural Appraisal, qualitative thematic analysis using both inductive and deductive approaches.
  • Quantitative research methods e.g. design, deployment and quantiative analysis of paper and online surveys for primary data collection, design and deplyment of systematic reviews and meta-analyses to identify and analyse secondary data
  • Extensive experience in leading design and facilitation of workshops for knowledge exchange and/or research data collection.
  • Skilled in engaging and communicating with varied audiences using varied methods, from short written briefings, longer reports and academic papers, through to videos, oral presentations and blog posts.
  • Expertise in research project management, line management, student supervision, and research ethics.

Kerry currently co-supervises 2 PhD students: Sam Poskitt, who is exploring the potential of scenario-planning to support learning for sustainable development, with Dr Andrew Ainslie at the University of Reading; and Kirsty Holstead, who is building understanding of community water governance, with Dr Shona Russell at the University of St Andrews.

Kerry is a trustee of the Orskov Foundation, a charitable foundation that supports students and communities to develop sustainable land use to support livelihoods in lower-income countries. She is also a research associate of CECHR, the Centre for Environmental Change and Human Resilience at Dundee.   Within the Institute, Kerry is leader of the 'Society Institutions and Governance' sub-group of SEGS, and she also curates the SEGS blog.

Past research

Exploring institutional constraints to adopting more systemic and/or participatory approaches to environmental management:

  • She jointly led research with Kirsty Blackstock to understand the potential and challanges of implementing the Ecosystem Approach, funded by the Scottish Government RESAS Strategic Research Programme 2011-2016.  Click here to visit the webpage of the Ecosystem Approach Review. This work also relates to the ideas of exploring the challenges multi-level governance as noted above, and of communication as noted below.

Analysing processes of knowledge co-production relating to environmental management:

  • Kerry co-led WP2 for the FP7 project ‘SPIRAL’ (Science Policy Interfaces for Research Action and Learning, for biodiversity) Visit the Project website to find out more about this project, and see the EPC paper and Biodiversity and Conservation paper in the list below for academic outputs she led on.
  • Kerry helped design the ESPPI:CREW project, which aims to monitor and evaluate science-policy and practice links for the Scottish Centre of Expertise in Waters, which has been operating since 2011.  She was also involved in CATCH II – which aimed to try to better connect policy, practitioners working in and for integrated catchment management.

Understanding and tackling the challenges faced by conservation initiatives in the 'Global South':

  • COMET-LA was a EU FP7 project on the Community-based Management of Environmental Challenges in Latin America, that ran 2012-2015.  Kerry was part of a small team exploring if and how scenario-planning can assist communities in Latin America to identify and develop sustainable community-based management for their natural resources in the face of climate change and increased competition for the use of natural resources. Visit our short animated youtube video on scenario-planning for more information about what this concept can offer.
  • Since December 2012 Kerry has supported work in Malawi to support villages and district-level planning for integrated natural resource management.  She has provided expertise to two projects lead by VSO.  The first project called "Water Futures: Towards Equitable Resource Strategies" aimed to improve the resilience of Malawian water management, whilst from late 2014 the second project 'MAJI' focuses on how to take account of climate change.  Kerry, together with Julia Martin-Ortega, provides expertise on community engagement on topics of ecosystem services and for co-constructing scenarios of future change.
  • Kerry’s past PhD work at Imperial College London (2006-2009) focused on understanding social factors linked to success in community-based conservation projects, involving fieldwork in Nepal and Kalmykia, Russia, as well as a systematic review of the factors affecting ‘success’ in developing-country community-based conservation projects. The thesis can be downloaded from the Imperial College Conservation Science website.

Prior to working at the James Hutton Institute Kerry's PhD research, carried out at Imperial College London, examined how the combination of individual views, culture and local institutions could significantly influence the outcomes of community-based conservation in developing countries.  In addition to policy-relevant work with NGOs, her prior academic experience included social research into attitudes towards nature resources in Trinidad, as part of an MSc from Imperial College. Her first degree is a MA in Natural Sciences, from Cambridge University.

Bibliography

Visit Glensaugh Research Farm (Page)

Come walkabout at Glensaugh Research Farm ... Read more

Agroforestry at Glensaugh (Page)

Agroforestry is a system of land management which combines livestock farming and forestry: trees are grown for timber on the same land as that used for animal production. The growing of trees on farms diversifies and sustains prod ... Read more

The Living Field (Page)

The Living Field projects aim to enhance public knowledge and awareness of the importance of agriculture and the environment in our daily lives using a wide range of materials, methods and technologies. It includes a community g ... Read more


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The James Hutton Research Institute is the result of the merger in April 2011 of MLURI and SCRI. This merger formed a new powerhouse for research into food, land use, and climate change.