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Land Capability for Agriculture (LCA)

LCA - Further information

LCA 50K map coverage

The Map Series

Two series of Land Capability for Agriculture (LCA)  maps (now available on Scotland’s Soils website in digital format) have been produced. Firstly a national coverage of seven maps at the 1:250 000 scale was published in 1983 but with the assessment carried out in 1981. Secondly there is a more restricted coverage of 30 1:50 000 scale maps covering virtually all of the Scotland’s improved agricultural land and adjacent uplands, published at various dates between 1984 and 1986.

Both map series have subsequently been digitised; the 1:250 000 scale data in the late 1980s and the 1:50 000 scale in the early 2000s and are available to download as Esri shapefiles elsewhere on this site. A statistical summary of the distribution of the various classes in Scotland's 32 local authorities is available here.

Issues arising

This difference in resolution has resulted in a number of issues which are not unique to LCA maps and data but are ubiquitous when dealing with maps of different scales.

250k LCA

  • The 1:50 000 scale maps are more detailed and were compiled more recently. They involved more field checking and liaison with government and with research and agricultural organisations such as the Scottish Agricultural Colleges and the National Farmers Union of Scotland.
  • The two maps (and associated digital data) do not necessarily show the same classification in the same area. By necessity, the smaller scale 1:250 000 scale map often represents an aggregation of different classes represented on the larger scale map, which can include land of both higher and lower quality than that depicted. The larger scale allows more disaggregation of the landscape into its component units and can show a more complex pattern of map units.
  • The two map scales do not match along the edge at which they meet. This is largely a function of the fact that more detail can be represented at  the 1:50 000 scale than at 1:250 000 scale. 
  • New information was collected between the different map production dates which led to a reclassification of some soils.
  • The maps have been digitised from the paper copies, so in that respect the hard copy maps are the definitive assessments; minor digitising errors may still reside within the digital data. In addition, the hard copy maps display LCA class, division and limitation type; the digital data does not include limitation type.

Learning & Resources


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The James Hutton Research Institute is the result of the merger in April 2011 of MLURI and SCRI. This merger formed a new powerhouse for research into food, land use, and climate change.