Graham Begg : Landscape scale population dynamics of plant, arthropod and mammal taxa; patterns of habitat use and dispersal between them; spatial population dynamic models. Measurements: Plant, arthropod and mammal fitness, resource use, directional trapping, intrinsic-marking methods, in-situ life-table construction.
Cathy Hawes : Biodiversity and system function within arable fields; optimisation of biodiversity and crop production; relation between field margin diversity and pollinator/natural enemy diversity. Measurements: weed, seedbank and invertebrate species abundance patterns, decomposition, pollination and predation rates.
Pete Iannetta : Weed (molecular) diversity focusing mainly on shepherd’s purse; biological nitrogen fixation of leguminous wild and crops species: focusing on rhizobial diversity, and symbiotic/biological nitrogen fixation (BNF) from which N fluxes are estimated and high value products generated. Linked projects include Legume Futures  and the TSB (Technology Strategy Board) funded faba beans for sustainable (fish) protein production. Measurements: Weed diversity using genomic molecular markers. Rhizobial trapping and diversity analysis. BNF fixation rates. Legume based research is carried out in partnership with BNF consultant Dr. Euan K. James
Euan James : Biological nitrogen fixation in Vicia faba L., Trifolium repens and wild legumes under sustainable and conventional crop and field management as part of Legume Futures. Measurements: N fixation rates estimated by measurements of 15N levels in plants and soil.
Ali Karley : Crop physiology and crop types for sustainable agriculture. Measurements: whole plant nutritional status and nutrient fluxes through plants and soil pools; linking with Mark Young and Geoff Squire to quantify nutrient input/loss.
Dave Parish  (GWCT ): Diversity and abundance of small mammals and birds across the CSC in relation to cropping patterns, margin habitats and management. Measurements: small mammal trapping, bird surveys.
Geoff Squire : Relations between resource capture by vegetation and individual-based descriptions of local evolution. Management for high crop production intends to maximise resource capture by crops. The variability and plasticity of in-field wild plants ensures the viability of populations with certain characteristics. However, each crop-treatment combination shifts the functional composition of the seedbank, and hence the biodiversity of the invertebrates that inhabit the field. Measurements and models will be used to define the combinations of crop and management that support in the long term both high production and high functional diversity.
Mark Young : Data integration, quantifying inputs and losses from arable systems. Measurements: nutrient leaching, GHG emissions.
Tim Daniell : Soil nitrogen cycling; soil microbial diversity in relation to nitrification and denitrification rates; mycorrhizal dynamics; interaction between soil and microbial community. Measurements: microbial DNA from bulk soil samples, nitrification/denitrification rates on archived soil when treatment effects are evident.
Roy Neilson : Nematode diversity as an indicator of field management practice. Measurements: nematode species abundance from bulk soil samples.
Claire Ghee  (PhD student) Roy Neilson, Eric Patterson (supervisors): Characterising the roles of soil biota in mediating C-dynamics under sustainable and conventional management systems. Measurements:isotopic analyses of microbial biomarkers and soil animals recovered from bulk soil samples.
Paul Hallett : Soil physical properties - density, water retention and penetration resistance of cores at multiple depths. Funded externally for cereal crop in rotation for 2014 and 2014. Surface cores are taken as standard by Tracy Valentine and Kirstie Binnie. Measurements: soil cores for field capacity, bulk density, some in field hydraulic conductivity.
Tracy Valentine : Impact of sustainable management practices on soil resistance to root growth. Measurements: ex-situroot length and weight.
Tim Lewis  (PhD student), Blair McKenzie , Cathy Hawes, John Rowan  (supervisors): Investigating the relationships between soil erosion and seed banks in agro-ecosystems. Measurements: field-scale radionuclide sediment budget in relation to the spatial distribution of weed seeds in the soil seedbank; catchment scale movement of seed and sediment estimated from Balruddery Den sediment trap.
Craig Baxter  (PhD student), Blair McKenzie, Roy Neilson, John Rowan (supervisors):Relation between soil erosion patterns and nematode communities and a comparison of sustainable soil management techniques on the soil ecosystem using nematodes as indicators.
Tom Ball , Nicole Archer  (University of Dundee): Integration of soil strength and sediment transport work with the above hillslope hydrology to assess the sustainability of various tillage practices.
Nicola Holden : Quantifying the presence and population dynamics of human pathogens present in bulk soil and in rhizosphere of plants under two contrasting management regimes. Measurements: Bulk soil and root samples to test for human pathogens: pathogenic Escherichia coli, Salmonella enterica, Shigella spp., Campylobacter spp. and free-living diazotrophs.
Alison Lees , Jennie Brierley:  Effect of crop rotation and cultivar resistance on levels of soil-borne pathogens causing disease of potato under two contrasting management regimes. Measurements: Bulk soil samples taken prior to potato planting and post harvest, seed and progeny potato tubers sampled. Soil and seed tested for C. coccodes, S. subterranea and R. solani.
Brian Reavy : A metagenomics study of soil borne viruses; changes in viral DNA diversity and abundance over time under contrasting management treatments. Measurements: DNA extraction from bulk soil samples.
Brian Fenton : Assessing impact of sustainable cropping systems on arboviruses and their insect vectors with emphasis on the potato crop. Measurements potato tubers tested for virus infection, surveys of aphid populations across crops.
Louise Shepherd , Derek Stewart : The impact of alternative management practices on crop yield and food quality (composition, quality and nutritive value). Measurements: Annual analysis of crops for a range of phytochemicals linked to product quality, including trace elements, (micro)nutrients, anti-nutrients and health beneficial components.
Nick Birch : Developing IPM tools and toolboxes for cropping systems (e.g. soft fruit, vegetables, maize, glasshouse crops) based on an ecological understanding of food web interactions, insect-plant interactions and semiochemical signals. Measurements: Insect population dynamics at field to landscape scales, predator-prey relationships, insect fitness parameters (key pests and natural enemies), insect damage indices, insect behaviour, plant-derived signals (e.g. volatile and plant surface chemicals acting as insect attractants, repellents, host recognition signals).
Euan Caldwell , John Bennett (Cathy Hawes to collate information): Quantifying all inputs and costs of the sustainable management treatment relative to conventional practice. Records: seed rates, cultivations, tractor time, crop protection inputs, fertiliser inputs, yield, yield maps.