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Soil research

Items related to Soil Research - soil microbiology and biology, soil science, molecular biology, mineralogy and plant physiology.

Ecological Sciences (Research Page)

Ecological Sciences (ES) is a multi-disciplinary group of over 80 researchers with a unique breadth of scientific expertise, skills and knowledge in the ecology, physiology and systematics of microbes, lichens, fungi, plants, inve ... Read more

Professor Lorna Dawson honoured with Expert Witness 2019 award (News)

Professor Lorna Dawson, Head of Soil Forensics at the James Hutton Institute and SEFARI Advisor on the Scottish Government‘s Strategic Research Programme 2016-2021, has been recognised with an Expert Witness Award 2019 by sp ... Read more

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Clay mineralogy and its applications to the oil industry (Event)

A course delivered by James Hutton Institute specialist staff with contributions by honorary associate Tony Fraser. ... Read more

Professor Lorna Dawson announced as RSE Fellow (News)

Professor Lorna Dawson, head of Forensic Soil Science at the James Hutton Institute and advisor to the SEFARI Strategic Research Programme, has been made a Fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh. The Royal Society of Edinburgh ... Read more

Get digging! Best Soil in Show 2019 now open for entries (News)

CLICK BELOW FOR APPLICATION FORM AND RELATED DOCUMENTATION - DEADLINE EXTENDED TO 10TH MAY 2019 Supported by the Glenside Group ... Read more

Mars and Mull share similar soil, Hutton analysis finds (News)

NASA’s InSight lander has been headline news in recent weeks, as it continues to send back clear images of the rocky and unforgiving surface of Mars. However, the previous exploration robot sent to roam the red planet, the C ... Read more

Creation of soil X-ray signatures contribute to vision of “digital mineralogy” (News)

A new research study aims to demonstrate how the combination of digital X-ray signatures with data-driven approaches can replace the time-consuming elements of expert led mineral identification and allow for new insights into the ... Read more

Hutton researcher success in Converge Challenge 2018 (News)

Hutton scientist Peter Orrell and his product MycoNourish have been announced as runners-up in the 2018 Converge Challenge, Scotland's leading higher education company creation programme, at a ceremony held yesterday in Edinbu ... Read more

Shandong Academy of Agricultural Sciences and James Hutton Institute establish collaborative links (News)

A Memorandum of Understanding has been signed between the Shandong Academy of Agricultural Sciences, China, and the James Hutton Institute, during the 2018 UK-China Potato Science and Technology Innovation Cooperation Conference, ... Read more

MycoNourish announced as finalist of Converge Challenge 2018 (News)

MycoNourish, a product designed by Hutton scientist Peter Orrell, has been announced as finalist of the Converge Challenge 2018, Scotland's leading higher education company creation programme. ... Read more

Hutton team declared best in the world in clay mineralogy (News)

Researchers from the James Hutton Institute were named winners in a contest which is considered by some as the world championship in mineralogy. The results and the winners of the 2018 Reynolds Cup edition were presented at the An ... Read more

A very successful Royal Highland Show for Hutton science (News)

It was another brilliant Royal Highland Show (21-24 June 2018) for the James Hutton Institute, with a steady stream of visitors of all ages to the Hutton marquee including farmers, families, schoolchildren and research partners, a ... Read more

UK Alpine Ecology Network: Meetings (Research Page)

Here you will find details of past meetings of the UK Alpine Ecology Network along with links to workshop reports and presentations where available. Return to main Alpine Ecology Network page Inaugural meeting January 2018, Ja ... Read more

UK Alpine Ecology Network (Research Page)

The UK Alpine Ecology Network was formed in 2018 as a means of bringing together scientists, conservationists and land managers with an interest in the ecology of alpine ecosystems across the UK. Membership is open to anyone with ... Read more

Fife has the Best Soil in Show 2018 (News)

John Weir, of Lacesston Farm near Cupar, has been announced as the winner of Best Soil in Show at the Royal Highland Show 2018, with Douglas Greig, of Tealing by Dundee, scooping the Young Farmers prize for a record third time. ... Read more

Research and innovation that underpin Scotland’s larder – come and see it at the Royal Highland Show 2018 (News)

The Royal Highland Show (21-24 June 2018) is one of Scotland's most iconic events and showcases not only the very best of farming food and rural life, but also the research and innovation that underpin Scotland’s food an ... Read more

Peter Orrell wins Converge Challenge 2018 award (News)

Hutton scientist Dr Peter Orrell has won the ‘Ready Steady Pitch’ award of the Converge Challenge 2018 with his MycoNourish product, which uses fungi to act as a secondary root system and improve plant health. The re ... Read more

ALTER: can increasing the carbon in soil combat climate change? (News)

Scientists from the James Hutton Institute are supporting the Asian Agricultural Long-Term Experiment (ALTER) with the aim of providing scientific basis and management options for soil sequestration and agricultural sustainability ... Read more

Clay mineralogy and its application to the oil industry (Event)

A course delivered by James Hutton Institute specialist staff with contributions by honorary associate Tony Fraser. ... Read more

Partnership to develop run-off tool app (News)

The James Hutton Institute has partnered with Syngenta and the Scottish Environment Protection Agency (SEPA) to develop and test a run-off tool app. The tool will advise land managers on the best management practices to reduce r ... Read more

New transparent soil technology to help fight nematodes and other soil pests (News)

Scientists from the James Hutton Institute have developed a screening system which uses transparent soil technology to help fight nematodes - microscopic worms that are harmful to plants, damaging about 10% of susceptible crops an ... Read more

Using Critical Zone Science to Enhance Soil Fertility and Improve Ecosystem Services for Peri-Urban Agriculture in China (Project)

Summary This research project focuses on sustainable intensification of agriculture in highly productive peri-urban farming areas in China. This agricultural base is essential to meet China's increasing food production deman ... Read more

Precision agriculture research collaboration aims to help Chinese smallholder farmers (News)

China's North Plain is one of the country's most important - and densely populated - agricultural regions, producing crops such as corn, cereals, vegetables and cotton. A research project led by the James Hutton Institute ... Read more

Soil research collaboration findings relevant to landmine clearing and fracking (News)

Blowing up landmines and other undetonated explosives may be safer and more environmentally friendly than physically removing them from contaminated land, according to new research carried out by the University of Dundee, in partn ... Read more

The 18th BioDundee International Conference - 'New perspectives, new opportunities: Life Sciences and Healthcare' (Event)

The Conference represents a wide spectrum of life science interests in and around the city, from the ‘red end’ of medical sciences to the ‘green end’ with plant and crop science. This year's accompanyin ... Read more

Managing our soils: knowing and believing (News)

Matt Aitkenhead & Cathy Hawes Soil is vital to our survival. We need it to grow our crops, feed our livestock, maintain our water supply and provide a home for biodiversity. However, because we do not see it doing these thin ... Read more

Hutton soil scientists help develop first Global Soil Organic Carbon Map (News)

Soil scientists from the James Hutton Institute, along with colleagues at Cranfield University, Agri-Food and Biosciences Institute and the Centre for Ecology and Hydrology, have contributed to the development of the first Global ... Read more

Dr Andy Kindness takes over Environmental and Biochemical Sciences group leadership (News)

The James Hutton Institute is pleased to announce that Dr Andy Kindness has taken over the leadership of the Environmental and Biochemical Sciences group from 1st November. The Institute’s Environmental and Biochemical Sci ... Read more

Isotopic analysis capabilities boosted by new high-spec instrument (News)

The James Hutton Institute celebrated reinforcing its extensive analytical chemistry capabilities for research and commercial work with a launch evening and ribbon cutting for their new Thermal Ionisation Mass Spectrometer. The &p ... Read more

Web mapping service improved in latest update to Scottish Soils app (News)

The SIFSS (Soil Indicators for Scottish Soils) app has recently been updated to improve usability. Aimed at growers, farmers and land managers in Scotland, the app allows them to quickly identify soil type in their area. ... Read more

Organic phosphorus key to future food security and sustainability (News)

Research into organic phosphorus is key to ensure future food security and environmental sustainability, according to an international group of scientists led by researchers at the James Hutton Institute, Lancaster University&rsqu ... Read more

Improved isotopic analysis capabilities for unrivalled precision and accuracy (News)

The James Hutton Institute is reinforcing its extensive analytical chemistry capabilities for research and commercial work through an £500K investment on a new Thermal Ionisation Mass Spectrometer, which will allow the Insti ... Read more

Digital mapping techniques to improve knowledge of British soils (News)

Soil scientists at the James Hutton Institute are working to create the first unified digital map of soil properties within Great Britain, a development which will contribute to worldwide Global Soil Map projects and improve the d ... Read more

Soil, a key trace material in forensic investigations (News)

The important role soil can play in forensic investigations has again been highlighted by the involvement of the James Hutton Institute’s soil forensics team in a high-profile case, this time the enquiry by South Yorkshire P ... Read more

Moray has got the Best Soil in Show 2017 (News)

An organic farm in Moray has been awarded the prize for Best Soil in Show at the Royal Highland Show 2017. Knock Farm has been declared the Best Soil winner jointly by NFUS President Andrew McCornick and Soil Association Chief Exe ... Read more

RD 1.1.4 Soil management (Project)

  We aim to support the sustainable use and management of Scotland’s soil resource by providing new tools to predict how soil functions respond to land use, management and environmental pressures. These decision suppo ... Read more

RD 1.1.3 Soil and net GHG emissions (Project)

A recent analysis showed that Scotland is one of the higher per capita emitters. TheScottish Government wishes to reduce its net Greenhouse gas emissions and move towards a low-carbon economy in a sustainable way and it passed the ... Read more

RD 1.1.2 Soil resilience to change (Project)

  We will produce novel models of key soil ecosystems and functions for the major, semi-natural habitats in Scotland (alpine, moorland, peatland, forest, grasslands and low input arable Soil functions rely on a number of so ... Read more

RD 1.1.1 Soil and its ecosystem function (Project)

The capacity of soils to provide ecosystem services are affected by complex interactions between biological, physical and chemical components of the soil Understanding these interactions and their consequences for soil functions ... Read more

Root-Rhizosphere Workshop and 2017 ISRR Dundee Medal Lecture in Root Research (Event)

This one-day event organised by the Dundee Roots Group and held at the James Hutton Institute in Dundee, is aimed at scientists interested in root research and the plant-soil interface and will feature the 2017 ISRR Medal Lecture ... Read more

Work Package 1.1: Soils (Project)

Our soils provide many services or functions,  for example soils are essential for crop production but they also play an unseen role in limiting diffuse pollution to waters, storing organic carbon and reducing Green House Gas ... Read more

Hutton forensic soil scientist in multi-agency search for Moira Anderson (News)

Professor Lorna Dawson, a forensic soil scientist based at the James Hutton Institute, has joined a team of Police Scotland detectives as they commence a full scientific examination of a site in Coatbridge, North Lanarkshire as pa ... Read more

Scottish soils featured in art and science crossover project (News)

Samples from Scotland’s National Soil Archive hosted at the James Hutton Institute in Aberdeen have been used for the art/science project Geologic Intimacy (Yu no Hana) by artist Ilana Halperin, which highlights the historic ... Read more

Hutton honorary fellow awarded Collins Medal for applied mineralogical research (News)

Professor Jeff Wilson, Honorary Research Fellow of the James Hutton Institute, has been presented with the Collins Medal at the President’s Lunch of the Mineralogical Society of Great Britain and Ireland. ... Read more

Peat Surveys: Knock Moss (Research Page)

Peat Deposit: Knock Moss, Wigtownshire ... Read more

Peat Surveys: Elsie Moss (Research Page)

Peat Deposit: Elsie Moss, Aberdeenshire ... Read more

Peat Surveys: Fiag Plantation (Research Page)

Peat Deposit: Fiag Plantation, Highland ... Read more

Peat Surveys: Wyndford Moss (Research Page)

Peat Deposit: Wyndford Moss, Aberdeenshire ... Read more

Chief Executive presents Hutton Annual Review 2015-16 (News)

The James Hutton Institute’s Annual Review for 2015-16 has been presented by Chief Executive Professor Colin Campbell. The document presents an overview of the financial and biographical status of the Institute as well as a ... Read more

Peat Surveys: Summary (17 Selected Peat Deposits) (Research Page)

Summary of Peat Deposit Depths, and Land Cover in 1988 ... Read more

Peat Surveys: Blacklaw Bog (Research Page)

Peat Deposit: Blacklaw Bog, South Lanarkshire ... Read more

Peat Surveys: Awhirk Moss, Wigtownshire (Research Page)

Peat Deposit: Awhirk Moss, Wigtownshire ... Read more

Lord Dunlop: Value of Scottish research and innovation shouldn’t be underestimated (News)

The Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Scotland, Lord Dunlop, held a roundtable discussion today at the James Hutton Institute's Invergowrie site near Dundee, on the implications of Brexit for research and innovation. ... Read more

Peat Surveys: Drumbreck Moss (Research Page)

Peat Deposit: Drumbreck Moss, North Lanarkshire ... Read more

Peat Surveys: Drumbow Moss (Research Page)

Peat Deposit: Drumbow Moss, North Lanarkshire ... Read more

Crop research updates presented at BBSRC/KTN conference (News)

Drs Hazel Bull and Lionel Dupuy, from the James Hutton Institute, joined fellow scientists from across the UK in sharing crop research updates at the New Frontiers in Crop Research Conference, organised by the Biotechnology and Bi ... Read more

Peat Surveys: Dirskelpin Moss (Research Page)

Peat Deposit: Dirskelpin Moss, Wigtownshire ... Read more

Potatosize (Research Page)

The PotatoSize app provides potato growers with information on the proportion of their crop that lies within each size range of interest. It uses image analysis to interpret a photo of potatoes sampled in the field. Development wa ... Read more

A new look for Scotland's Soils website (News)

A new look version of the Scotland’s Soils website has been launched, in a drive to promote access to information on one of Scotland’s most valuable natural assets. ... Read more

Peat Surveys: Nutberry Moss and Dornock Flow (Research Page)

Peat Deposit: Nutberry Moss and Dornock Flow, Dumfriesshire Survey: 1967 ... Read more

Peat Surveys: Creca Moss (Research Page)

Peat Deposit: Creca Moss, Dumfriesshire ... Read more

Peat Surveys: Gartur Moss (Research Page)

Peat Deposit: Gartur Moss, Stirlingshire ... Read more

Soil forensics: digging up the bodies (Event)

As part of the Bloody Scotland Festival, our Head of Soil Forensics, Professor Lorna Dawson, will participate in a discussion of forensic fact and fiction together with crime writer Lin Anderson. ... Read more

Tracking a killer: forensics in crime fiction (Event)

As part of Byres Road Book Festival, our Head of Soil Forensics, Professor Lorna Dawson, will participate in a discussion of forensic fact and fiction together with crime writer Lin Anderson. ... Read more

The GROW Observatory: a citizen science project for growers, gardeners, farmers and space scientists (News)

The launch of a massive, European-wide project aiming to involve tens of thousands of ‘citizen scientists’ in a drive to empower growers with knowledge on sustainable practices and make a vital contribution to global e ... Read more

Peat Surveys: Cranley Bog (Research Page)

Peat Deposit: Cranley Bog, South Lanarkshire ... Read more

Peat Surveys: Harburn and Cobbinshaw Bogs (Research Page)

Peat Deposit: Harburn and Cobbinshaw Bogs, West Lothian ... Read more

Peat Surveys: Backhill of Bush Moss (Research Page)

Peat Deposit: Backhill of Bush Moss, Kirkudbrightshire ... Read more

Peat Surveys: Mindork Moss (Research Page)

Peat Deposit: Mindork Moss, Wigtownshire ... Read more

Peat Surveys: Glims Moss (Research Page)

Peat Deposit: Glims Moss, Orkney ... Read more

Peat Surveys: White Moss (Research Page)

Peat Deposit: White Moss, Orkney ... Read more

Peat Surveys: Dornal Bog (Research Page)

Peat Deposit: Dornal Bog, Wigtownshire ... Read more

Peat Surveys: Threepwood Moss (Research Page)

Peat Deposit: Threepwood Moss, Roxburghshire ... Read more

Research partnership set to unearth secrets of profitable soils throughout rotation (News)

Four new projects addressing challenges in soil and water management across whole rotations have been awarded £1.2m in funding from the Agriculture and Horticulture Development Board (AHDB). The interrelated projects will ... Read more

Perthshire has the Best Soil in Show 2016 (News)

An organic farm in Perthshire has been awarded the prize for Best Soil in Show at the Royal Highland Show 2016. Hugh and Sascha Grierson of Newmiln Farm were declared the Best Soil in Show winners by National Farmers Union of Scot ... Read more

Biodiversity and Ecosystems (Research Page)

The aim of the Biodiversity and Ecosystem subgroup is to understand how human driven global and local changes impact on the network of interactions between animals, microbes and plants in natural and semi-natural habitats to predi ... Read more

Peat Surveys: Peat Deposits (Research Page)

Maps of the distribution of surveys of peat deposits by the Scottish Peat Committee and Macaulay Institute Peat Surveys (since 1984) ... Read more

Life in Soil: Does it matter? (Page)

A Royal Society of Edinburgh biodiversity discussion forum ‘Life in soil: Does it matter?’ took place on the 24th February 2016. It invited the audience to think about the critically important role that soil plays in h ... Read more

Safeguard our soils to sustain our way of life, Hutton scientists say (News)

Scientists at the James Hutton institute have welcomed the findings of a report published by the House of Commons Environmental Audit Committee on the health of UK soils. Soil is of fundamental importance to society yet remains ... Read more

Dr Rupert Hough to lead Information and Computational Sciences group (News)

Risk modeller Dr Rupert Hough has been appointed to the leadership of the Information and Computational Sciences group at the James Hutton Institute, following the semi-retirement of Dr David Marshall. The James Hutton Institute ... Read more

Information and Computational Sciences
Information and Computational Sciences
Soil Data Manager
gordon.hudson@hutton.ac.uk
+44 (0)344 928 5428 (*)

The James Hutton Institute
Craigiebuckler
Aberdeen AB15 8QH
Scotland UK

 

Bibliography

  • Vance, D.; Matthews, A.; Keech, A.; Archer, C.; Hudson, G.; Pett-Ridge, J.; Chadwick, O.A. (2016) The behaviour of Cu and Zn isotopes during soil development: Controls on the dissolved load of rivers., Chemical Geology, 445, 36-53.
  • Thornton, B.; Martin, G.; Procee, M.; Miller, D.R.; Coull, M.C.; Yao, H.-Y.; Chapman, S.J.; Hudson, G.; Midwood, A.J. (2015) Distributions of carbon and nitrogen isotopes in Scotland's topsoil: a national-scale study., European Journal of Soil Science, 66, 1002-1011.
  • Lilly, A.; Bell, J.S.; Hudson, G.; Nolan, A.J.; Towers, W. (2015) Lilly, A., Bell, J.S., Hudson, G., Nolan, A.J. & Towers. W. 2011. National soil inventory of Scotland 2007-2009: profile description and soil sampling protocols. (NSIS_2). Technical Bulletin, James Hutton Institute., Scotland's Soils Website.
  • Lilly, A.; Bell, J.S.; Hudson, G.; Nolan, A.J.; Towers, W. (Compilers) (2015) Lilly, A., Bell, J.S., Hudson, G., Nolan, A.J. & Towers. W. (Compilers) 2010. National soil inventory of Scotland (NSIS_1); site location, sampling and profile description protocols. (1978-1988)., Scotland's Soils Website.
  • Devereux, G.; Tagiyeva, N.; Turner, S.; Ayres, J.G.; Seaton, A.; Hudson, G.; Hough, R.L.; Campbell, C.D.; Shand, C.A. (2014) Early-life residential exposure to soil components in rural areas and childhood respiratory health and allergy., Science of the Total Environment, 466-467, 338-344.
  • Andersen, M.B.; Vance, D.; Keech, A.R.; Rickli, J.; Hudson, G. (2013) Estimating U fluxes in a high-latitude, boreal post-glacial setting using U-series isotopes in soils and rivers., Chemical Geology, 354, 22-32.
  • Aitkenhead, M.J.; Coull, M.C.; Towers, W.; Hudson, G. (2013) Prediction of soil characteristics and colour using data from the National Soils Inventory of Scotland., Geoderma, 200-201, 99-107.
  • Chapman, S.J.; Bell, J.S.; Campbell, C.D.; Hudson, G.; Lilly, A.; Nolan, A.J.; Robertson, A.H.J.; Potts, J.M.; Towers, W. (2013) Comparison of soil carbon stocks in Scottish soils between 1978 and 2009., European Journal of Soil Science, 64, 455-465.
  • Rhind, S.M.; Kyle, C.E.; Kerr, C.; Osprey, M.; Zhang, Z.L.; Duff, E.I.; Lilly, A.; Nolan, A.; Hudson, G.; Towers, W.; Bell, J.; Coull, M.C.; McKenzie, C. (2013) Concentrations and geographic distribution of selected organic pollutants in Scottish surface soils, Environmental Pollution, 182, 15-27.
  • Aitkenhead, M.J.; Coull, M.C.; Towers, W.; Hudson, G.; Black, H.I.J. (2012) Predicting soil chemical composition and other soil parameters from field observations using a neural network., Computers and Electronics in Agriculture, 82, 108-116.
  • Baritz, R.; Hudson, G.; Willer, J. (2012) D4.3 data harmonization best practice guidelines., ECP-2008-GEO-318004 GS SOIL. Assessment and Strategic development of INSPIRE compliant Geodata-Services for European Soil Data.
  • Eberhardt, E.; Kozel, J.; Fitzner, D.; Templer, S.; Hudson, G. (2012) D4.2 Data exchange with the GS Soil Generic application schema for soil information - a soil data cookbook using ISO DIS 28258., ECP-2008-GEO-318004 GS SOIL. Assessment and Strategic development of INSPIRE compliant Geodata-Services for European Soil Data.
  • Hudson, G.; Lilly, A.; Higgins, A.; Jordan, C.; Donnelly, D.; Baggaley, N.J.; Fealy, R. (2012) Harmonisation of 1:250 000 scale soil maps and soil profile data in the Celtic fringe of Europe: Scotland, Northern Ireland and Eire. Test case report., D4.3 Data Harmonization Best Practice Guidelines, GS Soil Final Report to the European Commission, ECP-2008-GEO-318004.
  • Knapp, C.W.; McCluskey, S.M.; Singh, B.K.; Campbell, C.D.; Hudson, G.; Graham, D.W. (2011) Antibiotic resistance gene abundances correlate with metal and geochemical conditions in archived Scottish soils., PLoS ONE, 6, Article No. e27300.
  • Lilly, A.; Hudson, G.; Hough, R.L.; NSIS Resampling Team (2011) Scotland's soil resource., In: Marrs, S.J., Foster, S., Hendrie, C., Mackey, E.C. & Thompson, D.B.A. (eds.). The Changing Nature of Scotland. TSO Scotland, Edinburgh, Chapter 4, 45-52.
  • Shand, C.A.; Balsam, M.; Hillier, S.J.; Hudson, G.; Newman, G.; Arthur, J.R.; Nicol, F. (2010) Aqua regia extractable selenium contents of some Scottish topsoils measured by ICP-MS and the relationship with mineral and organic components., Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, 90, 972-980.
  • Lilly, A.; Bell, J.S.; Hudson, G.J.; Nolan, A.J.; Towers, W. (2010) National Soil Inventory of Scotland 1[NSIS_1]: soil location, sampling and profile description protocols(1978-1988)., Technical Bulletin, The Macaulay Institute, Aberdeen,51pp.
  • Smith, J.U.; Chapman, S.J.; Bell, J.; Bellarby, J.; Gottschalk, P.; Hudson, G.; Lilly, A.; Smith, P.; Towers, W. (2009) Developing a methodology to improve soil C stock estimates for Scotland and use of initial results from a resampling of the National Soil Inventory of Scotland to improve the ecosse model., Report to Scottish Government on Project UAB-015-07, 112pp.
  • Black, H.I.J.; Booth, P.; Bellamy, P.; Elston, D.A.; Frogbrook, Z.L.; Hudson, G.; Lark, M.; Potts, J.M.; Reynolds, B.; Lilly, A. (2008) Design and operation of a UK Soil Monitoring Network., Environment Agency, Science Report - 060072/SR.
  • Morvan, X.; Richer de Forges, A.; Arrouays, D.; Le Bas, C.; Saby, N.; Jones, R.J.A.; Verheijen, F.G.A.; Bellamy, P.; Kibblewhite, M.; Stephens, M.; Freudenschuss, A.; Strauss, P.; Spiegel, H.; Verdoodt, A.; Goidts, E.; Colinet, G.; Sishkov, T.; Kolev, N.; Penizek, V.; Kobza, J.; Balstrom, T.; Penu, P.; Koster, T.; Jolivet, C.; Baritz, R.; Kosmas, C.; Berenyi Uveges, J.; Becher, G.; Renaud, J.P.; Arnoldussen, A.H.; Pavlenda, P.; Neville, P.; Michopoulos, P.; Herzberger, E.; Simoncic, P.; fay, D.; Buivydaite, V.V.; Karklins, A.; Kobza, J.; Camilleri, S.; Sammut, S.; Higgins, A.; Jordan, C.; Rutgers, M.; Niedzwiecki, J.; Stuczynski, T.; Goncalves, M.C.; Dias Mano, R.; Simota, C.; Lilly, A.; Hudson, G.; Olsson, M.; Lilja, H.; Simo Josa, I.; Zupan, M.; Sleutel, S. (2007) Une analyse des strategies d'echantillonnage des resaux de surveillance de la qualite sols en Europe., Etude et gestion des sols; Journal of the French Soil Science Society, 14, 317-325.
  • Lilly, A.; Jones, M.; Hudson, G. (2007) ENVASSO final report WP 5: Pilot area report. Soil erosion risk threat., ENVASSO WP Final Report.
  • Emmett, B.; Black, H.I.J.; Bradley, R.I.; Elston, D.A.; Reynolds, B.; Creamer, R.; Frogbrook, Z.L.; Hudson, G.; Jordan, C.; Lilly, A.; Moffat, A.; Potts, J.; Vanguelova, E. (2007) National Soil Monitoring Network: Review and assessment study. Final report., SNIFFER, Project LQ09.
  • Towers, W.; Grieve, I.C.; Hudson, G.; Campbell, C.D.; Lilly, A.; Davidson, D.A.; Bacon, J.R.; Langan, S.J.; Hopkins, D.A. (2006) Scotland's soil resource - current state and threats., Report to SEERAD.
  • Lilly, A.; Hudson, G.; Birnie, R.V.B.; Horne, P.L. (2002) The inherent geomorphological risk of soil erosion by overland flow in Scotland., Scottish Natural Heritage Research, Survey and Monitoring Report No 183.
  • Bacon, J.R.; Hudson, G. (2001) A flexible methodology for the characterisation of soils: a case study of the heavy metal status of a site at Dornach., Science of the Total Environment, 264, 153-162.
  • Hudson, G.; Birnie, R.V.B. (2000) A method of land evaluation including year to year weather variability., Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 101, 203-216.
  • Fisher, E.A., Thornton, B., Hudson, G. and Edwards, A.C. (1998) The variability in total and extractable soil P under a grazed pasture., Plant and Soil, 203, 249-255.
  • Sibbald, A.R., Hislop, A.M., Dick, J., Elston, D.A., Iason, G.R., Nwaigbo, L.C. and Hudson, G. (1998) Soil-plant-animal interactions in the establishment phase of a silvopastoral system in N.E. Scotland., Agroforestry Forum, 8, 23-26.
  • Paterson, E., Taylor, A.G., Campbell, C.D., Hudson, G. and Gauld, J.H. (1998) Development of a framework for soil monitoring for state of the natural heritage reporting., Scottish Natural Heritage Report. MRCS Contract Report, No. R/AC1/BAT/98/32, June 1998.
  • Marriott, C.A.; Hudson, G.; Hamilton, D.; Neilson, R.; Boag, B.; Handley, L.L.; Wishart, J.; Scrimgeour, C.M.; Robinson, D. (1997) Spatial variability of soil total C and N and their stable isotope signatures in an upland grassland system., Plant and Soil, 196, 151-162.
  • Marriott, C.A.; Hudson, G.; Hamilton, D.; Neilson, R.; Boag, B.; Handley, L.L.; Wishart, J.; Scrimgeour, C.M.; Robinson, D. (1997) Spatial variability of soil total C and N and their stable isotopes in an upland Scottish grassland., Plant and Soil, 196, 151-162.
  • Nwaigbo, L.C., Miller, H.G., Sibbald, A.R. and Hudson, G. (1997) Soil nutrient redistribution pattern about the tree in a silvopastoral system., In: Proceedings of the XVIII International Grassland Congress, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada, 1997: Volume 1. Session 6, 13-14.
  • Nwaigbo, L.C., Sibbald, A.R. and Hudson, G. (1997) Trees for shelter: the implications in agroforestry systems., In: Proceedings of the XVIII International Grassland Congress, Canada, 1997: Session 6, 15-16.
  • Bacon, J.R.; Hudson, G. (1997) MLURI sample plan for CEEM soil., Contract on Comparative Evaluation of European Methods on Sampling and Sample Preparation of Soils (CEEM), for Universitat des Saarlandes.
  • Bell, J.S., Dry, F.T., Gauld, J.H., Hudson, G., Lilly, A. and Towers, W. (1996) The soil resource of Scotland., In: Soils, Sustainability and the Natural Heritage (eds. A.G. Taylor, J.E. Gordon and M.B. Usher). HMSO, Edinburgh, pp97-100.
  • Nwaigbo, L.C., Hudson, G. and Sibbald, A.R. (1995) Tree-scale trends in available soil nutrients and cone penetration resistance in grazed hybrid larch (Larix eurolepsis) silvopastoral system, Agroforestry Forum, 6, 48-50.
  • Matthews, K.B., MacDonald, A.M., Aspinall, R.J., Hudson, G., Law, A.N.R. and Paterson, E. (1994) Climatic soil moisture deficit - climate and soil integration in a GIS., Climate Change, 28, 273-287.
  • Hudson, G. and Wackernagel, H. (1994) Mapping temperature using kriging with external drift: theory and an example from Scotland., International Journal of Climatology. 14(1), 77-91.
  • Henderson, D.J.; Madden, M.J.; Still, M.J.; Dry, F.T.; Hudson, G.; Towers, W.; Gauld, J. (1994) The Environmentally Sensitive Areas designated in Scotland. The Stewartry, Whitlaw/Eildon and the machair of the Uists and Bernbecula, Barra and Vatersay ESAs - Biological monitoring report, years one to five, 1989-1993, Presented to the Scottish Office Agirculture and Fisheries Department.
  • Henderson, D.J.; Madden, S.; Still, M.J.; Dry, F.T.; Hudson, G.; Towers, W.; Gauld, J.H. (1994) Embedding the value of the natural environment in decision-making: priorities for overcoming barriers and encouraging enablers in implementing the Land Use Strategy for Scotland: Presentation and workshop facilitation., The Stewartry, Whitlaw/Eildon and Uists ESAs, Biological Monitoring Report Years 1-5, 1989-1993. Macaulay Land Use Research Institute. Aberdeen (Restricted circulation).

  • Lilly, A.; Hudson, G.; Hough, R.L.; NSIS Resampling Team (2011) Scotland's soil resource., In: Marrs, S.J., Foster, S., Hendrie, C., Mackey, E.C. & Thompson, D.B.A. (eds.). The Changing Nature of Scotland. TSO Scotland, Edinburgh, Chapter 4, 45-52.
  • Hudson, G. (1993) Soils., In: Isle of Skye Data Atlas 1993 (ed. G. Robertson), Skye Forum, Portree, Skye, pp25-37.
  • Wilson, E., Hudson, G. and Smith, B.F.L. (1991) Soils of acid catchments before and after liming., In: Restoring Acid Waters: Loch Fleet 1984-1990 (ed. G. Howells and T.R.K. Dalziel), pp. 199-228. Elsevier, Amsterdam.
  • Hudson, G. (1991) Geomorphology and Soils of the Outer Hebrides., In: Flora of the Outer Hebrides (ed. R.J. Pankhurst and J.M. Mullin), pp. 19-27. Natural History Museum Publications, London.
  • Hudson, G.; Towers, W.; Bibby, J.S.; Henderson, D.J. (1982) Soil and Land Capability for Agriculture (The Outer Hebrides)., The Macaulay Land Use Research Institute, Aberdeen, 1982.

  • Lilly, A.; Bell, J.S.; Hudson, G.; Nolan, A.J.; Towers, W. (2015) Lilly, A., Bell, J.S., Hudson, G., Nolan, A.J. & Towers. W. 2011. National soil inventory of Scotland 2007-2009: profile description and soil sampling protocols. (NSIS_2). Technical Bulletin, James Hutton Institute., Scotland's Soils Website.
  • Lilly, A.; Bell, J.S.; Hudson, G.; Nolan, A.J.; Towers, W. (Compilers) (2015) Lilly, A., Bell, J.S., Hudson, G., Nolan, A.J. & Towers. W. (Compilers) 2010. National soil inventory of Scotland (NSIS_1); site location, sampling and profile description protocols. (1978-1988)., Scotland's Soils Website.
  • Baritz, R.; Hudson, G.; Willer, J. (2012) D4.3 data harmonization best practice guidelines., ECP-2008-GEO-318004 GS SOIL. Assessment and Strategic development of INSPIRE compliant Geodata-Services for European Soil Data.
  • Eberhardt, E.; Kozel, J.; Fitzner, D.; Templer, S.; Hudson, G. (2012) D4.2 Data exchange with the GS Soil Generic application schema for soil information - a soil data cookbook using ISO DIS 28258., ECP-2008-GEO-318004 GS SOIL. Assessment and Strategic development of INSPIRE compliant Geodata-Services for European Soil Data.
  • Hudson, G.; Lilly, A.; Higgins, A.; Jordan, C.; Donnelly, D.; Baggaley, N.J.; Fealy, R. (2012) Harmonisation of 1:250 000 scale soil maps and soil profile data in the Celtic fringe of Europe: Scotland, Northern Ireland and Eire. Test case report., D4.3 Data Harmonization Best Practice Guidelines, GS Soil Final Report to the European Commission, ECP-2008-GEO-318004.
  • Lilly, A.; Bell, J.S.; Hudson, G.J.; Nolan, A.J.; Towers, W. (2010) National Soil Inventory of Scotland 1[NSIS_1]: soil location, sampling and profile description protocols(1978-1988)., Technical Bulletin, The Macaulay Institute, Aberdeen,51pp.
  • Smith, J.U.; Chapman, S.J.; Bell, J.; Bellarby, J.; Gottschalk, P.; Hudson, G.; Lilly, A.; Smith, P.; Towers, W. (2009) Developing a methodology to improve soil C stock estimates for Scotland and use of initial results from a resampling of the National Soil Inventory of Scotland to improve the ecosse model., Report to Scottish Government on Project UAB-015-07, 112pp.
  • Black, H.I.J.; Booth, P.; Bellamy, P.; Elston, D.A.; Frogbrook, Z.L.; Hudson, G.; Lark, M.; Potts, J.M.; Reynolds, B.; Lilly, A. (2008) Design and operation of a UK Soil Monitoring Network., Environment Agency, Science Report - 060072/SR.
  • Lilly, A.; Jones, M.; Hudson, G. (2007) ENVASSO final report WP 5: Pilot area report. Soil erosion risk threat., ENVASSO WP Final Report.
  • Emmett, B.; Black, H.I.J.; Bradley, R.I.; Elston, D.A.; Reynolds, B.; Creamer, R.; Frogbrook, Z.L.; Hudson, G.; Jordan, C.; Lilly, A.; Moffat, A.; Potts, J.; Vanguelova, E. (2007) National Soil Monitoring Network: Review and assessment study. Final report., SNIFFER, Project LQ09.
  • Towers, W.; Grieve, I.C.; Hudson, G.; Campbell, C.D.; Lilly, A.; Davidson, D.A.; Bacon, J.R.; Langan, S.J.; Hopkins, D.A. (2006) Scotland's soil resource - current state and threats., Report to SEERAD.
  • Lilly, A.; Hudson, G.; Birnie, R.V.B.; Horne, P.L. (2002) The inherent geomorphological risk of soil erosion by overland flow in Scotland., Scottish Natural Heritage Research, Survey and Monitoring Report No 183.
  • Paterson, E., Taylor, A.G., Campbell, C.D., Hudson, G. and Gauld, J.H. (1998) Development of a framework for soil monitoring for state of the natural heritage reporting., Scottish Natural Heritage Report. MRCS Contract Report, No. R/AC1/BAT/98/32, June 1998.
  • Bacon, J.R.; Hudson, G. (1997) MLURI sample plan for CEEM soil., Contract on Comparative Evaluation of European Methods on Sampling and Sample Preparation of Soils (CEEM), for Universitat des Saarlandes.
  • Henderson, D.J.; Madden, M.J.; Still, M.J.; Dry, F.T.; Hudson, G.; Towers, W.; Gauld, J. (1994) The Environmentally Sensitive Areas designated in Scotland. The Stewartry, Whitlaw/Eildon and the machair of the Uists and Bernbecula, Barra and Vatersay ESAs - Biological monitoring report, years one to five, 1989-1993, Presented to the Scottish Office Agirculture and Fisheries Department.
  • Henderson, D.J.; Madden, S.; Still, M.J.; Dry, F.T.; Hudson, G.; Towers, W.; Gauld, J.H. (1994) Embedding the value of the natural environment in decision-making: priorities for overcoming barriers and encouraging enablers in implementing the Land Use Strategy for Scotland: Presentation and workshop facilitation., The Stewartry, Whitlaw/Eildon and Uists ESAs, Biological Monitoring Report Years 1-5, 1989-1993. Macaulay Land Use Research Institute. Aberdeen (Restricted circulation).
  • Henderson, D.J.; Still, M.J.; Blyth, A.W.; Dry, F.T.; Hudson, G.; Towers, W. (1992) The Environmentally Sensitive Areas designated in Scotland. The Stewartry, Whitlaw/Eildon and Uists ESAs - biological monitoring report, progress 1989 - 1991., Presented to the Scottish Office Agirculture and Fisheries Department.
  • Henderson, D.J.; Still, M.J.; Blyth, A.W.; Dry, F.T.; Hudson, G.; Towers, W. (1992) The Environmentally Sensitive Areas Designated in Scotland. The Stewartry, Whitlaw/Eildon and Uists Environmentally Sensitive Areas., Biological Monitoring Report, Progress 1989-91 to SOAFD. Macaulay Land Use Research Institute, Aberdeen. (Restricted circulation).
  • Still, M.J., Henderson, D.J., Hudson, G., Madden, S. and Hawker, D. (1992) Survey of the Vegetation of the Loch Fleet Catchment., Macaulay Land Use Research Institute, Aberdeen. (Restricted circulation).
  • Henderson, D.J., Still, M.J., Blyth, A.W., Dry, F.T., Hudson, G. and Towers, W. (1992) The Environmentally Sensitive Areas Designated in Scotland. The Stewartry, Whitlaw/Eildon and Uists ESAs - Biological Monitoring Report, progress 1989-1991., Macaulay Land Use Research Institute, Aberdeen. (Restricted circulation).

Scientists investigate potential of plant traits and intercropping to reduce reliance on fertilisers (News)

Ongoing research by the James Hutton Institute, Rothamsted Research and Lancaster University is shedding light into the dark world of roots and soils, by focusing on the potential of plants to harness the phosphorus (P) already pr ... Read more

James Hutton Group awarded £22.8m for agriculture, food and environment research (News)

Scotland will remain at the forefront of ground-breaking advances in farming and food production as a result of continued Scottish Government funding for scientific research, Rural Affairs Secretary Richard Lochhead has said. Mo ... Read more

Hutton expertise contributes to parliamentary soil health inquiry (News)

UK soils are a non-renewable resource and they underpin our food security, water management, biodiversity and carbon storage. However, are the right policies and incentives in place to ensure their long-term health? The question i ... Read more

Soil posters (Research Page)

This series of posters around Scottish soils was originally designed in collaboration with Geography teachers from Scottish schools. In light of the enlightened public interest in soils as a result of 2015 being the International ... Read more

Saudi academics visit to share ideas about crop, soil and land use research (News)

A group of academics from a leading Saudi Arabian university visited the James Hutton Institute in Dundee and Aberdeen to share ideas about crop, soil and land use research and specialist facilities. The visitors, from Qassim Univ ... Read more

Staff and Students (Research Page)

Staff For students, follow the link here: Students ... Read more

Soils in the digital age (Page)

Dr Matt Aitkenhead, Information and Computational Sciences, James Hutton Institute ... Read more

Soil and some of its darker secrets (Page)

Professor Lorna Dawson, Environmental and Biochemical Sciences, James Hutton Institute ... Read more

A grounding in soil (Page)

Blair McKenzie, Environmental and Biochemical Sciences, James Hutton Institute ... Read more

Soil for politicians: how we can use soil data in evidence-based policy making (Page)

Willie Towers, Environmental and Biochemical Sciences; Dr Katrin Prager, Social, Economic and Geographical Sciences, James Hutton Institute ... Read more

Improving soils for human nutrition (Page)

Professor Philip J. White, Ecological Sciences, James Hutton Institute ... Read more

The vital role soil mapping plays in the sustainable management of the nation’s forests (Page)

Dr Andrew Nolan, Environmental and Biochemical Sciences, James Hutton Institute, and Bill Rayner, Forest Research, Forestry Commission ... Read more

Plant roots for engineering soil properties (Page)

Dr A.G. Bengough, James Hutton Institute and University of Dundee ... Read more

Soil and roots are the foundations of our development (Page)

Dr Kenneth Loades, Environmental and Biochemical Sciences, James Hutton Institute; Dr Gráinne El Mountassir, Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Strathclyde ... Read more

Soils will lead the next green revolution – if we allow them (Page)

Dr Alison Bennett, Dr Tim Daniell, Dr Timothy George, Ecological Sciences, James Hutton Institute The “green revolution” led to an increase in crop yield at least three times greater than the previous century, a ... Read more

How soils keep us healthy (Page)

Dr Rupert Hough, Information and Computational Sciences, James Hutton Institute; Jon Stubberfield, Ph.D. student Soils are one of the most complex and dynamic natural systems studied by scientists. Although usually out of sight, ... Read more

Soil is the memory of the land (Page)

Dr Matt Aitkenhead, Information and Computational Sciences; Dr Helaina Black, Ecological Sciences; and Willie Towers, Environmental and Biochemical Sciences, James Hutton Institute ... Read more

New UK-China research collaboration on food security and agriculture (News)

Two UK research institutes have announced a Centre-Centre research collaboration on food security and agriculture with the Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences. The memorandum of agreement involve the UK’s Centre for E ... Read more

Our Science (Research Page)

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Research Facilities (Research Page)

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James Hutton Institute and National Library offer access to Scotland’s one-inch soil maps (News)

As part of activities planned to mark the International Year of Soils, the James Hutton Institute and the National Library of Scotland have teamed up to offer access to the Institute’s historical one inch to 1 mile (1:63,360 ... Read more

Dinnet Constructed Wetland Open Day (Event)

The James Hutton Institute will host this one-day seminar on constructed wetlands for wastewater treatment. The morning session will consist of a series of short talks on various aspects of constructed wetlands including overall e ... Read more

Soil, the Earth's Tender Skin - Opening Lecture (Event)

Register now for the opening of Soil, the Earth's Tender Skin Exhibition at Summerhall to mark the UN International Year of Soil and to celebrate the health and diversity of Scotland's soils today and in the future. ... Read more

James Hutton Institute soil research featured in The Geographer magazine (News)

Reflections of James Hutton Institute scientists on the concept of soil, tools for digital soil monitoring and the implications of soil for policymaking, forensic science, engineering, health and nutrition, have been featured in t ... Read more

Finding out about the "hidden uses" of soil data (News)

A Macaulay Development Trust funded PhD student, based between the James Hutton Institute and Cranfield University, is seeking information from individuals and organisations about their utilisation of soils data, in a drive to imp ... Read more

Royal Highland Show 2015, time to celebrate our soils (News)

Although frequently out of sight, everything in our lives is underpinned by soil — our roads, our homes, the food we eat, and the water we drink. At the Royal Highland Show (18-21 June 2015), and as part of the International ... Read more

Managing agriculture in the face of phosphorus scarcity (Event)

In this seminar, hosted by Dr Tim George from our Ecological Sciences group, Dr Alan Richardson (CSIRO) will discuss ways of managing farming systems on phosphorus (P) deficient soils. Abstract ... Read more

Scientists launch Dundee Medal Lecture series in plant root research (News)

A group of researchers from the James Hutton Institute in Dundee held the first of a ten-year series of lectures at the cutting edge of science below our feet, to coincide with 2015 as the International Year of Soils. ... Read more

Professor Lorna Dawson profiled in Nature (News)

Prestigious scientific publication Nature has published a profile of Professor Lorna Dawson, Head of Soil Forensics at the James Hutton Institute. The story, titled Forensic science: The soil sleuth, describes Professor Dawson&r ... Read more

James Hutton Limited open for business (News)

The Director of Research Impact of the James Hutton Institute, Professor Bob Ferrier, is pleased to announce that James Hutton Limited, the new wholly owned subsidiary of the Institute, has begun trading. The new company brings ... Read more

2015 CLS/Hutton Distinguished Lecture: The Microbiome in Health and Agriculture (Event)

Dr Jack A Gilbert, leader of the Hospital Microbiome Project, Earth Microbiome Project, Home Microbiome Project, and co-founder of American Gut will be visiting Dundee to deliver the 2015 CLS/Hutton Distinguished Lecture on T ... Read more

Prestigious European grant for artificial soils research (News)

A James Hutton Institute scientist has been awarded a highly prestigious European Research Council (ERC) Consolidator Grant to undertake research on a new generation of artificial soils; it is hoped that this would allow researche ... Read more

New light shed on microbial battleground between soil and roots (News)

The soil around roots of plants such as barley – one of our most important crops - is a battleground where only certain bacteria can survive, suggests evidence gathered by an international team including a scientist based at ... Read more

Apps, Mobile and Digital Content (Research Page)

SOCiT soil carbon app ... Read more

Books and Book Chapters (Research Page)

Water Ecosystem Services - A Global Perspective ... Read more

Conference Presentations and Posters (Research Page)

The presentations and posters described on this page are either hosted on the conference websites, or are available for direct download (files are in pdf format). ... Read more

Journal Papers (Research Page)

Links to a selection of publications from SNC staff appear below. Clicking on any James Hutton Institute staff member's name will take you to their personal staff page where a more detailed listing of their publications can be ... Read more

Dr Helaina Black appointed Ecological Sciences group leader (News)

Senior soil ecologist Dr Helaina Black has been appointed to the leadership of the Ecological Sciences group at the James Hutton Institute, following the retirement of Dr Pete Goddard. ... Read more

Climate change will have far reaching effects on UK agriculture (News)

With 2014 reported as the warmest year since records began, continuing a strong trend in recent years, we ignore the implications for agriculture in the UK in the medium to long term at our peril. The issue is not just the rising ... Read more

Schoolchildren and scientists plant trees to mark World Soil Day (News)

Schoolchildren and university students joined forces with soil scientists in Aberdeen to plant 15 trees and mark the launch of the International Year of Soils (IYS) 2015 and World Soil Day. The trees were planted at schools acro ... Read more

Slovenian researchers visit to discuss CropSustaIn progress (News)

Researchers from the Agricultural Institute of Slovenia (AIS) visited the James Hutton Institute as part of the CropSustaIn project, which looks into alternatives for sustainable crop production in Slovenia in the face of global c ... Read more

UK Soils Observatory wins excellence award (News)

The UK Soils Observatory (UKSO), an initiative supported by the James Hutton Institute and other leading soil research institutions to provide a point of access to UK soils data and underpinning research, has been awarded the Exce ... Read more

Interdisciplinary dialogue key to valuing our life support systems (News)

Businesses that ignore nature could have a false impression of their viability and are missing out on long term business productivity, ecologists and economists have said at the Natural Capital Initiative summit – Valuing ou ... Read more

Soils@Hutton - Soil Survey and Monitoring (Research Page)

National Soil Inventory for Scotland ... Read more

Soils@Hutton - Soil Information and Education (Research Page)

Introduction to Soils Exploring Scotland's Soils ... Read more

Soils@Hutton - Soil data and maps (Research Page)

National Soils Database ... Read more

Soils@Hutton - Soil and Natural Capital (Research Page)

Scotland's soil resources ... Read more

Soils@Hutton (Research Page)

Soils & natural capital ... Read more

Diffuse pollution modelling (Research Page)

Data from spatial monitoring of water quality provided parameter sets for validation of catchment scale models. These have been used in a number of externally funded research projects including REFRESH. ... Read more

Phosphorus biogeochemistry in riparian buffer strips (Research Page)

Management to mitigate pollutant swapping Buffer strips are useful for mitigating diffuse pollution. As riparian buffers perform their role in sediment trapping, P accumulates with no loss mechanism (as in wetland denitrificatio ... Read more

SENSOIL (Research Page)

SENSOIL: new generation of transparent soils for the study of rhizosphere processes   ... Read more

Dundee Flower and Food Festival 2014 (Event)

The James Hutton Institute is once again supporting the Dundee Flower and Food Festival and will have a display and talks in the new Food Discovery Marquee. Our display will be looking at the past, present and future of plant and ... Read more

Best Young Mycologist in Europe accolade for researcher (News)

A scientist from the James Hutton Institute has been named the best young mycologist in Europe and joined an elite group of only six researchers around the world to be awarded a similar accolade for their continent. Dr Alison Be ... Read more

Young scientist nominated as Business Leader of Tomorrow (News)

A young horticultural scientist who has implemented changes to growing practices, which are already bringing financial benefits as part of a Knowledge Transfer Partnership, has been nominated for the prestigious Business Leader of ... Read more

John Swinney MSP visits to find out more on research and innovation (News)

Mr John Swinney, MSP for Perthshire North, visited yesterday the James Hutton Institute in Invergowrie to learn about ongoing world leading scientific research in crops and climate change, as well as its commercial impact in local ... Read more

Developments on arable crops showcased at Cereals in Practice (News)

How to protect cereal crops from the increased disease pressure caused by the mild winter and spring and early drilling was a key point of interest at this year’s Cereals in Practice event, co-hosted by the James Hutton Inst ... Read more

Whisky research from land to bottle at Royal Highland Show (News)

The future of Scotland’s national drink is being boosted by scientists at the James Hutton Institute. Their work across many fronts aims to ensure the sustainability and continued success of Scotch whisky, one of the world&r ... Read more

State of Scotland’s environment outlined in new report (News)

On the whole, Scotland’s environment is of good quality and there have been many significant improvements in recent years. However, the 2014 State of the Environment Report clearly shows that some habitats and species are un ... Read more

Host Identity and Climate as Determinants of Ectomycorrhizal Fungal Distribution in Scotland (Research Page)

Background Over 85% of land plants are obligate associated with mycorrhizal fungi illustrating the importance of the symbiosis. Fungi provide water and essential nutrients to their host plants in exchange for carbohydrates deriv ... Read more

Next generation solutions for current generation problems: Enhancing mycorrhizal function in wheat (Event)

Dr Duncan Cameron of the Department of Animal and Plant Sciences, The University of Sheffield will give this seminar entitled "Next generation solutions for current generation problems: Enhancing mycorrhizal function in wheat ... Read more

'Collaborative roots' could reduce reliance on phosphorus fertilisers (News)

Farmers could improve the efficiency of phosphorus in crop production by coupling plants with complementary traits, which would allow them to harness the ‘phosphorus bank’ already present in soils. ... Read more

New company to strengthen links with industry (News)

The James Hutton Institute is to create one new commercial subsidiary which will incorporate the activities of its current commercial subsidiaries, Mylnefield Research Services Ltd (MRS) and Macaulay Scientific Consulting Ltd (MSC ... Read more

Research underway to unravel causes of blackleg (News)

Researchers at the James Hutton Institute and partner organisations are working to understand how seed potato becomes infected with Pectobacterium atrosepticum, the pathogen that causes blackleg; a disease that has been one of the ... Read more

Young farmers compete for Best Soil at the Royal Highland Show (News)

Young farmers from all across Scotland will be pitching the soils beneath their feet against one another in a quest to find the Best Soil in Show at the 2014 Royal Highland Show. The event will see the James Hutton Institute and t ... Read more

Introduction to Exploring Scotland (Research Page)

The relationship between the Soil and Scottish landscape, is at times simple, in others exceedingly complex. ... Read more

Loss of biodiversity limits toxin degradation (News)

You might not think of microbes when you consider biodiversity, but it turns out that even a moderate loss of less than 5% of soil microbes may compromise some key ecosystem functions and could lead to lower degradation of toxins ... Read more

LandSFACTS (Research Page)

LANDscape Scale Functional Allocation of Crops Temporally and Spatially ... Read more

Scenarios and land use futures (Research Page)

Environmental, economic and social issues associated with agriculture are often fundamental for rural prosperity and sustainability, with consequent implications for any debate about future land use. A key to supporting the planni ... Read more

Realising Land's Potential stakeholder engagement events (Research Page)

Stakeholder engagement events relating to theme topics Health and wellbeing conferences and workshops Date Title Theme role Venue 25 November 2013 ... Read more

Natural resource datasets and databases (Research Page)

Soil mapping ... Read more

New website for Scotland's soils launched (News)

A new website, which brings together information on one of Scotland’s most valuable natural assets, has gone live. The website is the result of a collaboration between the Scottish Government, the James Hutton Institute, SEP ... Read more

DNA fingerprinting for soils might soon help catch criminals (News)

In certain criminal cases, soil, mud or vegetation on, or from, a vehicle or foot, clothing or implements may provide the clue that could point to a particular search location. ... Read more

Dundee Flower and Food Festival 2013 (Event)

The James Hutton Institute will be joined by colleagues from the Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh and the Wellcome Trust as they invite members of the public to 'Know your soil'  at the annual Dundee Flower and Food Fes ... Read more

Fyvie farm in Aberdeenshire has the Best Soil in Show (News)

After closely examining samples from different areas of the country, soil scientists from the James Hutton Institute have awarded the Best Soil in Show at the Royal Highland Show 2013. A sample from Fyvie in Aberdeenshire, submitt ... Read more

A new soil carbon app for Scottish farmers (News)

A free, new soil carbon app has been launched to provide farmers with a quick, cost-effective source of information about the organic matter content of their soil. The app, known as SOCiT (Soil Organic Carbon information), provi ... Read more

Soil Capital (Research Page)

Soils underpin a multitude of ecosystem goods and services that are not only vital to peoples’ livelihoods and Society in general, but also to Earth’s regulating systems. ... Read more

James Hutton Institute to investigate links between soil degradation and poverty (News)

The James Hutton Institute has won a £1.9 million government-funded research project which will investigate the opportunities in tackling soil degradation to alleviate poverty in rural communities in Africa where millions of ... Read more

European Network on Soil Awareness (Event)

The European Network on Soil Awareness held its third meeting at the James Hutton Institute in Aberdeen from 19-20 September 2013. ... Read more

HYPRES updates (Research Page)

Version 1 of HYPRES is now complete and comprises approximately 1800 soil profiles with about 5500 individual soil samples with hydrological data. These data are from over 120 soil units (according to the modified FAO soil legend, ... Read more

HYdraulic PRoperties of European Soils (Research Page)

The HYdraulic PRoperties of European Soils (HYPRES) database Was developed as an integral part of the EU funded project "Using existing soil data to derive hydraulic parameters for simulation modelling in environmental studie ... Read more

Scotland’s National Soils Data now at your fingertips (News)

Years of knowledge and research by the James Hutton Institute are now at everyone’s fingertips thanks to the Institute’s first iPhone application, introduced at the Winter Potato Meeting of the Scottish Society for Cro ... Read more

New environmental research links with China (News)

The James Hutton Institute and the Natural Environment Research Council’s Centre for Ecology and Hydrology, the Chinese Academy of Sciences and China Agricultural University have jointly announced a new Centre-Centre researc ... Read more

Rhizosphere Interactions (Event)

The Rhizosphere Interactions symposium is a joint meeting of the Scottish Root Group and the Scottish Discussion Group of the British Society of Soil Science (BSSS). The keynote speaker is Alex Dumbrell, University of Essex who wi ... Read more

The Lewis Endowment Fund (Page)

Background The Lewis Endowment Fund (LEF) was set up in 1930 as part of an original benefaction from Dr T.B. Macaulay of the Sun Life Assurance Company of Canada. Whilst the major purpose of this benefaction was to create the Ma ... Read more

See-through soil reveals plant roots (News)

A new transparent soil is helping to reveal the dark, underground secrets of plant roots. A team of researchers from the James Hutton Institute and the University of Abertay Dundee have developed a see-through soil which will enab ... Read more

Compost Good Practice Meeting (Event)

This meeting aims to introduce delegates to the WRAP Good Practice Guide: Using PAS 100 compost in landscape and regeneration projects, and to provide a forum for scientists and stakeholders to discuss recent developments in compo ... Read more

Dr Cameron Grant and Emeritus Professor Pieter Groenevelt seminar (Event)

Dr Cameron Grant, University of Adelaide, South Australia and Emeritus Professor Pieter Groenevelt, University of Guelph, Canada will deliver this joint seminar entitled "Plant available water: What must happen to make its ac ... Read more

Transparent soils (Research Page)

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Ecological Sciences
Ecological Sciences
Molecular Microbiologist Metagenomics
thomas.freitag@hutton.ac.uk
+44 (0)1224 395326

The James Hutton Institute
Craigiebuckler
Aberdeen AB15 8QH
Scotland UK

 

Current research interests

My general research interests are the relationships between biogeochemical cycling and microbial processes. I specialize in the molecular analysis of microbial DNA signatures (abundance and phylogeny) and their functional activity (mRNA expression) within soil and sediment ecosystems.  

Recent projects focus on the microbial processes and sources of respired carbon contributing to soil COemissions. In peatlands the contribution of CO2 produced by CH4 oxidising methanotrophs to total flux rates is largely unknown and may constitute a significant part of total soil respiration.

An other example of uncertainty in soil CO2 budget calculations is that of ‘priming’,

whereby inputs of labile C to soil from plants result in elevated rates of microbial mineralisation of existing soil organic matter (SOM). It is assumed that priming effects are mediated by the composition of soil microbial communities and we are attempting to demonstrate pathways of labile and SOM C-flux through components of these communities. 

I also have a long standing interest in the relationships and feed-back mechanisms between microbial functional and phylogenetic biodiversity and their ecological drivers.  We are currently analysing the existing NSIS II (national soils inventory of Scotland) DNA archive to investigate microbial habitat / community relationships on a national landscape scale.

Most recently I have developed interests in the application of comparative metagenomic and metatranscriptomic second generation sequencing approaches to investigate changes in microbial community metabolic capacity and pathways under environmental change scenarios. These approaches have been identified as most promising for understanding the regulation of microbial activities in response to environmental drivers and defined manipulations.

I collaborate with partners at the University of Western Australia as well as the Universities of Barcelona, Aberdeen and Glasgow. I am a review board member for Frontiers in Terrestrial Microbiology and a research associate of the University of Aberdeen and contribute to the “Marine Benthic Ecology” and “Environmental Microbiology & Biotechnology” modules of the Masters course.

Past research

  • The mycorrhizal hyphosphere: a key driver of biogeochemical cycles?
  • BBSRC funded, 2010 – 2011, Universites of Aberdeen, York and Warwick, with Prof. E. Baggs, Prof. J.I. Prosser, Dr. A. Hodge, Dr. G. Bending.  
  • Links between methane flux and in situ transcriptional activities of methanogenic archaea and methane oxidising bacteria in peat soil. NERC funded, 2008-2009. Universities of Aberdeen and York, with Prof. J.I. Prosser & Prof. P. Ineson.
  • Development of a whole genome DNA microarray and analysis of nitrifier transcriptomic response to pH dependent ammonia availability. NERC funded, 2005-2007. Universities of Aberdeen and Newcastle, with Prof. J.I. Prosser & I. Head.
  • Impact of nitrogen fertiliser management regimes on nitrifier diversity and nitrification kinetics in agricultural grassland soils. BBSRC funded, 2002-2004, University of Aberdeen & IGER, North Wyke with Prof. J.I. Prosser & Dr. C. Clegg.
  • Development of molecular techniques for the detection of novel functional genes in unculturable microorganisms. Industry funded (NCIMB), 2002, University of Aberdeen, with Prof. J.I. Prosser.
  • Molecular analysis of nitrifier diversity and microbial recycling processes in anoxic marine sediments. Leverhulme Trust, 2000-2001, Universities of Aberdeen & Leeds and FRS Aberdeen, with Prof. J.I. Prosser, Dr. I. Davies & Dr. R. Mortimer.

Bibliography

  • Dawson, L.A.; Miller, D.R.; Freitag, T.; Brewer, M.; Robinson, L.; Ross, J. (2014) MiSAFE project mid term review report., Mid-Term Report to the EU Review Panel for the MiSAFE Project. Uploaded to the EU website.
  • Miller, D.R.; Dawson, L.A.; Morrice, J.; Ross, J.; Freitag, T.; Robinson, L. (2013) Knowledge exchange and dissemination strategy., Deliverable D7.1 (Knowledge Exchange Strategy), EU MiSAFE Project.
  • Brooker, R.; Aalders, I.H.; Ballingall, K.; Begg, G.; Birch, A.N.E.; Elliott, G.; Ellis, C.; Freitag, T.; Hawes, C.; Holland, J.; Holmes, B.; Hough, R.L.; Karley, A.; McCracken, D.; Mitchell, R.; Stockan, J.; Zadoks, R.; Albon, S.A.; Hester, A.J.; Pakeman, R.J. (2013) Biotic and biophysical underpinning of ecosystem services in the Scottish context: a review., Published online as an outputs from WP 1.1 of the Ecosystem Services Theme of the SRP.

Soil and plant analysis equipment (Research Page)

The soil section provides a range of analytical services dedicated to the analysis of soils, peats, sediments and related materials. Dedicated staff and equipment provide high quality, accredited (ISO 17025), analytical data. Supp ... Read more

Publications: MOORCO – Moorland colonisation (Research Page)

Mitchell, R.J., Hester, A.J., Campbell, C.D., Chapman, S.J., Cameron, C.M., Hewison, R.L. and Potts, J.M. 2012. Explaining the variation in the soil microbial community: do vegetation composition and soil chemistry explain the sam ... Read more

Chronosequence: MOORCO – Moorland colonisation (Research Page)

Background The MOORCO chronosequence plots use sites where birch (Betula sp.) has naturally colonised moorland to assess changes in biodiversity and ecosystem services following a change in land use from moorland to birch wood. ... Read more

MOORCO – Moorland colonisation (Research Page)

The MOORCO project studies how woodland expansion onto moorland affects biodiversity and ecosystem services. MOORCO stands for moorland colonisation and is an umbrella project encompassing four different experimental platfo ... Read more

Ecological Sciences
Ecological Sciences
Research Assistant
lucinda.robinson@hutton.ac.uk
+44 (0)344 928 5428 (*)

The James Hutton Institute
Craigiebuckler
Aberdeen AB15 8QH
Scotland UK

 

Lucinda graduated in 1998 from Wye College University of London with a BSc (Hons) in Plant Sciences, and has subsequently accumulated over twelve years of laboratory experience.  She spent seven of these years at a commercial cereal breeding company, where she worked initially on pathology field trials and then molecular marker assisted selection of wheat varieties.

Current research interests

Current and forthcoming studies will build on past reseach, and will include the quantitative analysis of gene expression (RT- QPCR) of denitrifying, methane oxidising and methanogen microorganisms in soils. Lucinda will also be part of new projects assessing Scotland’s soil biodiversity. These will involve new second generation sequencing techniques and Lucinda will be responsible for DNA preparations and quality screening for deep-sequencing and metagenomic projects.

Past research

Lucinda has worked on a range of different projects, the largest of these being the National Soils Inventory of Scotland (NSIS).  This large-scale study aims to provide a snapshot of the condition of Scotland's soils and includes data from many different assays. Lucinda's contribution was to conduct m-TRFLP on over 1000 Scottish soils, and to bring all the data together for subsequent analysis.  Other recent projects involved looking at soil quality indicators, examining the contribution of soil gas fluxes to the atmosphere, and collaboration with several external partners.

Bibliography

  • Robertson, A.H.J.; Main, A.M.; Robinson, L.J.; Dawson, L.A. (2015) In situ FTIR analysis of soils for forensic applications., FT-IR Technology for Today's Spectroscopists, August 2015.

  • Dawson, L.A.; Miller, D.R.; Freitag, T.; Brewer, M.; Robinson, L.; Ross, J. (2014) MiSAFE project mid term review report., Mid-Term Report to the EU Review Panel for the MiSAFE Project. Uploaded to the EU website.
  • Miller, D.R.; Dawson, L.A.; Morrice, J.; Ross, J.; Freitag, T.; Robinson, L. (2013) Knowledge exchange and dissemination strategy., Deliverable D7.1 (Knowledge Exchange Strategy), EU MiSAFE Project.

Scotland’s soil resource (Page)

Our research is designed to help protect the nation’s soil Scotland’s soils are the foundation of our primary production industries An agricultural output of £1.75 billion (2005) World records for cer ... Read more

Soil formation (Page)

Soils are created by the weathering of rocks over hundreds to thousands of years. The speed and nature of soil formation is affected by various factors. ... Read more

National Soils Archive (Page)

The National Soils Archive is held at the James Hutton Institute in Aberdeen. Our core activity is the long term storage and maintenance of this valuable resource and we are supported by the Rural & Environment Science & A ... Read more

Soil treatments and field site (Research Page)

The LTSE field site at Hartwood is a dedicated site and is fenced off to prevent disturbance by grazing livestock. The topsoil, typical of that found in the agricultural land in Scotland is a medium textured sandy clay loam consis ... Read more

Biogeochemistry and hydrology (Research Page)

This group aims to improve knowledge of biogeochemical and hydrological cycles, and their role in ecosystem functions and services. To do this we study chemical, physical, and biological processes and reactions that govern the com ... Read more

Soil diversity (Research Page)

The complexity of the soil system with many large gradients including nutrients and gases such as oxygen drive a massive diversity below ground. It has been estimated that there are over 40,000 different organisms contained within ... Read more

Soils, water and catchments (Research Page)

Soil plays a vital role in controlling the flow of water and chemicals between the atmosphere and the earth. As water passes through the soil it is filtered by plants, bacteria, fungi and soil particles, which remove various miner ... Read more

Soils and climate change (Research Page)

The climate is changing in response to the increase in the concentration of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere. While the burning of fossil fuels has made a major contribution to the levels of carbon dioxide, soils have been respo ... Read more

Soils Database (Research Page)

What happens to the information recorded in the field by soil surveyors, and the results of all the analysis carried out on the samples they collect? Once it has been collated, it is stored securely so people from all over the wor ... Read more

Soil science (Research Page)

We conduct a wide range of soil-related research. Read more on the following pages. ... Read more

ESMART: web tools and apps for the Scottish environment (Research Page)

E-SMART: Environmental Sensing for Monitoring and Advising in Real-Time ... Read more

James Hutton Institute Open Day 2012 (Event)

The first James Hutton Institute Open Day will be held at our Dundee site this summer when we look forward to welcoming visitors of all ages to find out more about our work. There will be a wide range of exhibitions and hands-on ... Read more

Types of analysis done at the LTSE (Research Page)

Measurement type Property of characteristic measured Chemical Total Zn, Cu, Cd, Ni, Pb Extractable Zn, Cu, Cd, Ni, Pb Mineral N Total N Organic C and N Biological ... Read more

People and contacts of the LTSE (Research Page)

For further information about the project partners please contact: ... Read more

Acknowledgements for the LTSE (Research Page)

The LTSE project was undertaken by ADAS, Rothamsted Research and the Water Research Centre (WRc) in England and Wales and, by the James Hutton Institute and Scottish Agricultural College (SAC) (Auchincruive) in Scotland.  The ... Read more

Aboveground belowground interactions: technologies and new approaches (Event)

This joint meeting of the Biochemical Society, the Society for Experimental Biology and the British Ecological Society is being organised in conjunction with the James Hutton Institute. This collaborative event is an exciting op ... Read more

Publications and further reading (Research Page)

Use the following links to navigate : reports relating to the project, scientific publications, PhD thesis, other reports relating to waste water sludge and external websites ... Read more

Benefits and problems of applying waste water sludge to land (Research Page)

Waste water sludge is a useful source of nitrogen, phosphorus and organic matter, and after further processing can be used as a liming material. However, there are limits to what can be applied. For example applications of waste w ... Read more

PhD Projects (Research Page)

Competition for PhD student is now closed. Please contact Lionel Dupuy for further information. ... Read more

Continuous deformable plant models (Research Page)

Currently, most plant root architectural models use computer simulations to mimic the developmental processes of root apical meristems and to construct virtual root architectures: single roots are assembled incrementally through t ... Read more

Tools (Research Page)

We are developing systems for live imaging of plant processes. We develop new substrate that facilitate observation of roots and apply a range of imaging techniques to make quantitative measurements. We have de ... Read more

Multicellular models (Research Page)

Although plants are complex organisms, the position and shapes of cells, tissues, meristems and organs establish themselves through regular and repeated processes. The cell constitutes the elementary structural and functional unit ... Read more

Architectural models (Research Page)

It is essential for future models to provide predictive outputs that can be applied to agronomic, ecologic or environmental issues. In the future, models will be asked to address more diverse challenges such as; how can crops tole ... Read more

Meristematic waves (Research Page)

... Read more

Plant Soil Ecology (Research Page)

Increasing global demand for food, feed and energy crops requires sustainable intensification of agriculture, which must occur without impact on biodiversity or the environment. We have a strong research team that integrates kn ... Read more

Background to the Long Term Sludge Experiment (Research Page)

In 1994, three research Institutes along with two private companies set up a number of field experiments at nine field sites across the UK (pdf file). The sites were chosen to reflect the different soil types found in agricultural ... Read more

Soil surveying and monitoring (Research Page)

Soils are very slow to develop and are generally considered to be a non-renewable resource. At the same time, we demand a great deal from our soil; we use it to grow crops, timber, grow grass to feed our cattle and sheep, we build ... Read more

Soil forensics (Research Page)

... Read more

Soils and sustainable production (Research Page)

We face a huge challenge. More food, from less land, with fewer resources is essential right now and it will only get worse as the global population grows and finite resources like fuel and potash continue to diminish. Understandi ... Read more

Land capability (Research Page)

Soil is a fundamental part of land and is key in determining what activities can be undertaken and supported on different types of land; how capable is land is sustaining different farming systems, different woodland types, valued ... Read more

Soil as natural capital (Research Page)

Soil’s most widely recognised function is supporting plant growth, whether for crops, trees or native habitats. But, sitting as it does at the interface between the atmosphere, biosphere and underlying rocks, soil is being i ... Read more

World Soil Day (Event)

In 2002 the International Union of Soil Sciences (IUSS) made a resolution to propose 5 December as World Soil Day. This annual celebration of soil continues to be used as an opportunity to draw attention to the importance of soil ... Read more

Root-soil interactions (Research Page)

This interdisciplinary research examines below ground interactions between plants and soil, focusing on root growth and the rhizosphere. Research includes root growth processes in relation to environmental stresses, nutrient and w ... Read more

Improving the plant (Research Page)

Better use of water and nutrients, increased resistance to stresses and less wastage in production are major research challenges we address. A combination of genetics and agronomy provides an in-depth understanding of favourable p ... Read more

Introduction to Soils (Page)

Soils represent one of the most complex and dynamic natural systems studied by scientists. Knowledge of their chemical, physical and biological properties is a prerequisite both for sustaining the productivity of the land, for exa ... Read more

DNA testing of New Zealand flatworms (News)

An alien invader which threatens the ecological balance of Scotland’s soils is being DNA profiled by scientists at The James Hutton Institute. Arthurdendyus triangulatus commonly known as the New Zealand flatworm is a predat ... Read more

Composting - how and what (Page)

Composting The material that is left behind from your kitchen can be put to good use by making your own garden composter! The creatures that live in your soil (i.e. the bacteria, fungi, insects etc), consume and process the plan ... Read more

Science Groups (Research Page)

Our research is conducted in the following Science Groups. ... Read more

Beechgrove Garden investigates the science of soil (News)

The science of soils will be investigated by the Beechgrove Garden tonight (Monday 1 August 2011). Many gardeners often wonder why their favourite plants don’t grow, or their garden looks bare despite watering and adding f ... Read more

Pedologist’s report – Soil characteristics for "Sandy" (Page)

Name: Regosol/Brown Calcareous Soil Age: Young by Scottish standards Address: Coastal locations Preferred soil functions: Often used for recreation (golf) in the east, but is the mainstay of many crofting communities ... Read more

Pedologist’s report – Soil characteristics for "Rusty" (Page)

Name: Brown earth Age: Up to 10000 years but in many areas it has been modified by management Address: Primarily East Scotland, some limited areas in West Highlands Preferred soil functions: Primarily used in arable ... Read more

Pedologist’s report – Soil characteristics for "Pete" (Page)

Name: Peat Age: up to 7500 years old ... Read more

Pedologist’s report – Soil characteristics for "Heather" (Page)

Name: Humus-iron podzol Age: Up to 10000 years but in places modified from its original form Address: Eastern and Central Highlands, some in the eastern Southern Uplands Preferred soil functions: in its natural state ... Read more

Pedologist’s report – Soil characteristics for "Claude" (Page)

Name: Noncalcareous gley Age: Up to 10000 years Address: Primarily in west Central Scotland Preferred soil functions: sustaining improved pasture swards Height/Weight: Usually quite deep. Very dense (heavy) at de ... Read more

The James Hutton Institute supports professional competency initiative for soil scientists (News)

A professional competency scheme for practising soil scientists has been launched today (Thursday 21 July) which aims to improve the quality of professional soils advice. Working with Soil, devised by the Institute of Profession ... Read more

Now make your own wormery (Page)

Take a look and see how you too can make your own mini composter and make a little difference in saving resources. This activity is in accordance with RGC’s school eco-code, “Don’t throw your world away”. ... Read more

'Eco pets' wormeries go down a treat at RGC (Page)

A visit to Robert Gordon’s College junior school eco group was made by three James Hutton Institute members of staff on 20 June, 2011. Lorna Dawson gave an overview of our different soils in Scotland and how they provide hea ... Read more

The mushroom with no name (News)

A rare species of mushroom discovered growing in Scotland by researchers at The James Hutton Institute has been chosen to feature in a nationwide competition to give it a name. ... Read more

Gardening Scotland (Event)

The James Hutton Institute will be taking part in the 2011 Gardening Scotland Event, where we will be displaying topical information on soil and crop research and informing our visitors all about The James Hutton Institute. Gard ... Read more

Ecological Sciences
Ecological Sciences
Plant Soil Ecologist
ruth.mitchell@hutton.ac.uk
+44 (0)344 928 5428 (*)

The James Hutton Institute
Craigiebuckler
Aberdeen AB15 8QH
Scotland UK

 

Ruth Mitchell is a plant/soil research scientist within the Ecology Sciences Group at the Institute with 15 years experience of working on a wide range of applied ecological research projects. Her research focuses on the impact of pressures on above and below ground biodiversity and habitat restoration. Recently she has specialized in assessing the wider environmental impacts of tree diseases.

Current research interests

Ruth's research focuses on the impact of abiotic and anthropogenic factors on above and below-ground biodiversity and habitat restoration. Most recently Ruth has been working on the potential ecological impacts of the tree disease ash dieback (also known as Hymenoscyphus pseudoalbidus or Chalara fraxinea) and Acute Oak Decline.  She leads teams of reachers who identify those species that are most closely associated with ash or oak and therefore are most at risk from a decline in these tree species.  In addition the team identifies the ecological functioning of ash and oak trees and how these compared to other native trees in the UK. The results are used to produced a range of tools to aid woodland managers in conserving ash and oak associated biodiversity.  The full report on ash associated biodiversity can be found here. The work on oak decline is part of the THABI project PuRpOsE and results from this project can be found here.

 Ruth has a long standing interested in successional processes and her work on plant-soil interactions studies how changes in land-use (principally tree colonisation on moorland) affects the vegetation, soil chemistry, soil fauna and ecosystem functioning. She co-ordinates a large, long-term experiment studying the impact of tree colonisation on moorland biodiversity and ecosystem processes (MOORCO). Ruth's research on the impact of pressures on biodiversity has focussed on grazing, pollution and climate change. She has worked on over-grazing issues in both moorlands and Atlantic oakwoods and assessed the impact of nitrogen deposition on heather-dominated moorland and on epiphytic lichens and bryophytes in Atlantic oakwoods. Ruth has carried out research on the restoration of a range of habitats resulting in techniques for re-establishment of heathland (both soils and vegetation) following scrub invasion, the establishment of heather on over-grazed moorlands, the restoration of Atlantic Oakwoods and the recovery of epiphytic bryophytes following a reduction in nitrogen pollution.

Ruth is Chair of the British Ecological Society's Scotttish Policy Group

Bibliography

  • Britton, A.; Mitchell, R.; Taylor A. (2016) Cascading effects of nitrogen pollution on biodiversity and ecosystem function in alpine systems., In: Irvine, R.J. (ed.) Biodiversity and Upland Management. The James Hutton Institute, Craigiebuckler, Aberdeen, Chapter 10, pp22-23.
  • Mitchell, R.; Hewison, R.; Britton, A.; Pakeman, R.J.; Hester, A. (2016) Long-term changes in Scottish grassland plant communities., In: Pakeman, R.J. (ed.). Grassland Biodiversity. The James Hutton Institute, Craigiebuckler, Aberdeen, pp4-5.

Sandy (Page)

Follow Sandy on Twitter Age: Younger than most Scottish soils Address: By the sea Preferred Occupation: Golfer/crofter Height/Weight: Usually healthy, but height can suddenly change Colour: Yellow ... Read more

Rusty (Page)

Age: Very old but cosmetic surgery has changed his appearance over the years Address: East Scotland Preferred Occupation: Arable farmer Height/Weight: Weight increases with depth. Height depends on his parents, but u ... Read more

Rocky (Page)

Age: Similar to his deeper characters Address: Anywhere it is rocky, many locations in the West Highlands Preferred Occupation: Almost unemployable, particularly lazy in pasture land Height/Weight: Stunted growth but ... Read more

Pete (Page)

Age: A young head on old shoulders Address: Northern Scotland and the Islands Preferred Occupation: Water supplier/whisky distiller/ornithologist Height/Weight: Height varies from 0.5-8 metres; Weight normal but redu ... Read more

Monty (Page)

Age: Average for Scottish soils, less than 10,000 years Address: On the mountain tops Preferred Occupation: Conservationalist/bird watcher, skier, hill walker Height/Weight: Surprisingly tall despite stony faced exte ... Read more

Heather (Page)

Age: Very old, but extremely interesting Address: Eastern and Central Highlands Preferred Occupation: Gamekeeper/forester/ecologist/farmer Height/weight: Very light on top, much heavier below. Usually over a metre ta ... Read more

Claude (Page)

Age: Very old but has changed in appearance over the years Address: West Central Scotland   Preferred Occupation:    ... Read more

Ally (Page)

Age:   Younger than most Scottish soils   Address: Along most of our major river courses ... Read more

Meet the Dirt Doctor (Page)

Starting in 2007, the Institute has been highlighting how soils play a crucial role in almost every aspect of our lives. A series of public events are championing the importance of this under-rated resource for our food, fuel, wil ... Read more

Environmental and Biochemical Sciences
Environmental and Biochemical Sciences
Research Scientist
lorna.dawson@hutton.ac.uk
+44 (0)344 928 5428 (*)

The James Hutton Institute
Craigiebuckler
Aberdeen AB15 8QH
Scotland UK

 

Professor Lorna Dawson is a Principal Soil Scientist in the Environmental and Biochemical Sciences group at the James Hutton Institute, and has over 30 years’ experience in managing and conducting research in soil and plant interactions, in particular its application in the criminal justice system. She was awarded a CBE in the Queen's Birthday Honours list in June 2018.

Current research interests

Lorna has co-edited seminal books on Geoforensics (Springer, 2009 and The Geological Society, London, 2013), is a trained Expert Witness and is Head of the Hutton Soil Forensic team (see leaflet on our soil forensic services, PDF file) and has worked on over 100 forensic cases in the UK and abroad, as a forensic soil expert working for police forces, lawyers and forensic service providers. She is a member of the National Crime Agency and has diplomas in Criminal and Civil law (Cardiff University, 2011 and 2012, revalidated in 2017). She regularly presents evidence in courts in Scotland, England, Wales and Australia. She is a Fellow of the British Society of Soil Science, a Chartered Soil Scientist, was a council member of the Institute of Professional Soil Scientists (2009-2013) and was a member of the Science and Technology Facilities Council, Science in Society panel (2007-2011). She has considerable experience in knowledge exchange, has worked on sabbatical for the BBC, advising on 'Countryfile', ‘Vera’ and 'Silent Witness'. She has also worked with a range of crime authors (Murder, Mystery & Microscopes pages), e.g. crime author Ann Cleeves to produce a Murder, Mystery Pack to be distributed to libraries to run public events. She is responsible for developing many of the Institute's soil education resources, for example, the set of soils posters, composting activity, and Soils of the Crofts which has been translated into Gaelic with Crofting Connections. She regularly organises and performs in public debating events, examining the interface between science and fiction, and was awarded best live science communication event, 2009. She was appointed to the General Committee of the British Science Association in 2013, is a STEM Ambassador; and a member of the Chief Scientist’s Science and Engineering Community Forum (2015). She is a Fellow of the RSA, and a member of the RSA, Food, Farming and Countryside Commission’s Research Advisory Group (December, 2017 to present), on the Editorial Board of Geoscience and a member of the Intellectual Property Office (IPO) Academic Committee, 2018 to 2021.

Bibliography

  • Roberts, D.; Torrance, L.; Stirton, G.; Britton, A.J.; Craig, C.; Kyle, C-A.; Abel, C.; Macaulay, C.; Fielding, D.; Watson, H.; Pohle, I.; Robertson, J.; Maxwell, J.; Irvine, K.; Sutherland, L-A.; Dawson, L.A.; Shepherd, L.; Miller, P.; Ellis, R.; Richards, S.; Blok, V.; Hackett, C.; Kettle, H. (2018) Women in Science., The James Hutton Institute, 25pp.
  • Cal, J.; Dawson, L.A.; Javan, G.T.; Ozsoy, S.; Quaak, C.A.; Ralebitso-Senior, T.K. (2018) From experimental work to real crime scenes and the courts., In: Ralebitso-Senior, T.K. (ed.) Forensic EcoGenomics: the Application of Microbial Ecology Analyses in Forensic Contexts. Academic Press, Chapter 8, pp177-210.
  • Dawson, L.A.; Rodway, P. (2016) Soils of the crofts., The James Hutton Institute Publication with Crofting Connections, Aberdeen, 2nd ed., 57pp.
  • Harrison, K.; Dawson, L.A.; Mackinnon G. (2016) Interdisciplinary approaches to the search and location of buried bodies: a United Kingdom context., In: Kars, H. & van den Eijkel, L. (ed.) Soil in Criminal and Environmental Forensics. Soil Forensics, Springer, Chapter 13, pp201-211.
  • Khan, M.A.; Qureshi, M.Z.; Dawson, L.A.; Rehman, M.; Hayat, A.; Maqbool, F.; Andleeb, F.; Haleem, K. (2014) Efficient desizing of fabrio using partially purified thermophillic amylase produced by T. sacchari by the utilization of agro-industrial wastes., In: Cong, H., Yu, B. & Lu, X. (eds.). Frontiers in Micro-Nano Science and Technology. Advanced Materials Research, Trans Tech Publications, Switzerland, 924, 3, pp 349-353.
  • Dawson, L.A.; Mayes, R.W. (2014) Criminal and environmental soil forensics: soil as physical evidence in forensic investigations., In: Murphy, B.L. & Morrison, R.D. (eds.). Introduction to Environmental Forensics. 3rd edition, Academic Press, Oxford, Chapter 12, pp457-486.
  • Pirrie, D.; Ruffell, A.; Dawson, L.A. (eds.). (2013) Environmental and criminal geoforensics., Geological Society of London Special Publications, London.
  • Pirrie, D.; Ruffell, A.; Dawson, L.A. (2013) Environmental and criminal geoforensics - an introduction., In: Pirrie, A., Ruffell, A. & Dawson, L.A. (eds.). Environmental and Criminal Geoforensics. Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 384.
  • Dawson, L.A.; Rhind, S.M.; Zhang, Z.L.; Poggio, L.; Kyle, C.E.; Mayes, R.W.; Aalders, I.H.; Osprey, M.; Ross, J.; Cuthbert, A. (2012) Linking distribution of soil PaHs to location as a forensic tool., In: Morrison, R.D. & O'Sullivan, G. (eds.). Environmental Forensics: Proceedings of the 2011 INEF Conference. Royal Society of Chemistry Publishing, Cambridge, pp199-205.
  • Dawson, L.A.; Morrice, J.; Rodway, P. (2011) Soils of the crofts., The James Hutton Institute Publication with Crofting Connections, Aberdeen, 130pp.
  • Eley, Y.L.; Pedentchouk, N.P.; Dawson, L.A. (2011) Tracing higher plant inputs to coastal sediments: an integrated isotopic and molecular for forensic investigation., In: Morrison, R.D. & O’Sullivan, G. (eds.). Environmental Forensics. Royal Society of Chemistry Publishing, London, 218-231.
  • Mayes, R.W.; Brewer, M.J.; Dawson, L.A.; Ross, J.M. (2011) An objective method for comparing unresolved complex mixture (UCM) "humps" in gas chromatograms., In: Morrison, R.D. & O’Sullivan, G. (eds.). Environmental Forensics. Royal Society of Chemistry Publishing, London, 275-284.
  • Dawson, L.A.; Towers, W.; Owen, J.; White, D.; Coull, M.C.; Ross, J.M.; Donnelly, D.; Cooper, P. (2010) Soils of the crofts., In: Dawson, L.A., Morrice, J. & Rodway, P. Soils of the Crofts. The James Hutton Institute Publication with Crofting Connections, Aberdeen, 130pp.
  • Ritz, K.; Dawson, L.A.; Miller, D.R. (eds.) (2009) Criminal and environmental soil forensics., Springer, 519pp. ISBN: 978-1-4020-9203-9
  • Barclay, A.D.; Dawson, L.A.; Donnelly, L.J.; Miller, D.R.; Ritz, K. (2009) Soils in forensic science: underground meets underworld., In: Ritz, K., Dawson, L.A. & Miller, D.R. (eds.). Criminal and Environmental Forensics. Springer, Dordrecht, Chapter 32, 501-514.ISBN: 978-1-4020-9203-9
  • Morrisson, A.; McColl, S.; Dawson, L.; Brewer, M. (2009) Characterisation and discrimination of urban soils: Preliminary results from The Soil Forensics University Network., In: Ritz, K., Dawson, L.A. & Miller, D.R. (eds.). Criminal and Environmental Forensics. Springer, Chapter 6, 75-86. ISBN: 978-1-4020-9203-9
  • Mayes, R.W.; Macdonald, L.M.; Ross, J.; Dawson, L.A. (2009) Discrimination of domestic garden soils using plant wax compounds as markers., In: Ritz, K., Dawson, L.A. & Miller, D.R. (eds.). Criminal and Environmental Soil Forensics. Springer, Chapter 29, 463-476.
  • Dawson, L.A.; Byers, R.A. (2008) Methods for studying root herbivory., In: Johnson, S., Murray, P. & Masters, G. (eds.). Root Herbivory. CABI, Wallingford, Chapter 1, 3-19.. ISBN: 978 1 84593 461
  • Dawson, L.A.; Campbell, C.D.; Hillier, S.; Brewer, M.J. (2008) Methods of characterising and fingerprinting soils for forensic application., In: Tibbett, M. & Carter, D.O. (eds.). Soil Analysis in Forensic Taphonomy. CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida, 271-315.
  • Dawson, L.A.; Grayston, S.J.; Murray, P.J.; Cook, R.; Gange, A.C.; Ross, J.M.; Pratt, S.M.; Duff, E.I.; Treonis, A. (2003) Influence of pasture management on soil organisms and pasture root system dynamics., In: Roots: The Dynamic Interface Between Plants and the Earth (ed. J.J. Abe). Developments in Plant and Soil Science 101, Kluwer, The Netherlands, pp121-130.
  • Atkinson, D.; Mackie-Dawson, L.A. (2001) Root growth. Methods of measurement., In: Soil Analysis - physical methods (eds. K. Smith and C. Mullins). 2nd ed. Marcel Dekker, New York, pp435-497.
  • Mackie-Dawson, L.A. and Atkinson, D. (1991) Methodology for the study of roots in field experiments and the interpretation of results., In: Plant Root Growth - an Ecological Perspective (ed. D. Atkinson). Blackwell, Oxford, pp25-48.
  • Atkinson, D.; Mackie-Dawson, L.A. (1990) Root growth - methods of measurement., In: Soil Analysis - physical methods (eds. K. A. Smith and C.E. Mullins). Marcel Decker Publications, New York, pp447-509.

  • Bestwick, C.; Dawson, L.A.; Rees, B.; Skuce, P. (2018) Greenhouse gas emissions from agriculture - measurement, modelling and mitigation., SEFARI NFUS Briefing, 8pp.
  • Dawson, L.A.; Cook, G. (2017) Consultation on new proposed BBC channel in Scotland and discussions with the BBC., Report to Scottish Government.
  • Dawson, L.A.; Bestwick C. (2017) SEFARI SAB OG report 2016 /17 annual report., Report to Scottish Government.
  • Dawson, L.A.; Stutter, M.I.; Cooksley, S.; Sample, J. (2017) Hydropower research., SEFARI Gateway Report, SRP2-11-16.
  • Cook, G.; Miller, D.R.; Dawson, L.A. (2017) Report on the Consultation on Rural Economy and Connectivity Committee, Forestry and Land Management (Scotland) Bill., Response from SEFARI, August 2017.
  • Dawson, L.A. (2017) Soil and land use., Note to UK Parliament.
  • Dawson, L.A. (2016) Strategic Research Programme Centre for Knowledge Exchange and Impact - Research Awareness and Joint KE Strategy Development Meeting, Boat of Garten, 1 November 2016.,
  • Dawson, L.A. (2016) Report on the CKEI and CNPA exchange meeting., Report for Cairngorms website.
  • Miller, D.R.; Dawson, L.A.; Morrice, J.; McKeen, M.; Donnelly, D. (2016) Report on prototype spatial geoforensic database., EU Project MiSAFE, Deliverable 5.8, Report to the European Commission, EU FP7 MISAFE Project, 313149.
  • Dawson, L.A.; Bestwick, C. (2016) National discussion on the future of Scottish agriculture., Response to the Consultation request from Scottish Government Consultation Team for the Programme Advisors’ submission on the conversation on the ‘Future of Scottish Agriculture’.
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The James Hutton Research Institute is the result of the merger in April 2011 of MLURI and SCRI. This merger formed a new powerhouse for research into food, land use, and climate change.