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UnderStory - Storying woodland use, management and expansion in the Cairngorms (Project)

A digital story map will be created called the UnderStory and will provide an engaging, enduring account of perspectives on woodland use, management and expansion in the early 21st Century from the Cairngorms.It will be created ou ... Read more

Natural Flood Management Network launched (News)

A new website aiming to become a sharing platform for policymakers, researchers, scientists and anyone interested in the use of landscape features to reduce flood risk has been launched today. ... Read more

Hutton evidence review helps improve flood risk and coastal erosion management (News)

Researchers from the James Hutton Institute and partners have produced an evidence review on river and floodplain management, as part of an Evidence Directory recently launched by the Environment Agency. The Directory aims to prov ... Read more

RD 1.2.4 Effectiveness of water management (Project)

This project contains several strands of research that focus on how can enable and implement improvements in water management.  It draws on a mixture of disciplinary skills and expertises, particularly the social sciences.&nb ... Read more

New online service to support management of water quality and ecosystems in the UK (News)

Scientists from the James Hutton Institute have been involved in a three-year community research project to deliver a new online service to help better manage the quality of water and ecosystems in the UK. The service, recently ... Read more

Lunan Water Diffuse Pollution Monitoring project - the first 10 years! (Project)

With contributions from: Sarah Dunn, Marc Stutter, Julia Martin-Ortega, James Sample, Claire Abel, Dave Riach, Lindsay Rear, Paula Novo, Kit Macleod, Jannette Macdonald, Christian Birkel, Tom Sampson and the Lunan Farmer Focus Gro ... Read more

Environmental and Biochemical Sciences
Environmental and Biochemical Sciences
Catchment Modeller
miriam.glendell@hutton.ac.uk
+44 (0)344 928 5428 (*)

The James Hutton Institute
Craigiebuckler
Aberdeen AB15 8QH
Scotland UK

 

I am a catchment scientist interested in a cross-disciplinary understanding of the effects of land use on multiple ecosystem services, including water quality, freshwater biodiversity, soil conservation and carbon management in catchment systems.  My research combines aspects of freshwater biology, hydrology, soil science and biogeochemistry to address key challenges related to the sustainable management of soils and surface water.

Current research interests

Applying and developing catchment and national scale water quality models for nitrogen, phosphorus and faecal indicator organisms.

Developing sediment tracing tools using biomarkers and stable isotopes.

Linking physico-chemical indicators of water quality to ecological status.

Past research

  • ‘Linking the terrestrial and aquatic carbon fluxes at a catchment scale’ – a proof of concept project to develop a methodological framework for quantifying of lateral C fluxes from the terrestrial to the aquatic environments at a catchment scale.
  • ‘Piloting  a cost-effective framework for monitoring soil erosion in England and Wales’ – national pilot study funded by the UK Department of Food, Farming and Rural Affairs
  • ‘Evaluating an ecosystem management approach for improving water quality on the Holnicote Estate, Exmoor’ – a national demonstration project to evaluate the effectiveness of natural flood management measures to deliver multiple ecosystem benefits, including flood protection, water quality and carbon stewardship.

Bibliography

  • Glendell, M., (2018) Overview of FIO modelling in Scotland and UK., Internal Report, The James Hutton Institute, Aberdeen, 2pp.
  • Gair, J.; Glendell, M.; Pohle, I., (2018) Emulation of the NIRAMS model., Report to SEPA.
  • Pakeman, R.J.; Gimona, A.; Glendell, M.; Yeluripati, J.; Addy, S.; van Hulst, F.; Matthews, K.; Mitchell, R.; Rivington, M., (2018) Climate change, natural capital and adaptation in Scotland’s marginal lands., Report to ClimateXChange, 17pp.
  • Brooker, R.; Paterson E.; Glendell, M.; Ellis, C.; Eastwood, A.; Fraser, F.; Wilkinson, M.; Skuce, P.; Macleod, C.; Carvalho, L.; Fischer, A.; Comerford, D.; Holland, J.; Vinten, A.J.A.; McVittie, A., (2017) Report on natural assets theme science day, James Hutton Institute, Aberdeen, 2 October 2017., Theme 1 Web pages, 6pp.

Water ecosystems reference book now available from UNESCO (News)

The potential of ecosystem services-based approaches for sustainable water resource management has been highlighted in a book co-edited by researchers from the University of Leeds, the James Hutton Institute, the James Cook Univer ... Read more

Hutton expert contributes to parliamentary discussion on water management (News)

The latest research on water suggests that global demand will increase by 55% by the 2050s and the world could suffer a 40% shortfall in 15 years unless dramatic changes are made in water use and managing water resources. However, ... Read more

Flood resilience best gained when solutions come together (News)

Scientists at the James Hutton Institute have welcomed the announcement made by the Scottish Government of an action plan worth £235 million to protect 10,000 properties from flooding in Scotland. However, Dr Marc Stutter, r ... Read more

New reference book in water ecosystem services (News)

The potential of ecosystem services-based approaches for sustainable water resource management has been highlighted in a new book co-edited by researchers from the James Hutton Institute and UNESCO. The book is published by Cambri ... Read more

Sustainable Coasts: Balancing socio-economic drivers whilst preserving coastal amenity & habitat (Event)

As east-central Scotland's Local Coastal Partnership, the Tay Estuary Forum puts together a conference each year to reflect current issues within the coastal and marine environments at both a regional and national scale, ... Read more

MAJI: More Action for Just Initiatives for Climate Change Adaptation in Southern Africa (Project)

The James Hutton Institute helps to support effective and equitable water management that will be sustainable in the long-term (and in the face of climate change), through its role in supporting a VSO-led project called “&qu ... Read more

Books and Book Chapters (Research Page)

Water Ecosystem Services - A Global Perspective ... Read more

Workshops (Research Page)

Scotland’s peat bogs - rural community perceptions on Lewis (PDF File: 5,798KB) ... Read more

Policy and Research Briefs (Research Page)

The briefs described on this page are either hosted on the knowledgescotland website, or are available for direct download (pdf format). ... Read more

Soils@Hutton - Soils and water security (Research Page)

Soil and water security ... Read more

Diffuse pollution modelling (Research Page)

Data from spatial monitoring of water quality provided parameter sets for validation of catchment scale models. These have been used in a number of externally funded research projects including REFRESH. ... Read more

Phosphorus biogeochemistry in riparian buffer strips (Research Page)

Management to mitigate pollutant swapping Buffer strips are useful for mitigating diffuse pollution. As riparian buffers perform their role in sediment trapping, P accumulates with no loss mechanism (as in wetland denitrificatio ... Read more

Flood inundation modelling (Research Page)

Tarland modelling                         Hydraulic models help to predict where flooding might occur, how s ... Read more

3. Areas sensitive to cumulative impacts (Research Page)

Aim: to identify areas sensitive to future HEP developments There is significant potential for cumulative impacts to occur where HEP developments are clustered within a catchment. Our research is identifying the potential areas ... Read more

Hydropower resources research (Research Page)

Hydropower plays a key role in Scotland’s renewable energy contributions and renewables targets for 2015 (50%) and 2020 (100%). Our research is supporting the sustainable planning, development and management of this resource ... Read more

Exploring barriers to natural flood management (Project)

This project aims to provide a better understanding of barriers to the adoption and implementation of natural flood management (NFM) in Scotland.  ... Read more

LandSFACTS downloads (Research Page)

The LandSFACTS software is available in several formats: with graphical interface, helpfile and tutorial [XP, W7], cf. below command-line [XP, W7, W7 x64, Linux x64], by request dynamic libraries [XP, W7, W7 x64, Linux x ... Read more

LandSFACTS model details (inputs/outputs) (Research Page)

The LandsFACTS model was originally (v1.6) set up to simulate cropping systems at the landscape scale. Since 2007, it was further developed to allow modelling land uses at multiple scales within an evolving environment. The diagra ... Read more

Scottish Rivers Handbook (Research Page)

The Scottish Rivers Handbook has been produced by the James Hutton Institute and the University of Stirling for CREW, the Centre of Expertise for Waters. It is an accessible, fully illustrated 36 page book providing an overview ... Read more

Exploring ways for the application of ecosystem services approaches at the catchment level (Research Page)

Co-construction of a common understanding between scientist, practitioners, land managers and other stakeholders brings knowledge from different disciplines and stakeholders that is crucial for a better understanding of the linkag ... Read more

Improving implementation and increasing uptake of measures to improve water quality in Scotland (Research Page)

Guidance and advice for improving implementation and increasing uptake of measures to improve water quality in Scotland The Scotland River Basin Management Plan (2010) requires implementation of programmes of measures to support ... Read more

URflood: Funders (Research Page)

... Read more

URflood: Links (Research Page)

Partners The James Hutton Institute Suomen ympäristökeskus (Finnish Environment Institute) University College Dublin ... Read more

URflood: Partners (Research Page)

The James Hutton Institute ... Read more

URflood: Outputs (Research Page)

Main outputs from the project: ... Read more

URflood: Case Studies (Research Page)

Please use the links below to read more about the country specific case studies ... Read more

URflood: Project Approach (Research Page)

The aims of the project will be delivered via the following work packages: ... Read more

URflood: Key Questions (Research Page)

... Read more

HAPE Key projects and outputs (Research Page)

Current projects Transfer of MAP from soil to plant to silage (Quality Meat Scotland, 2013-14) Ecology of Cryptosporidium (Quality Meat Scotland, 2013-14) The capacity and pathogenic potential of bacteria that internalis ... Read more

HAPE Core researchers (Research Page)

... Read more

HAPE Platforms, resources and approaches (Research Page)

Pathogens do not automatically pose a risk to human or animal health if there is no pathway by which they can reach that person or animal (the receptor). Therefore, using a Source-Pathway-Receptor approach to address human and ani ... Read more

HAPE The Centre (Research Page)

The core research group in the Centre for Human and Animal Pathogens in the Environment (HAP-E) at the James Hutton Institute studies the following pathogen-environment systems. ... Read more

Ecosystem services approaches for water management (Research Page)

Since the release of the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment, ecosystems have become widely recognised as natural capital assets supporting and supplying services which are highly valuable to humans. There is a growing appreciation ... Read more

Soils, water and catchments (Research Page)

Soil plays a vital role in controlling the flow of water and chemicals between the atmosphere and the earth. As water passes through the soil it is filtered by plants, bacteria, fungi and soil particles, which remove various miner ... Read more

Coastal soils (Research Page)

A number of Scotland's rarer soils are found at or near the coast. Perhaps the best known are the sandy soils of the machair of the Inner and Outer Hebrides and the west Highlands. The soils are calcareous - which in itse ... Read more

Carbon stocks in salt marshes (Research Page)

Salt marsh occurs in the intertidal zone and has a number of functions including a filter for pollutants, protecting coasts from flooding and providing habitat for a number of salt tolerant species. More recently it has been recog ... Read more

Carbon cycling (Research Page)

We are collaborating with staff at Oceanlab (Aberdeen University) in a number of projects, mainly involved with carbon cycling, covering both estuaries and the deep sea. This work is fundamental as deep sea sediments cover over ha ... Read more

Analytical Services (Research Page)

Our Analytical Group carries out a range of analyses on marine and estuarine sediments. We quantify analytes such as heavy/toxic metals, organotin compounds (now banned as antifouling agents on boats) and a range of persistent org ... Read more

Ecosystem goods and services (Research Page)

This work is examining the potential for increased food production in the Ythan catchment and its likely impacts on meeting nature conservation obligations, using the ecosystem approach. The ecosystem approach is a management tool ... Read more

Sand dune survey of Scotland (Research Page)

The NCC Sand Dune Survey of Scotland which took place from 1975-1977 has since been digitised and is currently being used for two projects. ... Read more

East Grampian Coastal Partnership (Research Page)

The East Grampian Coastal Partnership is a group of individuals, with representatives from local authorities, industry, conservation bodies, recreation and tourism groups, local residents and many others with an interest in the fu ... Read more

Understanding our resources (Research Page)

To optimise the potential of Scotland’s natural assets and provide local responses to global change, we must build on existing work and continually improve our knowledge to support strategic needs and enable well informed de ... Read more

Attitudes towards biodiversity management (Research Page)

Public attitudes towards biodiversity and its management are poorly understood, raising concerns over the effectiveness of public participation in biodiversity policy making. Face-to-face interviews were conducted with members of ... Read more

Visualisation and coastal developments (Research Page)

The link between natural environments and their restoration has been the focus of much research including its importance for human wellbeing. We are carrying out a series of studies looking at community perceptions of renewable en ... Read more

Scotland’s coastal assets (Research Page)

Scotland’s natural assets provide a wealth of goods and services which are of benefit to human wellbeing, such as food, fuel, climate regulation and recreation opportunities. To ensure a sustainable future we must balance ou ... Read more

Information and Computational Sciences
Information and Computational Sciences
Senior Catchment Modeller
kit.macleod@hutton.ac.uk
+44 (0)344 928 5428 (*)

The James Hutton Institute
Craigiebuckler
Aberdeen AB15 8QH
Scotland UK

 

I am an integrative catchment scientist whose research (Google Scholar profile) is focussed on three nested areas (see Figure 1 below):

Current research interests

PhD student supervision

2012-

Bob Surminski (University of Abertay). Developing and testing geovisualisation approaches for understanding multiple-benefits from Scottish agricultural systems.

2011-

Sabine Peukert (University of Exeter). Impacts of farm-scale ecosystem management on water quality in intensively managed grasslands. NERC CASE.

2009-

Allan Puttock (University of Exeter). Developing an understanding of vegetation change and carbon budgets in semi-arid environments.

Current research projects

RCUK

NUTCAT2050 Hydrology-phosphorus interactions under changing climate and land use overcoming uncertainties and challenges for prediction to 2050

2013-2016 NERC NE/K002392/1. The systems evidence based assessment methodology (SEBAM) that I recently developed and published forms the basis of this project.

wikiRivers- exploiting digital technologies for the effective communication of river water levels

2011-2014 RCUK Digital Economy, DR-PP-RVD. My role in this project is to provide hydrological expertise and to develop an integrative approach that links the natural, social and computer science components for working with stakeholders.

Valuing Nature Network, BRIDGE: From values to decisions

2012 NERC. In addition to be invited to the interdisciplinary VNN workshop. I was involved in the BRIDGE project.  At the start up workshop, I gave an invited overview on ‘Including natural science valuation evidence in decision-making’ and led the natural science break out group. 

Environmental Virtual Observatory (pilot): National scale work package

2010-2013 NERC NE/1002200/1.  Following successful participation at the NERC sandpit, I am working with colleagues at University of Bristol (Freer), University of Reading (Johnes), Durham University (Reaney) and BGS (Bloomfield) to demonstrate the potential of the environmental virtual observatory for national scale modelling of hydrology and associated biogeochemistry. I am also leading demonstration and evaluation of cloud cyber-infrastructure in the Dyfi catchemnt.

EU

WaterCAP: Clustering the results from water and climate related projects (Water, Cluster, Adapt, Promote)

2011-2013 Interreg IVB.  My role was to design a structure to analyse projects and structure workshops based on integrating DPSIR and final ecosystem services in relation to climate change, water quantity and water quality. 

SEPA/ Scottish Government

Water and Renewable Energy Theme: Multiple benefits of water quality and quantity

2011- Scottish Government.  I lead on taking an ecosystem services approach to understand the multiple benefits of the James Hutton Institute catchment science from the plant to catchment scales.

DICE: Developing an interdisciplinary culture of excellence

2012-2014 Scottish Government/James Hutton Institute.  I initiated and lead this mixed methods social science inquiry into how Institute staff are carrying out interdisciplinary research and what are the barriers to greater levels of interdisciplinary working.

Scotland Rural Development Programme 2014-20- assessing potential water and soil quality options, their evidence base and potential to deliver multiple benefits research

2013-2013 SEPA/CREW.  I lead this project.  This involves working with a broad range of experts to elicit their opinion on the ability of these measures to deliver multiple benefits.

Centre of Expertise for Waters (CREW)

2011- Scottish Government.  As part of the core CREW team I have helped apply for and establish this important science-policy boundary spanning initiative.

Past research

RCUK

SuperGRaSS: Selecting genes for function

2006-2009 BBSRC BB/D011612/1. I initiated and led the writing of this BBSRC responsive mode award. The key to SuperGRaSS was the bringing together of plant scientists, soil scientists and hydrologists to improve our systems understanding of how novel multifunctional grasses can be used to reduce the risk of flooding. 

Achieving Sustainable Catchment Management: Developing integrated approaches and tools to inform future policies

2004-2005 RELU RES-224-25-0081. I was leader of WP7 Achieving Sustainable Catchment Management: spatial data and spatial technologies- progress and scope in developing integrated approaches and tools to inform future policies.

SEPA/ Scottish Government

Applying an ecosystem services approach to the production of the second River Basin Management Plan (RBMP) – identifying indicators of key ecosystem services and pressures

2011-2012 SEPA/CREW. I led this project. This involved working with stakeholders and researchers through one to one sessions and facilitated workshops. I have developed structured facilitation methods based on a conceptual model linking an ecosystem service approach and WFD objectives.   

Defra

GRaSP Grassland Mobilisation of Sediment and Phosphorus

2006-2009 Defra PE0120. I led integrative activities, involving linking experimental work with the modelling for a more ‘systems’ based approach. 

Diffuse Pollution User Manual

2006-2008 Defra ES0203. I helped produced the phosphorus component of a desk based expert assessment to assess the current level of scientific understanding on the effectiveness of a wide range of mitigation measures for phosphorus, nitrogen, faecal indictor organisms and sediment for several model farm systems in the UK.

Bibliography

  • Macleod, C.J.A.; Ferrier, R.C., (2011) Temperate grasslands in catchment systems: the role of scale, connectivity and thresholds in the provision and regulation of water quality and quantity., In: Lemaire, G. & Chabbi, A. (eds.). Grassland Productivity and Ecosystem Services. CAB International, Wallingford, Chapter 24, 229-238. ISBN: 9781845938093
  • Turner, L.; Macleod, K.; Watts, C.; Whalley, R.; Binley, A.; Papadopoulos, T.; O'Donovan, S.; Haygarth, P.; King, J.; Humphreys, M.W., (2010) Dissecting Festulolium chromosome 3 to locate rooting and drought resistance traits., In: Hughe, C. (ed.). Sustainable Use of Genetic Diversity in Forage and Turf Breeding. Springer, The Netherlands, pp471-478.

  • Macleod, C.J.A.; Hewitt, R., (2018) Technical report D7: Overview of web mapping technologies and vector tile data for an outcome-based web application., Technical Report for RESAS deliverable, The James Hutton Institute, 20pp.
  • Macleod, C.J.A.; Hewitt, R., (2018) Technical report: progress with developing an outcome-based web application., RESAS Technical Report 1.2.4.3 (D3.6), 18pp.
  • Macleod, C.J.A.; Donnelly, D., (2018) Development of a natural asset register data portal: access consultation report., Report to RESAS Strategic Research Programme, 1.4.1a (O1.4.1ai Di Consultation Report), 18pp.
  • Brooker, R.; Paterson E.; Glendell, M.; Ellis, C.; Eastwood, A.; Fraser, F.; Wilkinson, M.; Skuce, P.; Macleod, C.; Carvalho, L.; Fischer, A.; Comerford, D.; Holland, J.; Vinten, A.J.A.; McVittie, A., (2017) Report on natural assets theme science day, James Hutton Institute, Aberdeen, 2 October 2017., Theme 1 Web pages, 6pp.
  • Blackstock, K.L.; Van Hulst, F.; MacLeod, C.J.A.; Waylen, K.A., (2017) Monitoring and Evaluation for Ecosystem Management (MEEM) - Comparing theory and documented practice across Europe., Technical Report for Project, November 2017, 96pp.
  • Macleod, C.J.A.; Blackstock, K.L.; Brown, A.; Eastwood, A.; Fisher, A.; Gimona, A.; Prager, K.; Irvine, R.J., (2017) Adaptive management evaluation framework., RESAS1.4.3a Deliverable M2.
  • Macleod, C.J.A.; Hewitt, R., (2017) Summary of research on developing a more integrated approach to land and water management using incentives and regulations for the delivery of multiple benefits: exploring national and regional level stakeholder views and needs., RESAS Research Deliverable.
  • Donnelly, D.; Macleod, C.J.A.; Ibiyemi, A., (2017) Review of existing natural asset registers and literature., Contract Report for RESAS.
  • MacLeod, C.J.; Blackstock, K.L.; Brown, K.M.; Eastwood, A.; Gimona, A.; Prager, K.; Irvine, R.J., (2016) Adaptive management: an overview of the concept and its practical application in the Scottish context., Technical Report for RESAS1.4.3a Deliverable D1, 24pp.
  • Macleod, C.J.A., (2016) How can logic modelling improve the planning, monitoring and evaluation of policy measures and wider interventions for multiple benefits?, Report to RESAS deliverable D3:1.
  • Matthews, K.B.; Miller, D.G.; Towers, W.; Squire, G.R.; Hawes, C.; Pakeman, R.J.; Brooker, R.; Brown, I.; Owen, J.; Vinten, A.J.A.; MacLeod, C.J.A., (2016) CAP Greening Review, Summary., Scottish Government and The James Hutton Institute Website.
  • Squire, G.R.; Hawes, C.; Pakeman, R.J.; Brooker, R.; Brown, I.; Towers, W.; Owen, J.; Vinten, A.J.A.; MacLeod, C.J.A., (2016) CAP Greening Review, Part 4, Expert Panel Review. Views of members of the expert panel on CAP Greening., Scottish Government and The James Hutton Institute Websites.
  • Aitkenhead, M.J.; Black, H.I.J.; Squire, G.; McLeod, K.; Hastings, E.; Troldborg, M.; Aalders, I.H.; Towers, W.; Lilly, A.; Brown, I.; Coull, M.C.; Castellazzi, M.; Matthews, K.B.; Baggaley, N.J., (2016) A review of ecosystem service mapping within Scottish Government RESAS-funded research., Report for Scottish Government.
  • Morris, S.; Prager, K.; MacLeod, K., (2015) Working together for better outcomes: learning from different perspectives to improve delivery of solutions to land and natural resource challenges., Briefing Note from Meeting, Edinburgh Centre for Carbon Innovation, Edinburgh, 26-27 March 2015.
  • Prager, K.; Morris, S.; MacLeod, K.; Currie, M., (2015) Exploring Interdisciplinarity - summary report of DICE at the James Hutton Institute., The James Hutton Institute, Aberdeen, March 2015, 88pp.
  • Morris, S.; MacLeod, K.; Prager, K.; Currie, M.; Holmes, B.; Waylen, K.A., (2015) Theory and practice of interdisciplinary team based research for understanding socio-ecological systems: review of literature., Report on internal website, March 2014.
  • Akoumianaki, I.; Macleod, C.J.A.; McCreadie, B.; Ibiyemi, A.; Crothers, D.; Forbes, H.; Garft, D.; Field, S.; MacDonald, J., (2014) Scotland Rural Development Programme (SRDP) 2014-2020: Recommendations for targeting support to deliver maximum benefit for the water environment., Crew Report, J203019.
  • Miller, D.G.; Matthews, K.B.; Towers, W.; Pakeman, R.J.; Brooker, R.J.; Squire, G.; Hawes, C.; Vinten, A.J.A.; MacLeod, C.; Owen, J.; Wardell-Johnson, D.H., (2014) CAP Greening Review - Expert panel - Interim results., Technical Report for Policy.
  • Aitkenhead, M.J.; Black, H.I.J.; Squire, G.; McLeod, K.; Hastings, E.; Troldborg, M.; Aalders, I.; Towers, W.; Lilly, A.; Poggio, L.; Gimona, A.; Brown, I.; Castellazzi, M.; Matthews, K.B.; Baggaley, N.J., (2014) A review of ecosystem service mapping within Scottish Government RESAS funded research., Report for Scottish Government.
  • Jackson-Blake, L.A.; Macleod, K.; Stutter, M.I.; Kenyon, W., (2012) Impacts of climate change on water quantity and quality in the North Sea Region., Report to Interreg IVB on WaterCAP WP3, Activity 1.

Social, Economic and Geographical Sciences
Social, Economic and Geographical Sciences
Principal Researcher in Catchment Management & Water Quality
andy.vinten@hutton.ac.uk
+44 (0)344 928 5428 (*)

The James Hutton Institute
Craigiebuckler
Aberdeen AB15 8QH
Scotland UK

 

Andy Vinten is a principal catchment scientist, with over 20 years background in applied research in soil and water management. After graduating from Oxford University with a BA in Agricultural and Forest sciences, and a PhD in soil science, he worked on irrigation and water quality issues in the Volcani Center Israel for four years. Thereafter he was a lecturer and senior lecturer on soil science at Scottish Agricultural College, Edinburgh, and managed a Masters Course in Environmental Protection and Management  for 10 years. He joined the Institute in 2005. 

Current research interests

Andy has worked on modelling and measurement of the transport of pollutants (nitrates, phosphates, micro-organisms, pesticides etc.), for many years and contributed to the growing appreciation of the role that agricultural activities play in contributing to bathing water pollution issues in SW Scotland. 

Recent work includes assessment of cost effectiveness and proportionality of diffuse pollutant mitigation measures. This has shown support for SEPA’s targets for restoration of standing waters to Good Ecological Status, but demonstrates that for many lochs where mitigation is likely to be costly, costs can exceed society’s willingness to pay.

He has also sought to identify the responses of stream benthic microbial communities to aquatic pollution using molecular methods, and carried out modelling on the risk of microbial pollution from livestock influencing human health through bathing water and drinking water pollution; A recent interest is in the development of a new technique, filter fences, for erosion control in the aftermath of potatoes.

On-going and recent projects

Bibliography

  • Vinten, A.J.A.; Artz, R.R.E.; Thomas, N.; Potts, J.M.; Avery, L.M.; Langan, S.J.; Watson, H.; Cook, Y.; Taylor, C.; Abel, C.; Reid, E.; Singh, B.K., (2011) Comparison of microbial community assays for the assessment of stream biofilm ecology., Journal of Microbiological Methods, 85, 190-198.
  • Balana, B.B.; Vinten, A.J.A.; Slee, B., (2011) A review on cost-effectiveness analysis of agri-environmental measures related to the EU WFD: Key issues, methods, and applications., Ecological Economics, 70, 1021-1031.
  • Vinten, A.J.A., (2010) Monitoring, modelling and mitigation of P pollution of lochs: cost effective or disproportionate., Scottish Freshwater Group, 84th Meeting, Stirling University, Stirling, 8 April 2010.
  • Vinten, A.J.A., (2010) How effective is the implementation of controls on diffuse pollution under the Water Framework Directive in Scotland? Answers and questions from the Lunan Water Diffuse Pollution Monitored Catchment project., Water Quality Conference, 1st, Leeds University, Leeds, 23-24 June 2010.
  • Vinten, A.J.A.; Stutter, M.I.; Sample, J.; Dunn, S.; Birkel, C.; Potts, J.; MacDonald, J.; Napier, F.; Jeffrey, W.; Christian, C., (2010) How effective is the implementation of controls on diffuse pollution under the Water Framework Directive in Scotland? Answers and questions from the Lunan Diffuse Pollution Monitored Catchment project., Proceedings of the 14th International Conference, IWA Diffuse Pollution Specialist Group: Diffuse Pollution and Eutrophication, Quebec, Canada, 12-17 September 2010.
  • Vinten, A.J.A.; MacDonald, J.; Christian, C., (2010) How effective is the implementation of controls on diffuse pollution under the Water Framework Directive in Scotland? Answers and questions from the Lunan Diffuse Pollution Monitored Catchment project., Water 21, August 2010.
  • Gouriveau, F.; Heal, K.; Stewart, K.; Vinten, A.J.A.; Russell, G., (2010) Constructed farm wetlands: An analysis of costs, benefits and perceptions., Joint SAC/SEPA Biennial Conference 2010, Climate, Water and Soil: Science: Policy and Practice, Edinburgh, 31 March - 1 April 2010.

  • Vinten, A.J.A., (2012) Introduction and overview to Tropical Wetland Management., In: Ioris, A.A.R. (ed.). Tropical Wetland Management: The South-American Pantanal and the International Experience. Ashgate Publishing Ltd., Farnham, Surrey, Chapter 1, pp1-6.

  • Vinten, A.J.A.; Spears, B., (2018) Cost-effectiveness of mitigation of sources of P pollution in the Lunan Water catchment: a note on effect of including point sources and internal loch sources of phosphorus along with different sources., Internal report, SEFARI, 4pp.
  • Vinten, A.J.A.; Gabriel, M.; Hoang-Cong, C.; Stockan, J., (2018) Could managing water levels of Lunan Water at the outlet to Balgavies Loch help conserve Chapel Mires from eutrophication and loss of biodiversity?, Report for Lunan Catchment Management Group, 15pp.
  • Spezia, L.; Vinten, A.J.A., (2018) A note on the analysis of turbidity data from the Wemyss catchment., Internal Report, The James Hutton Institute, Aberdeen.
  • Brooker, R.; Paterson E.; Glendell, M.; Ellis, C.; Eastwood, A.; Fraser, F.; Wilkinson, M.; Skuce, P.; Macleod, C.; Carvalho, L.; Fischer, A.; Comerford, D.; Holland, J.; Vinten, A.J.A.; McVittie, A., (2017) Report on natural assets theme science day, James Hutton Institute, Aberdeen, 2 October 2017., Theme 1 Web pages, 6pp.
  • Vinten, A.J.A.; Ibiyemi, A., (2017) Interim report on hydraulics modelling using HECRAS 5.0.1., 4th Lunan Catchment Management Group Meeting, 24 October 2017.
  • Vinten, A.J.A.; Kuhfuss, L.; Shortall, O.; Ibiyemi, A.; Pohle, I.; Gabriel, M.; Gunn, I.; O'Hare, M.; Olszewska, J.; Corrigan, J., (2017) Summary progress report on "Water for all project"., 4th Lunan Catchment Management Group Meeting, 24 October 2017, 10pp.
  • Vinten, A.J.A.; Wilkinson, M.; Sample, J.; Rear, L.; Hoang-Cong, C.; Novo, P.; Halliday, M., (2017) Water level management in the upper Lunan Water, Angus, Scotland, Report for James Hutton Website, 35pp.
  • Akoumianaki, I.; Potts, J.; Baggio, A.; Gimona, A.; Spezia, L.; Sample, J.; Vinten, A.J.A.; MacDonald, J., (2016) Developing a method to monitor the rural diffuse pollution plan: Providing a framework for interpreting catchment data., CREW Report, CRW2014/13.
  • Vinten, A.J.A.; May, L., (2016) Water ecosystem services in the Loch Leven and Lunan Water catchments., Report of Joint Workshop between Centre for Ecology and Hydrology and the James Hutton Institute, Guthrie Village Hall, Angus, 15 September 2016.
  • Matthews, K.B.; Miller, D.G.; Towers, W.; Squire, G.R.; Hawes, C.; Pakeman, R.J.; Brooker, R.; Brown, I.; Owen, J.; Vinten, A.J.A.; MacLeod, C.J.A., (2016) CAP Greening Review, Summary., Scottish Government and The James Hutton Institute Website.
  • Squire, G.R.; Hawes, C.; Pakeman, R.J.; Brooker, R.; Brown, I.; Towers, W.; Owen, J.; Vinten, A.J.A.; MacLeod, C.J.A., (2016) CAP Greening Review, Part 4, Expert Panel Review. Views of members of the expert panel on CAP Greening., Scottish Government and The James Hutton Institute Websites.
  • Miller, D.G.; Matthews, K.B.; Towers, W.; Pakeman, R.J.; Brooker, R.J.; Squire, G.; Hawes, C.; Vinten, A.J.A.; MacLeod, C.; Owen, J.; Wardell-Johnson, D.H., (2014) CAP Greening Review - Expert panel - Interim results., Technical Report for Policy.
  • Vinten, A.j.A.; Sample, J.; Ibeyemi, A.; Balana, B.; Diggins, G., (2014) Development of indicators of the impact of SRDP (2007-2013) measures on water quality and applications at national level and to the Lunan water catchment., Report for Scottish Government as part of sub-contract with rural development company on Scotland Rural Development Programme 2007-2013: Ongoing evaluation activity 2011 to 2013, Objective III Tender reference: RERAD/018/10.
  • Baggaley, N.J.; Addy, S.; Hough, R.L.; Loades, K.; Stutter, M.I.; Vinten, A.J.A., (2013) A scoping study into BSI PAS100 compost use to mitigate field and riverbank erosion in Scotland., Contract Report for Zero Waste Scotland, ZWS ORI003-005 PO:538.
  • Avery, L.; Chilton, S.; Connolly, E.; Cummins, A.; Glenk, K.; Hanley, N.; Hewitt, J.; Kay, D.; McPhail, C.; McRory, E.; McVittie, A.; Oliver, D.; Quilliam, R.; Rabinovici, S.; Rahman, A.; Roberts, S.; Shaikh, S.; Simpson, K.; Stirling, N.; Thairs, T.; Tinch, D.; van Niekerk, M.; Vinten, A.; Watts, B., (2013) Delivering healthy water: building the science-policy interface to protect bathing water quality, Report from Delivering Health Water Workshop 3, Stirling, 9-10 October 2012.
  • Matthews, K.B.; Artz, R.R.E.; Birch, A.N.E.; Blackstock, K.L.; Brooker, R.; Brown, I.; Cummins, R.; Flanigan, S.; Hallet, P.; Irvine, R.J.; Kenyon, W.; Pakeman, R.J., Prager, K.; Slee, B.; Squire, G.; Stutter, M.; Sutherland, L.; Thomson, K.; Towers, W.; Vinten, A.J.A., (2012) Developing agri-environmental measures for the next Scottish Rural Development Programme: a summary of relevant research findings from the James Hutton Institute., Report to the Scottish Government, Natural Resources Division, SRDP Technical Working Group (Agri-Environment), 11pp, 25 June 2012.
  • Sample, J.; Vinten, A.J.A., (2012) Assessing the effectiveness of SRDP measures: a GIS handbook., Report to Scottish Government Department of Rural Statistics.
  • Oliver, D.; Vinten, A.J.A., (2012) Report on Water of Fail Farmer Focus Group Meeting, 22 February 2012., Final Report, James Hutton Institute and University of Stirling, 24 April 2012.
  • Vinten, A.J.A.; Oliver, D.; Martin-Ortega, J.; Christen, B.; Jackson-Blake, L.; Macleod, C., (2011) CREW-DP report on workshop on strategies to assess effectiveness of diffuse pollution mitigation policy in Scotland., CREW-DP Workshop Final Report, The James Hutton Institute, 3-4 November 2011.
  • Vinten, A.J.A.; Abel, C.; Watson, H.; Taylor, A., (2009) Lunan monitored priority catchment project., Annual Report 2008.

Social, Economic and Geographical Sciences
Social, Economic and Geographical Sciences
Social Researcher
kerry.waylen@hutton.ac.uk
+44 (0)1224 395313

The James Hutton Institute
Craigiebuckler
Aberdeen AB15 8QH
Scotland UK

 

Current research interests

Kerry's main ongoing research projects

Her research is motivated by the following research questions:

  • When might it make sense to adopt new concepts and instruments for environmental management? How can we best understand the challenges and consequences of implementing such new concepts, especially those (such as the 'Ecosystem Approach') that encourage a systemic approach to connect multiple issues?
  • How are different knowledges produced and used in collaboration and decision-making for environmental management? If and how do concepts (such as ecosystem services) or tools (such as scenario-planning) influence processes of knowledge co-production, including in science-policy interfaces?
  • How can we better enable stakeholder participation in environmental management, including Community-Based Natural Resource Management (CBNRM) ?  What are the social and environmental consequences of doing so?

Kerry's expertise includes the following skills for carrying out, managing and communicating research:

  • Qualitative research methods e.g. semi-structured interviews, participant observation, Rapid Rural Appraisal, qualitative thematic analysis using both inductive and deductive approaches.
  • Quantitative research methods e.g. design, deployment and quantiative analysis of paper and online surveys for primary data collection, design and deplyment of systematic reviews and meta-analyses to identify and analyse secondary data
  • Design and facilitation of workshops for knowledge exchange and/or data collection.
  • Engaging and communicating with varied audiences using varied methods, from short written briefings, longer reports and academic papers, through to videos, oral presentations and blog posts.
  • Research project management, line management, student supervision, data management and research ethics.

Kerry currently co-supervises 1 PhD student: Kirsty Holstead, who is building understanding of community water governance, funded by a Hydronation scholarship, with Dr Shona Russell at the University of St Andrews. She previously co-supervised Sam Poskitt, who is exploring the potential of scenario-planning to support learning for sustainable development, joint funded by ESRC and the James Hutton Institute, with Dr Andrew Ainslie at the University of Reading. Sam obtained his PhD in March 2018 and now works at the University of Reading on the participatory extension work in developing countries.

Kerry is a trustee of the Orskov Foundation, a charitable foundation that supports students and communities to develop sustainable land use to support livelihoods in lower-income countries. She is also a research associate of CECHR, the Centre for Environmental Change and Human Resilience at Dundee.   Within the Institute, Kerry is leader of the 'Society Institutions and Governance' sub-group of SEGS, and she also founded the SEGS blog.

Past research

She jointly led research with Kirsty Blackstock to understand the potential and challanges of implementing the Ecosystem Approach, funded by the Scottish Government RESAS Strategic Research Programme 2011-2016. Click here to visit the webpage of the Ecosystem Approach Review. This and several other projects have explored multi-level constraints on adopting more systemic and/or participatory approaches to environmental management, including: exploration of the barriers to implementing natural flood management in Scotland; analysing the first round of River Basin Management Planning for implementation of the Water Framework Directive in Scotland; and appraising the factors that can act as barriers to improving water quality.

She has explored the potential of scenario-planning to support natural resource management: she first explored scenarios of future change environmental, social and policy change for FP7-project REFRESH, then for COMET-LA (an EU FP7 project on Community-based Management of Environmental Challenges in Latin America) she explored if and how scenario-planning can assist communities to identify and develop sustainable community-based management. From 2012-16 Kerry used this knowledge to support Malawian villages and district-level planning for integrated natural resource management in two projects called "Water Futures: Towards Equitable Resource Strategies" aimed to improve the resilience of Malawi'sn water management, whilst successor project 'MAJI' focused on how to take account of climate change.

Kerry also has expertise on knowledge co-production processes relating to environmental management: she co-led WP2 for the FP7 project ‘SPIRAL’ (Science Policy Interfaces for Research Action and Learning, for biodiversity). She has used this expertise to help support practical science-policy connections in later projects such as MAGIC. For example, she helped designed the ESPPI:CREW project to evaluate science-policy and practice links for the Scottish Centre of Expertise in Waters and was involved in CATCH II, an initiative which aimed to try to better connect policy, practitioners working in and for integrated catchment management.

Prior to working at the James Hutton Institute Kerry's PhD research, carried out at Imperial College London 2006-2009, examined how combinations of individual views, culture and local institutions could influence the outcomes of community-based conservation in developing countries. In addition to policy-relevant work with NGOs, her prior experience included social research into attitudes towards nature resources in Trinidad, as part of an MSc from Imperial College. Her first degree is a MA in Natural Sciences, from Cambridge University.

Bibliography

  • Young, J.; Waylen, K.A.; van den Hove, S.; Watt, A., (2016) SPIRAL Improving science-policy interfaces for biodiversity., In: Martinuzzi, A. & Sedlacko, M. (eds.). Knowledge Brokerage for Sustainable Development. Innovative Tools for Increasing Research Impact and Evidence-Based Policy-Making. Greenleaf Publishing, Saltaire, UK, pp275-290.
  • Blackstock, K.L.; Waylen, K.A., (2016) Delivering ecosystem services at a national scale: institutions and governance., In: Brooker, R., Hester, A. & Pakeman, R. (eds.). Ecosystem Services. The James Hutton Institute, Craigiebuckler, Aberdeen, pp18-19.
  • Waylen, K.A.; Blackstock, K.L., (2016) Concepts: 'Eco' terminology., In: Brooker, R., Hester, A. & Pakeman, R. (eds.). Ecosystem Services. The James Hutton Institute, Craigiebuckler, Aberdeen, pp4-5.
  • Waylen, K.A.; Gearey, B.R.; Blackstock, K.L., (2016) Peatlands and cultural ecosystem services., In: Bonn, A., Allott, T., Evans, M., Joosten, H. & Stoneman, R. (eds.). Peatland Restoration for Ecosystem Services. Ecological Reviews Series, British Ecological Society, Cambridge University Press, Chapter 7, pp114-128.

Environmental and Biochemical Sciences
Environmental and Biochemical Sciences
Hydromorphologist
stephen.addy@hutton.ac.uk
+44 (0)344 928 5428 (*)

The James Hutton Institute
Craigiebuckler
Aberdeen AB15 8QH
Scotland UK

 

Steve is a hydromorphologist who is interested in physical processes and forms within river systems.  His background is in physical geography and fluvial geomorphology.  Based at the University of Aberdeen, he gained a BSc degree in geography in 2005 and completed a PhD in fluvial geomorphology in 2009.  The PhD work examined controls on the distribution of channel reach types and tested the effectiveness of an existing channel reach classification system in upland catchments of the upper River Dee catchment, north-east Scotland.

Current research interests

His main current research interests are:

  • Evaluating the effectiveness of river restoration at the reach scale in a degraded agricultural stream (Logie Burn, Aberdeenshire) and a large gravel bed river with an altered floodplain (River Dee near Braemar, Aberdeenshire).
  • The effectiveness of natural flood management and coarse sediment measures including novel in-stream wooden structures in upland catchments (Bowmont Water, Scottish Borders).
  • The impacts of hydroelectric power on river geomorphology and the habitats of freshwater pearl mussels and salmonids (River Kerry, Wester Ross).
  • Investigating the geomorphic impact of the 30th of December 2015 'Storm Frank'  flood on the River Dee and the 8th of January 2016 flood on other rivers in Aberdeenshire to help inform sustainable river management.

In addition to this core research, Steve undertakes consultancy work for river restoration and managment assessments where expertise in fluvial geomorphology is required.  In collaboration with the EnviroCentre, he has worked as the principal hydromorphologist on a number of projects for SNH (EU LIFE funded Pearls in Peril project; sites in the River Dee catchment, Aberdeenshire and South Esk catchment, Angus), SEPA (Pow Burn, Angus) and the Tomintoul and Glenlivet Landscape Partnership (River Avon, Moray).   

Bibliography

  • Addy, S., (2018) Modeling the hydraulic effects of a naturally occurring log jam on the Logie Burn: further work. , Report sent to Stakeholder.
  • Pakeman, R.J.; Gimona, A.; Glendell, M.; Yeluripati, J.; Addy, S.; van Hulst, F.; Matthews, K.; Mitchell, R.; Rivington, M., (2018) Climate change, natural capital and adaptation in Scotland’s marginal lands., Report to ClimateXChange, 17pp.
  • Ngai, R.; Wilkinson, M.; Nisbet, T.; Harvey, R.; Addy, S.; Burgess-Gamble, L.; Rose, S.; Maslen, S.; Nicholson, A.; Page, T; Jonczyk, J.; Quinn, P., (2017) Working with natural processes evidence directory: Appendix 2 - literature review., Project Report, SC150005, Environment Agency, October 2017, Appendix 2, 323pp.
  • Burgess-Gamble, L.; Ngai, R.; Wilkinson, M.; Nisbet, T.; Pontee, N.; Harvey, R.; Kipling, K.; Addy, S.; Rose, S.; Maslen, S.; Jay, H. Nicholson, A.; Page, T.; Jonczyk, J.; Quinn, P., (2017) Working with natural processes evidence directory., Project Report, SC150005, Environment Agency, October 2017, 289pp.
  • Addy, S., (2017) Morphological changes to the River Dee, Aberdeenshire due to the 30th of December 2015 'Storm Frank' flood., Report disseminated to Stakeholders.
  • Addy, S.; Wilkinson, M.E., (2017) The Bowmont catchment initiative: An assessment of catchment hydrology and Natural Flood Management measures. Four year summary., Scientific Report for Scottish Government, 50pp.
  • Addy, S.; Cooksley, S.; Dodd, N.; Waylen, K.A.; Byg, A.; Holstead, K., (2016) River restoration and biodiversity: nature-based solutions for restoring the rivers of the UK and Republic of Ireland., Published Jointly by IUCN, NCUK and CREW, 64pp. CRW2014/10. ISBN: 978-0-902701-16-8
  • Addy, S.; Cooksley, S.; Dodd, N., (2015) IUCN NCUK River restoration and biodiversity expert workshop report, 5-6 November 2014., Report for CREW Project Number CRW2014_10.
  • Baggaley, N.J.; Addy, S.; Hough, R.L.; Loades, K.; Stutter, M.I.; Vinten, A.J.A., (2013) A scoping study into BSI PAS100 compost use to mitigate field and riverbank erosion in Scotland., Contract Report for Zero Waste Scotland, ZWS ORI003-005 PO:538.

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The James Hutton Research Institute is the result of the merger in April 2011 of MLURI and SCRI. This merger formed a new powerhouse for research into food, land use, and climate change.