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The topic of water research involves staff from across multiple disciplines at the James Hutton Institute who collaborate on Water Related research.  Their work, either as part of our research programme for the Scottish Government or for other research requests. These postings capture some of the outputs of this research.

Water Research at the James Hutton Institute (Research Page)

The topic of water research involves staff from multiple disciplines at the James Hutton Institute who collaborate on Water Related research.  Their work, either as part of our research programme for the Scottish Government o ... Read more

Behaviours in relation to rural diffuse pollution (Research Page)

Significant efforts and resources have been deployed to mitigate rural diffuse pollution through regulatory, guidance and voluntary measures. Despite these ongoing efforts, rural diffuse pollution remains a persisten problem. In S ... Read more

Social, Economic and Geographical Sciences
Social, Economic and Geographical Sciences
Research Assistant - Qualitative Methods
alba.juarezbourke@hutton.ac.uk
+44 (0)1224 395300 (direct)

The James Hutton Institute
Craigiebuckler
Aberdeen AB15 8QH
Scotland UK

 

Alba is a research assistant in qualitative methods working in the Social, Economic and Geographical Sciences research group at the James Hutton Institute.She completed a BSc in Environmental Sciences at the University of Valencia and an MSc in Social-Ecological Resilience for Sustainable Development at Stockholm Resilience Centre.

Current research interests

Identifying lessons for integrating delivery of water policy goals from international examples. This is funded by the Scottish Government RESAS Strategic Research Programme 2016-2021.

Exploring how policy instruments interact to shape the management of soil, water and biodiversity. This is funded by the Scottish Government RESAS Strategic Research Programme 2016-2021

Understanding of the role of habitats and biodiversity in the production of ecosystem services, and of the impact of management interventions on ecosystem service flows, within the Scottish Government funded RESAS Strategic Research Programme 2016-2021.

Exploring narratives that shape European environmental policies, within the project MAGIC 'Moving Towards Adaptive Governance in Complexity: Informing Nexus Security', funded by EU H2020.

Evaluating the impact of the Scottish Government funded Community Resilience Development Officer Post.

Past research

Alba’s past interest was in understanding the effect of stakeholder participation in natural resource management on outcomes in ecosystem and in learning processes. For her master’s thesis, Alba examined the involvement of stakeholders in the development of a land-use plan in Doñana, in Spain, through the lens of adaptive co-management.

New report on river restoration and biodiversity launched (News)

A new report on river restoration and biodiversity, published by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) and by Scotland's Centre of Expertise for Waters (CREW), describes the importance of rivers in the UK a ... Read more

Exploring how to integrate goals for water management (Project)

There have been decades of calls for more integration in water and catchment management.  Many academic and policy documents state that improving integration should aid us in improving water management, particularly to effici ... Read more

MAGIC “Moving Towards Adaptive Governance in Complexity: Informing Nexus Security" (Project)

MAGIC takes a fresh look at the Europe’s goals for smart, sustainable and inclusive growth and the policies and instruments intended to support these goals. Many issues – including water, energy and food security - are ... Read more

Environmental and Biochemical Sciences
Environmental and Biochemical Sciences
Catchment Modeller
miriam.glendell@hutton.ac.uk
+44 (0)344 928 5428 (*)

The James Hutton Institute
Craigiebuckler
Aberdeen AB15 8QH
Scotland UK

 

I am a catchment scientist interested in a cross-disciplinary understanding of the effects of land use on multiple ecosystem services, including water quality, freshwater biodiversity, soil conservation and carbon management in catchment systems.  My research combines aspects of freshwater biology, hydrology, soil science and biogeochemistry to address key challenges related to the sustainable management of soils and surface water.

Current research interests

Applying and developing catchment and national scale water quality models for nitrogen, phosphorus and faecal indicator organisms.

Developing sediment tracing tools using biomarkers and stable isotopes.

Linking physico-chemical indicators of water quality to ecological status.

Past research

  • ‘Linking the terrestrial and aquatic carbon fluxes at a catchment scale’ – a proof of concept project to develop a methodological framework for quantifying of lateral C fluxes from the terrestrial to the aquatic environments at a catchment scale.
  • ‘Piloting  a cost-effective framework for monitoring soil erosion in England and Wales’ – national pilot study funded by the UK Department of Food, Farming and Rural Affairs
  • ‘Evaluating an ecosystem management approach for improving water quality on the Holnicote Estate, Exmoor’ – a national demonstration project to evaluate the effectiveness of natural flood management measures to deliver multiple ecosystem benefits, including flood protection, water quality and carbon stewardship.

MAJI: More Action for Just Initiatives for Climate Change Adaptation in Southern Africa (Project)

The James Hutton Institute helps to support effective and equitable water management that will be sustainable in the long-term (and in the face of climate change), through its role in supporting a VSO-led project called “&qu ... Read more

Flood inundation modelling (Research Page)

Tarland modelling                         Hydraulic models help to predict where flooding might occur, how s ... Read more

Exploring barriers to natural flood management (Project)

This project aims to provide a better understanding of barriers to the adoption and implementation of natural flood management (NFM) in Scotland.  ... Read more

Review of the economics of sustainable land management measures in drinking water catchments (Project)

Project aim The aim of this project was to review the economics of sustainable land management measures in catchments where abstraction for the provision of drinking water takes place. Funding was provided by CREW (Scotland&rsqu ... Read more

URflood: Outputs (Research Page)

Main outputs from the project: ... Read more

Environmental and Biochemical Sciences
Environmental and Biochemical Sciences
Flood Risk Management Scientist
mark.wilkinson@hutton.ac.uk
+44 (0)344 928 5428 (*)

The James Hutton Institute
Craigiebuckler
Aberdeen AB15 8QH
Scotland UK

 

Environmental and Biochemical Sciences
Environmental and Biochemical Sciences
Senior Scientist
marc.stutter@hutton.ac.uk
+44 (0)1224 395162

The James Hutton Institute
Craigiebuckler
Aberdeen AB15 8QH
Scotland UK

 

Current research interests

My research aims to understand catchment biogeochemical processes affecting the interactions between landscapes, their management and the resulting impacts on water quality and quantity. My studies involve examining how biological, physical and chemical processes interact to determine the fate and impacts of nutrients and other potential pollutants, such as sediments and particulate bound contaminants.

It is increasingly important that we understand coupled factors of biogeochemistry to allow us to better predict and potentially control catchment processes to our benefit. Coupled nutrient cycling is a central theme to my research and provides a good example of ‘systems thinking’ at a process level.

However, catchment ‘systems thinking’ has to cross multiple scales to involve processes from surface interactions between soils and flowing waters to the decisions that land managers make at field to farm scales, to regional and national policy drivers.

This remains a key challenge in my work as theme leader for Managing Catchments and Coasts to provide the critical fine scale knowledge necessary to inform real world decision making at larger management and regulation scales.

As land use and environmental change pressures accumulate we will be looking increasingly to sound scientific principles of biogeochemistry to help manipulate catchment systems to function more efficiently.

This means learning to enhance natural biogeochemical function or understanding constraints of where to act in catchments to optimise growing demands for biodiversity, farming, energy, places to live and economic gain. Some highlights of my recent and ongoing work are given below.

Understanding and improving water quality

I have sought to link understanding from nutrient and sediment monitoring in catchments with laboratory based experimentation and characterisation of soils, sediments and their reactions with water. This has been targeted to issues such as reducing nutrient losses from farmland and explaining rising DOC concentrations in upland soils.

I use novel combinations of analytical methods to study the dynamics of different nutrient forms (dissolved, particulate and organically-complexed) from sources, transport to in-river cycling. This feeds into the design of diffuse pollution mitigation methods aiming to reduce key sources and interrupt transport pathways.

Through upscaling I have then examined the cumulative effectiveness of these mitigation measures at field and catchment scales including appraisals of costs and other practicalities. My ‘systems biogeochemical approach’ has allowed me to address constraints of mitigation such as pollutant swapping between dissolved nutrient to gas release and between particulate to dissolved nutrient forms.

Managing riparian areas for multiple benefits

My work has shown that we cannot adopt riparian buffer strips to minimise nutrient delivery from farmland to waters without proper consideration of their management. Initial chemical studies showed high P solubility in buffer soils and further biogeochemical exploration then suggested an accelerated turnover of upslope P inputs by microbial processes.

Our improved biogeochemical process knowledge suggests a need for vegetative P mining to offset buffer P accumulation. These studies highlight riparian buffers as a critical interface for attaining multiple benefits for habitat, erosion trapping, bank stabilisation, tree shading and woody debris and wider recreational benefits.

This work aims to show that by coupling bank side and stream channel ecosystem services we can promote a more heterogeneous and resilient system against future coupled stressors of pollution and climate.

Improving phosphorus resource use efficiency

An efficient use of the P resource is crucial to sustaining agricultural production and minimising pollution of waters. My work unites aspects of promoting efficient crop acquisition of applied P, minimising losses from the field edge and recovering beneficial resources such as P from materials previously viewed as ‘wastes’ (such as sewage or anaerobic digestate).

This biogeochemical understanding is working to understand mechanisms such as how crops may compete with soils for sequestered soil P and how waste processing may optimise nutrient recovery. Read more details on the nutrient cycles page.

An improved knowledge of soil phosphorus concentrations is key to better management in matching agronomic inputs to crop requirements to minimise losses such as by soil P leaching. We are doing this with in partnership with the farming community, who are actively taking part in sampling to learn more about this resource. Learn about this project and how to get involved on the farmer led phosphorus sampling page.

Current positions

  • Managing Catchments and Coasts Research Theme Leader.
  • Lead of the Scottish Government’s research theme on Safe and Sustainable Supply Chains for Water and Renewable Energy.
  • Member of the Management Committee for the Dee Catchment Partnership.
  • Associate Editor for Journal of Environmental Quality (2012-15).
  • Associate Guest Editor on special editions for both Science of the Total Environment (2012) and Journal of Environmental Quality (2010).

Active projects

  • Policy delivery projects for SEPA through the Centre of Expertise for Waters: CREW: Factoring ecological significance of P into catchment source methodologies.
  • CREW: Development of Guidelines for Management of Riparian Buffer Strips.
  • 2012-2016: NERC and Scottish Government. The multi-scale response of water quality, biodiversity and C sequestration to coupled macronutrient cycling from source to Sea. Macronutrients Cycles Programme.
  • 2010-2013: NERC. Environmental Virtual Observatory.
  • 2013-2016: BBSRC. Exploiting root exudation of organic acids and phytases to enhance plant utilisation of soil phosphorus.

Current postgraduate students

  • 2010-2013: Will Roberts. Soil management, retention and transport of phosphorus in riparian buffer strips. James Hutton Institute/Lancaster University
  • 2012 - ongoing: Samia Richards. Tracing sources of phosphorus from small point sources in catchments. James Hutton Institute/University of Bangor
  • 2011 - ongoing: Laura Cruickshank. Novel silica, lanthanide complex-doped fluorescent particles as potential soil erosion tracers. James Hutton Institute/Robert Gordon University, Aberdeen.
  • 2012 - ongoing: Adam Wyness. Influence of sediment characteristics on the transport of pathogens from freshwaters to coasts. James Hutton Institute/University of St Andrews
  • 2012 – ongoing: Joseph Oyesikublakemore. Integrating terrestrial and hydrological-based models to assess gaseous and aquatic C:N fluxes. James Hutton Institute/University of Aberdeen.

Past research

  • 2012: Scottish Natural Heritage. River sensor network.
  • 2011-2013: European Regional Development Fund. INTERREG IVB WaterCAP.
  • 2011: Rannoch Trust. Loch Laidon grazing experiment water quality report.
  • 2010-2011: Scotland and Northern Ireland Forum for Environmental Research. Aquatic carbon fluxes from UK peatlands.
  • 2010-2013: NERC Case Studentship. Stream bank management, retention and transport of phosphorus (SMART P).
  • 2009: Environment Agency. Rural SuDS.
  • 2009: JMT. JMT carbon project.
  • 2008-2011: COST Office. COST Action 869 - Nutrient mitigation options.
  • 2007-2009: Scottish Natural Heritage. Climate change, land management and erosion in the organic and organo-mineral soils in Scotland and Northern Ireland.

Social, Economic and Geographical Sciences
Social, Economic and Geographical Sciences
Research Assistant in Environmental Governance
keith.marshall@hutton.ac.uk
+44 (0)1224 395406

The James Hutton Institute
Craigiebuckler
Aberdeen AB15 8QH
Scotland UK

 

I am a post-doctoral research assistant working in the Societies, Institutions and Governance sub-group of the Social, Economic and Geographical Sciences group here at the James Hutton Institute. I have a research and teaching background in resource management, conservation biology and habitat modelling for species conservation in the UK and overseas. I then moved, via studies on wildlife related human conflict, to researching issues around stakeholder attitudes, collaborative processes and governance structures in relation to natural resource management challenges.

 

Information and Computational Sciences
Information and Computational Sciences
Senior Catchment Modeller
kit.macleod@hutton.ac.uk
+44 (0)344 928 5428 (*)

The James Hutton Institute
Craigiebuckler
Aberdeen AB15 8QH
Scotland UK

 

Current research interests

My research focus is on land and water resource systems, using data science and participatory technologies to improve our understanding of their functioning, use and management under environmental change.

Environmental and Biochemical Sciences
Environmental and Biochemical Sciences
Senior Research Scientist
rachel.helliwell@hutton.ac.uk
+44 (0)344 928 5428 (*)

The James Hutton Institute
Craigiebuckler
Aberdeen AB15 8QH
Scotland UK

 

Current research interests

Rachel is currently working with the Water Industry Team at the Scottish Government to develop the Hydro Nation International programme, an initiative geared towards the delivery of Sustainable Development Goal 6 (Ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all by 2030). She is responsible for projects in India and Malawi and currently coordinates a decentralised waste water treatment project, designed with a local community for a rural school in India.

Rachel is particularly interested in co-designing her research with stakeholder groups to ensure it is relevant, fit for purpose and the translation of scientific information is effectively communicated to regulators, policy makers, industry and the general public. She is currently focusing on the development of new initiatives to build capacity in her area of work and ensure a sustainable legacy of projects beyond the period of funding.

As part of her commitment to the Scottish Government's Strategic Research Programme, Rachel is leading a project on river temperatures in Scotland. The research has shown evidence that Scottish rivers are warming. Increases can be attributed to rising air temperatures in spring, less snow accumulation during winter, and earlier snow melt. A factsheet has been disseminated amongst estate managers, policy makers and regulators, to highlight the root of the problem and demonstrate management options to enhance the resilience of rivers to change. A number of positive actions to keep rivers cools are recommended.

Social, Economic and Geographical Sciences
Social, Economic and Geographical Sciences
Qualitatitve Social Scientist
kirsty.blackstock@hutton.ac.uk
+44 (0)344 928 5428 (*)

The James Hutton Institute
Craigiebuckler
Aberdeen AB15 8QH
Scotland UK

 

Current research interests

My research focuses on governance, particularly public and stakeholder participation in environmental policy making and implementation. I have an associated interest in the use of 'tools' as deliberative boundary objects in decision making and evaluation processes. I generally favour mixed qualitative methods such as interviews, focus groups and participant observation. Threading through my research is an interest in reconciling critical approaches to policy making and implementation with constructive engagement in knowledge exchange with policy actors. This reflects my interest in ‘studying up’ – using the politics and practices of participatory research to work with people in positions of power and authority.  Currently, I am considering how systemic approaches co-exist with, conflict with or shape existing policies shaping Scottish land and water management, and moving into the study of reconciling living within planetary boundaries with social, environmental and geographical justice.

 

Ongoing projects

  • I am part of the Hutton team contributing to the H2020 project “Moving Towards Adaptive Governance in Complexity: Informing Nexus Security” (MAGIC - see also here) led by Mario Giampietro at Autonomous University of Barcelona (2016-2020).  My focus is to work on the 'semantic' phase of the quantitative story telling cycle - elicting and analysing narratives about the Common Agricultural Policy and its interaction with the Water-Energy-Food Nexus, Climate Change and Sustainable Develoment Goals; and discussing with EU stakeholders whether the outcomes of the social metabolism accounting are feasible, viable and/or desirable.
  • I coordinated the Scottish Government Strategic Research Programme WP1.4 on “Integrated and Sustainable Management of Natural Assets“ from April 2016 to April 2018. I contribute to several aspects of the research, including supporting our consideration of how adaptive management is practiced in Scotland (WP1.4.3) and participating in the Scottish Forum for Natural Capital's working group on Future Land Manager Business Models. My substantive contributions are focussed on how policy implementation can better support the delivery of multiple benefits and protect our natural assets. The focus is on the coordination or integration of policy instruments and the role of monitoring in developing a more systemic approach to management.
  • I work closely with two Macaulay Development Trust Fellows - Jessica Maxwell with reference to linking planning to ecosystem services; and Paola Ovando-Pol with reference to Natural Capital. I also supervise a Macaulay Development Trust funded PhD studentship on Natural Capital Accounting: Distribution of Benefits. Oliver Zwiner is co-supervised by myself and Julia Martin-Ortega (University of Leeds).
  • Past Projects

Social, Economic and Geographical Sciences
Social, Economic and Geographical Sciences
Principal Researcher in Catchment Management & Water Quality
andy.vinten@hutton.ac.uk
+44 (0)344 928 5428 (*)

The James Hutton Institute
Craigiebuckler
Aberdeen AB15 8QH
Scotland UK

 

Andy Vinten is a principal catchment scientist, with over 20 years background in applied research in soil and water management. After graduating from Oxford University with a BA in Agricultural and Forest sciences, and a PhD in soil science, he worked on irrigation and water quality issues in the Volcani Center Israel for four years. Thereafter he was a lecturer and senior lecturer on soil science at Scottish Agricultural College, Edinburgh, and managed a Masters Course in Environmental Protection and Management  for 10 years. He joined the Institute in 2005. 

Current research interests

Andy has worked on modelling and measurement of the transport of pollutants (nitrates, phosphates, micro-organisms, pesticides etc.), for many years and contributed to the growing appreciation of the role that agricultural activities play in contributing to bathing water pollution issues in SW Scotland. 

Recent work includes assessment of cost effectiveness and proportionality of diffuse pollutant mitigation measures. This has shown support for SEPA’s targets for restoration of standing waters to Good Ecological Status, but demonstrates that for many lochs where mitigation is likely to be costly, costs can exceed society’s willingness to pay.

He has also sought to identify the responses of stream benthic microbial communities to aquatic pollution using molecular methods, and carried out modelling on the risk of microbial pollution from livestock influencing human health through bathing water and drinking water pollution; A recent interest is in the development of a new technique, filter fences, for erosion control in the aftermath of potatoes.

On-going and recent projects

Social, Economic and Geographical Sciences
Social, Economic and Geographical Sciences
Social Research on Natural Resource Management
kerry.waylen@hutton.ac.uk
+44 (0)1224 395313

The James Hutton Institute
Craigiebuckler
Aberdeen AB15 8QH
Scotland UK

 

Current research interests

  • How are efforts for adaptive (co)governance shaped and constrained by existing institutions and ways of working? How do the various goals for environmental governance - i.e. to be more joined up, to more effective, to be more efficient - interact? What are the implications for adapting or reforming existing and policy and governance arrangements?
  • When might it make sense to adopt new concepts and instruments for environmental management? How can we best understand the challenges and consequences of implementing such new concepts, especially those (such as the 'Ecosystem Approach') that encourage a systemic approach to connect multiple issues?
  • How are different knowledges produced and used in collaboration and decision-making? If and how do concepts (such as ecosystem services) or tools (such as scenario-planning) influence processes of knowledge co-production, including in science-policy interfaces? How do monitoring and evaluation programmes reflect and shape expectations of knowledge use?
  • How do efforts to encourage more collaborative and participatory approaches in environmental management and governance play out, and what are the tensions and interactions with other drivers and approaches?

Kerry's main ongoing research projects

Kerry's current work predominantly uses qualitative research methods, e.g. collecting data from semi-structured interviews, workshops, participant observation, analysed using both inductive and deductive approaches.  She also has expertise in quantitative methods e.g. design, deployment and quantiative analysis of paper and online surveys for primary data collection, design and deplyment of systematic reviews and meta-analyses to analyse secondary data. She has an established track record in project management, stakeholder engagement, line management, student supervision, data management and research ethics.

Kerry currently co-supervises 1 PhD student: Kirsty Holstead, who is building understanding of community water governance, funded by a Hydronation scholarship, with Dr Shona Russell at the University of St Andrews. She previously co-supervised Sam Poskitt, who is exploring the potential of scenario-planning to support learning for sustainable development, joint funded by ESRC and the James Hutton Institute, with Dr Andrew Ainslie at the University of Reading. Sam obtained his PhD in March 2018 and now works at the University of Reading on the participatory extension work in developing countries.

Kerry is a trustee of the Orskov Foundation, a charitable foundation that supports students and communities to develop sustainable land use to support livelihoods in lower-income countries. She is also a research associate of CECHR, the Centre for Environmental Change and Human Resilience at Dundee.   Within the Institute, Kerry has led the 'Society Institutions and Governance' sub-group of SEGS, and she also founded the SEGS blog.

Past research

She jointly led research with Kirsty Blackstock to understand the potential and challanges of implementing the Ecosystem Approach, funded by the Scottish Government RESAS Strategic Research Programme 2011-2016. Click here to visit the webpage of the Ecosystem Approach Review. This and several other projects have explored multi-level constraints on adopting more systemic and/or participatory approaches to environmental management, including: exploration of the barriers to implementing natural flood management in Scotland; analysing the first round of River Basin Management Planning for implementation of the Water Framework Directive in Scotland; and appraising the factors that can act as barriers to improving water quality.

She has explored the potential of scenario-planning to support natural resource management: she first explored scenarios of future change environmental, social and policy change for FP7-project REFRESH, then for COMET-LA (an EU FP7 project on Community-based Management of Environmental Challenges in Latin America) she explored if and how scenario-planning can assist communities to identify and develop sustainable community-based management. From 2012-16 Kerry used this knowledge to support Malawian villages and district-level planning for integrated natural resource management in two projects called "Water Futures: Towards Equitable Resource Strategies" aimed to improve the resilience of Malawia's water management, whilst successor project 'MAJI' focused on how to take account of climate change.

Kerry has expertise on knowledge co-production processes relating to environmental management: she co-led WP2 for the FP7 project ‘SPIRAL’ (Science Policy Interfaces for Research Action and Learning, for biodiversity). She has used this expertise to help support practical science-policy connections in later projects such as MAGIC. For example, she helped designed the ESPPI:CREW project to evaluate science-policy and practice links for the Scottish Centre of Expertise in Waters and was involved in CATCH II, an initiative which aimed to try to better connect policy, practitioners working in and for integrated catchment management. In 2017-18 she a multi-partner collaboration "Monitoring and Evaluation for Ecosystem Management (MEEM) - Comparing theory and practice across Europe" to assess the extent to which adaptive management is supported by the monitoring driven by key European policies. This was funded as a 'High Impact Action' funded by ALTER-Net, Europe's ecosystem research network.

Prior to working at the James Hutton Institute Kerry's PhD research, carried out at Imperial College London 2006-2009, examined how combinations of individual views, culture and local institutions could influence the outcomes of community-based conservation in developing countries. In addition to policy-relevant work with NGOs, her prior experience included social research into attitudes towards nature resources in Trinidad, as part of an MSc from Imperial College. Her first degree is a MA in Natural Sciences, from Cambridge University.

Environmental and Biochemical Sciences
Environmental and Biochemical Sciences
Hydromorphologist
stephen.addy@hutton.ac.uk
+44 (0)344 928 5428 (*)

The James Hutton Institute
Craigiebuckler
Aberdeen AB15 8QH
Scotland UK

 

Steve is a hydromorphologist who is interested in physical processes and forms within river systems.  His background is in physical geography and fluvial geomorphology.  Based at the University of Aberdeen, he gained a BSc degree in geography in 2005 and completed a PhD in fluvial geomorphology in 2009. 

Current research interests

His main current research interests are:

  • Evaluating the effectiveness of river restoration at the reach scale in a degraded agricultural stream (Logie Burn, Aberdeenshire) and a large gravel bed river with an altered floodplain (River Dee near Braemar, Aberdeenshire).
  • The effectiveness of natural flood management and coarse sediment measures including novel in-stream wooden structures in upland catchments (Bowmont Water, Scottish Borders).
  • Monitoring and modelling the hydro-geomorphic effects of in-channel large wood features (Logie Burn, Aberdeenshire).
  • Investigating the geomorphic impact of the 30th of December 2015 'Storm Frank'  flood on the River Dee and the 8th of January 2016 flood on other rivers in Aberdeenshire to help inform sustainable river management.

In addition to this core research, Steve undertakes consultancy work for river restoration and managment assessments where expertise in fluvial geomorphology is required.  Steve has experience in undertaking geomorphic mapping, using topographical survey equipment and sediment survey techniques. 


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The James Hutton Research Institute is the result of the merger in April 2011 of MLURI and SCRI. This merger formed a new powerhouse for research into food, land use, and climate change.