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Ecological Sciences (Research Page)

Ecological Sciences (ES) is a multi-disciplinary group of over 80 researchers with a unique breadth of scientific expertise, skills and knowledge in the ecology, physiology and systematics of microbes, lichens, fungi, plants, inve ... Read more

Fungi, the world’s most essential organisms (News)

For many people fungi are simply the edible mushrooms that appear on your dinner plate or the toadstool you pass by in your local park, however fungi are some of the planets most vital organisms. They provide powerful medicines in ... Read more

Craigiebuckler Autumnwatch (Event)

  Join the staff at the James Hutton Institute as they bring to life the activities of the creatures great and small that make their home within the grounds of Craigiebuckler. A week of free events providing a window on the ... Read more

ALTER: can increasing the carbon in soil combat climate change? (News)

Scientists from the James Hutton Institute are supporting the Asian Agricultural Long-Term Experiment (ALTER) with the aim of providing scientific basis and management options for soil sequestration and agricultural sustainability ... Read more

Film screening - “10 Billion What’s on your plate?” (Event)

We are pleased to invite you to a screening of “10 Billion What’s on your plate?”, on Thursday 22 March 2018. Doors will be open at 6:30 pm with the event starting at 7:00. The film follows th ... Read more

Emotional openness key for STEM researchers (News)

What makes a good scientist? What qualities are assets for success in the highly competitive and challenging environment of science? An outdated stereotype often paints a picture that all scientists are cold, hard, unemotional... ... Read more

Fatty acids and lipids under the spotlight (News)

Lipids are an essential ingredient in a variety of industries including food and drink, health and biosciences, and play a fundamental role in biological functions such as storing energy, signaling and the structuring of our cell ... Read more

Beating the ‘scourge’ of plastic waste (News)

Around 6.3 billion tonnes of plastic waste have so far been generated globally. Almost 80% of it goes into landfill or natural environment. Given the harm this causes, especially in the marine environment, the need to do something ... Read more

'A Plastic Ocean' Film Screening (Event)

The global production of plastic continues to grow and a significant proportion of this ends up in our oceans. It is predicted that by 2025, without improvements to waste management, there will be 1 ton of plastic for every 3 tons ... Read more

Connections between greenspace and residents to be explored in Cumbernauld project (News)

Researchers at the James Hutton Institute have become important partners in a project which aims to improve green spaces in a Lanarkshire town. Cumbernauld Living Landscape, a partnership between the Scottish Wildlife Trust, Nor ... Read more

The Birse and Robertson Archive (Research Page)

Introduction ... Read more

First Hydro Nation scholar concludes studies (News)

Christopher Schulz, a PhD candidate in Geography at the University of Edinburgh, the James Hutton Institute (Aberdeen) and Scotland’s Rural College (SRUC), Edinburgh, recently became the first scholar of the Hydro Nation Sch ... Read more

Fatty acids and lipids under the spotlight (News)

Lipids are an essential ingredient in a variety of industries including food and drink, health and biosciences, and play a fundamental role in biological functions such as storing energy, signaling and the structuring of our cell ... Read more

Mapping ecosystem services: science in action (News)

Ecosystem services – the flows of resources such as clean air, water, food, materials and mental restoration generated by the interaction of humans and nature – are the subject of significant research efforts by scient ... Read more

Hutton honorary fellow awarded Collins Medal for applied mineralogical research (News)

Professor Jeff Wilson, Honorary Research Fellow of the James Hutton Institute, has been presented with the Collins Medal at the President’s Lunch of the Mineralogical Society of Great Britain and Ireland. ... Read more

Economic impact of James Hutton Institute assessed by independent report (News)

An analysis commissioned by the James Hutton Institute has calculated that the Institute delivers £12.75 of economic benefit for each £1 received in funding from the Scottish government - a substantial economic impact ... Read more

Hutton Criteria for potato late blight risk analysis unveiled at AHDB conference (News)

New risk criteria which aim to transform the performance of potato late blight alert systems were revealed today (7th December) at AHDB’s Agronomists’ Conference in Peterborough. Arising from research undertaken by t ... Read more

Decision to keep beavers in Scotland welcomed by Hutton scientists (News)

Scientists at the James Hutton Institute have welcomed the Scottish Government's decision to allow beavers to remain in Argyll and Tayside as a protected species, but warned continued long-term monitoring and active manag ... Read more

Potatosize (Research Page)

The PotatoSize app provides potato growers with information on the proportion of their crop that lies within each size range of interest. It uses image analysis to interpret a photo of potatoes sampled in the field. Development wa ... Read more

New report on river restoration and biodiversity launched (News)

A new report on river restoration and biodiversity, published by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) and by Scotland's Centre of Expertise for Waters (CREW), describes the importance of rivers in the UK a ... Read more

Hutton soil forensic evidence helps police secure murder conviction (News)

Soil isn’t just dirt: it’s the ideal trace material, as it sticks when wet and can be highly distinctive. That’s what Professor Lorna Dawson, Head of Soil Forensic Science at the James Hutton Institute in Aberdee ... Read more

More needed to promote sustainable food production, Hutton scientists say (News)

More needs to be done to promote sustainable food production if we are to solve the apparent conflict between the interests of nature and those of modern agriculture, according to researchers at the James Hutton Institute. This wa ... Read more

Scotland's Soil Data (Research Page)

To view a wide range of soil and land capability maps online please visit Scotland's Soils website or the National Library of Scotland where you can view a selection of the published 1:63,360 (1 inch to the mile) scale maps. A ... Read more

Maize and wheat informatics for improved livelihoods around the world (News)

Bioinformaticians at the James Hutton Institute are contributing to a major research effort which seeks to deliver better maize and wheat varieties to over 40 countries around the world, with the aim of improving resilience to far ... Read more

Our Science (Research Page)

Our work covers much of the terrestrial environment and involves soils, water and crop production. Soils Physical, chemical and biological processes within soils underpin a vast range of ecosystem services. Our work deals with ... Read more

The GROW Observatory: a citizen science project for growers, gardeners, farmers and space scientists (News)

The launch of a massive, European-wide project aiming to involve tens of thousands of ‘citizen scientists’ in a drive to empower growers with knowledge on sustainable practices and make a vital contribution to global e ... Read more

Can potatoes help fight disease? (News)

As one of the world's most important food crops, potatoes have got everything you need to survive – but could they also help produce the drugs needed to treat illnesses? Researchers at the James Hutton Institute are inve ... Read more

Chinese and Scottish potato researchers establish collaborative links (News)

Chinese and Scottish researchers are to work together and explore joint solutions to potato pests and diseases that cause major losses to farmers and industry across the world. Last week, the James Hutton Institute and the Heilo ... Read more

Life in Soil: Does it matter? (Page)

A Royal Society of Edinburgh biodiversity discussion forum ‘Life in soil: Does it matter?’ took place on the 24th February 2016. It invited the audience to think about the critically important role that soil plays in h ... Read more

Water ecosystems reference book now available from UNESCO (News)

The potential of ecosystem services-based approaches for sustainable water resource management has been highlighted in a book co-edited by researchers from the University of Leeds, the James Hutton Institute, the James Cook Univer ... Read more

Joint winners for prestigious Massalski research prize (News)

Two young scientists based at the James Hutton Institute in Dundee have been jointly awarded the Peter Massalski Prize for meritorious research. ... Read more

BioSS statisticians to analyse Rocket Science data (News)

Edinburgh-based statisticians from Biomathematics and Statistics Scotland (BioSS), part of the James Hutton Group, are helping shape the potential future of crop production in space by supporting the Rocket Science educational pro ... Read more

UK and Peruvian crop scientists share ideas on biotechnology (News)

A recent workshop co-organised by the James Hutton Institute gathered plant scientists from Peru and the UK to discuss how to implement modern genomics and biotechnological methods in crop breeding programs aimed at improving crop ... Read more

Dundee-China collaboration discovers potential ‘Achilles heel’ of potato blight (News)

Scientists working in Scotland and China have uncovered a potential Achilles’ heel in the organism which causes potato blight, a global problem with associated costs estimated at US$6billion around the world every year. Bl ... Read more

Soil posters (Research Page)

This series of posters around Scottish soils was originally designed in collaboration with Geography teachers from Scottish schools. In light of the enlightened public interest in soils as a result of 2015 being the International ... Read more

Flood resilience best gained when solutions come together (News)

Scientists at the James Hutton Institute have welcomed the announcement made by the Scottish Government of an action plan worth £235 million to protect 10,000 properties from flooding in Scotland. However, Dr Marc Stutter, r ... Read more

Social scientists discuss natural capital management through ecosystem approach (News)

Back in September, the Natural Capital Initiative – a leading UK partnership including the James Hutton Institute that brings together scientists, policymakers, business, industry and others to discuss how to safeguard impor ... Read more

€8m European funding success for James Hutton Institute (News)

As Scotland’s Year of Innovation approaches, scientists at the James Hutton Institute have demonstrated that they have plenty to shout about on the innovation front, and not just in 2016. This week the Institute has reached ... Read more

Staff and Students (Research Page)

Staff For students, follow the link here: Students ... Read more

Outreach (Research Page)

The output of our research is available through a number of outlets from formal scientific peer-reviewed articles, conferences proceedings and governmental reports, radio and TV appearances to brochures and leaflets as well as &ld ... Read more

Our Science (Research Page)

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Research Facilities (Research Page)

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AfricaYam: breeding resilience and productivity into a key African crop (News)

Scientists from the James Hutton Institute are joining forces with colleagues from African research organisations in a drive to enhance the productivity of yam, a staple crop in Western Africa. ... Read more

Soil, the Earth's Tender Skin - Opening Lecture (Event)

Register now for the opening of Soil, the Earth's Tender Skin Exhibition at Summerhall to mark the UN International Year of Soil and to celebrate the health and diversity of Scotland's soils today and in the future. ... Read more

European sociologists meet in Aberdeen to discuss rural challenges (News)

How can people in rural areas thrive during times of rapid, transformational change? How can rural Europe cope with the many pressures arising from globalisation, migration, deregulation and the effects of neoliberal policies? Ove ... Read more

Biotechnology research essential to solve global issues (News)

Following the announcement made by the Scottish Government about a ban on growing genetically modified crops in Scotland, researchers at the James Hutton Institute have said at this year’s Potatoes in Practice event that bio ... Read more

Forensic femme fatales (Event)

Professor Lorna Dawson, Head of Soil Forensics at the James Hutton Institute, will take part in the Royal Society panel event Forensic femme fatales, which is being held at the Society on Saturday 4 July 2015 at 3.30pm as part of ... Read more

New reference book in water ecosystem services (News)

The potential of ecosystem services-based approaches for sustainable water resource management has been highlighted in a new book co-edited by researchers from the James Hutton Institute and UNESCO. The book is published by Cambri ... Read more

So really, what does ‘natural’ actually mean? (News)

We all think we have some idea of what ‘natural’ is, whether it’s the green meadows we pass by on the train or the fresh and colourful vegetables we pick out in the market. However, our countryside and the food w ... Read more

Mexico and UK in joint effort against plant diseases (News)

Plant diseases cost the world enough food to feed at least half a billion people, equivalent to 100 times the population of Scotland, every year. The interaction between plants, microbes and insects is a key battleground in the gl ... Read more

Barley research making the headlines (News)

As the world’s fourth most important cereal crop and the UK’s second largest, grown on about half of Scotland’s arable land, barley is sure to get the attention of researchers, growers and industry. This time it ... Read more

Books and Book Chapters (Research Page)

Water Ecosystem Services - A Global Perspective ... Read more

Soils Maps of Scotland (Research Page)

To celebrate World Soils Day on the 5th December and the start of the International Year of Soils, we have made available for download scanned copies of the original seven 1:250,000 scale soil maps of Scotland and the accompanying ... Read more

Soils@Hutton - Soil Survey and Monitoring (Research Page)

National Soil Inventory for Scotland ... Read more

Soils@Hutton - Soil Information and Education (Research Page)

Introduction to Soils Exploring Scotland's Soils ... Read more

Soils@Hutton - Soil data and maps (Research Page)

National Soils Database ... Read more

Soils@Hutton - Soils and pathogens (Research Page)

Soil and Virus Research ... Read more

Soils@Hutton - Soils and water security (Research Page)

Soil and water security ... Read more

Jennifer Stephens: Making science fun for youngsters and inspiring the next generation (News)

After winning at the UK’s largest online science engagement event, a researcher from the James Hutton Institute has embarked on a mission to inspire the next generation of scientists, becoming at the same time an ambassador ... Read more

Introduction to Exploring Scotland (Research Page)

The relationship between the Soil and Scottish landscape, is at times simple, in others exceedingly complex. ... Read more

LandSFACTS (Research Page)

LANDscape Scale Functional Allocation of Crops Temporally and Spatially ... Read more

Scenarios and land use futures (Research Page)

Environmental, economic and social issues associated with agriculture are often fundamental for rural prosperity and sustainability, with consequent implications for any debate about future land use. A key to supporting the planni ... Read more

Realising Land's Potential stakeholder engagement events (Research Page)

Stakeholder engagement events relating to theme topics Health and wellbeing conferences and workshops Date Title Theme role Venue 25 November 2013 ... Read more

Natural resource datasets and databases (Research Page)

Soil mapping ... Read more

Information notes (Research Page)

Green space Services: Community Engagement Case Study (GreenHealth project, Note No. 5) ... Read more

Agroecology publications (Research Page)

Below is a sample of recent peer reviewed publications by staff working in the Agroecology Group.  ... Read more

Agroecology funding (Research Page)

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Students and teaching (Research Page)

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Staff, capability, infrastructure (Research Page)

We are mainly biologists, quantitative ecologists and mathematical modellers, whose scales of interest range from landscape to community and organism. Recent changes ... Read more

Integrated pest management - weeds (Research Page)

Expertise and capability at the James Hutton institute, Dundee ... Read more

Information and Computational Sciences
Information and Computational Sciences
Landscape and Visualisation Modeller
chen.wang@hutton.ac.uk
+44 (0)344 928 5428 (*)

The James Hutton Institute
Craigiebuckler
Aberdeen AB15 8QH
Scotland UK

 

Dr Chen Wang is a Landscape and Visualisation Scientist, who joined the Information and Computational Sciences group at the James Hutton Institute in 2010.

Current research interests

His research interests include 3D modelling of landscapes; Integrating virtual environment with Remote Sensing and GIS for land and sea planning; Urban environment modelling and reconstruction; Augmented Reality visualization; Character and traffic animation; 3D flooding modelling and simulation for monitoring and management.

He is also interested in designing combination approaches for representation and assessment of 3D virtual environment in land planning and management.

Recent Projects:

European Union

External Projects          

Scottish Government

Past research

Some 3D Visualisation Projects are listed below:

Integration of GIS and Virtual Reality for Future Land-Use: A Case Study from Royal Deeside

A 3D model of Aboyne was developed to present information on land-use as part of a knowledge exchange programme. This was implemented as a tool for eliciting stakeholder and public opinions on benefits associated with land-use. Multiple functionalities of the interactive models for the case study area have been designed and tested among participants such as: ‘drag-and-drop’ features. It allows audiences to choose where they would like to position elements was added based on a series of 3D icons. The virtual reality environment (Virtual Landscape Theatre) was used as the medium with invited groups from schools and youth groups, university students, natural heritage managers, planners, and the general public, enabling fly-through, exploring specific views, and switching between presence and absence of some wildlife.

Moving Forward from Ash Dieback: Scenarios of Change in Visualisation

The approach taken was to present the information in an interactive highly visual way by developing a 3D model using Maya software and generating trees showing various stages of infection. Take the video walk-through of a virtual reality model of a hypothetical woodland in north-west Scotland to learn what signs to look for, informing you of a woodland being infected (red sign) or uninfected (blue sign), photographs of symptoms of the disease, and view scenarios of the loss of ash trees and regeneration of woodland trees.

Offshore Renewable, West Coast

A prototype 3D model was developed to present alternative designs of a hypothetical windfarm offshore of the island of Tiree, on the west coast of Scotland. The model was used to identify issues associated with the development of offshore windfarms, including alternative options for the heights of wind turbines, and factors such as sea state and atmospheric visibility.

Community Planning and Engagement for Greenspace Using 3D Visualisation Tools

This research describes the findings of engagement with local communities in a case study in Dundee identifying scenarios of potential greenspace content, use, and environments conducive to health and well-being. 3D visualisation tools were used to present multiple functions of the greenspace, community-identified priorities and the introduction of potentially new 3D features such as dog exercise area, shelter for adults, barbeque equipment and car parking. 

Public Interpretation of Land and Sea Use Using Visualisation Tools

Prototype 3D models offer greater flexibility in delivering a comprehensive creative features set with tools for animation, modeling, simulation and rendering in Loch Linnhe.

Developing a Novel Approach for 3D Visualisation of Tarland

It is important for development of prototype models for use in raising public awareness of changes in rural areas, focusing on greenspaces, and testing responses to scenarios of change. Specifically, the focus is on the design of appropriate types and speeds of movement of features. This modelling is done using the Maya and ArcGIS software packages together in a novel combination of spatial and visualisation tools. The experiment results show evidence that different types of animation with interactive communication will influence participation and decision making in land use planning.

Animation of Undersea Environment, with Movement of Fish,Water,Shadows and Flora

The model includes the representation of lighting and consequent illumination and reflections, and the movement of the sea surface. It includes marine flora and fauna such as starfish, sea weed, sea grass, sea anemone, shell, fan coral, coral reef rocks with lobster, crabs, dolphins, and other fish. This model is the basis of an animation of a hypothetical marine environment for discussing issues relating to potential impacts of change and the introduction of man-made structures, such as renewable energy developments.

Visualise Offshore Oil Platform with Different Sea State

The 3D model of Oil Platform incorporates different sea states, according to the World Meteorological Organisation 0-9 scale. The 3DS Max software is used to develop the sea states. The ‘Tide Height’ parameter is used to determine the height of nominal plane of the sea surface for computing reflections.

Renewable Energy, Solar Farm Visualisation

A prototype 3D model was developed to present alternative designs of a hypothetical Solar Farm. In the online version there could be different layers people could click on or off and add comments.

Bibliography

  • Wang, C.; Miller, D.; Jian, Y.; Brown, I., (2016) Integration of GIS and virtual reality for future land-use: A case study from Royal Deeside., 24th GIS Research UK (GISRUK2016) Conference, University of Greenwich, London, 30 March - 1 April 2016.
  • Wang, G.; Donaldson-Selby, G.; Miller, D.R., (2016) 3D GIS approach for flood risk management., Joint Workshop - British Council Newton Fund Researcher Links, "OPTIMISTIC": floOd PredicTIon and Management In Steep urbanIsing Catchments, 11-14 September 2016.
  • Wang, C.; Miller, D.; Brown, I.; Jian, Y., (2016) Public participation to support wind energy development: The role of 3D GIS and virtual reality., Proceedings of 24th International Conference in Central Europe on Computer Graphics, Visualization and Computer Vision, 2016, Plzen, Czech Republic, 30 May - 3 June 2016. (Peer-reviewed).
  • Wang, C.; Jiang, Y.; Xie, H.; Miller, D.R.; Brown, I., (2016) Development of a flood warning simulation system: a case study of 2007 Tewkesbury flood., Floodrisk 2016, 3rd European Conference on Flood Risk Management, Lyon, France, 17-21 October 2016. E3S Web of Conferences, Volume 7, Article No. UNSP 18021.
  • Munoz-Rojas, J.; Miller, D.R.; Horne, P.; Towers, W.; Morrice, J.; Wang, C.; Stannard, C-A., (2013) Scottish Government consultation on National Planning Framework 3., Public Consultation on National Planning Framework 3.

  • Wang, C.; Miller, D.R.; Jiang, Y.; Horne, P.; Morrice, J., (2012) Integration of Maya and ArcGIS: A new approach to representation in virtual., Design and Decision Support Systems, Eindhoven, August 2012.

  • Wilkinson, M.E.; Wang, C., (2017) A review of spatial (GIS) tools to aid in the placement of measures which disconnect flow pathways in the farmed landscape., RESAS Report.
  • Miller, D.R.; Donaldson-Selby, G.; Wang, C.; McKeen, M., (2017) Aquaculture spatial planning tool factsheet: seascape visibility analysis., Factsheets on Tool Selection and Guidance for Users and Practitioners; Project Report for Aquaspace, Milestone 20.
  • Billing, S-L.; Gubbins, M.; Miller, D.R.; Watret, R.; Adams, T.; Black, K.; Donaldson-Selby, G.; Wang, C.; Greenhill, L.; Tett, P., (2017) Argyll and Bute, Scotland, UK., In: Strand, O. & Bergh, O. (eds.) Ecosystem Approach to making Space for Aquaculture (Aquaspace). Deliverable 4.2 Case Study Final Reports, Report to the European Commission, James Hutton Institute. Chapter 15, 251-272.
  • Miller, D.R.; Donaldson-Selby, G.; Wang, C.; McKeen, M., (2016) Use of 3D visualisation technology for wind farms and other development proposals - update., Interim Contract Report to Scottish Government.
  • Miller, D.R.; Morrice, J.; McKeen, M.; Donaldson-Selby, G.; Wang, C.; Munoz-Rojas, J., (2016) Use of digital and 3D technology in planning: research report., Final Report for Scottish Government, pp109.
  • Munoz-Rojas Morenes, J.; Morrice, J.; Miller, D.; Horne, P.; Donaldson-Selby,G.; Wang, C., (2014) Review report of best practice examples for landscape management, planning and conservation (Deliverable 5)., Deliverable 5 for the e-CLIC Project (Making European Policy Popular through Callenge, Learning, Innovation, Cooperation: An experiment on the European Landscape Convention).
  • Munoz-Rojas Morenes, J.; Morrice,J.; Miller, D.R.; Horne,P.; Donaldson-Selby,G.; Wang, C., (2014) Learning objectives outline report; the role of ICT tools in promoting landscape challenges, learning, cooperation and innovation in the context of the European Landscape Convention (Deliverable 6)., Deliverable 6 for the e-CLIC Project (Making European Policy Popular through Challenge, Learning, Innovation, Cooperation: An Experiment on the European Landscape Convention.
  • Miller, D.R.; Munoz-Rojas Morenes, J.; Morrice, J.; Horne, P.; Donaldson-Selby, G.; Wang, C., (2014) Review of ICT tools for the implementation of the European Landscape Convention through awareness raising, learning, innovation and cooperation (Deliverable 7)., Deliverable 7 for the e-CLIC Project (Making European Policy Popular through Challenge, Learning, Innovation, Cooperation: An Experiment on the European Landscape Convention.
  • Munoz-Rojas Morenes, J.; Morrice, J.; Miller, D.R.; Horne, P.; Donaldson-Selby, G.; Wang, C., (2013) Review report of landscape related policy issues (Deliverable 4)., Deliverable 4 for the e-CLIC Project - Making European Policy Popular through Challenge, Learning, Innovation, Cooperation: An Experiment on the European Landscape Convention.
  • Miller, D.R.; Horne, P.; Donaldson-Selby, G.; Wang, C.; Morrice, J.; Morris, S., (2013) Greenspace services: community planning., Scottish Government, GreenHealth Information Note Series (No. 4).
  • Miller, D.R.; Morrice, J.; Aspinall, P.; Brown, K.M.; Cummins, R.; Dinnie, E.; Gilbert, A.; Hester, A.J.; Horne, P.; Mitchell, R.; Morris, S.; Roe, J.; Thompson, C.W., (2012) Contribution of green and open space in public health and well-being., Scottish Government, Green Health Progress Report, 2012. Project No. MLU/ECA/UGW/847/08

Hydro Nation PhD scholarships launched (News)

A major educational boost for Scotland’s ambition to become a Hydro Nation has been announced. The Scottish Government-funded Centre of Expertise for Waters (CREW) and the James Hutton Institute are opening the Hydro Nation ... Read more

The Lewis Endowment Fund (Page)

Background The Lewis Endowment Fund (LEF) was set up in 1930 as part of an original benefaction from Dr T.B. Macaulay of the Sun Life Assurance Company of Canada. Whilst the major purpose of this benefaction was to create the Ma ... Read more

ESMART: web tools and apps for the Scottish environment (Research Page)

E-SMART: Environmental Sensing for Monitoring and Advising in Real-Time ... Read more

Environmental and Ecological Research Sharing Day (Event)

This day is an opportunity to find out more about the work of the James Hutton Institute and hear about some of their current environmental and ecological research projects first-hand from staff conducting research. Details are g ... Read more

Photographs to show how water works (News)

A trickling burn, a flooded street, a horse’s trough or a grand Scottish loch – no matter what comes to mind when you think of water the Water Works competition wants your photographs. Water Works is a new competition ... Read more

Agroecology (Research Page)

Latest .... major success so far in EU H2020 bids .... TRUE, DIVERSIFY and TOMRES .... details to follow .... Newton projects begin March 2017 ....  success for doctoral students ... ... Read more

Introduction to Soils (Page)

Soils represent one of the most complex and dynamic natural systems studied by scientists. Knowledge of their chemical, physical and biological properties is a prerequisite both for sustaining the productivity of the land, for exa ... Read more

Composting - how and what (Page)

Composting The material that is left behind from your kitchen can be put to good use by making your own garden composter! The creatures that live in your soil (i.e. the bacteria, fungi, insects etc), consume and process the plan ... Read more

Implications of copper (Cu) on estuarine ecosystem functioning (Research Page)

Many antifouling paints, applied to ships’ hulls and other marine structures, contain copper (Cu) as an active ingredient. As a result many European waterways are becoming increasingly Cu contaminated. This work is investiga ... Read more

Coastal soils (Research Page)

A number of Scotland's rarer soils are found at or near the coast. Perhaps the best known are the sandy soils of the machair of the Inner and Outer Hebrides and the west Highlands. The soils are calcareous - which in itse ... Read more

Carbon stocks in salt marshes (Research Page)

Salt marsh occurs in the intertidal zone and has a number of functions including a filter for pollutants, protecting coasts from flooding and providing habitat for a number of salt tolerant species. More recently it has been recog ... Read more

Carbon cycling (Research Page)

We are collaborating with staff at Oceanlab (Aberdeen University) in a number of projects, mainly involved with carbon cycling, covering both estuaries and the deep sea. This work is fundamental as deep sea sediments cover over ha ... Read more

Ecosystem functioning (Research Page)

Studies are continuing into land run-off and coastal ecosystem functioning and the subsequent increased turbidity and particle loading in the water column. To better understand the biogeochemical processes occurring in sandy int ... Read more

Analytical Services (Research Page)

Our Analytical Group carries out a range of analyses on marine and estuarine sediments. We quantify analytes such as heavy/toxic metals, organotin compounds (now banned as antifouling agents on boats) and a range of persistent org ... Read more

Ecosystem goods and services (Research Page)

This work is examining the potential for increased food production in the Ythan catchment and its likely impacts on meeting nature conservation obligations, using the ecosystem approach. The ecosystem approach is a management tool ... Read more

Sand dune survey of Scotland (Research Page)

The NCC Sand Dune Survey of Scotland which took place from 1975-1977 has since been digitised and is currently being used for two projects. ... Read more

East Grampian Coastal Partnership (Research Page)

The East Grampian Coastal Partnership is a group of individuals, with representatives from local authorities, industry, conservation bodies, recreation and tourism groups, local residents and many others with an interest in the fu ... Read more

Understanding our resources (Research Page)

To optimise the potential of Scotland’s natural assets and provide local responses to global change, we must build on existing work and continually improve our knowledge to support strategic needs and enable well informed de ... Read more

Climate change and coast flooding (Research Page)

Climate change has the potential to have significant impacts on our coastal communities through increased storm events and sea level rise. An evaluation tool has been developed to compare Scotland’s coastal management polici ... Read more

Pathogen impact on bathing waters (Research Page)

Pathogens from agricultural run-off and sewage effluent are transported to beaches where they can cause non-compliance with bathing water standards. Intensification of livestock-based agriculture and climate change may exacerbate ... Read more

Sand dune communities and climate change (Research Page)

Scotland’s sand dune vegetation has been assessed to investigate species distribution in relation to ecological variables. The response of the vegetation is modelled to assess if ecosystem processes and species distribution ... Read more

Attitudes towards biodiversity management (Research Page)

Public attitudes towards biodiversity and its management are poorly understood, raising concerns over the effectiveness of public participation in biodiversity policy making. Face-to-face interviews were conducted with members of ... Read more

Visualisation and coastal developments (Research Page)

The link between natural environments and their restoration has been the focus of much research including its importance for human wellbeing. We are carrying out a series of studies looking at community perceptions of renewable en ... Read more

Scotland’s coastal assets (Research Page)

Scotland’s natural assets provide a wealth of goods and services which are of benefit to human wellbeing, such as food, fuel, climate regulation and recreation opportunities. To ensure a sustainable future we must balance ou ... Read more

Global Change - the local context (Research Page)

Our work in this area reflects the external pressures Scotland is facing and explores how we can adapt to global changes such as demographic shifts, social attitudes, global trade and climate change. The impacts of which, are ge ... Read more

Information and Computational Sciences (Research Page)

The Information and Computational Sciences (ICS) Group brings together an exceptional combination of scientific skills and expertise. This ranges from genome scale bioinformatics to the modeling of edaphic or climate information o ... Read more

Science Groups (Research Page)

Our research is conducted in the following Science Groups. ... Read more

Cell and Molecular Sciences (Research Page)

Cell and Molecular Sciences (CMS) is based at the Dundee site and comprises more than 100 plant scientists with research specialisms in cell and molecular biology, genomics, genetics, pathology and physiology. Crop improvement ... Read more

Pedologist’s report – Soil characteristics for "Sandy" (Page)

Name: Regosol/Brown Calcareous Soil Age: Young by Scottish standards Address: Coastal locations Preferred soil functions: Often used for recreation (golf) in the east, but is the mainstay of many crofting communities ... Read more

Pedologist’s report – Soil characteristics for "Rusty" (Page)

Name: Brown earth Age: Up to 10000 years but in many areas it has been modified by management Address: Primarily East Scotland, some limited areas in West Highlands Preferred soil functions: Primarily used in arable ... Read more

Pedologist’s report – Soil characteristics for "Heather" (Page)

Name: Humus-iron podzol Age: Up to 10000 years but in places modified from its original form Address: Eastern and Central Highlands, some in the eastern Southern Uplands Preferred soil functions: in its natural state ... Read more

Pedologist’s report – Soil characteristics for "Claude" (Page)

Name: Noncalcareous gley Age: Up to 10000 years Address: Primarily in west Central Scotland Preferred soil functions: sustaining improved pasture swards Height/Weight: Usually quite deep. Very dense (heavy) at de ... Read more

Now make your own wormery (Page)

Take a look and see how you too can make your own mini composter and make a little difference in saving resources. This activity is in accordance with RGC’s school eco-code, “Don’t throw your world away”. ... Read more

'Eco pets' wormeries go down a treat at RGC (Page)

A visit to Robert Gordon’s College junior school eco group was made by three James Hutton Institute members of staff on 20 June, 2011. Lorna Dawson gave an overview of our different soils in Scotland and how they provide hea ... Read more

Big turn out for LEAF Open Farm Sunday (News)

Hundreds turned up at The James Hutton Institute in Invergowrie for this year’s LEAF Open Farm Sunday.  They were able to meet TV scientist Heather ‘The Weather’ Reid who was a special guest and who also per ... Read more

World Conference on Marine Biodiversity (Event)

The World Conference on Marine Biodiversity has the overall aim of bringing together scientists, practitioners and the public to discuss and advance our understanding of the issues surrounding the importance of biodiversity in the ... Read more

VLT in the News (Page)

The Virtual Landscape Theatre has often featured in the media or referenced in papers, reports and social media: ... Read more

VLT Team Members (Page)

The Virtual Landscape Theatre is operated by a team at the Aberdeen offices of the James Hutton Institute. They have been responsible for designing, developing and implementing the theatre, 3D models, and programmes of surveys and ... Read more

Automatic Weather Station - Glensaugh (Page)

Meteorological data is captured  at the environmental  monitoring site at Glensaugh.  This data is part of a long term monitoring study, Environmental Change Network (ECN), which aims to identify environmental chang ... Read more

Balruddery Research Farm (Page)

Balruddery Research Farm is an 170 ha arable farm located seven miles west of Dundee and between 70 and 124m above sea level on the lower slopes of the Sidlaw Hills. There are 23 fields varying in size from 2.0 ha to 11 ha. The so ... Read more

Mission Statement (Page)

Vision To be at the forefront of innovative and transformative science for sustainable management of land, crop and natural resources that supports thriving communities. ... Read more

Games and Resources (Page)

The Living Field CD ... Read more

Schools, colleges and universities (Page)

Resources for Schools Introduction to Soils Introduction to Soils is a series of poster resources for senior school pupils to help explain soil knowledge. They were developed with assistance from Geography teachers. ... Read more

VLT Development Theatre (Page)

A development and demonstration virtual reality theatre has been constructed to compliment the mobile Virtual Landscape Theatre. The dimensions and capabilities of the development theatre are the same as the VLT enabling the prepa ... Read more

VLT Technical Details (Page)

Screen: 5.5 m x 2.25 m, with a screen curvature of 160 degrees Projectors: 3 x '3D Perception' SX25 + I DLP projectors, with integrated edge blending and warping Computers: 3 PCs, each with a Quadro™ FX4800 gra ... Read more

Climate Change Installation (Page)

Our exciting interactive exhibit (installation) is centred around the challenge of climate change but specifically addressing the idea that we have choices in the ways that we individually and collectively respond to this challeng ... Read more

Exhibits (Page)

Virtual Landscape Theatre The Virtual Landscape Theatre (VLT) is a mobile curved screen projection facility, in which people can be 'immersed' in computer models of their environment to explore landscapes of the past, pr ... Read more

Knowledge Exchange Coordinator
Information and Computational Sciences
Knowledge Exchange Coordinator
david.miller@hutton.ac.uk
+44 (0)1224 395276

The James Hutton Institute
Craigiebuckler
Aberdeen AB15 8QH
Scotland UK

 

Current research interests

I am responsible for the strategic co-ordination of knowledge exchange at the institute, and research and commercial projects within the remits of several of the institute research themes. I am the Institute representative on the knowledge exchange and impact Gateway of SEFARI (the collective of six research institutes under the title: Scottish Environment, Food and Agriculture Research Institutes). In the Scottish Government Strategic Research Programme (2011-16) I was co-ordinator of the Land Use Theme.

My current research interests are on understanding the landscape preferences of different types of stakeholder with respect to characteristics of cultural landscapes, the implications for multi-functional land uses, and their incorporation into planning. This work takes account of the context of past and present land uses, and scenarios of future landscapes in the testing of public preferences with a view to understanding the significance of individual drivers of change on characteristics of landscapes. Research into visual quality in relation to scenarios of landscape change was undertaken under the Rural Economy and Land Use Programme (RELU), in collaboration with Dr Asa Ode, of Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences. These studies make extensive use of spatial analysis of landscape characteristics and indicators, visualization tools, and both our stand alone and mobile virtual landscape theatre, with particular interest in enabling the development of visions of future land uses, rural and urban by stakeholders and the public, and the role of public participation in land use decision-making.

The development of these tools increasingly involves the combination of spatial modelling outputs with virtual reality, to provide augmented reality tools for both research and knowledge exchange. Research applications include in renewable energy, urban green spaces and human wellbeing, and rural and urban spatial land use planning. The direction of this research is to explore spatial and temporal pathways of change, and public perspectives on the evolution of land uses and landscapes into the future.

I lead areas of the Institute's knowledge exchange programme, including the Virtual Landscape Theatre, for communicating opinions about urban and rural pressures for land use change, between politicians, planners, and the public, including schools.

My research involves close working in teams comprising the social and natural sciences, which is also reflected in most of my research proposals, Scottish Government research activities, and papers. Examples of such studies are the recent study of the Effects of Greenspace on Human Health and Wellbeing (Scottish Government, Green Health), and Visualization Tools for Public Participation in the Management of Landscape Change (European Union, VisuLands).

Current research projects include

Recent competitive funding (projects overlapping 1 January 2007 - 31 December 2013) totals £6.157k, with £1.962k to the institute.

Collaborative networks

Previous European Union projects include

Reviewing responsibilities have included the European Union Framework Programmes, and research councils in Australia, Switzerland, Belgium and Norway as well as public agencies in the UK.

Past research

My research background has included the development of methods for handling and analysing geographic information, using them to map, monitor and model change in urban and rural land use and landscapes, mapping peat deposits in Scotland, the creation of natural resource databases (for example, land cover), and visual impacts of land use change.

Research on the visual impacts of land use change combine analysis of the landscape visibility, producing the first map of the intervisibility of the terrain of Scotland, land use change, and landscape preferences. Applications of the analysis of landscape intervisibility have included the assessment of landscape sensitivity to wind turbine development for Highland Council in Scotland, and the mapping of visibility for wind farm development in Scottish Borders. It also led to the first national level mapping and analysis of visibility of the seascapes of the coast of Wales as part of Maritime Ireland/Wales INTERREG 1994-1999, and of Scotland.

Wales Visibility of the sea from the land
Wales Visibility of the land from the sea

 

 

 

 

 

Research on viewing distances and visual impact of offshore wind turbines (with Ian Bishop, University of Melbourne) has been cited in a number of advisory reports, including in the UK and USA.

Our tools for the development of visual and cumulative impacts of wind turbines on landscapes have been applied extensively in the assessment of wind farm proposals. Examples include public enquiries into the extension of Cemmaes B, Llanbrynmair, Powys, and a conjoined public enquiry on the visual and cumulative visual impacts of wind turbines proposed at three sites in Mid-Wales, 2001, Carno, Powys, in each case presenting evidence on behalf of the Countryside Council for Wales.

Work on spatial decision support tools has included the use of GIS tools and rules based systems to produce the first spatial plans for the development of wind farms for Wales, the spatial plan for wind energy for Scottish Borders Council and inputs to the plan for Aberdeenshire.

Example of a spatial plan for wind energy in Wales (January 2002)
Spatial plan for wind energy for Scottish Borders Council

 

 

 

 

Digital mapping and analysis tools were developed to support the assessment of natural resources in Scotland. The principal applications have been as follows.

  • The topographic and peat depth surveys of 22 peat deposits in Scotland and England, listed here, (that is, surface and bottom contours, peat depth, isopachytes, cross-sections, peat volume, and peat quality), mainly raised bogs and peat workings. The survey methodology was broadly the same as that of the Moss Survey Group for the Scottish Peat Committee, latterly based at the Macaulay Institute for Soil Research (MISR). A listing of the topographic, depth and reconnaissance surveys of peat deposits in Scotland for the Scottish Peat Committee, and further surveys by MISR is available here. The deepest peat profile I surveyed was 10.0m (Creca Moss). The deepest in the Scottish Peat Survey records is 11.0m (Threepwood Moss, Roxburghshire). Maps of the areas surveys follow, with *.pdfs of the Scottish peat Survey sites to 1984 here, and peat depth surveys post 1984 here.
Sites of topographic surveys of peat deposits in Scotland
Scottish Peat Survey sites: Scottish Peat Committee and Macaulay Institute for Soil Research

 

 

 

 

 

Research on spatial planning and impacts of wind turbines, and resource assessments of peatlands are brought together in work on a payback calculator for wind turbines on peatland. This was for the Scottish Government, in collaboration with University of Aberdeen and Forest Research, from which a paper describing the calculator has also been published.

The studies of urban greenspaces Included inventories in Aberdeen, Edinburgh, Dundee; urban land use change; analysis of accessibility using route networks between every domestic property in the cities and the nearest of each type of greenspace. Projects have been undertaken for Scottish Enterprise on economic valuation (Streetscapes, with Robert Gordon University), the European Union on preferences, use, spatial modelling, and 3D visualisations (Greenspaceco-ordinated by University College Dublin; Greenclusterco-ordinated by Alterra), Edinburgh City Council on geographic analysis of access and greenspace audits, and Scottish Government on the contribution of greenspace to human health and wellbeing (GreenHealth, with Universities of Edinburgh, Glasgow, and Heriot Watt, and BioSS). Watch the video description of the findings here. This is extended to the role of water, notably flooding, in relation to well-being such as a cause of stress, or a factor influencing psychological restoration (BlueHealth, for Scottish Government through CREW).

Recent reports for Scottish Government

Recent presentations

Recent events

  • 'Squeezed Middle' debate about land use in Scotland, at Gordonstoun School, 3rd October 2013.

Bibliography

  • Secco, L.; Burlando, C.; Miller, D.R.; Pisani, E. Nijnik, M.; Masiero, M.; Da Re, R.; Rogelja, T., (In press) Towards developing a method to evaluate social innovation in forest-dependent communities: a science-stakeholders collaboration., Forest Policy and Economics.
  • Alves, G.; Mattar, S.; Miller, D.R., (In press) United Kingdom: Renewable energy and landscape (National; Overview Chapter)., Renewable Energy and Landscape Quality; COST Action RELY TU 1401; Chapter 1.31, JOVIS, 90-93. Refereed Book Chapter.
  • Kluvánková, T.; Brnkal'áková. S.; Spacek, M.; Slee, R.; Nijnik, M.; Valero, D.; Miller, D.R.; Bryce, R.; Kozová, M.; Polman, N.; Szabo, T.; Gezik, V., (2018) Understanding social innovation for the well-being of forest-dependent communities: a preliminary theoretical framework., Forest Policy and Economics, 97, 163-174.
  • Stanik, N.; Aalders, I.; Miller, D.R., (2018) Towards an indicator-based assessment of cultural heritage as a cultural ecosystem service - a case study of Scottish landscapes., Ecological Indicators, 95, 288-297.
  • Gimpel, A.; Stelzenmüller, V.; Töpsch, S.; Galparsoro, I.; Gubbins, M.; Miller, D.R.; Murillas, A.; Murray, A.G.; Pinarbasi, K.; Roca, G.; Watret, R., (2018) A GIS-based tool for an integrated assessment of spatial planning trade-offs with aquaculture., Science of the Total Environment, 627, 1644-1655.
  • Nijnik, M.; Nijnik, A.; Sarkki, S.; Munoz-Rojas, J.; Miller, D.R.; Kopiy, S., (2018) Is forest related decision-making in European treeline areas socially innovative? A Q methodology enquiry into the perspectives of international experts., Forest Policy and Economics, 92, 210-219.
  • Schwarz, G.; Sanders, J.; Miller, D.R., (2018) Project Management Plan D1.1; Understanding and improving the sustainability of agroecological farming systems in the EU., Project Deliverable, H2020 UNISECO, D1.1: Report to European Commission.
  • Miller, D.R.; Aalders, I.; Irvine, K.A.; Iragui, U.; Astrain, C.; Zabalza, S.; Schwarz, G., (2018) UNISECO Risk Register: D1.2., Contract Deliverable to European Commission for UNISECO project, Deliverable 1.2, Risk Register.
  • Nijnik, M.; Miller, D.R., (2017) Valuation of ecosystem services: paradox or Pandora’s box for decision-makers?, One Ecosystem Journal, 2, Article No. e14808.
  • Nijnik, A.; Nijnik, M.; Kopiy, S.; Zahvoyska, L.; Sarkki, S.; Kopiy, L.; Miller, D.R., (2017) Identifying and understanding attitudinal diversity on multi-functional changes in woodlands of the Ukrainian Carpathians., Climate Research, 73, 45-56.
  • Miller, D.R.; Donaldson-Selby, G.; Wang, C.; McKeen, M., (2017) Aquaculture spatial planning tool factsheet: seascape visibility analysis., Factsheets on Tool Selection and Guidance for Users and Practitioners; Project Report for Aquaspace, Milestone 20.
  • Miller, D.R.; Nijnik, M., (2017) Data Management Plan: Scientific activities and outputs., Social Innovation in Marginalised Rural Areas Project (SIMRA), Deliverable D1.3. Report to the European Commission, James Hutton Institute, pp14.
  • Miller, D.R.; Nijnik, M., (2017) Data Management Plan: Administration and management., Social Innovation in Marginalised Rural Areas Project (SIMRA), Deliverable D8.2. Report to the European Commission, James Hutton Institute, pp15.
  • Cook, G.; Miller, D.R.; Dawson, L.A., (2017) Report on the Consultation on Rural Economy and Connectivity Committee, Forestry and Land Management (Scotland) Bill., Response from SEFARI, August 2017.
  • Secco, K.; Pisani, E.; Burlando, C.; Da Re, R.; Gatto, P.; Pettenella, D.; Vassilopoulus, A.; Akinsete, E.; Koundouri, P.; Lopolito, A.; Prosperi, M.; Tuomasiukka, D.; Den Herde, M.; Lovric, M.; Polman, N.; Dijkshoorn, M.; Soma, K.; Ludvig, A.; Weiss, G.; Zivojinovic, I.; Sarkki, S.; Ravazzoli, E.; Dalla Torre, C.; Streifeneder, T.; Slee, W.; Nijnik, M.; Miller, D.; Barlagne C.; Prokofieva, I., (2017) Set of methods to assess SI implications at different levels: instructions for WPs 5 & 6., Deliverable 4.2, Social Innovation in Marginalised Rural Areas (SIMRA), Report to the European Commission, James Hutton Institute, pp203.
  • Price, M.; Miller, D.R.; McKeen, M.; Slee, W.; Nijnik, M., (2017) Categorisation of marginalised rural areas (MRAs)., Deliverable 3.1, Social Innovation in Marginalised Rural Areas (SIMRA), Report to the European Commission, James Hutton Institute, pp57.
  • Miller, D.R.; Nijnik, M.; Barlagne, C., (2017) Minutes of 1st General Assembly., Deliverable 8.4, Social Innovation in Marginalised Rural Areas (SIMRA), Report to the European Commission, James Hutton Institute, pp23.
  • Ludvig, A.; Weiss, G.; Zivojinovic, I.; Nijnik, M.; Miller, D.R.; Barlagne, C.; Perlik, M.; Hermann, P.; Egger, T.; Torre C.D.; Streifeneder, T.; Ravazzoli, E.; Sfeir, P.; Lukesch, R.; Wagner, K.; Egartner, S.; Clotteau, M., (2017) Political framework conditions, policies and instruments for SIs in rural areas., Social Innovation in Marginalised Rural Areas, Deliverable 6.1, Social Innovation in Marginalised Rural Areas (SIMRA), Report to the European Commission, James Hutton Institute, pp36.
  • Kluvánková, T.; Gezik, V.; Spacek, M.; Brnkaláková, S.; Valero, D.; Bryce, R.; Slee, W.; Alkhaled, D.; Secco, L.; Burlando, C.; Kozova, M.; Miller, D.R.; Nijnik, M.; Perlik, M.; Pisani, E.; Polman, N.; Price, M.; Sarkii, S.; Weiss, G., (2017) Transdisciplinary understanding of SI in MRAs., Deliverable 2.2, Social Innovation in Marginalised Rural Areas (SIMRA), Report to the European Commission, James Hutton Institute, 58pp.
  • Gimpel, A.; Töpsch, S.; Stelzenmüller, V.; Gubbins, M.; Murray, A.G.; Watret, R.; Galparsoro, I.; Murillas, A.; Pinarbas, K.; Miller, D.R.; Brigolin, D.; Pastres, R.; Porporato, E.; Roca Carceller, G.; Marba, N., (2017) Deliverable 3.3 AquaSpace tool to support MSP, Ecosystem Approach to making Space for Aquaculture (Aquaspace)., Report to the European Commission, James Hutton Institute, pp58.
  • Billing, S-L.; Gubbins, M.; Miller, D.R.; Watret, R.; Adams, T.; Black, K.; Donaldson-Selby, G.; Wang, C.; Greenhill, L.; Tett, P., (2017) Argyll and Bute, Scotland, UK., In: Strand, O. & Bergh, O. (eds.) Ecosystem Approach to making Space for Aquaculture (Aquaspace). Deliverable 4.2 Case Study Final Reports, Report to the European Commission, James Hutton Institute. Chapter 15, 251-272.
  • Barlagne, C.; Bryce, R.; Valero, D.; Price, M.; Mosdale, L.; Clotteau, M.; Miller, D.R.; Nijnik, M., (2017) Ethical approvals for research with human participants in the SIMRA Project, Deliverable 9.5., Social Innovation in Marginalised Rural Areas (SIMRA), Report to the European Commission, James Hutton Institute, pp.29.
  • Secco, L.; Pisani, E.; Burlando, C.; Da Re, R.; Pettenella, D.; Nijnik, M.; Miller, D.R.; Slee, B.; Gezik, V.; Kluvankova, T., (2017) D4.1 Guidelines to identify and analyse existing methods to assess social innovation and impacts., Report for Innovative, Sustainable and Inclusive Bioeconomy, SIMRA, 2017.
  • Nijnik, M.; Miller, D.R., (2017) D8.2 Data management plan: administration and management., Report for Innovative, Sustainable and Inclusive Bioeconomy, SIMRA.
  • Nijnik, M.; Miller, D.R.; Slee, B., (2017) D1.4 Criteria and indicators for monitoring and evaluation of scientific results., Report for Innovative, Sustainable and Inclusive Bioeconomy, SIMRA, pp17.
  • Nijnik, M.; Miller, D.R., (2017) D1.3: Data management plan: Scientific activities and outputs., Report for Innovative, Sustainable and Inclusive Bioeconomy, SIMRA.
  • Barlagne, C.; Miller, D.R.; Nijnik, M., (2017) Ethical clearance procedures in SIMRA., Deliverable 1.5, Social Innovation in Marginalised Rural Areas (SIMRA), pp65.
  • Sang, N.; Gold, C.; Miller, D.R., (2016) The topological viewshed: embedding topological pointers into digital terrain models to improve GIS capability for visual landscape analysis., International Journal of Digital Earth, 9, 1185-1205.
  • Thompson, C.W.; Aspinall, P.; Roe, J.; Robertson, L.; Miller, D.R., (2016) Mitigating stress and supporting health in deprived urban communities: the importance of green space and the social environment., International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 13, Article No. 440.
  • Wang, C.; Miller, D.R.; Brown, I.; Jiang, Y.; Castellazzi, M., (2016) Visualisation techniques to support public interpretation of future climate change and land use choices: a case study from N-E Scotland., International Journal of Digital Earth, 9, 586-605.
  • Wang, C.; Miller, D.; Jian, Y.; Brown, I., (2016) Integration of GIS and virtual reality for future land-use: A case study from Royal Deeside., 24th GIS Research UK (GISRUK2016) Conference, University of Greenwich, London, 30 March - 1 April 2016.
  • Wang, C.; Miller, D.; Brown, I.; Jian, Y., (2016) Public participation to support wind energy development: The role of 3D GIS and virtual reality., Proceedings of 24th International Conference in Central Europe on Computer Graphics, Visualization and Computer Vision, 2016, Plzen, Czech Republic, 30 May - 3 June 2016. (Peer-reviewed).
  • Wang, C.; Jiang, Y.; Xie, H.; Miller, D.R.; Brown, I., (2016) Development of a flood warning simulation system: a case study of 2007 Tewkesbury flood., Floodrisk 2016, 3rd European Conference on Flood Risk Management, Lyon, France, 17-21 October 2016. E3S Web of Conferences, Volume 7, Article No. UNSP 18021.
  • Nijnik, M.; Miller, D.R., (2016) Project Management Plan: Scientific Activities., Social Innovation in Marginalised Rural Areas Project (SIMRA), Deliverable D1.1, Report to the European Commission, James Hutton Institute. Pp112.
  • Nijnik, M.; Miller, D.R., (2016) D8.3 Risk register - project management., Report for Innovative, Sustainable and Inclusive Bioeconomy, SIMRA.
  • Sarkki, S.; Ficko, A.; Heikkinen, H.I.; Komu, T.; Partanen, M.; Vanhanen, K.; Palombo, C.; Parpan, T.; Tognetti, R.; Nijnik, A.; Nijnik, M., (2016) The future of European treeline areas by 2040: A synthesis of expert views on the possible impacts of climate change, land use and changing society., Report for SENSFOR, EU Cost Action, Deliverable 6., University of Oulu, Finland.
  • Miller, D.R.; Dawson, L.A.; Morrice, J.; McKeen, M.; Donnelly, D., (2016) Report on prototype spatial geoforensic database., EU Project MiSAFE, Deliverable 5.8, Report to the European Commission, EU FP7 MISAFE Project, 313149.
  • Irvine, R.J.; Miller, D.R.; Artz, R.R.E.; Brooker, R.; Chapman, S.J.; Newey, S.; Hester, A.J.; Pakeman, R.J., (2016) Scoping a strategic vision for the uplands: A response from the James Hutton Institute., Response to a Consultation for Scottish Natural Heritage.
  • Miller, D.R.; Nijnik, M., (2016) Data Management Plan: Scientific activities and outputs., Social Innovation in Marginalised Rural Areas Project (SIMRA), Deliverable D1.3. Report to the European Commission, James Hutton Institute, pp18.
  • Miller, D.R.; Morrice, J.; McKeen, M.; Donaldson-Selby, G.; Wang, C.; Munoz-Rojas, J., (2016) Use of digital and 3D technology in planning: research report., Final Report for Scottish Government, pp109.

  • Ode Sang, A.; Hagerhall, C.; Miller, D.R.; Donaldson-Selby, G., (2014) The use of visualised landscapes in order to challenge and develop theory in landscape preference research., In: Wissen Hayek, U., Fricker, P. & Buhmann, E. (eds.). Peer Reviewed Proceedings of Digital Landscape Architecture DLA 2014, ETH Zurich Switzerland 21-23 May 2014. Herbert Wichmann Verlag, VDE VERLAG GMBH, Berlin/Offenbach, pp362-369.
  • Nijnik, M.; Miller, D.R., (2013) Chapter 25: Targeting sustainable provision of forest ecosystem services with special focus on carbon sequestration., In: Matyssek, R., Clarke, N., Cudlin, P., Mikkelsen, T.N., Tuovinen, J-P., Wieser, G. & Paoletti, E. (eds.). Climate Change, Air Pollution and Global Challenges: Understanding and Solutions from Forest Research. Elsevier. Chapter 25.9, pp547-568.
  • Wang, C.; Miller, D.R.; Jiang, Y.; Horne, P.; Morrice, J., (2012) Integration of Maya and ArcGIS: A new approach to representation in virtual., Design and Decision Support Systems, Eindhoven, August 2012.
  • Coleby, A.M.; Miller, D.R.; Aspinall, P.A., (2009) Public attitudes and community participation in windfarm development: strategic environmental assessment of renewable energy in Scotland., VDM Verlag, pp424. ISBN 3639158784
  • Ritz, K.; Dawson, L.A.; Miller, D.R. (eds.), (2009) Criminal and environmental soil forensics., Springer, 519pp. ISBN: 978-1-4020-9203-9
  • Barclay, A.D.; Dawson, L.A.; Donnelly, L.J.; Miller, D.R.; Ritz, K., (2009) Soils in forensic science: underground meets underworld., In: Ritz, K., Dawson, L.A. & Miller, D.R. (eds.). Criminal and Environmental Forensics. Springer, Dordrecht, Chapter 32, 501-514.ISBN: 978-1-4020-9203-9
  • Miller, D.R.; Vogt, N.; Nijnik, M.; Brondizio, E.; Fiorini, S., (2009) Integrating analytical and participatory techniques for planning the sustainable use of land resources and landscapes., In: Geertman, S.C.M. & Stillwell, J. (eds.). Planning Support Systems: New Methods and Best Practice. Advances in Spatial Science, Springer, New York, 317-345.
  • Miller, D.R.; Morrice, J.G.; Coleby, A.; Messager, P., (2007) Visualization techniques to support planning of renewable energy developments., In: Lovett, A. & Appleton, K. (eds.). GIS for Environmental Decision Making. Innovations in GIS Series, CRC Press, London, Part III, 227-239.
  • Nijnik, M.; Miller, D.R.; Nijnik, A.; Morrice, J.G., (2007) Multi-functional landscapes in Scotland., In: Pedroli, B., van Doorn, A. & de Blust, G. (eds.). Europe's Living Landscapes: Essays Exploring our Identity in the Countryside. KNNV Publications, 105-123. ISBN: 9789050112581
  • Lange, E.; Miller, D.R.; Hehl-Lange, S.; Morrice, J.G.; Raoult, Y.; Wissen, U., (2005) Our Shared Landscape: Integrating ecological, socio-economic and aesthetic aspects in landscape planning and management., Conference Proceedings, Swiss Federal Institute of Technolgy, Zurich, 2-6 May 2005.
  • Miller, D.R.; Morrice, J.G.; Coleby, A., (2005) The provision of visualization tools for engaging public and professional audiences., In: Bishop, I. & Lange, E. (eds.). Visualization in Landscape and Environmental Planning. Taylor and Francis, Chapter 8, pp175-183.
  • Miller, D.R., (2001) Spatial modelling of the visibility of land use., In: Spatial information and the environment (P.J. Halls). Taylor and Francis Ltd, London, pp213-227.
  • Robertson, R.A.; Miller, D.R.; Morrice, J., (2001) Proceedings of 2nd International Seminar on The After-use of cut-over peatlands, Islay of Islay, October 2000., Northern Periphery Programme, Re-use and cut-over peatlands project. EU Secretariat.
  • Miller, D.R.; Hadley, W.; Quine, C.; Broadgate, M., (1998) Orthophoto mapping for forest management., In: Proceedings GISRUK '98, University of Edinburgh.
  • Miller, D.R.; Morrice, J.G., (1996) An assessment of the uncertainty of delimited catchment boundaries., IAHS Publications, Ch.83, No.235, 445-451.
  • Miller, D.R.; Morrice, J.G.; Horne, P.L.; Aspinall, R.J., (1994) Use of gis for analysis of scenery in the Cairngorm Mountains of Scotland., In: Mountain Environments and Geographical Information Systems (eds. M.F. Price and D.I. Heywood). Taylor and Francis, pp.119-132.
  • Miller, D.R., (1993) Coupling of process-based vegetation models to GIS and knowledge-based systems with reference to vegetation change., In: Worboys, M. (ed.). Innovations in GIS,1. Taylor and Francis, Chapter 17, pp.241-250.
  • Miller, D.R.; Aspinall, R.J., (1992) Land Cover (Heather Moorland) in the Cairngorms by 10 km Squares.,
  • Miller, D.R.; Aspinall, R.J.; Moir, A.D., (1992) Land Cover of the Cairngorms, 1988: Heather Moorland., Map, scale 1:50 000, for the Cairngorms Working Party Woodlands Group.
  • Miller, D.R.; Aspinall, R.J., (1992) Land Cover (Woodland) in the Cairngorms by 10 km Squares.,
  • Miller, D.R.; Moir, A.D., (1992) Land Cover of Southern Grampian 1988: Forestry., Forestry Commission. Map.
  • Aspinall, R.J.; Miller, D.R., (1992) Distribution of red deer in the Cairngorms. Map., For Cairngorms Working Party Woodlands Group.
  • Miller, D.R.; Moir, A.D., (1992) Land Cover of the Cairngorms, 1988: Scattered Trees., Map, scale 1:50 000, for the Cairngorms Working Party Woodlands Group.
  • Miller, D.R.; Aspinall, R.J.; Moir, A.D., (1992) Land Cover of the Cairngorms, 1988: Principal Land Cover Features., Map, scale 1:50 000, for the Cairngorms Working Party Woodlands Group.

  • Schwarz, G.; Sanders, J.; Miller, D.R., (2018) Project Management Plan D1.1; Understanding and improving the sustainability of agroecological farming systems in the EU., Project Deliverable, H2020 UNISECO, D1.1: Report to European Commission.
  • Miller, D.R.; Aalders, I.; Irvine, K.A.; Iragui, U.; Astrain, C.; Zabalza, S.; Schwarz, G., (2018) UNISECO Risk Register: D1.2., Contract Deliverable to European Commission for UNISECO project, Deliverable 1.2, Risk Register.
  • Miller, D.R.; Donaldson-Selby, G.; Wang, C.; McKeen, M., (2017) Aquaculture spatial planning tool factsheet: seascape visibility analysis., Factsheets on Tool Selection and Guidance for Users and Practitioners; Project Report for Aquaspace, Milestone 20.
  • Miller, D.R.; Nijnik, M., (2017) Data Management Plan: Scientific activities and outputs., Social Innovation in Marginalised Rural Areas Project (SIMRA), Deliverable D1.3. Report to the European Commission, James Hutton Institute, pp14.
  • Miller, D.R.; Nijnik, M., (2017) Data Management Plan: Administration and management., Social Innovation in Marginalised Rural Areas Project (SIMRA), Deliverable D8.2. Report to the European Commission, James Hutton Institute, pp15.
  • Cook, G.; Miller, D.R.; Dawson, L.A., (2017) Report on the Consultation on Rural Economy and Connectivity Committee, Forestry and Land Management (Scotland) Bill., Response from SEFARI, August 2017.
  • Secco, K.; Pisani, E.; Burlando, C.; Da Re, R.; Gatto, P.; Pettenella, D.; Vassilopoulus, A.; Akinsete, E.; Koundouri, P.; Lopolito, A.; Prosperi, M.; Tuomasiukka, D.; Den Herde, M.; Lovric, M.; Polman, N.; Dijkshoorn, M.; Soma, K.; Ludvig, A.; Weiss, G.; Zivojinovic, I.; Sarkki, S.; Ravazzoli, E.; Dalla Torre, C.; Streifeneder, T.; Slee, W.; Nijnik, M.; Miller, D.; Barlagne C.; Prokofieva, I., (2017) Set of methods to assess SI implications at different levels: instructions for WPs 5 & 6., Deliverable 4.2, Social Innovation in Marginalised Rural Areas (SIMRA), Report to the European Commission, James Hutton Institute, pp203.
  • Price, M.; Miller, D.R.; McKeen, M.; Slee, W.; Nijnik, M., (2017) Categorisation of marginalised rural areas (MRAs)., Deliverable 3.1, Social Innovation in Marginalised Rural Areas (SIMRA), Report to the European Commission, James Hutton Institute, pp57.
  • Miller, D.R.; Nijnik, M.; Barlagne, C., (2017) Minutes of 1st General Assembly., Deliverable 8.4, Social Innovation in Marginalised Rural Areas (SIMRA), Report to the European Commission, James Hutton Institute, pp23.
  • Ludvig, A.; Weiss, G.; Zivojinovic, I.; Nijnik, M.; Miller, D.R.; Barlagne, C.; Perlik, M.; Hermann, P.; Egger, T.; Torre C.D.; Streifeneder, T.; Ravazzoli, E.; Sfeir, P.; Lukesch, R.; Wagner, K.; Egartner, S.; Clotteau, M., (2017) Political framework conditions, policies and instruments for SIs in rural areas., Social Innovation in Marginalised Rural Areas, Deliverable 6.1, Social Innovation in Marginalised Rural Areas (SIMRA), Report to the European Commission, James Hutton Institute, pp36.
  • Kluvánková, T.; Gezik, V.; Spacek, M.; Brnkaláková, S.; Valero, D.; Bryce, R.; Slee, W.; Alkhaled, D.; Secco, L.; Burlando, C.; Kozova, M.; Miller, D.R.; Nijnik, M.; Perlik, M.; Pisani, E.; Polman, N.; Price, M.; Sarkii, S.; Weiss, G., (2017) Transdisciplinary understanding of SI in MRAs., Deliverable 2.2, Social Innovation in Marginalised Rural Areas (SIMRA), Report to the European Commission, James Hutton Institute, 58pp.
  • Gimpel, A.; Töpsch, S.; Stelzenmüller, V.; Gubbins, M.; Murray, A.G.; Watret, R.; Galparsoro, I.; Murillas, A.; Pinarbas, K.; Miller, D.R.; Brigolin, D.; Pastres, R.; Porporato, E.; Roca Carceller, G.; Marba, N., (2017) Deliverable 3.3 AquaSpace tool to support MSP, Ecosystem Approach to making Space for Aquaculture (Aquaspace)., Report to the European Commission, James Hutton Institute, pp58.
  • Billing, S-L.; Gubbins, M.; Miller, D.R.; Watret, R.; Adams, T.; Black, K.; Donaldson-Selby, G.; Wang, C.; Greenhill, L.; Tett, P., (2017) Argyll and Bute, Scotland, UK., In: Strand, O. & Bergh, O. (eds.) Ecosystem Approach to making Space for Aquaculture (Aquaspace). Deliverable 4.2 Case Study Final Reports, Report to the European Commission, James Hutton Institute. Chapter 15, 251-272.
  • Barlagne, C.; Bryce, R.; Valero, D.; Price, M.; Mosdale, L.; Clotteau, M.; Miller, D.R.; Nijnik, M., (2017) Ethical approvals for research with human participants in the SIMRA Project, Deliverable 9.5., Social Innovation in Marginalised Rural Areas (SIMRA), Report to the European Commission, James Hutton Institute, pp.29.
  • Secco, L.; Pisani, E.; Burlando, C.; Da Re, R.; Pettenella, D.; Nijnik, M.; Miller, D.R.; Slee, B.; Gezik, V.; Kluvankova, T., (2017) D4.1 Guidelines to identify and analyse existing methods to assess social innovation and impacts., Report for Innovative, Sustainable and Inclusive Bioeconomy, SIMRA, 2017.
  • Nijnik, M.; Miller, D.R., (2017) D8.2 Data management plan: administration and management., Report for Innovative, Sustainable and Inclusive Bioeconomy, SIMRA.
  • Nijnik, M.; Miller, D.R.; Slee, B., (2017) D1.4 Criteria and indicators for monitoring and evaluation of scientific results., Report for Innovative, Sustainable and Inclusive Bioeconomy, SIMRA, pp17.
  • Nijnik, M.; Miller, D.R., (2017) D1.3: Data management plan: Scientific activities and outputs., Report for Innovative, Sustainable and Inclusive Bioeconomy, SIMRA.
  • Barlagne, C.; Miller, D.R.; Nijnik, M., (2017) Ethical clearance procedures in SIMRA., Deliverable 1.5, Social Innovation in Marginalised Rural Areas (SIMRA), pp65.
  • Nijnik, M.; Miller, D.R., (2016) D8.3 Risk register - project management., Report for Innovative, Sustainable and Inclusive Bioeconomy, SIMRA.

Sandy (Page)

Follow Sandy on Twitter Age: Younger than most Scottish soils Address: By the sea Preferred Occupation: Golfer/crofter Height/Weight: Usually healthy, but height can suddenly change Colour: Yellow ... Read more

Rusty (Page)

Age: Very old but cosmetic surgery has changed his appearance over the years Address: East Scotland Preferred Occupation: Arable farmer Height/Weight: Weight increases with depth. Height depends on his parents, but u ... Read more

Rocky (Page)

Age: Similar to his deeper characters Address: Anywhere it is rocky, many locations in the West Highlands Preferred Occupation: Almost unemployable, particularly lazy in pasture land Height/Weight: Stunted growth but ... Read more

Pete (Page)

Age: A young head on old shoulders Address: Northern Scotland and the Islands Preferred Occupation: Water supplier/whisky distiller/ornithologist Height/Weight: Height varies from 0.5-8 metres; Weight normal but redu ... Read more

Monty (Page)

Age: Average for Scottish soils, less than 10,000 years Address: On the mountain tops Preferred Occupation: Conservationalist/bird watcher, skier, hill walker Height/Weight: Surprisingly tall despite stony faced exte ... Read more

Heather (Page)

Age: Very old, but extremely interesting Address: Eastern and Central Highlands Preferred Occupation: Gamekeeper/forester/ecologist/farmer Height/weight: Very light on top, much heavier below. Usually over a metre ta ... Read more

Claude (Page)

Age: Very old but has changed in appearance over the years Address: West Central Scotland   Preferred Occupation:    ... Read more

Ally (Page)

Age:   Younger than most Scottish soils   Address: Along most of our major river courses ... Read more

Meet the Dirt Doctor (Page)

Starting in 2007, the Institute has been highlighting how soils play a crucial role in almost every aspect of our lives. A series of public events are championing the importance of this under-rated resource for our food, fuel, wil ... Read more

Library and Information Services (Page)

The Library and Information Services vision is to support the Institute’s scientists in gathering high quality information effectively so that the Institute may deliver excellent research outputs. We aim to achieve this thro ... Read more

Living and Working in Aberdeen (Page)

Aberdeen is a lively, cosmopolitan city of some 220,000 residents located in North East Scotland. ... Read more

The Living Field (Page)

The Living Field projects aim to enhance public knowledge and awareness of the importance of agriculture and the environment in our daily lives using a wide range of materials, methods and technologies. It includes a community g ... Read more

Facilities (Page)

Aberdeen We have extensive organic and inorganic chemistry laboratories, and a range of analytical equipment and capabilities. We operate several environmentally controlled rooms to support our work, including cold rooms, freeze ... Read more

Living and working in Dundee (Page)

The James Hutton Institute is situated in the village of Invergowrie on the western outskirts of Dundee. It also has a site a few miles to the north at Balruddery Farm by Fowlis. ... Read more

History (Page)

The James Hutton Institute brings together the Macaulay Land Use Research Institute and SCRI (Scottish Crop Research Institute) both of which have illustrious histories. The new institute was created on 1 April 2011. ... Read more

FAQs (Page)

What is the James Hutton Institute? ... Read more

Learning and Resources (Page)

The James Hutton Institute is committed to raising awareness and understanding of science, and crop-based science in particular, to colleges, universities and the general public. ... Read more

Research (Page)

Science connecting land and people Across the globe nations are facing growing demands to provide food, energy and water from finite land and natural resources. These challenges are complex, interconnected and ever-changing. Enc ... Read more

About us (Page)

The James Hutton Institute combines strengths in crops, soils and land use and environmental research, and makes a major contribution to the understanding of key global issues, such as food, energy and environmental security, and ... Read more


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The James Hutton Research Institute is the result of the merger in April 2011 of MLURI and SCRI. This merger formed a new powerhouse for research into food, land use, and climate change.