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fauna

UnderStory - Storying woodland use, management and expansion in the Cairngorms (Project)

A digital story map will be created called the UnderStory and will provide an engaging, enduring account of perspectives on woodland use, management and expansion in the early 21st Century from the Cairngorms.It will be created ou ... Read more

Rare invertebrates in the Cairngorms project: one year on (Event)

Gabrielle Flinn from RSPB will deliver this Aberdeen Entomological Club seminar entitled “Rare invertebrates in the Cairngorms project: one year on”. It will be held at the James Hutton Institute in Aberdeen (and scree ... Read more

New research determines the best methods to count mountain hares in upland areas (News)

A report published today and co-authored by James Hutton Institute scientists recommends ways to count mountain hares. The scientific study compared a range of methods to count individuals, and determined the most effective, relia ... Read more

New sightings signal red squirrels’ return to Aberdeen city parks and gardens (News)

For the first time in many years, red squirrels have been spotted at the James Hutton Institute's Craigiebuckler site and near the University of Aberdeen— a promising sign that this charismatic species is making a comeba ... Read more

The Birse and Robertson Archive (Research Page)

Introduction ... Read more

First Scottish sighting of velvet ants in three decades (News)

Specimens of Mutilla europaea, a rare species of parasitoid wasp commonly known as ‘velvet ants’ because of their distinctive appearance and similarity of females to ants, have been sighted in Scotland for the first ti ... Read more

Ecological research key to managing Scotland's natural resources (News)

Scotland’s environment faces many challenges including a changing climate, invasive species, pollution and changes in the way our land and seas are managed, and ecological research is at the heart of solutions to help policy ... Read more

Invertebrates on Scottish Sites of Special Scientific Interest (SSSIs): Site Condition Monitoring 2013-14 (Event)

Chris Cathrine from Caledonian Conservation will deliver this Aberdeen Entomological Club seminar entitled “Invertebrates on Scottish Sites of Special Scientific Interest (SSSIs): Site Condition Monitoring 2013-14. It will b ... Read more

Too many deer in Scotland? Hutton expertise contributes to deer management inquiry (News)

Deer are iconic species in Scotland and provide a key ecological resource for the tourism, hunting and food industries. However, at high densities their impact can be detrimental to some habitats. Are the right policies and incent ... Read more

Reindeer are shrinking - will Santa need more to pull his sleigh? (News)

Often portrayed as pulling Santa’s sleigh, reindeer are a Christmas staple. Now, ecologists have found that reindeer are shrinking due to the impact of climate change on their food supplies. Speaking at the British Ecologi ... Read more

Termites and soils in a dryland environment (Event)

Sam Gandy from the James Hutton Institute will deliver this Aberdeen Entomological Club seminar entitled “Termites and soils in a dryland environment”. It will be held at the James Hutton Institute in Aberdeen (and scr ... Read more

Larval ecology of hoverflies (Event)

Geoff Wilkinson of the North East Scotland Biological Records Centre (NESBReC) will deliver this Aberdeen Entomological Club seminar entitled “Larval ecology of hoverflies”. It will be held at the James Hutton Institut ... Read more

Decision to keep beavers in Scotland welcomed by Hutton scientists (News)

Scientists at the James Hutton Institute have welcomed the Scottish Government's decision to allow beavers to remain in Argyll and Tayside as a protected species, but warned continued long-term monitoring and active manag ... Read more

More needed to promote sustainable food production, Hutton scientists say (News)

More needs to be done to promote sustainable food production if we are to solve the apparent conflict between the interests of nature and those of modern agriculture, according to researchers at the James Hutton Institute. This wa ... Read more

Biodiversity and Ecosystems (Research Page)

The aim of the Biodiversity and Ecosystem subgroup is to understand how human driven global and local changes impact on the network of interactions between animals, microbes and plants in natural and semi-natural habitats to predi ... Read more

More than just fish food: Ecosystem services provided by freshwater insects (Event)

Craig Macadam, Conservation Director from the invertebrate charity Buglife, will deliver this Aberdeen Entomological Club seminar entitled “More than just fish food: Ecosystem services provided by freshwater insects”. ... Read more

Understanding Predation project identifies pathways to address conflict (News)

A report from a ground-breaking project identifying ways to resolve conflicts about predation has been launched by Environment Minister, Dr Aileen McLeod. The report analyses the views of a large number of stakeholders in con ... Read more

Dragonflies and damselflies of North East Scotland (Event)

Juliette Dinning will deliver this Aberdeen Entomological Club seminar entitled “Dragonflies and damselflies of north east Scotland”. It will be held at the James Hutton Institute in Aberdeen (and screened to the Insti ... Read more

Priority species of butterflies and moths in NE Scotland (Event)

Helen Rowe from the Aberdeenshire Council and Butterfly Conservation will deliver this Aberdeen Entomological Club seminar entitled "Priority species of butterflies and moths in NE Scotland". It will be held at the James ... Read more

Too many businesses unaware of impact of declining natural capital (News)

The Natural Capital Initiative, a partnership between the Society of Biology, British Ecological Society, Centre for Ecology & Hydrology and the James Hutton Institute, has launched the ‘Valuing our Life S ... Read more

Future support for Scottish venison could help address UK market shortfall (News)

Venison has grown significantly in popularity as a meat product in the last five years. Yet, many British supermarkets are stocked with imported rather than local, UK produced venison.  A new, detailed study from the Univer ... Read more

Sustainable Coasts: Balancing socio-economic drivers whilst preserving coastal amenity & habitat (Event)

As east-central Scotland's Local Coastal Partnership, the Tay Estuary Forum puts together a conference each year to reflect current issues within the coastal and marine environments at both a regional and national scale, ... Read more

Mountain hare study begins (News)

The James Hutton Institute has joined forces with Scottish Natural Heritage (SNH) and the Game and Wildlife Conservation Trust (GWCT) to begin a three-year study to trial different methods of assessing mountain hare populations in ... Read more

Dr Helaina Black appointed Ecological Sciences group leader (News)

Senior soil ecologist Dr Helaina Black has been appointed to the leadership of the Ecological Sciences group at the James Hutton Institute, following the retirement of Dr Pete Goddard. ... Read more

Latest beaver trial reports published (News)

Six reports looking at the trial reintroduction of beavers at Knapdale in Argyll have been published today (Thursday 20 November) by Scottish Natural Heritage, including a report by the James Hutton Institute. ... Read more

Capturing the wild: Smart camera records Scotland’s unseen wildlife (News)

Monitoring of Scotland’s wildlife in some of the most remote and inaccessible parts of the country has been transformed thanks to a new ‘smart camera’ developed by experts at the James Hutton Institute and the Un ... Read more

Host Identity and Climate as Determinants of Ectomycorrhizal Fungal Distribution in Scotland (Research Page)

Background Over 85% of land plants are obligate associated with mycorrhizal fungi illustrating the importance of the symbiosis. Fungi provide water and essential nutrients to their host plants in exchange for carbohydrates deriv ... Read more

What will happen to the reindeer as the planet warms? (News)

Work to help monitor the impact of climate change on the Arctic reindeer population by Professor Steve Albon of the James Hutton Institute is featured in the March issue of the Smithsonian magazine. The article "As the Planet ... Read more

Potential impact of ash dieback on UK wildlife (News)

A scientific report published today has explored what might happen if Chalara infection and associated ash dieback led to widespread death of nearly all ash trees within the UK. It reports that it is likely that there would be a h ... Read more

LandSFACTS downloads (Research Page)

The LandSFACTS software is available in several formats: with graphical interface, helpfile and tutorial [XP, W7], cf. below command-line [XP, W7, W7 x64, Linux x64], by request dynamic libraries [XP, W7, W7 x64, Linux x ... Read more

LandSFACTS model details (inputs/outputs) (Research Page)

The LandsFACTS model was originally (v1.6) set up to simulate cropping systems at the landscape scale. Since 2007, it was further developed to allow modelling land uses at multiple scales within an evolving environment. The diagra ... Read more

LandSFACTS (Research Page)

LANDscape Scale Functional Allocation of Crops Temporally and Spatially ... Read more

Scenarios and land use futures (Research Page)

Environmental, economic and social issues associated with agriculture are often fundamental for rural prosperity and sustainability, with consequent implications for any debate about future land use. A key to supporting the planni ... Read more

Natural resource datasets and databases (Research Page)

Soil mapping ... Read more

Reindeer populations endangered by climate change (News)

Northern reindeer populations are experiencing rapid and significant climate change; the success of future Christmases may depend on how well reindeer can adapt and Santa may need to look for alternative power sources for his slei ... Read more

Soil forensics (Research Page)

... Read more

Ecological Sciences
Ecological Sciences
Honorary Research Associate
steve.albon@hutton.ac.uk
+44 (0)344 928 5428 (*)

The James Hutton Institute
Craigiebuckler
Aberdeen AB15 8QH
Scotland UK

 

Steve Albon was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh, Scotland's National Academy of Sciences and Letters, in 2008. He has held an Honorary Chair at the University of Aberdeen since 1997.

Current research interests

Steve is best known for his involvement in the long-term research on the population ecology of red deer on the Isle of Rum, and Soay sheep on St Kilda. Currently, he is collaborating with Mick Crawley (Imperial College), in supervising a NERC Open CASE student, Ana Bento, on the influence of weather on plant growth over almost 30 years on Rum and 20 years on St Kilda. With colleagues at the Institute he is analysing how the red deer population in Scotland has grown in relation to an ameliorating climate and the likely effects of the recent reduction in sheep grazing in the uplands.

Also, Steve is involved with a long-term, Anglo-Norwegian, project exploring the effects of host-parasite interactions on the population dynamics of reindeer on Svalbard (78°N).  A species of gastro-intestinal parasite, ingested as free-living larvae on the tundra vegetation, regulates the reindeer population by depressing fecundity as burdens in individual reindeer rise following host population increases. Now with Ken Wilson (Lancaster University) and a NERC Open CASE student, Anja Carlsson, he is exploring the role of a second species of gut parasite which, rather amazingly, appears to be transmitted in the winter, and therefore may influence reindeer survival.

Bibliography

  • Clutton-Brock, T.H.; Grenfell, B.T.; Coulson, T.N.; MacColl, A.D.C.; Illius, A.W.; Forchhammer, M.C.; Wilson, K.; Lindstrom, J.; Crawley, M.J.; Albon, S.D., (2004) Population dynamics of Soay sheep., In: Soay Sheep: Dynamics and Selection in an Island Population (eds. T. H. Clutton-Brock and J.M. Pemberton). Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, pp52-88.
  • Crawley, M.J.; Albon, S.D.; Bazely, D.R.; Milner, J.M.; Pilkington, J.G.; Tuke, A.L., (2004) Vegetation and sheep population dynamics., In: Soay Sheep: Dynamics and Selection in an Island Population (eds. T. H. Clutton-Brock and J.M. Pemberton). Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, pp89-112.
  • Milner, J.M.; Albon, S.D.; Kruuk, L.E.B.; Pemberton, J.M., (2004) Selection of phenotype., In: Soay Sheep: Dynamics and Selection in an Island Population (eds. T. H. Clutton-Brock and J.M. Pemberton). Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, pp190-216.
  • Milner, J.M.; Stien, A.; Irvine, R.J.; Albon, S.D.; Langvatn, R.; Ropstad, E., (2003) Body condition in Svalbard reindeer and the use of blood parameters as indicators of condition and fitness., Canadian Journal of Zoology, 81, 1566-1578.
  • Stien, A.; Irvine, R.J.; Ropstad, E.; Halvorsen, O.; Langvatn, R.; Albon, S.D., (2002) The impact of gastrointestinal nematodes on wild reindeer: experimental and cross - sectional studies., Journal of Animal Ecology, 71, 937-945.
  • Stien, A.; Irvine, R.J.; Halvorsen, O.; Langvatn, R.; Albon, S.D., (2002) The population dynamics of Ostertagia gruehneri in reindeer: a model for the seasonal and intensity dependent variation in nematode fecundity., International Journal of Parasitology, 32, 991-996.
  • Dormann, C.F.; Albon, S.D.; Woodin, S.J., (2002) No evidence for adaptation of two Polygonum viviparum morphotypes of different bulbil characteristics to length of growing season: abundance, biomass and germination., Polar Biology, 25, 884-890.
  • Cote, S.D.; Dallas, J.F.; Marshall, F.; Irvine, R.J.; Langvatn, R.; Albon, S.D., (2002) Microsatellite DNA evidence for genetic drift and philopatry in Svalbard reindeer., Molecular Ecology, 11, 1923-1930.
  • Albon, S.D.; Stien, A.; Irvine, R.J.; Langvatn, R.; Ropstad, E.; Halvorsen, O., (2002) The role of parasites in the regulation of a reindeer population., Proceedings of the Royal Society, B, 269, 1625-1632.
  • Schmidt, K.T.; Stien A.; Albon, S.D.; Guinness F.E., (2001) Antler length of yearling red deer is determined by population density, weather and early life-history., Oecologia, 127, 191-197.
  • Irvine, R.J.; Stien, A.; Dallas, J.F.; Halvorsen, O.; Langvatn, R.; Albon, S.D., (2001) Contrasting regulation of fecundity in two abomasal nematodes of Svalbard reindeer (Rangifer tarandus platyrhynchus)., Parasitology, 122, 673-681.
  • Forchammer, M.C.; Clutton-Brock, T.H.; Lindstrom, J.; Albon, S.D., (2001) Climate and population density induce long-term cohort variation in a northern ungulate., Journal of Animal Ecology, 70, 721-729.
  • Coulson, T.N.; Catchpole, E.A.; Albon, S.D.; Morgan, B.J.T.; Pemberton, J.M.; Clutton-Brock, T.H.; Crawley, M.J.; Grenfell, B.T., (2001) Age, sex, density and winter weather, and population crashes in Soay sheep., Science, 292, 1528-1531.
  • Baldi, R.; Albon, S.D.; Elston, D.A., (2001) Guanacos and sheep: evidence for continuing competition in arid Patagonia., Oecologia, 129, 561-570.
  • Dallas, J.F.; Irvine, R.J.; Albon, S.D.; Halvorsen, O., (2000) Identification of females and larvae of Marshallagia marshalli and Ostertagia gruehneri (Nematoda: Ostertaginae) from reindeer on Svalbard by multiplex PCR., International Journal for Parasitology, 30, 863-866.
  • van der Wal, R.; Madan, N.; van Lieshout, S.; Dorman, C.; Langvatn, R.; Albon, S.D., (2000) Trading forage quality for quantity? Plant phenology and patch choice by Svalbard reindeer., Oecologia, 123, 108-115.
  • van der Wal, R.; Irvine, R.J.; Stien, A.; Shepherd, N.; Albon, S.D., (2000) Faecal avoidance and the risk of infection by nematodes in a natural population of reindeer., Oecologia, 124, 19-25.
  • Milner, J.M.; Pemberton, J.M.; Brotherstone, S.; Albon, S.D., (2000) Estimating variance components and heritabilities in the wild: a case study using the `animal model? approach., Journal of Evolutionary Biology, 13, 804-813.
  • Irvine, R.J.; Stien, A.; Halvorsen, O.; Langvatn, R.; Albon, S.D., (2000) Life-history strategies and population dynamics of abomasal nematodes in Svalbard reindeer (Rangifer tarandus platyrhynchus)., Parasitology, 120, 297-311.
  • Dallas, J.F.; Irvine, R.J.; Halvorsen, O.; Albon, S.D., (2000) Identification by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) of Marshallagia marshalli and Ostertagia gruehneri from Svalbard reindeer., International Journal of Parasitology, 30, 863-866.
  • Catchpole, E.A.; Morgan, B.J.T.; Coulson, T.N.; Freeman, S.N.; Albon, S.D., (2000) Factors influencing Soay sheep survival., Applied Statistics, 49, 453-472.
  • Albon, S.D.; Coulson, T.N.; Brown, D.; Guinness, F.E.; Pemberton, J.M.; Clutton-Brock, T.H., (2000) Temporal changes in key factors and key age groups influencing the population dynamics of female red deer., Journal of Animal Ecology, 69, 1099-1110.
  • Ropstad, E.; Johansen, O.; King, C.; Dahl, E.; Albon, S.D.; Langvatn, R.; Irvine, R.J.; Halvorsen, O.; Sasser, G., (1999) Comparison of plasma progesterone, transrectal ultrasound and pregnancy specific proteins (PSPB) used for pregnancy diagnosis in reindeer., Acta Veterinaria Scandinavia, 40, 151-162.
  • Milner, J.M.; Elston, D.A.; Albon, S.D., (1999) Estimating the contributions of population density and climatic fluctuations to interannual variation in survival of Soay sheep., Journal of Animal Ecology, 68, 1235-1247.
  • Milner, J.M.; Albon, S.D.; Illius, A.W.; Pemberton, J.M.; Clutton-Brock, T.H., (1999) Repeated selection of morphometric traits in the Soay sheep on St Kilda., Journal of Animal Ecology, 68, 472-488.
  • Langvatn, R.; Albon, S.D.; Irvine, R.J.; Halvorsen, O.; Ropstad, E., (1999) Parasitter, kondisjon og reproduksjon hos Svalbardrein in Terrestrisk okologisk forskningsprogram p? Svalbard, Svalbardtundraens Okologi., Parasitter, kondisjon og reproduksjon hos Svalbardrein in Terrestrisk okologisk forskningsprogram p? Svalbard, Svalbardtundraens Okologi (ed. S.A.Bengtson, F. Mehlum and T Severinsen (Redaktorer). Chapter 14, pp139-148.
  • Kruuk, L.E.B.; Clutton-Brock, T.H.; Albon, S.D.; Pemberton, J.M.; Guinness, F.E., (1999) Population density affects sex ratio variation in red deer., Nature, 399, 459-461.
  • Halvorsen, O.; Stien, A.; Irvine, R.J.; Langvatn, R.; Albon, S.D., (1999) Evidence for continued transmission of parasitic nematodes in reindeer during the Arctic winter., International Journal for Parasitology, 29, 567-579.
  • Coulson, T.; Albon, S.D.; Pilkington, J.; Clutton-Brock, T.H., (1999) Small-scale spatial dynamics in a fluctuating ungulate population., Journal of Animal Ecology, 68, 658-671.
  • Coulson, T.; Albon, S.D.; Slate, J.; Pemberton, J., (1999) Microsatellite loci reveal sex-dependent responses to inbreeding and outbreeding in red deer calves., Evolution, 53,1951-1960.

  • Mace, G.M.; Bateman, I.; Albon, S.; Balmford, A.; Brown, C.; Church, A.; Haines-Young, R.; Pretty, J.N.; Turner, K.; Vira, B.; Winn, J., (2011) Conceptual framework and methodology., In: UK National Ecosystem Assessment. Understanding Nature's Value to Society. Technical Report. Cambridge, UNEP-WCMC, Chapter 2, pp11-26.
  • Watson, R.; Albon, S.; Aspinall, R.; Austen, M.; Bardgett, R.; Bateman, I.; Berry, P.; Bird, W.; Bradbury, R.; Brown, C.; Bullock, J.; Burgess, J.; Church, A.; Christie, S.; Crute, I.; Davies, L.; Edwards-Jones, G.; Emmett, B.; Firbank, L.; Fitter, A.; Gibson, C.; Hails, R.; Haines-Young, R.; Heathwaite, L.; Hopkins, J.; Jenkins, M.; Jones, L.; Mace, G.; Malcolm, S.; Maltby, E.; Maskell, L.; Norris, K.; Ormerod, S.; Osborne, J.; Pretty, J.; Quine, C.; Russell, S.; Simpson, L.; Smith, P.; Tierney, M. Turner, K.; van der Wal, R.; Vira, B.; Walpole, M.; Watkinson, A.; Weighell, T.; Winn, J.; Winter, M., (2011) The UK National Ecosystem Assessment: Synthesis of the key findings., UNEP-WCMC, Cambridge.
  • Riordan, P.; Hudson, P.J.; Albon, S.D., (2006) Do parasites matter? Infectious diseases and the conservation of host populations., In: Key Topics in Conservation (ed. D.W. Macdonald). Chapter 11, Oxford University Press, Oxford, pp156-172.

  • Albon, S.D.; Potts, J.M.; Brewer, M.; McLeod, J.; Elston, D.; Irvine, R.J., (2017) Estimating national trends and regional differences in red deer density on open-hill ground in Scotland: identifying the causes of change and consequences for upland habitats., Scottish Natural Heritage Commissioned Report, No. 981, 29pp.
  • Albon, S.; Turner, K.; Watson, R.; Anger, A.; Baker, J.; Bateman, I.; Bentley, S.; Blyth, N.; Bowles-Newark, N.; Brown, C.; Brown, I.; Byrne, J.; Church, A.; Coates, P.; Cowap, C.; Dickie, I.; Elliott, M.; Everard, M.; Gosling, L.; Grayson, N.; Haines-Young, R.; Harrison, P.; Kelly, M.; Kenter, J.; Martin, K.; Maxwell, S.l McCarthy, D.; Mee, L.; Monk, K.; Mortimer, D.; Osborn, D.; Owen, R.; Ranger, S.; Reed, M.; Russel, D.; Scott, A.; Thompson, D.; Tierney, M.; Turner, K.; Waters, R.; Wharfe, J.; Whitbread, T.; Williams, D.; Wilson, B.; Wilson, L., (2014) UK National Ecosystem Assessment Follow-on. Synthesis of the key findings., Report from the UK National Ecosystem Assessment Follow-on Phase.
  • Albon, S.; Balana, B.; Brooker, R.; Eastwood, A., (2014) A systematic evaluation of Scotland's Natural Capital Asset Index., Scottish Natural Heritage Commissioned Report No. 751
  • Eastwood, A.; Nijnik, M.; Brooker, R.; Pakeman, R.J.; Artz, R.r.E.; Norton, L.; Ross, L.; Bullock, J.; Albon, S.; Vellinga, N.; Fielding, D.; Irvine, R.J.; Ramsay, S.; Cooksley, S., (2013) Nature conservation and ecosystem service delivery., Joint Nature Conservancy Council, Contract C12-0170-0635.
  • Brooker, R.; Aalders, I.H.; Ballingall, K.; Begg, G.; Birch, A.N.E.; Elliott, G.; Ellis, C.; Freitag, T.; Hawes, C.; Holland, J.; Holmes, B.; Hough, R.L.; Karley, A.; McCracken, D.; Mitchell, R.; Stockan, J.; Zadoks, R.; Albon, S.A.; Hester, A.J.; Pakeman, R.J., (2013) Biotic and biophysical underpinning of ecosystem services in the Scottish context: a review., Published online as an outputs from WP 1.1 of the Ecosystem Services Theme of the SRP.
  • Albon, S.D.; Armstrong, H.; Ballantyne, S.; Elston, D.; Hooper, R.; Irvine, R.J.; Perez-Barberia, J.; Potts J., (2009) A methodology to describe regional and national deer populations and trends in Scotland., Deer Commission for Scotland RP73.
  • FitzGibbon, C.; Albon, S.D.; Robinson, P., (2005) The effects of a mixed grazing regime on sand dune vegetation communities at Braunton Burrows, Devon., English Nature Research Report, No. 637, 53p.
  • Palmer, S.C.F.; Hester, A.J.; Pakeman, R.J.; Truscott, A-M.; Gordon, I.J.; Albon, S.D., (2003) The development of a moorland scenario model., Scottish Natural Heritage.
  • Coltman, D.W.; Pilkington, J.G.; Albon, S.D.; Amos, W.; Boyd, H.E.G.; Braisher, T.; Clutton-Brock, T.H.; Coulson, T.N.; Crawley, M.J.; Finkenstadt, B.; Gordon, I.J.; Grenfell, B.T.; Illius, A.W.; Milner, I.; Paterson, S.; Pemberton, J.M.; Preston, B.; Tuke., (1999) St Kilda Soay sheep project : annual report 1998., SNH and NTS.

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The James Hutton Research Institute is the result of the merger in April 2011 of MLURI and SCRI. This merger formed a new powerhouse for research into food, land use, and climate change.