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Research underway to discover causes of senescent sweetening in potato storage (News)

Researchers at the James Hutton Institute and partner organisations are working to understand the mechanisms behind senescent sweetening, a problem responsible for considerable losses of potato crops during storage, particularly i ... Read more

SSCR Potato Winter Meeting 7 March 2019 (Event)

The Scottish Society for Crop Research (SSCR) is holding their Potato Winter Meeting at the James Hutton Institute, Invergowrie. The event is open to anyone in the potato industry and other interested parties. CPD Points A tot ... Read more

Potato scientists unravel genetics of tuber skin and flesh colour (News)

Potato tuber skin and flesh colours are attractive traits for consumers and frequently influence purchase choices. In a new study, scientists of the James Hutton Institute have identified a genetic molecule that regulates the prod ... Read more

New partnership to introduce Scottish potato varieties to India (News)

The James Hutton Institute's commercial subsidiary, James Hutton Limited, has entered into a five-year agreement with Technico Agri Sciences, a subsidiary of Indian company ITC Limited, for the provision of 16 potato vari ... Read more

Buntata mobile app profiled in first issue of Global Potato News (News)

Hutton Android app Buntata has been featured in the first issue of Global Potato News, a newly launched international business-to-business magazine serving the entire potato industry from farm to fork. Originally unveiled in 201 ... Read more

Researchers shine a light into the mechanisms of potato late blight infection (News)

Scientists at the James Hutton Institute, in collaboration with colleagues of the University of Dundee, Huazhong Agricultural University, Heilongjiang Academy of Agricultural Sciences (both China) and Wageningen University (Nether ... Read more

Buntata Web: easy identification of potato pests and diseases on any device (News)

The James Hutton Institute's Information and Computational Sciences group have announced a web version of Buntata, the free mobile application launched last year to help potato growers identify plant pests and diseases in the ... Read more

Shandong Academy of Agricultural Sciences and James Hutton Institute establish collaborative links (News)

A Memorandum of Understanding has been signed between the Shandong Academy of Agricultural Sciences, China, and the James Hutton Institute, during the 2018 UK-China Potato Science and Technology Innovation Cooperation Conference, ... Read more

James Hutton Group welcomes UK-China seed potato deal (News)

The James Hutton Institute and its commercial subsidiary, James Hutton Limited, have welcomed a deal which will allow the UK to export seed potato to China. The agreement, signed by International Trade Secretary Dr Liam Fox duri ... Read more

Climate-resilient spuds in focus at Potatoes in Practice 2018 (News)

Research at the James Hutton Institute has led to the discovery of genetic variations which can help protect potato crop yields at high temperature, potentially providing potato breeders with a valuable tool in their quest to crea ... Read more

Birch lab discover new knowledge in fight against potato blight disease (News)

Potato blight, caused by the water mould Phytophthora infestans, is the major disease of potatoes worldwide and is thus a threat to food security. New research from the Birch lab in the University of Dundee's Division of ... Read more

Potatoes in Practice looks to the future of tatties (News)

The next generation of the potato industry will debate the future of the humble spud at this year’s Potatoes in Practice. Potatoes in Practice is the largest field-based potato event in the UK, held on Thursday 9th August ... Read more

Hutton potato varieties approved for export to Kenya (News)

Two potato varieties bred at the James Hutton Institute in Dundee have been recommended for release in Kenya thanks to the concerted efforts of AHDB, SASA, Seeds2B Africa - part of the Syngenta Foundation - and the Institute&rsquo ... Read more

Hutton scientists supporting major food safety drive in potato and cereal products (News)

Scientists from the James Hutton Institute are supporting an industry-led Innovate UK project aimed at improving food safety standards in potato, cereal, bread and other food products. The £1.99m initiative, led by Industr ... Read more

New version of Buntata mobile app announced (News)

The James Hutton Institute's Information and Computational Sciences group has announced a new version of Buntata, a free Android app to help potato growers identify plant pests and diseases in the field. Produced with suppor ... Read more

Blight map reveals evolution of potato disease in Europe (News)

An international consortium including the James Hutton Institute which tracks the European spatial distribution of Phytophthora infestans, the plant pathogen responsible for potato late blight, has updated the distribution of the ... Read more

Quikgro: developing potato varieties suited to sub-Saharan conditions (News)

Potato is a key food and cash crop contributing both to food security and the local economy in Kenya, Malawi and elsewhere in sub-Saharan Africa. Scientists from the James Hutton Institute in collaboration with the University of S ... Read more

SSCR Potato Winter Meeting 22 March 2018 (event now fully booked) (Event)

Please note that this event is now fully booked and no more registrations are being taken. Turning up without having registered first is not recommended as you may be turned away. Please accept our apologies. The Scottish Societ ... Read more

Chinese-Scottish potato collaboration shortlisted for business award (News)

A potato research partnership between Xisen Group and the James Hutton Institute’s commercial subsidiary, James Hutton Limited, has been shortlisted for a China-Scotland Business Award in the Business-Education Collaboration ... Read more

Here’s why you need plenty of spuds on your Christmas dinner plate (News)

Tis’ the season of potato intake, but did you know the humble tattie is a great source of vitamins C, B6, B9 and a whole host of macro and microminerals? Together, these biocompounds are responsible for maintaining a good he ... Read more

Potatoes in Practice 2018 (Event)

Potatoes in Practice is the largest field-based potato event in the UK. The event brings together variety demonstrations, research and trade exhibits in one place making it an essential date in the potato industry calendar. ... Read more

Young Plant Scientist accolade for Dundee-based researcher (News)

A PhD student at the University of Dundee and James Hutton Institute has been selected as Young Plant Scientist 2018 in the fundamental research category by the European Plant Science Organisation (EPSO). Shumei Wang, based at t ... Read more

Plans to strengthen China links announced at Potatoes in Practice 2017 (News)

Plans to establish a £3m partnership between China’s Xisen Potato Industry Group Co. Ltd and our commercial subsidiary James Hutton Limited were announced at this year’s Potatoes in Practice event. The collaborat ... Read more

Potatoes in Practice: Britain’s largest technical potato field event is coming up (News)

Potato industry representatives, growers and influencers from all over the UK and beyond are expected to descend on Dundee to take part in Potatoes in Practice (PiP) 2017, a technical potato field event featuring a high-standard m ... Read more

Researchers ‘engineer’ heat tolerance in potato crops (News)

Potato is the third most important food crop in the world after rice and wheat; more than a billion people worldwide eat potato, and global crop production exceeds 300m tonnes each year. However, the crop is particularly vulnerabl ... Read more

European agribusiness representatives visit to establish potato links (News)

James Hutton Limited, the James Hutton Institute’s commercial subsidiary, has welcomed two delegations of European visitors to the Institute’s Dundee site as part of efforts to share knowledge and ideas with a huge var ... Read more

Third gold for Potato Story at Chelsea Flower Show (News)

The Potato Story, an exhibit without a single decorative bloom on show, has charmed Chelsea Flower Show judges into awarding a gold medal to Scottish potato aficionados Morrice and Ann Innes for the third year running – the ... Read more

Blight map reveals evolution of potato disease in Europe (News)

An international consortium including the James Hutton Institute which tracks the European spatial distribution of Phytophthora infestans, the plant pathogen responsible for potato late blight, has updated the distribution of the ... Read more

Late blight pathogen boosts potato growth to switch off immunity (News)

Scientists at the James Hutton Institute, in collaboration with the Division of Plant Sciences at the University of Dundee and the Fujian Agricultural and Forestry University of China, have discovered that the pathogen responsible ... Read more

PotatoSize: an easier way of estimating potato crop size distribution (News)

As one of the world's most important food crops, potatoes are grown for many different markets. It is fundamental for farmers to know when to halt crop growth to achieve optimal tuber size for market and so maximize profits. U ... Read more

James Hutton Limited to highlight Glen Dee raspberry at Fruit Logistica (News)

James Hutton Limited, the commercial arm of the James Hutton Institute, will be attending Fruit Logistica (8th-10th February, Berlin, Germany), in a drive to develop new markets for Hutton soft fruit varieties with an emphasi ... Read more

SSCR Potato Winter Meeting 23 March 2017 (Event)

The Scottish Society for Crop Research (SSCR) is holding their Potato Winter Meeting at the James Hutton Institute, Invergowrie. The event is open to anyone in the potato industry and other interested parties. BASIS points have be ... Read more

Hutton Criteria for potato late blight risk analysis unveiled at AHDB conference (News)

New risk criteria which aim to transform the performance of potato late blight alert systems were revealed today (7th December) at AHDB’s Agronomists’ Conference in Peterborough. Arising from research undertaken by t ... Read more

Potatoes in Practice 2017 (Event)

Potatoes in Practice is the largest field-based potato event in the UK. The event brings together variety demonstrations, research and trade exhibits in one place making it an essential date in the potato industry calendar. ... Read more

Scientists, industry and retailers to tackle potato greening problem (News)

A research consortium including the James Hutton Institute and the University of Southampton is to tackle the problem of greening in potato, the world’s fourth most important food crop, in a drive to reduce field and supply ... Read more

PotatoSize: an easier way of estimating potato crop size distribution (News)

As one of the world's most important food crops, potatoes are grown for many different markets. It is fundamental for farmers to know when to halt crop growth to achieve optimal tuber size for market and so maximize profits. U ... Read more

Sichuan Academy of Agricultural Sciences and James Hutton Institute strengthen collaborative links (News)

A Memorandum of Understanding has been signed between the Sichuan Academy of Agricultural Sciences (SAAS), China, and the James Hutton Institute, during a visit of a SAAS delegation to the Institute's Dundee site.  SAAS ... Read more

Can potatoes help fight disease? (News)

As one of the world's most important food crops, potatoes have got everything you need to survive – but could they also help produce the drugs needed to treat illnesses? Researchers at the James Hutton Institute are inve ... Read more

Chinese and Scottish potato researchers establish collaborative links (News)

Chinese and Scottish researchers are to work together and explore joint solutions to potato pests and diseases that cause major losses to farmers and industry across the world. Last week, the James Hutton Institute and the Heilo ... Read more

European potato scientists meet in Scotland to discuss crop challenges (News)

More than 100 potato scientists from all across Europe and beyond descended on Dundee to discuss crop pests and diseases that cost millions in annual losses to farmers and industry. The European Association for Potato Research ( ... Read more

Potatoes in Practice: Britain’s largest technical potato field event is coming up (News)

Potato industry representatives, growers and influencers from all over the UK and beyond are expected to descend on Dundee to take part in Potatoes in Practice (PiP) 2016, the UK’s largest technical potato field event offeri ... Read more

Potato blight map reveals distribution of disease in Europe (News)

An international consortium including the James Hutton Institute which tracks the European spatial distribution of Phytophthora infestans, the plant pathogen responsible for potato late blight, has updated the distribution of the ... Read more

Potato parasite’s 'toolkit’ revealed (News)

Parasitic nematode worms are the 'hidden enemy’ of farmers worldwide, causing billions of pounds worth of crop damage every year. Now an international research collaboration led by the University of Dundee and the Jame ... Read more

Plant scientists in drive to influence tuber shape formation (News)

Crop traits such as consistency, predictability and storability are highly desirable for the agricultural industry, and of particular importance to potato growers. However, do we understand the genetics behind the traits, and more ... Read more

Spatial Epidemiology of a Vector-Borne Potato Virus: Interactions between Landscape, Hosts and Vectors (Project)

A USA-UK collaborative project Potato virus Y (PVY) is one of the most serious pathogens of potato crops worldwide, reducing both yield and quality. New recombinant strains of PVY have emerged in recent decades, adapted rapidly ... Read more

UK and Peruvian crop scientists share ideas on biotechnology (News)

A recent workshop co-organised by the James Hutton Institute gathered plant scientists from Peru and the UK to discuss how to implement modern genomics and biotechnological methods in crop breeding programs aimed at improving crop ... Read more

Dundee-China collaboration discovers potential ‘Achilles heel’ of potato blight (News)

Scientists working in Scotland and China have uncovered a potential Achilles’ heel in the organism which causes potato blight, a global problem with associated costs estimated at US$6billion around the world every year. Bl ... Read more

SSCR Potato Winter Meeting 2016 (Event)

The Winter 2016 meeting of the Scottish Society for Crop Research (SSCR) Potato Sub-committee will be held at the James Hutton Institute in Dundee on 24 March 2016. Programme Programme can be found by clicking the link below: ... Read more

Mutant potato library (Project)

Use of a self‐compatible diploid potato for mutagenesis and forward genetic studies ... Read more

Genomics, Gene Discovery and Genome Editing in Crops (Event)

Diverse climatic and geographical zones in Peru are home to a great variety of crops (e.g., potatoes, quinoa, asparagus, and coffee). Recent advances in genomics and biotechnology offer great potential to address biotic and abioti ... Read more

Researchers make technological breakthrough against potato cyst nematode (News)

Potato cyst nematodes (PCN) are a significant threat to the UK fresh and processing potato markets, with an annual estimated cost of £50 million to the potato industry. A new study by UK scientists has brought us one step cl ... Read more

Turkish seed industrialists establish links with James Hutton Group (News)

A delegation of the Sub Union of Seed Industrialists and Producers of Turkey (TSUAB) visited the James Hutton Institute and its commercial subsidiary James Hutton Limited. TSUAB is a professional organisation whose purpose is to r ... Read more

Potatoes in Practice 2016 (Event)

Potatoes in Practice is the largest field-based potato event in the UK. The event brings together variety demonstrations, research and trade exhibits in one place making it an essential date in the potato industry calendar. ... Read more

European Association for Potato Research (EAPR) Pathology and Pests Section Meeting (Event)

The next meeting of the European Association for Potato Research (EAPR), Pathology and Pests Section, will be held in Dundee, Scotland, UK, 7th to 11th August 2016. This meeting covers research into potato pests a ... Read more

European potato blight map updated with 2014 data (News)

An international consortium including the James Hutton Institute which tracks the European spatial distribution of Phytophthora infestans, the plant pathogen responsible for potato late blight, has updated the distribution of the ... Read more

SSCR Potato Winter Meeting 2015 (Event)

The Winter 2015 meeting of the Scottish Society for Crop Research (SSCR) Potato Sub-committee will be held at the James Hutton Institute in Dundee on 3 April 2015.   Programme Full programme can be found by clicking the li ... Read more

SSCR Cereals Winter Meeting 2015 (Event)

The Scottish Society for Crop Research (SSCR) Cereals Sub-committee will hold its Winter Meeting at the James Hutton Institute in Dundee. In the UN "Year of the Soil" the theme is "Making the most of your Soil and ... Read more

Potatoes in Practice 2015 (Event)

Potatoes in Practice is the largest field-based potato event in the UK. The event brings together variety trials, research and trade exhibits in one place making it an essential date in the potato industry calendar. ... Read more

Potato variety Mayan Gold successfully released in Kenya (News)

Researchers from the James Hutton Institute and Kenyan institutions have successfully introduced popular UK potato cultivar Mayan Gold in Kenya, in an effort to boost food security and strengthen potato production systems in the E ... Read more

Dundee Flower and Food Festival 2014 (Event)

The James Hutton Institute is once again supporting the Dundee Flower and Food Festival and will have a display and talks in the new Food Discovery Marquee. Our display will be looking at the past, present and future of plant and ... Read more

Novel ways of tackling pests on show at Potatoes in Practice (News)

Potato growers and industry representatives will be able to learn about novel research being conducted at the James Hutton Institute and how it contributes to Integrated Pest Management at Potatoes in Practice on 7 August 2014. ... Read more

Science excellence at James Hutton Institute highlighted (News)

Two researchers based at the James Hutton Institute have been recognised for their contribution to plant science. Professor Philip J. White has been listed by Thomson Reuters as one of 176 Highly Cited Researchers in Plant and Ani ... Read more

Research underway to unravel causes of blackleg (News)

Researchers at the James Hutton Institute and partner organisations are working to understand how seed potato becomes infected with Pectobacterium atrosepticum, the pathogen that causes blackleg; a disease that has been one of the ... Read more

SSCR Potato Winter Meeting (Event)

The Scottish Society for Crop Research (SSCR) Potato Sub-committee will hold its Winter Meeting at the James Hutton Institute in Dundee. Basis points have been applied for and will be available to attendees on the day. Programme ... Read more

Potatoes in Practice 2014 (Event)

Potatoes in Practice is the largest field-based potato event in the UK. The event brings together variety trials, research and trade exhibits in one place making it an essential date in the potato industry calendar. ... Read more

Heat stress study could protect potato yields (News)

The hot climates of Egypt, Israel and Southern Europe may have seemed like a world away to UK potato growers gathered at Balruddery Farm near Dundee on 8 August for the country’s largest potato field event but the experience ... Read more

James Hutton Institute secures share of £3 million research funding into some of the world’s most important crops (News)

The James Hutton Institute has secured more than £850,000 in new funding from the Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council who, in conjunction with the Scottish Government, has awarded £3 million to four ... Read more

Potato genome leading the way (News)

Practical ways in which the potato genome is being used to help breeders and the industry improve the potato crop will be showcased at Potatoes in Practice this Thursday (8 August), the UK’s biggest potato field event. ... Read more

New research into creating first 'library' of potato mutants (News)

The James Hutton Institute will undertake a £382,000 BBSRC-funded project to study genetic mutation in potato; which could lead to improved varieties of one of the world’s most important foods. By 2020 it is est ... Read more

Functional Genomics (Research Page)

... Read more

Director of Science
Director of Science
Lesley.Torrance@hutton.ac.uk
+44 (0)344 928 5428 (*)

The James Hutton Institute
Invergowrie
Dundee DD2 5DA
Scotland UK

 

Lesley is Director of Science at the James Hutton Institute and Professor of Biology at the University of St Andrews. She was President of the British Society for Plant Pathology (BSPP) in 2014.

Current research interests

Molecular biology of plant virus-host and virus-vector interactions

Aims: To understand the role and function of virus encoded proteins and their interactions in the pathogenicity and spread of plant virus diseases.

Background: Potato is an important crop in Scotland with around about 1.3 million tonnes of potatoes produced and 76,000 tonnes of seed exported to over 30 countries (outside the EU). Pests and diseases are a major constraint to the industry causing economic losses by decreased tuber yield and quality, and rejection of exports.

Soil-borne potato mop-top virus (PMTV) and aphid transmitted potyviruses (principally PVY) are economically important problems in potato seed crops that are difficult to control. No sources of resistance to PMTV have been identified in Solanum tuberosum and there are no reliable methods to control the spread of PMTV by the soil-borne plasmodiophorid vector Spongospora subterranea (that also causes powdery scab disease on potato tubers).

In addition, the application of insecticides to control the spread of aphid-borne potato potyviruses such as PVY is not effective. It is expected that aphid populations may build up earlier in the season and aphid-borne virus spread may increase because of the warmer temperatures predicted with environmental change.

Studying the molecular interactions between virus-host and virus-vector will provide a deeper understanding of the mechanisms of virus transmission and host resistance. The practical outputs of the work will be to identify new sources of resistance and more effective methods of disease control.

Current focus: Investigating a novel resistance to PVY (and other potyviruses) that we have discovered in Solanum tuberosum Group Phureja germplasm; the effect of heat stress on virus resistance and the molecular basis of mature plant resistance in potato.

Studies on the localisation and function of PMTV TGB movement proteins have revealed that PMTV infection includes a nuclear/nucleolar phase important for long distance movement in the vascular system and that the movement protein TGB1 determines nucleolar targeting and we are investigating a host factor that mediates nuclear association. In vitro culture of potato 'hairy root' systems have been established to investigate the molecular mechanism of vector transmission of PMTV.

Other research in the lab concerns working with partners in Africa to improve seed potato production systems and collaboration with Ziejiang Academy of Agricultural Sciences on soil-borne viruses.

News

Potato research meeting in Kenya

A meeting funded by a BBSRC GCRF Impact accelerator accounts award to the University of St Andrews was held in Nairobi on 11 November. The meeting highlighted recent research findings from predominantly BBSRC and RESAS funded research on virus resistance, heat tolerance and early maturity conducted by Mark Taylor, Lesley Torrance, Alison Roberts, Glenn Bryan and colleagues.

Delegates also heard about potato varieties suited to Kenyan growing conditions including varieties developed by James Hutton Ltd in collaborative breeding contracts. The meeting allowed networking of researchers, plant health officials, potato growers and industry with discussions on the needs of Kenyan potato farmers.

New collaboration

 

NSF/BBSRC Project on The spatial epidemiology of a vector-borne plant virus (PVY) with partners in USA led by Professor A Power, University of Cornell.

New developments

Mayan Gold potatoesThe potato cultivar Mayan Gold has passed national Perfomance Trials in Kenya and is approved for distribution to farmers. Mayan Gold has excellent properties that are beneficial for small holder rural farmers including PVY resistance, fast cooking time, good fry quality and good taste.

Our paper on distribution of pests and diseases in Kenyan potato growing regions has been published in Potato Research: Occurrence and distribution of potato pests and diseases in Kenya.

Strengthening Potato Production in SSA; Malawi and Kenya

Potato field trial at Bvumbwe Research StationMalawi: Working with partners Paul Demo, CIP potato seed specialist, Malawi and Felistus Chipungu, Department Agriculture Research Services, Bvumbwe Research Station.

This Scottish Government supported project aims to contribute to poverty reduction and food security through strengthening the development of sustainable potato production and marketing systems for improved productivity and trade. The main achievements to date are in renovation and upgrading facilities for mini tuber production, the introduction and evaluation of new cultivars and capacity building.

Field training in testing for bacterial wilt in MalawiIn collaboration with DARS, CIP and SASA, Edinburgh we delivered a training course in seed potato crop inspection, disease identification, and diagnostic in Dedza District of Malawi, 13–16 March 2012. Lesley Torrance and two senior potato seed inspectors (John Ellicott and Maureen McCreath) travelled from Scotland to Malawi for the training.

The course had 37 trainees from different organisations in Malawi involved in seed quality control, seed production, or in backstopping farmers. We conducted classroom and field work and surveyed local farmers’ fields. This year was a bad one for late blight with many crops destroyed or badly affected. Potato crops were also affected by PVY and bacterial wilt. We found recombinant strains of PVY in potato crops.

Scottish Government Funded Potato Project, Training Course, Near Dedza Pottery, Malawi, March 2012 from eric monaghan on Vimeo.

Kenya: The project is supported by The Monsanto Fund and we are working with partners Dr Hassan Were (Masinde Muliro University of Science and Technology, Kakamega), Dr J. Kabira, KARI Tigoni and Professor F. Olubayo (University of Nairobi).

The main outcomes of this project are:

  • A comprehensive pest and disease survey in all five major potato producing areas in Kenya.
  • Identification of areas of low aphid pressure for seed tuber multiplication.
  • Introduction of tissue culture microplants of 12 cultivars with different agronomic qualities to KARI Tigoni who have bulked up the material.

Vales Sovereign potatoes sent to KenyaAll introduced cultivars are growing well in the region. Sufficient material of three cultivars has been submitted for National Performance Trials and we are collaborating with the Kenyan National Potato Council to disseminate information and demonstrate the qualities of the new material in field trials.

Bibliography

  • Roberts, D.; Torrance, L.; Stirton, G.; Britton, A.J.; Craig, C.; Kyle, C-A.; Abel, C.; Macaulay, C.; Fielding, D.; Watson, H.; Pohle, I.; Robertson, J.; Maxwell, J.; Irvine, K.; Sutherland, L-A.; Dawson, L.A.; Shepherd, L.; Miller, P.; Ellis, R.; Richards, S.; Blok, V.; Hackett, C.; Kettle, H. (2018) Women in Science., The James Hutton Institute, 25pp.
  • Were, H. K.; Olubayo, F.M.; Kabira, J.; Aura, J.; Torrance, L. (2015) Aphids infesting potato in Kenya., In: Low, J., Nyongesa, M., Quinn, S. & Parker, M. (eds.). Potato and Sweetpotato in Africa: Transforming the Value Chains for Food and Nutrition Security. CAB International, Chapter 38, 396-404.
  • Tilsner, J.; Taliansky, M.E.; Torrance, L. (2014) Plant virus movement., In: Harper, D. (ed.). eLS, Encyclopedia of Life Sciences. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, A20711.
  • Al-Mrabeh, A.; Anderson, E.A.; Torrance, L.; Evans, A.; Fenton, B. (2010) A literature review of insecticide and mineral oil use in preventing the spread of non-persistent viruses in potato crops., The Potato Council Ltd., Stoneleigh, 65pp.
  • Haupt, S.; Ziegler, A.; Cowan, G.H.; Torrance, L. (2009) Studies of the role and function of Barley stripe mosaic virus encoded proteins in replication and movement using GFP fusions., In: Hicks, B.W. (ed.). Viral Applications of Green Fluorescent Protein. Methods in Molecular Biology Volume 515. Springer, Berlin, Germany, Chapter 20, 287-297.
  • Torrance, L. (2008) Pomovirus., In: Mahy, W.J. & van Regenmortel, M. (eds.). Encyclopedia of Virology. 3rd edition. Elsevier, Amsterdam, 282-287
  • Taliansky, M.E.; Torrance, L. (2008) Plant virus movement., In: Harper, D. (ed.). Encyclopedia of Life Sciences. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, A20711
  • Taliansky, M.E.; Torrance, L.; Kalinina, N.O. (2008) Role of plant virus movement proteins., In: Foster, G.D., Hong, G., Johansen, I.E. & Nagy, P.D. (eds.). Plant Virology Protocols: From Viral Sequence to Protein Function. 2nd edition. Humana Press, Totowa, New Jersey, pp33-54.
  • Haupt, S.; Ziegler, A.; Torrance, L. (2008) Localisation of viral proteins in plant cells: protein tagging., In: Foster, G.D., Johansen, I.E., Hong, Y. & Nagy, P.D. (eds.). Plant Virology Protocols: From Viral Sequence to Protein Function. 2nd edition. Humana Press, Totowa, New Jersey, pp463-473.
  • Torrance, L.; Koenig, R. (2004) Furovirus., In: Fauquet, C.M., Mayo, M.A., Maniloff, J., Desselberger, U. & Ball, L.A. (eds.). Virus Taxonomy, Classification and Nomenclature of Viruses. Elsevier, Amsterdam, pp1027-1032.
  • Torrance, L. (2004) Antibody and nucleic acid based techniques., In: Lapierre, H. & Signoret, P. (eds.). Virus diseases of Poaceae (Gramineae). INRA Editions, Paris, pp99-108.
  • Torrance, L. (2000) Genus Furovirus., In: Van Regenmortel, M.H.V., Fauquet, C. & Bishop, D.H.L (eds.). Virus Taxonomy, Seventh report of the International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses. Harcourt International, pp904-908.
  • Harper, K.; Toth, R.L.; Mayo, M.; Torrance, L. (1999) Selection of anti-plant virus single chain variable fragments from phage display libraries., In: Ziegler, A. & Harper, K. (eds.). Recombinant antibodies-applications in plant science and plant pathology. Taylor & Francis, pp37-55.
  • D'Arcy, C.J.; Domier, L.L.; Torrance, L. (1999) Detection and diagnosis of luteoviruses., CABI Publishing, Wallingford.
  • Torrance, L. (1999) Pomoviruses (Pomovirus) 327., In: Webster, R.G. & Granoff, A. (eds.). Encyclopaedia of Virology. Second Edition, Academic Press, pp1361-1364.
  • Reavy, B.; Arif, M.; Torrance, L. (1998) Early detection of the fungus-transmitted virus, Potato mop-top virus.., In: Manceau, C. & Spak, J. (eds.). Advances in the Detection of Plant Pathogens by Polymerase Chain Reaction. Proceedings COST 823 Meeting, Ceske Budejovice, Czech Republic 1996, pp17-21.
  • Barker, H.; Torrance, L. (1997) Importance of Biotechnology for Germplasm Health and Quarantine., CAB International
  • Torrance, L. (1997) Developments in serological methods to detect and identify plant viruses., Kluwer Academic Publishers, London.

  • Taliansky, M.E.; Shaw, J.; Torrance, L. (2011) Role of the nucleolus in plant virus pathogenicity., Annual Report of the Scottish Crop Research Institute for 2010, pp42-43.
  • Torrance, L.; Toth, I.K.; Cooke, D.E.L.; Fenton, B.; Blok, V.C.; Lees, A.K. (2010) Risks of new or emerging pests and pathogens posed by environmental change., Annual Report of the Scottish Crop Research Institute for 2009, pp14-17.
  • Torrance, L. (2009) Plant pathology., Annual Report of the Scottish Crop Research Institute for 2008, pp27-31.
  • Torrance, L.; Cowan, G.H.; Haupt, S.; Ziegler, A. (2003) The role of Potato mop-top virus proteins in intracellular movement., Annual Report of the Scottish Crop Research Institute for 2002/2003, pp104-105.
  • Machray, G.C.; Brown, J.W.S.; Oparka, K.J.; Torrance, L. (2002) Mechanisms and Processes., Annual Report of the Scottish Crop Research Institute for 2001/2002, pp101-104.
  • Ziegler, A.; Reavy, B.; Cowan, G.H.; Mayo, M.A.; Torrance, L. (2000) Heterologous expression systems for the production of functional antibody fragments., Annual Report of the Scottish Crop Research Institute for 1998/99, pp139-141.
  • Torrance, L.; Ziegler, A.; Mayo, M.A.; Toth, I.K.; Blok, V.C.; Duncan, J.M. (2000) New technologies for the detection and identification of pathogens, pests and environmental pollutants.., Annual Report of the Scottish Crop Research Institute for 1999/2000, pp51-54.
  • Torrance, L.; Ziegler, A.; Harper, K.; Mayo, M.A. (1998) Engineered antibodies: readily adaptable tools for basic and applied research.., Annual Report of the Scottish Crop Research Institute for 1997/98, pp111-113.
  • Torrance, L.; Robinson, D.J. (1998) Tobacco rattle and potato mop-top viruses: the causes of spraing disease in potato tubers.,

Cell and Molecular Sciences
Cell and Molecular Sciences
Research Leader
David.Cooke@hutton.ac.uk
+44 (0)1382 568831

The James Hutton Institute
Invergowrie
Dundee DD2 5DA
Scotland UK

 
  • First Class Honours Graduate in Agricultural Botany, University of Wales Aberystwyth.
  • PhD Plant Pathology, University of Wales Aberystwyth.
  • Employed at the Institute since 1994 as a project leader in plant pathology.
  • Senior Editor for Phytopathology; Jan 2015 onwards.

Current research interests

  • Development and exploitation of genetic markers (SSR, effector gene sequences) for examining the population biology, epidemiology and management of Phytophthora infestans (potato late blight).
  • Co-ordinator of pathogen data for European project examining populations of Phytophthora infestans (Euroblight). See data release on 2013-16 population "Blight mapped in Europe" and maps.
  • Evolution and population genetics of the genus Phytophthora.
  • Use of metabarcoding to examine diversity of Phytophthora species in crops, forests and natural ecosystems. In current funding I am testing the technology for improved plant biosecurity and management of Phytophthora in nurseries in the PHYTO-THREATS project.
  • Soft fruit Phytophthora species: detection and control.
  • AHDB Potatoes funded projects: "Monitoring GB Phytophthora infestans population change 2015-17" and PhD "Improved potato late blight management using sophisticated models of pathogen infection and spread" which has released the Hutton Criteria to replace the Smith Period.
  • Epidemiology and risks posed by Phytophthora ramorum and P. kernoviae to managed gardens and heathland in Scotland. Full report and extension report on risks as a result of disease spread on larch are available. In addition a review on threats Phytophthora species pose to plant health in Scotland.

Bibliography

  • Cooke, D.E.L.; Andersson, B. (2013) Phytophthora infestans and potato late blight in Europe., In: Lamour, K. (ed.). Phytophthora: A Global Perspective. CABI International, pp59-67.
  • Cooke, D.E.L. (2012) Fingerprinting techniques., In: Lane, C., Beales, P.A. & Hughes, K.J.D. (eds.). Fungal Plant Pathogens. CAB International, Wallingford, Oxon, Chapter 9, pp200-222.
  • Wilcox, W.F.; Cooke, D.E.L. (2010) Phytophthora root rot., American Phytopathological Society, St Paul, MN, 2nd edition.
  • Fry, W.E.; Grunwald, N.J.; Cooke, D.E.L.; McLeod, A.; Forbes, G.A.; Cao, K. (2009) Population genetics and population diversity of Phytophthora infestans., In: Lamour, K.H. & Kamoun, S. (eds.). Oomycete Genetics and Genomics: Diversity, Interactions and Research Tools. Wiley-Blackwell, Hoboken, New Jersey, USA, Chapter 7, 139-163.
  • Colon, L.T.; Cooke, D.E.L.; Gronbech-Hansen, J.; Lassen, P.; Andrivon, D.; Hermansen, A.; Zimnoch-Guzowska, E.; Lees, A.K. (2005) Eucablight: a late blight network for Europe., In: Haverkort, A.J. and Struik, P.C (eds.). Potato in Progress: Science Meets Practice. Wageningen Academic Publishers, Wageningen, pp290-297
  • Birch, P.R.J.; Cooke, D.E.L. (2004) Mechanisms of infection - oomycetes., In: Goodman, R.G. (ed.). Encyclopedia of Plant and Crop Science. Marcel Dekker Inc., New York, pp697-700.
  • Cooke, D.E.L.; Williams, N.A.; Williamson, B.; Duncan, J.M. (2002) An ITS-based phylogenetic analysis of the relationships between Peronospora and Phytophthora., In: Spencer-Phillips, P.T.N., Gisi, U. & Lebeda, A. (eds.). Advances in Downy Mildew Research, Kluwer, Dordrecht, 161-165.
  • Duncan, J.M.; Cooke, D.E.L.; Birch, P.R.J.; Toth, R.L. (1998) Molecular variability in sexually reproducing fungal plant pathogens., In: Bridge, P., Couteaudier, Y. & Clarkson, J. (eds.). Molecular Variability of Fungal Pathogens. CAB International, Wallinford, pp19-39.

  • Cooke, D.E.L. (2018) Phytophthora diversity in natural ecosystems based on eDNA analysis., Progress report on RD1.3.3 submitted to Plant Health Policy contact at Scottish Government (John Speirs).
  • Cooke, D.E.L.; FRAG-UK Committee (2018) Fungicide resistance management in potato late blight. Action Group - UK potato late blight guideline, May 2018, FRAG-UK Guidelines on Potato Late Blight, 8pp.
  • Cooke, D.E.L.; Lees, A.K.; Chapman, A.; Cooke, L.R.; Bain, R. (2014) GB Late Blight Populations: monitoring and implications of population changes. Reporting Period 2009-2012., Potato Council Final Report (R423), 94pp.
  • Cooke, D.E.L.; Lees, A.K.; Chapman, A.; Cooke, L.R.; Bain, R. (2014) GB Late blight populations: monitoring and implications of population changes., Potato Council Final Report, R423.
  • Cooke, D.E.L.; Elliot, M.; Harris, C.; Jennings, P.; Purse, B.; Schlenzig, A. (2014) Study of the epidemiology of Phytophthora ramorum and Phytophthora kernoviae in managed gardens and heathland in Scotland., Final Report of Scottish Government Project CRF/925.
  • Lees, A.; Cooke, D,.E.L.; Toth, I.; Dolan, A.; SRUC; Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh. (2014) Scottish Government Plant Health Workshop., Rapporteur, Scottish Government Plant Health Workshop, Victoria Quay, Edinburgh, 8 December 2014.
  • Schlenzig, A.; Cooke, D.E.L. (2013) Genetic diversity of Phytophthora ramorum in nursery trade and managed environment in Scotland., Proceedings of the Sudden Oak Death 5th Science Symposium, General Technical Report PSW-GTR-243, pp33-39.
  • Cooke, D.E.L. (2011) The impact of invasive plant pathogenic Phytophthora species on biodiversity., Annual Report of the Scottish Crop Research Institute for 2010, pp24-25.
  • Cooke, D.E.L.; Lees, A.K.; Shaw, D.S.; Bain, R.; Ritchie, F.; Taylor, M. (2010) Final report: Survey of GB blight populations., Potato Council, Agriculture and Horticulture Development Board, Kenilworth, Warwickshire.
  • Torrance, L.; Toth, I.K.; Cooke, D.E.L.; Fenton, B.; Blok, V.C.; Lees, A.K. (2010) Risks of new or emerging pests and pathogens posed by environmental change., Annual Report of the Scottish Crop Research Institute for 2009, pp14-17.
  • Lees, A.K.; Cooke, D.E.L.; Fenton, B.; Newton, A.C. (2010) Understanding pathogen biodiversity as a key to controlling crop diseases., Annual Report of the Scottish Crop Research Institute for 2009, pp24-25.
  • Wale, S.; Inglis, M.; Bain, R.; Davey, T.; Evans, A.; Bradshaw, J.E.; Phillips, M.; Jones, J.T.; Fenton, B.; Cooke, D.E.L.; Ramsay, G. (2008) Welcome to the Potatoes in Partnership open meetings 2008 which form part of knowledge transfer activities for RERAD funded research., SAC Information Note 105
  • Bengough, A.G.; Barlow, P.W.; Cooke, D.E.L.; Griffiths, B.S.; Humphris, S.N.; Iijima, M.; Killham, K.; Rodger, S.; Stubbs, V.; Valentine, T.A.; Young, I.M. (2004) Root border cells in plant-soil interactions., Annual Report of the Scottish Crop Research Institute for 2003/2004, 160-161.
  • Duncan, J.M.; Cooke, D.E.L.; Williams, N.A.; Mirabolfathy, M. (2001) Phytophthora and gummosis of pistachio in Iran., Annual Report of the Scottish Crop Research Institute for 2000/2001, 136-139.
  • Cooke, D.E.L.; Maughan, V.; Birch, P.R.J.; Toth, R.; Gourlay, F.; Carnegie, S.; Duncan, J.M. (2000) The status of Scottish late blight populations., Annual Report of the Scottish Crop Research Institute for 1999/2000, 150-153.
  • Cooke, D.E.L.; Birch, A.N.E.; Birch, P.R.J.; Duncan, J.M.; Griffiths, D.W.; Lyon, G.D.; Trudgill, D.L.; Williamson, B.; Wilson, T.M.A.; Hillman, J.R. (1998) Are diseased and blemished foodstuffs good for you? The need for plant pathology., Annual Report of the Scottish Crop Research Institute for 1997/98, pp54-60.

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The James Hutton Research Institute is the result of the merger in April 2011 of MLURI and SCRI. This merger formed a new powerhouse for research into food, land use, and climate change.