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In general terms there are two dominant woodland types, broadleaved and coniferous.

Broadleaved Woodland distributionThe term broadleaved woodlands describes by a wide range of woodland types from managed policy woodland to thick birch scrub. The rounded crowns of broadleaved trees are distinctive, but can vary in appearance due to species, height, size and season. Within this map we have included mixed woodlands which comprise an intimate mixture of coniferous and broadleaved trees and low scrub which includes gorse, broom, or occasionally juniper with more than 50% ground cover.

Coniferous Woodland distributionConiferous trees in Scotland and the UK tend to have been established as a plantation. Plantation forestry is very distinctive as the trees are of approximately the same age and height, planted in regular rows that are easily identifiable. New and young plantations are characterized by recently ploughed land where the planting furrows are clearly evident.

Recent forestry ploughing Recently felled woodland, Teindland, Morayshire
Recent forestry ploughing Recently felled woodland, Teindland, Morayshire


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The James Hutton Research Institute is the result of the merger in April 2011 of MLURI and SCRI. This merger formed a new powerhouse for research into food, land use, and climate change.