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Cathy Hawes

Staff picture: Cathy Hawes
Ecological Sciences
Ecological Sciences
Research Scientist
Cathy.Hawes@hutton.ac.uk
+44 (0)344 928 5428 (*)

The James Hutton Institute
Invergowrie
Dundee DD2 5DA
Scotland UK

 

Current research interests

My current research focuses on developing functional approaches for assessing the plant and invertebrate biodiversity of arable ecosystems. Arable weeds, including many of the rare species, are increasingly seen as an important source of biological diversity, and are crucial to the functioning of arable systems. The severe depletion of arable biodiversity through agricultural intensification has important implications for system function. My research includes the development and application of monitoring protocols for characterising arable seedbank, plant and invertebrate communities. These are used to assess the impact of changes in arable management and cropping patterns on functional diversity which is essential for sustainable crop production.

My other main role at the Institute is co-ordinator for the Centre for Sustainable Cropping: a long-term platform for arable sustainability research. The overall goals are to test whether potential solutions for sustainable agriculture actually result in improved arable biodiversity, resilience, crop productivity and yield stability at a field-scale and over at least four rotation cycles.  To do this, we are designing a sustainable cropping system that optimises inputs, yield, biodiversity and ecosystem processes. This ‘sustainable’ system is tested by comparison with current commercial practice. The platform will provide a resource for inter-disciplinary collaboration, and a demonstration site for knowledge transfer and education activities.

I am a key staff member leading Integrated Pest and Disease Management (IPM) research at the Institute. For details of ongoing IPM research areas and projects, please visit the IPM@hutton website.

Past research

  • April 2011 - present: The James Hutton Institute, Dundee. Senior Research Scientist Ecological Sciences group.
  • 2005 - April 2011: Scottish Crop Research Institute, Dundee. Senior Research Scientist Environment-Plant Interactions Programme.
  • 2002-2005: Scottish Crop Research Institute, Dundee. Associate Programme Leader, Environmental Management and Biotechnology Programme.
  • 1999-2002: Scottish Crop Research Institute, Dundee. Ecologist and Site Coordinator for the Farm-Scale Evaluations of GMHT crops.
  • 1996-1999: PhD Factors Influencing Communities of Ground Beetles (Coleoptera: Carabidae) in Plantation Forests. Forestry Commission and University of Sussex
  • 1992-1995: BSc (Hons) Ecology and Conservation, University of Sussex

Research Career
I am an ecologist in the Ecological Sciences Programme at The James Hutton Institute, studying arable management impacts on plant and invertebrate biodiversity and agro-ecosystem function. Apart from ecological research, my other main role is Co-ordinator for JHI's Centre for Sustainable Cropping at Balruddery Farm. Prior to this, I was the Associate Programme Leader for SCRI's Environmental Management and Biotechnology program (2002-2005) and Co-ordinator on the Defra funded Farm-Scale Evaluations of Genetically Modified Herbicide Tolerant Crops (2000-2003). Before that, I conducted a PhD between Forest Research and the University of Sussex on the community ecology of predatory insects which followed from the Forestry Commission’s Biodiversity Research Programme.

Bibliography

  • Mitchell, C.; Hawes, C.; Iannetta, P.P.M.; Birch, A.N.E.; Begg, G.; Karley, A. (2018) An agroecological approach for weed, pest and disease management in Rubus plantations., In: Graham, J. & Brennan, R. (eds.). Raspberry: Breeding, Challenges and Advances. Springer International Publishing, Cham, Chapter 5, pp63-81.
  • Squire, G.R.; Hawes, C.; Ianetta, P.P.M.; Karley, A.J.; Begg, G. (2016) Ecosystem services from croplands., In: Brooker, R., Hester, A. & Pakeman, R. (eds.). Ecosystem Services. The James Hutton Institute, Craigiebuckler, Aberdeen, pp24-25.
  • Parish, D.M.B.; Hawes, C.; Iannetta, P.P.M.; Squire, G.R. (2009) The contribution of arable weeds to biodiversity., In: Kingely, R. (ed.). Weeds: Management, Economic Impacts and Biology. Nova Publishing, New York, USA, pp61-76.
  • Hawes, C.; Boevink, P.; Moore, I. (2000) GFP in plants., In: Fluorescence Microscopy of Proteins: A Practical Approach (ed. V. Allen). Irl Press, pp163-177

  • Kuhfuss, L.; Attalla, L.; Begg, G.; Hawes, C.; Gimona, A.; Lozada-Ellison, L.; Martinat, S.; McKeen, M.; Pakeman, R.; Roberts, M.; Zuta, A. (2021) Exploring alternative agrienvironmental payment schemes for arable land in Scotland, Online report
  • Rivington, M.; Duckett, D.; Burgess, P.; Begg, G.; Iannetta, P.; Hawes, C.; Stewart, D. (2021) PostCOVID19 land use options to achieve food security, healthy diets and a sustainable environment, Online
  • Rivington, M.; Duckett, D.; Iannetta, P.; Hawes, C.; Begg, G.; Polhill, G.; Loades, K.; Newton, A.; Aitkenhead, M.; Lozada-Ellison, L.; Neilson, R.; Gandossi, G.; Stewart, D.; Wardell-Johnson, D.; Udugbezi, E.; Lorenzo-Arribas, A.; Benton, T.; King, R., Burgess, P. (2021) An overview assessment of the COVID19 pandemic on the UK food and nutrition security, Online
  • Rivington, M.; Duckett, D.; P. Burgess; Begg, G.; Iannetta, P.; Hawes, C.; Stewart, D. (2021) PostCOVID19 land use options for healthy diets and environment Report on the opportunities and constraints of UK food and land management options in terms of production potential and environmental impacts T, Hutton website
  • Rivington, M.; King, R.; Duckett, D.; Iannetta, P.; G. Benton, T.; Burgess, P. J.; Hawes, C.; Wellesley, L.; Polhill, G.; Aitkenhead, M.; Lozada-Ellison, L. M.; Begg, G.; Williams, A. G.; Newton, A.; Lorenzo-Arribas, A.; Neilson, R.; Watts, C. (2021) UK Food and nutrition security during and after the COVID19 pandemic Project Report and Recommendations, On the institute, project website: https://www.hutton.ac.uk/research/projects/uk-food-and-nutrition-security-during-and-after-covid-19-pandemic
  • Kuhfuss, L.; Piras, S.; Flanigan, S.; Hawes, C.; Begg, G. (2019) Pro-environmental practices among farmers at a landscape scale: why and how? An interdisciplinary review of the literature., Report for RESAS (143b, deliverable D6), Interdisciplinary Review of Existing Landscape Scale Interventions Delivering multiple Benefits, 37pp.
  • Iannetta, P.P.M.; Begg, G.; Black, K.; Hawes, C.; Karley, A.j.; James, E.K.; Maluk, M.; Newton, A.; Squire, G.R.; Walker, G.; White, P. (2017) Teaming up for good: intercropping and farming-science partnership at the James Hutton Institute., NGO Report for www.LEAF.org, 8 November 2017.
  • Iannetta, P.P.M.; Begg, G.; Black, K.; Hawes, C.; Karley, A.J.; James, E.K.; Maluk, M.; Newton, A.C.; Squire, G.R.; Walker, G.; White, P.J. (2017) Sustainable legume systems for improved primary produce., SAB Annual Report, May 2017.
  • Matthews, K.B.; Miller, D.G.; Towers, W.; Squire, G.R.; Hawes, C.; Pakeman, R.J.; Brooker, R.; Brown, I.; Owen, J.; Vinten, A.J.A.; MacLeod, C.J.A. (2016) CAP Greening Review, Summary., Scottish Government and The James Hutton Institute Website.
  • Squire, G.R.; Hawes, C.; Pakeman, R.J.; Brooker, R.; Brown, I.; Towers, W.; Owen, J.; Vinten, A.J.A.; MacLeod, C.J.A. (2016) CAP Greening Review, Part 4, Expert Panel Review. Views of members of the expert panel on CAP Greening., Scottish Government and The James Hutton Institute Websites.
  • Miller, D.G.; Matthews, K.B.; Towers, W.; Pakeman, R.J.; Brooker, R.J.; Squire, G.; Hawes, C.; Vinten, A.J.A.; MacLeod, C.; Owen, J.; Wardell-Johnson, D.H. (2014) CAP Greening Review - Expert panel - Interim results., Technical Report for Policy.
  • Brooker, R.; Aalders, I.H.; Ballingall, K.; Begg, G.; Birch, A.N.E.; Elliott, G.; Ellis, C.; Freitag, T.; Hawes, C.; Holland, J.; Holmes, B.; Hough, R.L.; Karley, A.; McCracken, D.; Mitchell, R.; Stockan, J.; Zadoks, R.; Albon, S.A.; Hester, A.J.; Pakeman, R.J. (2013) Biotic and biophysical underpinning of ecosystem services in the Scottish context: a review., Published online as an outputs from WP 1.1 of the Ecosystem Services Theme of the SRP.
  • Squire, G.R.; Begg, G.S.; Hawes, C.; Iannetta, P.P.M.; James, E.K.; Karley, A.J.; Young, M.W. (2011) Scotland's wild arable plants., Annual Report of the Scottish Crop Research Institute for 2010, pp21-23.
  • Hawes, C.; Hopkins, D.W. (2010) A new platform for sustainability research at SCRI., Annual Report of the Scottish Crop Research Institute for 2009, pp45-47.
  • Hawes, C.; Caldwell, E.; Gill, P.; Hopkins, D.W. (2009) Balruddery Farm: arable sustainability in theory and practice., Annual Report of the Scottish Crop Research Institute for 2008, 64-67.
  • Miller, D.R.; Schwarz, G.; Sutherland, L.A.; Morrice, J.G.; Aspinall, R.J.; Barnes, A.; Blackstock, K.L.; Buchan, K.; Donnelly, D.; Hawes, C.; McCrum, G.; McKenzie, B.M.; Matthews, K.; Miller, D.; Renwick, A.; Smith, M.; Squire, G.; Toma, L. (2009) Rural land use study 1: Drivers and decision-making., Final Report, RERAD, Scottish Government, November 2009, pp156.
  • Miller, D.R.; Schwarz, G.; Sutherland, L.A.; Morrice, J.G.; Aspinall, R.J.; Barnes, A.; Blackstock, K.L.; Buchan, K.; Donnelly, D.; Hawes, C.; McCrum, G.; McKenzie, B.; Matthews, K.B.; Miller, D.; Renwick, A.; Smith, M.; Squire, G.; Toma, L. (2009) Changing land use in rural Scotland - drivers and decision makers., Rural Land Use Study Project 1. Scottish Government Social Research.
  • Miller, D.R.; Schwarz, G.; Sutherland, L.A.; Morrice, J.G.; Barnes, A.; Blackstock, K.L.; Hawes, C.; McKenzie, B.M.; Matthews, K.B.; Renwick, A.; Smith, M.; Toma, L. (2009) Rural land use study 1: Drivers and decision-making., Inception Report, RERAD, Scottish Government.
  • Miller, D.R.; Schwarz, G.; Sutherland, L.A.; Morrice, J.G.; Barnes, A.; Blackstock, K.L.; Hawes, C.; McKenzie, B.M.; Matthews, K.B.; Renwick, A.; Smith, M.; Toma, L. (2009) Rural land use study 1: Drivers and decision-making., First Progress Report, RERAD, Scottish Government.
  • Johnson, S.N.; Karley, A.J.; Hawes, C.; Mitchell, C. (2008) Aboveground-belowground trophic linkages., Annual Report of the Scottish Crop Research Institute for 2007, pp40-41.
  • Iannetta, P.P.M.; Begg, G.S.; Wishart, J.; Young, M.W.; Karley, A.J.; Valentine, T.A.; Hawes, C.; Squire, G.R. (2006) Common wild plants as biodiversity indicators., Annual Report of the Scottish Crop Research Institute for 2006, pp42-43.
  • Wheatley, R.E.; Hawes, C.; Daniell, T.J.; Birch, A.N.E. (2006) Management impacts on arable diversity and function., Annual Report of the Scottish Crop Research Institute for 2006, pp40-41.
  • Squire, G.R.; Hawes, C.; Bohan, D.A.; Brooks, D.R.; Champion, G.T.; Firbank, L.G.; Haughton, A.J.; Heard, M.S.; May, M.J.; Perry, J.N.; Young, M.W. (2005) Biodiversity effects of the management associated with GM cropping systems in the UK., Final Report of Defra Project EPG 1/5/198, London.
  • Squire, G.R.; Hawes, C.; Begg, G.S.; Elliott, M.J.; Parish, A.M.; Young, M.W.; Iannetta, P.P.M. (2004) Persistence of GM herbicide-tolerant plants., Annual Report of the Scottish Crop Research Institute for 2003/2004, pp167-168.
  • Newton, A.C.; Bengough, A.G. ;Begg, G.S.; Swanston, J.S.; Hawes, C. (2003) The role and importance of canopy heterogeneity., Annual Report of the Scottish Crop Research Institute for 2002/2003, pp125-127.
  • Hillier, J.; Hawes, C.; Squire, G.R.; Birch, A.N.E. (2000) Production and diversity in multi-trophic systems., Annual Report of the Scottish Crop Research Institute for 1999/2000, pp176-179.

  • Kuhfuss, L.; Piras, S.; Flanigan, S.; Hawes, C.; Begg, G. (2021) How to promote the collective uptake of agri-environmental schemes by farmers? A literature review., Landscape 2021 Conference: Diversity for Sustainable and Resilient Agriculture, 20-22 September 2021, online presentation.
  • Karley, A.J.; Mitchell, C.; Hawes, C.; Young, M.W.; Brooker, R.W.; Pakeman, R.J.; Iannetta, P.P.M.I.; Newton, A.C. (2020) Crop species mixtures as part of integrated farm management., Proceedings, The Dundee Conference: Crop Production Northern Britain, Apex City Quay Hotel, Dundee, 25-26 February 2020, pp143-147.
  • Karley, A.J.; Mitchell, C.; Hawes, C.; Iannetta, P.P.M.; Banks, G.; Ford, L.; Young, M.; Quesada, N.; Begg, G. (2017) Aphid infestations and biocontrol in cereal crops in Scotland: effects of winter cropping across three regions., 7th Meeting of the IOBC/WPRS Working Group Landscape Management for Functional Biodiversity in Conjunction with a British Ecological Society Agricultural Ecology Special Interest Group Meeting, Dundee, 29-31 March 2017. Landscape management for functional biodiversity IOBC-WPRS Bulletin, 122, 90-93.
  • James, E.K.; Lopez del Egido, L.; Maluk, M.; Young, M.; Hawes, C.; Squire, G.R.; Iannetta, P.P.M. (2016) Nitrogen fixation by faba bean (Vicia faba L.) in a 4 year crop rotation in East Scotland., 12th European Nitrogen Fixation Congress, Budapest, Hungary, 25-28 August 2016. (Conference paper, presentation and poster).
  • Squire, G.R.; Hawes, C.; Quesada, N.; Young, M.W.; Messean, A.; Demade, M.; Burgio, G.; Solone, R.; Cagan, L.; Hokkanen, H.; Djilianov, D.; Ichim, C.; Tebbe, C.; Chueca, C.; Mullins, E.; Park, J. (2016) Setting the context for environmental risk assessment., EU Research in Support of Environmental Risk Assessment for Genetically Modified Plants in Europe: The contribution of AMIGA project - AMIGA Final Event, Fondation Universitaire, Brussels, 10-11 May 2016.
  • Birch, A.N.E.; Begg, G.S.; Hawes, C.; Squire, G.R. (2016) IPM research into practice; a long time coming., The Dundee Conference: Crop Protection in Northern Britain 2016, Dundee, 23-24 February 2016, pp15-16.
  • Valentine, T.A.; Bengough, A.G.; Dupuy, L.X.; Hallett, P.; Karley, A.J.; McKenzie, B.M.; Newton, A.; Schmidt, S.; Stobart, R.; Squire, G.; Young, M.; Hawes, C. (2015) Evaluating interactions at the plant:soil interface., UK-India Initiative in Agroecology, Centre for Pollination Studies, Calcutta University, Kolkata, India, 21-23 February 2015.
  • Valentine, T.A.; Upton, C.; Binnie, K.; Downie, H.; Schmidt, S.; Otten, W.; Dupuy, L.X.; Hawes, C.; Young, M.; Squire, G.; Bengough, A.G. (2014) Visualization and quantification of root responses to soil strength and pore structure., Plant Biology Europe FESPB/EPSO Congress 2014, Dublin, 22-26 June 2014.
  • Brierley, J.; Lynott, J.; Sullivan, L.; Hawes, C.; Lees, A. (2014) Introduction and persistence of seed and soil-borne potato pathogens within a rotation., Proceedings Crop Protection in Northern Britain, Environmental Management and Crop Protection, West Park Conference Centre, Dundee, 25-26 February 2014.
  • Brierley, J.; Lynott, J.; Sullivan, L.; Hawes, C.; Lees, A. (2014) Introduction and persistence of seed and soil-borne potato pathogens., Crop Protection in Northern Britain, Environmental Management and Crop Protection, West Park Conference Centre, Dundee, 25-26 February 2014.
  • Iannetta, P.P.M.; Begg, G.; James, E.K.; Smith, B.; Davies, C.; Karley, A.J.; Lopez del Egido, L.; Hawes, C.; Young, M.; Ramsay, G.; Birch, A.N.E.; Valentine, T.A.; Warburton-Brown, C.; Goldring, A.; Hughes, T.; Sprent, J.; Wolfe, M.; Rees, R.M. (2013) Sustainable intensification: a pivotal role for legume supported cropped systems., AAB/BeS-AeG Rethinking Farmed Systems in the UK, St. Catherine’s College University of Oxford, 18-19 December 2013. Co-organiser/Invited speaker. Aspects Applied Biology 121, 73-82.
  • Valentine, T.A.; Karley, A.J.; Squire, G.R.; Hawes, C.; Hallett, P.D.; Bengough, A.G. (2012) How does variation in root traits affect barley cultivar responses to agriculturally relevant soil physical constraints?., 8th Symposium of the International Society for Root Research, Dundee, 26-29 June 2012 (Invited talk).
  • Squire, G.R.; Begg, G.S.; Hawes, C.; Iannetta, P.P.M.; Karley, A.J. (2012) Impacts of GMHT crops on biodiversity and ecosystem services., MEACB Meeting of the European Advisory Committee on Biosafety. Paris, France, 13-14 December 2012.
  • James, E.K.; Iannetta, P.P.M.; Doherty, S.; Young, M.W.; Hawes, C.; Squire, G.R.; (2012) Biological nitrogen fixation (BNF) by faba bean at the Centre for Sustainable Cropping (CSC), Dundee, Scotland., 10th European Nitrogen Fixation Conference. Munich, 2-5 September 2012.
  • Squire, G.R.; Begg, G.S.; Hawes, C.; Iannetta, P.; Karley, A.J. (2012) Impacts of GMHT crops on biodiversity and ecosystem services., MEACB Meeting of the European Advisory Committee on Biosafety, Paris, France, 13-14 December 2012.
  • Begg, G.S.; Hawes, C.; Birch, A.N.E.; Iannetta, P.P.M.; Squire, G.R.; Young, M.W. (2011) Managing landscape cropping patterns in support of arable biodiversity., Association of Applied Biologists - Agricultural Ecology Research: It's Role in Delivering Sustainable Farm Systems, Dundee, 15-16 June 2011 (Talk).
  • Karley, A.J.; Hawes, C.; Valentine, T.A.; Johnson, S.N.; Toorop, P.E.; Squire, G.R.; Young, M.W.; Iannetta, P.P.M. (2011) Can arable weeds contribute to ecosystem service provision? Functional diversity in shepherd's purse (Capsella bursa-pastoris L. Medik.)., Aspects of Applied Biology, Agricultural Ecology Research: Its role in delivering sustainable farm systems, Dundee, 15-16 June 2011, 109, pp31-38.
  • Young, M.W.; Hawes, C.; Iannetta, P.P.M.; James, E.K.; Karley, A.J.; Squire, G.R. (2011) Increasing the sustainability of arable yield and reducing the dependence on chemical N fertilisers., Aspects of Applied Biology, Agricultural Ecology Research: Its role in delivering sustainable farm systems, Dundee, 15-16 June 2011, 109, pp81-86.
  • Watson, C.A.; Ball, B.C.; Hallett, P.D.; Hawes, C.; Hoad, S.P.; Iannetta, P.P.M.; McRoberts, N.; Squire, G.R.; Topp, C.F.E. (2010) Developing sustainable multi-functional cropping systems: integrating disciplinary approaches and scales., 11th Congress of the European Society for Agronomy, Montpellier, France, 29 August - 3 September 2010.
  • Hawes, C.; McRoberts, N.; Squire, G.R.; Walker, R.L.; Watson, C.A.; Young, M.W. (2008) Costing the ecological-economic trade-off for resilient arable production., Proceedings Crop Production in Northern Britain 2008. Dundee, 26-27 February 2008, 27-32.
  • Squire, G.R.; Hawes, C.; Begg, G.S.; Karley, A.J.; Iannetta, P.P.M.; Young, M.W. (2008) Cumulative impacts of GM herbicide-tolerant cropping on arable plants assessed through species-based and functional taxonomies., Theorie in der Ekologie 14, Bremen, Germany, 2-4 April 2008.
  • Brooks, D.R.; Firbank, L.G.; Bohan, D.A.; Champion, G.T.; Clark, S.J.; Dewar, A.M.; Haughton, A.J.; Hawes, C.; Heard, M.S.; May, M.J.; Osborne, J.L.; Perry, J.N.; Rothery, P.; Roy, D.B.; Scott, R.J.; Squire, G.R.; Woiwood, I.P. (2007) The implications of genetically modified herbicide-tolerant crops for UK farmland biodiversity: a summary of the results of the farm scale evaluations project., Cultivation of Genetically Modified Crops and Evaluation of Ecological Effects, National Institute for Agro-Environmental Sciences, Tsukuba, Japan.
  • Humphry, R.W.; Haughton, A.J.; Raybould, A.; Thorbek, P.; Caron-Lormier, G.; Bohan, D.A.; Squire, G.R.; Hawes, C. (2007) A functional approach to modelling arable diversity., Association of Applied Biology, Warwick, 23-25 January 2007, 81, 271-276.
  • Begg, G.S.; Young, M.W.; Hawes, C.; Squire, G.R. (2005) Persistence and potential impact of a GMHT trait in oilseed rape., GMOs: Ecologial Dimensions, 73, 211-218.
  • Begg, G.S.; Young, M.W.; Hawes, C.; McNicol, J.W.; Squire, G.R. (2003) Modelling feral (volunteer) oilseed rape in relation to thresholds of impurity., Proceedings of the 1st European Conference on the Co-existence of Genetically Modified Crops with conventional Organic Crops, Denmark, 13-14 November 2003, pp169-171.
  • Hillier, J.; Birch, A.N.E.; Crawford, J.W.; Squire, G.R.; Hawes, C.; Maule, M.M. (2002) A tri-trophic model to explore insect community response to the introduction of a pest-resistant GM crop., Proceedings of IOBC Host Plant Resistance Workshop, Sweden, 2001.
  • Begg, G.S.; Hawes, C.; Marshall, B.; D'Hertefeldt, T.; Ramsay, G.; Young, M.W.; Squire, G.R.; Wright, G.M. (2002) Dispersal and persistence of feral oilseed rape - mechanisms and consequences., ESF Working Group Meeting: Estimating and Managing Geneflow and Dispersal in GM Crops, Lille, France, 2-3 July 2002.

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The James Hutton Research Institute is the result of the merger in April 2011 of MLURI and SCRI. This merger formed a new powerhouse for research into food, land use, and climate change.