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Paul Birch

Staff picture: Paul Birch
University of Dundee Division of Plant Sciences
Cell and Molecular Sciences
paul.birch@hutton.ac.uk
+44 (0)344 928 5428 (*)

The James Hutton Institute
Invergowrie
Dundee DD2 5DA
Scotland UK

 

Employment history

  • October 2007-present - Professor of Plant Pathology, Division of Plant Sciences, College of Life Sciences, University of Dundee (at the James Hutton Institute).
  • 2002-2007 - Molecular Plant Pathologist (Band 4), SCRI.
  • 1999-2002 - Molecular Plant Pathologist (Band 5), SCRI.
  • 1995-1999 - Molecular Plant Pathologist (Band 6), SCRI.

Current research interests

To be a successful pathogen, microbes need to suppress or otherwise manipulate host defences. For this, they secrete proteins and other chemicals that can interact with the host cell. In some cases, these virulence determinants are translocated inside host cells where they re-programme defences and metabolism to the pathogen’s benefit. My group focuses the oomycete late blight pathogen of potato, Phytophthora infestans.

We are particularly interested in ‘effector’ proteins that are translocated inside the host cell, in the mechanisms by which they are delivered and the means by which they are regulated in P. infestans. We want to know when they are needed and where they are localised during infection. We want to know the mode of action of such virulence determinants: what are their host targets and what roles do those targets play in plant defence, development or metabolism? We also want to identify those effectors that are recognised by resistance proteins in wild potato and non-host plants, and to elucidate the precise mechanisms underpinning recognition.

Key Collaborators

  • Jim Beynon (University of Warwick, UK).
  • Frederic Brunner (University of Tuebingen, Germany)
  • Teresa Coutinho, Dave Berger, Lucy Moleleki, Noelani van den Berg (University of Pretoria, South Africa).
  • Francine Govers (Wageningen University, Netherlands).
  • Howard Judelson (University of California, Riverside, USA).
  • Sophien Kamoun, Jonathan Jones (The Sainsbury Laboratory, JIC, UK).
  • Veronique Lefebvre (INRA, Avignon, France).
  • Juan Morales (National University of Colombia, Medellin, Colombia).
  • Ari Sadanandom (University of Durham, UK).
  • Tian Zhendong, Xie Conghua (Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan, China)
  • Vivianne Vleeshouwers (Wageningen University, Netherlands).
  • Pieter van West (University of Aberdeen, UK).

Bibliography

  • Feechan, A.; Turnbull, D.; Stevens, L.J.; Engelhardt, S.; Birch, P.R.J.; Hein, I.; Gilroy, E.M. (2015) The hypersensitive response in PAMP- and effector-triggered immune responses., In: Gunawardena, A. & McCabe, P. (eds.). Plant Programmed Cell Death. Springer, New York, Chapter 10, pp235-258.
  • Boevink, P.; McLellan, H.; Bukharova, T.; Engelhardt, S.; Birch P.R.J. (2014) In vivo protein-protein interaction studies with BiFC: conditions, cautions, and caveats., In: Birch, P.R.J., Jones, J.T. & Bos, J.I.B. (eds.). Plant-Pathogen Interactions: Methods and Protocols. Methods in Molecular Biology, Humana Press, New York, 2nd ed. Volume 1127, Chapter 6, 81-90.
  • Birch, P.; Jones, J.; Bos, J.I. (eds). (2014) Plant-pathogen interactions: methods and protocols., Methods in Molecular Biology, Volume 1127. 2nd edition, Humana Press, New York, 306pp.
  • Birch, P.R.J.; Coates, M.; Beynon, J. (2012) Evolution of virulence in oomycete plant pathogens., In: Howlett, B., Heitman, J. & Sibley, D. (eds.). Evolution of Virulence in Eukaryotic Microbes. Wiley Press, pp387-403.
  • Boevink, P.; Birch, P.R.J.; Whisson, S.C. (2011) Imaging fluorescently tagged Phytophthora effector proteins inside infected plant tissue., In: McDowell, J.M. (ed.). Methods in Molecular Biology Plant Immunity: Methods and Protocols. Humana Press, Totowa, New Jersey, USA, Chapter 712, pp195-209.
  • Lin, K.; Husmeier, D.; Dondelinger, F.; Mayer, C.D.; Liu, H.; Pritchard, L.; Salmond, G.P.C.; Toth, I.K.; Birch, P.R.J. (2010) Reverse engineering gene regulatory networks related to quorum sensing in the plant pathogen Pectobacterium atrosepticum., In: Fenyo, D. (ed.). Computational Biology. Springer, New York, Chapter 17, pp253-281.
  • Birch, P.R.J.; Avrova, A.O. (2009) Gene expression profiling., In: Lamour, K.H. & Kamoun, S. (eds.). Oomycete Genetics and Genomics: Diversity, Interactions and Research Tools. Wiley-Blackwell, Hoboken, New Jersey, USA, 477-492.
  • Toth, I.K.; Pritchard, L.; Birch, P.R.J.; Liu, H. (2008) Genomics of the enterobacterial plant pathogens., In: Jackson, R.W. (ed.). Plant Pathogenic Bacteria: Genomics and Molecular Biology. Caister Academic Press, Norfolk, 163-174.
  • Toth, I.K.; Moleleki, L.N.; Pritchard, L.; Liu, H.; Humphris, S.N.; Hyman, L.; Axelsen, G.W.; Brurberg, M.B.; Ravensdale, M.; Gilroy, E.M.; Birch, P.R.J. (2006) Erwiniae: genomics and the secret life of a plant pathogen., In: Bailey, M.J., Lilley, A.K., Timms-Wilson, T.M. & Spencer-Phillips, P.T.N. (eds.). Microbial Ecology of Aerial Plant Surfaces. CABI Publishing, Wallingford, pp191-201.
  • Birch, P.R.J.; Cooke, D.E.L. (2004) Mechanisms of infection - oomycetes., In: Goodman, R.G. (ed.). Encyclopedia of Plant and Crop Science. Marcel Dekker Inc., New York, pp697-700.
  • Birch, P.R.J.; Avrova, A.O.; Dellagi, A.; Lacomme, C.; Santa Cruz, S.; Lyon, G.D. (2000) To die and let live: programmed cell death in plants in response to pathogen attack., In: Molecular Plant Pathology (eds. M. Dickinson and J. Beynon). Annual Plant Reviews, Sheffield Academic Press, Sheffield, Volume 4, pp175-197.
  • Duncan, J.M.; Cooke, D.E.L.; Birch, P.R.J.; Toth, R.L. (1998) Molecular variability in sexually reproducing fungal plant pathogens., In: Bridge, P., Couteaudier, Y. & Clarkson, J. (eds.). Molecular Variability of Fungal Pathogens. CAB International, Wallinford, pp19-39.

  • Hein, I.; Birch, P.R.J.; Chapman, S.N.; Bryan, G.J. (2011) Pathogen effector driven search for more durable potato late blight resistance., Annual Report of the Scottish Crop Research Institute for 2010, pp38-40.
  • Avrova, A.O.; Birch, P.R.J.; Hein, I.; Jones, J.T.; Pritchard, L. (2010) Functional analysis of pathogen effectors: how to go from genomics to durable resistance., Annual Report of the Scottish Crop Research Institute for 2009, 39-41.
  • Whisson, S.C.; Boevink, P.; Pritchard, L.; Avrova, A.O.; Morales, J.; Birch, P.R.J. (2006) Effector protein translocation in the Phytophthora infestans - potato infection., Annual Report of the Scottish Crop Research Institute for 2006, pp24-25.
  • Toth, I.K.; Pritchard, L.; Holeva, M.C.; Hyman, L.J.; Bell, K.S.; Whisson, S.C.; Avrova, A.O.; Birch, P.R.J. (2004) New discoveries with Erwinia genomics., Annual Report of the Scottish Crop Research Institute for 2002/2003, p101.
  • Whisson, S.C.; Avrova, A.O.; Birch, P.R.J.; Adam, M.; Blok, V.C.; Jones, J.T. (2004) Functional genomic tools for the major eukaryotic pathogens of potato., Annual Report of the Scottish Crop Research Institute for 2003/2004, pp127-128.
  • Whisson, S.C.; Avrova, A.O.; Armstrong, M.R.; Jones, J.T.; Venter, E.; Birch, P.R.J. (2004) Targeting late blight with gene discovery., Annual Report of the Scottish Crop Research Institute for 2002/2003, pp102-103.
  • Hrubikova, K.; Gilroy, E.M.; Faivre-Rampant, O.; Loake, G.; Birch, P.R.J.; Taylor, M.A.; Lacomme, C. (2003) Viral induced gene silencing in crop species., Annual Report of the Scottish Crop Research Institute for 2002/2003, pp98-99.
  • Toth, I.K.; Bell, K.S.; Holeva, M.C.; Bryan, G.J.; Avrova, A.O.; Hyman, L.; Birch, P.R.J. (2002) Erwinia genomics: A new era in the battle against potato disease., Annual Report of the Scottish Crop Research Institute for 2001/2002, pp25-28.
  • Whisson, S.C.; Avrova, A.O.; Armstrong, M.R.; Campbell, E.; Birch, P.R.J. (2002) Late blight of potato: Pathogen genomics approaches to a continuing problem., Annual Report of the Scottish Crop Research Institute for 2001/2002, pp29-32.
  • Blok, V.C.; Armstrong, M.R.; Banks, B.; Birch, P.R.J.; Bryan, G.J.; Castelli, L.; Jones, J.T.; Kumar, A.; Phillips, M.S.; Purvis, A.; Ramsay, G.; Waugh, R.; Wishart, J. (2002) Investigating gene expression in nematode-infected roots., Annual Report of the Scottish Crop Research Institute for 2001/2002, pp122-124.
  • Whisson, S.C.; van der Lee, T.; Bryan, G.J.; Waugh, R.; Govers, F.; Birch, P.R.J. (2001) Phytophthora infestans genomics: positional cloning of avirulence genes., Annual Report of the Scottish Crop Research Institute for 2000/2001, pp132-135.
  • De Jong, W.; Davidson, J.; Bryan, G.J.; Birch, P.R.J.; Waugh, R.; Marshall, D.F. (2000) Gene discovery in potato., Annual Report of the Scottish Crop Research Institute for 1999/2000, pp105-107.
  • Cooke, D.E.L.; Maughan, V.; Birch, P.R.J.; Toth, R.; Gourlay, F.; Carnegie, S.; Duncan, J.M. (2000) The status of Scottish late blight populations., Annual Report of the Scottish Crop Research Institute for 1999/2000, 150-153.
  • Cooke, D.E.L.; Birch, A.N.E.; Birch, P.R.J.; Duncan, J.M.; Griffiths, D.W.; Lyon, G.D.; Trudgill, D.L.; Williamson, B.; Wilson, T.M.A.; Hillman, J.R. (1998) Are diseased and blemished foodstuffs good for you? The need for plant pathology., Annual Report of the Scottish Crop Research Institute for 1997/98, pp54-60.

  • Boevink, P.C.; Wang, S.; Pham, J.; Turnbull, D.; Welsh, L.; Whisson, S.C.; Birch, P.R.J. (2019) The oomycete RXLR motif determines non-conventional secretion for effector delivery., IS-MPMI Molecular Plant Microbe Interactions, XVIII Congress, Glasgow, 14-18 July 2019.
  • He ,Q.; Naqvi, S.; McLellan, H.; Boevink, P.C.; Champouret, N.; Hein, I.; Birch, P.R.J. (2018) A plant pathogen effector utilizes host Susceptibility factor NRL1 to degrade the immune regulator SWAP70, Oomycete Molecular Genetics Network Meeting, Shandong Agricultural University, Taian, China, 8-12 April 2018.
  • Wang, S.; Boevink, P.C.; Whisson, S.C.; Birch, P.R.J. (2018) How are effectors secreted and delivered to the host?, Oomycete Molecular Genetics Network Meeting, Shandong Agricultural University, Taian, China, 8-12 April 2018.
  • Chen, X.; Bayer, M.; Harrower, B.; Stevens, L.; Chapman, S.; Gilroy, E.; van Weymers, P.; Jupe, F.; Witek, K.; Jones, J.; Birch, P.; Bryan, G.; Hein, I. (2014) Using the potato genome to map and clone durable resistance genes more rapidly., Crop Protection in Northern Britain, Environmental Management and Crop Protection, West Park Conference Centre, Dundee, 25-26 February 2014.
  • Turnbull, D.; Breen, S.A.; Naqvi, S.; Armstrong, M.R.; Engelhardt, S.; Brunner, F.; Birch, P.R.J.; Gilroy, E.M. (2014) Phytophthora infestans effector PiAVR2 targets StBSL1 to activate the Brassinosteriod pathway., XVI International Congress on Molecular Plant-Microbe Interactions 2014, Rhodes, Greece, 6-10 July 2014.
  • Boevink, P.; Wang, X.; McLellan, H.; Armstrong, M.; Bukharova, T.; Birch, P.R.J. (2014) Targeting of PP1c isoforms by an RXLR effector., Oomycete Molecular Genetics Network Meeting, Norwich, July 2014.
  • Turnbull, D.; Breen, S.A.; Naqvi, S.; Yang, L.; Murphy, F.S.; Armstrong, M.R.; Engelhardt, S.; Welsh, L.; Hein, I.; Zhan, J.; Birch, P.R.J.; Gilroy, E.M. (2014) Pumped up on (brassino) steroids: multiple Phytophthora infestans effectors manipulate the Brassinosteroid pathway in potato., FESPB/EPSO 2014 Congress, The Convention Centre, Dublin, 22-26 June 2014.
  • Stevens, L.; Chapman, S.; Boevink, P.; Engelhardt, S.; Chen, X.; Birch, P.; Hein, I. (2014) Shuffling resistance genes to protect solanaceous plants., British Society for Plant Pathology Presidential Meeting, University of St Andrews, 1-2 September 2014.
  • Avrova, A.; Gamble, L.; Griffe, L.; Ruiz, O.; Munsterkotter, M.; Bayer, M.; Looseley, M.E.; Knogge, W.; Newton, A.C.; Birch, P.R.; Hammond-Kosack K.E.; Kanyuka, K. (2014) From Rhynchosporium commune genome sequence to barley resistance., Crop Protection in Northern Britain, Environmental Management and Crop Protection, West Park Conference Centre, Dundee, 25-26 February 2014.
  • Gamble, L.; Munsterkotter, M.; Bayer, M.; Knogge, W.; Newton, A.C.; Birch, P.R.J.; Avrova, A. (2014) On the path of discovery: Rhynchosporium commune effectors activating scald resistance in barley., Crop Protection in Northern Britain, Environmental Management and Crop Protection, West Park Conference Centre, Dundee, 25-26 February 2014.
  • Cooke, D.E.L.; Squires, J.N.; Randall, E.; Pritchard, L.; Birch, P.R.J. (2013) Tracking effector diversity in populations of Phytophthora infestans., COST-FA1208 Meeting on Pathogen-informed Strategies for Sustainable Broad-spectrum Crop Resistance, Birnam, 9-11 October 2013.
  • Cano, L.M.; Cooke, D.E.L.; Raffaele, S.; Pais, M.; Oliva, R.F.; Etherington, G.; Birch, P.R.J.; Coffey, M.; Kamoun, S. (2013) Genome sequencing and expression profiling of emerging strains of P. infestans., COST-FA1208 Meeting on Pathogen-informed strategies for sustainable broad-spectrum crop resistance? Birnam, UK, 9-11 October 2013.
  • Griffe, L.; Gamble, L.; Lynott, J.; Münsterkötter, M.; Knogge, W.; Newton, A.C.; Hein, I.; Birch, P.R.J.; Kanyuka, K.; Avrova, A. (2013) Identification and characterisation of effectors from barley pathogen Rhynchosporium commune., Fourth CIRC Dissemination Event, Cambridge, UK. 15-16 May 2013.
  • Toth, I.K.; Pritchard, L.; Humphris, S.; Douglas, E.; Birch, P.R.J. (2013) Genomic approaches to research on Pectobacterium and Dickeya species., International Congress of Plant Pathology (ICPP), Beijing, China, 25 - 30 August 2013.
  • Toth, I.K.; Pritchard, L.; Humphris, S.; Campbell E.; Birch, P.R.J. (2013) Pathogenicity and resistance: how genomics research on the bacterial plant pathogens Pectobacterium and Dickeya makes a difference to potato growers., 97th Annual Meeting of the Potato Association of America, Quebec City, Canada, 28 July - 1 August 2013.
  • Whisson, S.C.; Randall, E.; Young, V.; Birch, P.R.J.; Cooke, D.E.L.; Csukai, M. (2013) Involvement of RNA polymerase I in mefenoxam insensitivity in Phytophthora infestans., Oomycete Molecular Genetics Network Meeting. Pacific Grove, California, 10-12 March 2013.
  • Cano, L.M.; Raffaele, S.; Cooke, D.E.L.; Oliva, R.F.; Pais, M.; Etherington, G.; Birch, P.R.J.; Coffey, M.; Kamoun, S. (2012) Genome sequencing and expression profiling of emerging strains of P. infestans., New Phytologist Symposium - Immunomodulation by Plant-Associated Organisms, Fallen Leaf Lake, California, 16-19 September 2012.
  • Whisson, S.C.; Gilroy, E.M.; Avrova, A.O.; Tian, Z.D.; Breen, S.; Armstrong MR.; Squires, J.; Vieeshouwers, V.; McLellan, H.; Seman, Z.; Kandel, K.; Boevink, P.C.; Pritchard, L.; Hein, I.; Cooke, D.E.L.; Birch, P.R.J.; (2011) Phytophthora infestans effectors in late blight disease development and exploitation for disease control., 18th Triennial Conference of the European Association for Potato Research, Oulu, Finland, 24-29 July 2011.
  • Toth, I.K.; Humphris, S.; Douglas, E.; Pritchard, L.; Birch, P.R.J.; Takle, G.; Brurberg, M.B.; (2010) Genomics uncovers a life on plants away from disease for the potato pathogen Pectobacterium atrosepticum., International Erwinia Workshop, Reunion, 5-6 June 2010.
  • Toth, I.K.; Birch, P.R.J.; Pritchard, L.; Liu, H.; Hedley, P.E.; Humphris, S.; Douglas, E.; Gilroy, E.M.; Moleleki, L.N.; Ravensdale, M.; Hardy, D.; Mayer, C.; Husmeier, D.; Lin, K. (2010) From bully to master tactician: a genomics approach reveals unexpected traits in the life of the bacterial plant pathogen Pectobacterium., IFR Seminar Series. Institute of Food Research, 4 March 2010.
  • Toth, I.K.; Birch, P.R.J.; Pritchard, L.; Humphris, S.N.; Douglas, E.; Gilroy, E.M.; Morris, J.; Hedley, P.E. (2010) Using genomics approaches to investigate the life of the bacterial potato pathogen Pectobacterium atrosepticum., COST 872 Nemagenics. Exploiting genomics to understand plant-nematode interactions, 4th Annual Meeting. Lisbon, Portugal, 24-27 May 2010.
  • Jantsch, C.; Chen, Y.; Gilroy, E.M.; Birch, P.R.J.; Brunner, F. (2010) Identification of Phytophthora infestans RXLR-(EER) effectors suppressing PAMP-triggered immunity., Oomycete Molecular Genetics Network Congress, Toulouse, France, 6-8 June 2010.
  • Wawra, S.; Grouffaud, S.; Bain, J.; Whisson, S.C.; Matena, A.; Porter, A.J.; Bayer, P.; Birch, P.R.J.; Secombes, C.J.; van West, P. (2010) Unravelling the mechanism of RXLR mediated translocation of oomycete effector proteins., Oomycete Molecular Genetics Network Congress, Toulouse, France, 6-8 June 2010.
  • Cooke, D.E.L.; Lees, A.K.; Hansen, J.G.; Birch, P.R.J. (2010) Molecular diversity of Phytophthora infestans populations at local and regional scales., KNPV Meeting. Wageningen, The Netherlands, 16 June 2010.
  • Cooke, D.E.L.; Lees, A.K.; Birch, P.R.J. (2010) Ongoing change in populations of Phytophthora infestans in the GB potato crop., Oomycete Molecular Genetics Network Congress, Toulouse, France, 6-8 June 2010.
  • Cano, L.M.; Raffaele, S.; Win, J.; Schornack, S.; Cooke, D.E.L.; Birch, P.R.J.; Kamoun, S. (2010) Comparative genome analysis of a strain from the UK blue 13 clonal lineage of Phytophthora infestans reveals significant genetic and expression polymorphisms in effector genes., Oomycete Molecular Genetics Network Congress, France, 6-8 June 2010.
  • McLellan, H.; Tian, Z.D.; Avrova, A.O.; Gilroy, E.M.; Pritchard, L.; Whisson, S.C.; Birch, P.R.J. (2010) Identification of RXLR effectors essential for virulence in Phytophthora infestans., Oomycete Molecular Genetics Network Congress, Toulouse, France, 6-8 June 2010.
  • Breen, S.; Gilroy, E.M.; Armstrong, M.R.; Morales, J.G.; Hein, I.; Douglas, E.; Boevink, P.; McLellan, H.; Randall, E.; Tian, Z.D.; Avrova, A.O.; Pritchard, L.; Lokossou, A.A.; Govers, F.; van der Vossen, E.A.G.; Vleeshouwers, V.G.A.A.; Brunner, F.; Whisson, S.C.; Birch, P.R.J. (2010) Avr2, an RXLR effector from Phytophthora infestans., Oomycete Molecular Genetics Network Congress, Toulouse, France, 6-8 June 2010.
  • Armstrong, M.R.; Boevink, P.; Bukharova, T.; McLellan, H.; Ramos, M.; Gilroy, E.M.; Pritchard, L.; Whisson, S.C.; Beynon, J.; Birch, P.R.J. (2010) Identifying candidate host 'targets' of Phytophthora infestans translocated RXLR proteins., Oomycete Molecular Genetics Network Congress, Toulouse, France, 6-8 June 2010.
  • Gilroy, E.M.; Hein, I.; McLellan, H.; Breen, S.; Engelhardt, S.; Tian, Z.D.; Seman, Z.A.; Pritchard, L.; Armstrong, M.R.; Randall, E.; Avrova, A.O.; Cooke, D.E.L.; Lees, A.K.; Vleeshouwers, V.G.A.A.; van West, P.; Whisson, S.C.; Birch, P.R.J. (2010) Using knowledge of RXLR effectors to seek durable resistance., Oomycete Molecular Genetics Network Congress, Toulouse, France, 6-8 June 2010.

Scientific Posters / Conferences

AttachmentSize
File Comparative Genomic Analysis of Erwinia carotovora subsp atroseptica: Evidence For Extensive Horizontal Gene Transfer with Plant Associated Bacteria 613.23 KB
File Quorum sensing regulates novel phytotoxin production in the plant pathogen Pectobacterium atrosepticum 278.9 KB
File Phytotoxins produced by Pectobacterium atrosepticum impact multiple defense hormone pathways in potato 479.11 KB
File Quorum sensing and pectin catabolism regulate phytotoxin production in Pectobacterium atrosepticum 344.03 KB
File Prediction of transcription factor binding sites in bacterial genomes: case study with Pectobacterium atrosepticum 405.75 KB
File Development of a Computational Pipeline For Automated Prediction of Bacterial Transcription Factor Binding Sites 1.39 MB
File Functional characterization of the RxLR-EER translocation signal for delivery of oomycete effector proteins into host plant cells 162.54 KB
File Comparative and functional genomics identifies major differences between genomic islands in soft rotting enterobacterial plant pathogens 414.25 KB
File Translocation of effector proteins from the oomycete Phytophthora infestans into plant cells 780.57 KB
File Evolutionarily distinct RXLR effectors from distantly related oomycetes target the plant exocyst 1000.56 KB
File Is KIPI30 the main virulence target of the Phytophthora infestans effector protein Avr3a? 175.3 KB
File Exploiting the Phytophthora infestans genome to determine targets for sustainable potato protection 597.58 KB
File Expression profiles of RXLR motif-containing sequences during Phytophthora infestans-potato interactions 1.4 MB
File Characterisation of Effector Proteins Secreted By Erwinia carotovora subsp. atroseptica and Their Role on Host Resistance 103.14 KB
File Identification Of Novel Erwinia Genes Involved In Disease 133.37 KB
File Post-Genomic Analysis of Erwinia Carotovora Virulence Responses in In Vitro and In Planta Environments 119.48 KB
File A whole genome transcriptomics approach to determine the quorum sensing regulon of Pectobacterium atrosepticum during infection 176.37 KB
File A step closer to blackleg control: Genomics opens our eyes to the true nature of Erwinia and its interaction with plants 212.62 KB
File The Role of Protease Cathepsin B during non-host HR 203.17 KB
File The Role of Protease Cathepsin B during non-host HR 147.75 KB
File VIGS for functionally analysing novel defence genes in potato 170.77 KB
File Role of Pectobacterium atrosepticum (Pba) effectors in the manipulation of host defences 414.71 KB
File Viral-induced gene silencing (VIGS) vector development for functional studies in crop plants 154.46 KB
File Viral-induced gene silencing (VIGS) vector development for functional studies in Solanaceae 192.55 KB
File An Ancestral Oomycete Locus Contains Late BlightAvirulence Gene Avr3a 183.93 KB
File Yeast 2 Hybrid Screening to Identify Plant Targets of Oomycete Effector Protein AVR3a 245.47 KB
File Identification of novel pathogenicity factors in the late blight pathogen Phytophthora infestans 325.8 KB
File Transient gene silencing - a step forward in identifying novel pathogenicity factors in the late blight pathogen Phytophthora infestans 326.51 KB
File Screening wild potato accessions for resistance to the virulent allele of the Phytophthora infestans effector avr3a EM 307.83 KB
File Genomics approaches uncover an alternative life-style of the plant pathogen Pectobacterium atrosepticum 210.23 KB
File Identifying key Phytophthora infestans effectors as targets for more durable late blight resistance
185.29 KB

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The James Hutton Research Institute is the result of the merger in April 2011 of MLURI and SCRI. This merger formed a new powerhouse for research into food, land use, and climate change.