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Robin Pakeman

Staff picture: Robin Pakeman
Ecological Sciences
Ecological Sciences
Plant Ecologist
robin.pakeman@hutton.ac.uk
+44 (0)344 928 5428 (*)

The James Hutton Institute
Craigiebuckler
Aberdeen AB15 8QH
Scotland UK

 

Robin is a researcher at the Institute focussing on the management and functioning of biodiversity in a range of Scottish ecosystems. He currently leads a workpackage, Functioning of Species, Habitats and Ecosystems, as part of the Scottish Government funded research programme on Environment - Land Use and Rural Stewardship. He is an Editor of Biological Conservation and a Subject Editor for Oikos. He is a Visiting Professor in the School of Biological Science at the University of Liverpool and an Honorary Professor in the School of Biological Sciences at the University of Aberdeen. He is an author of over ninety refereed publications and numerous reports to government departments and statutory agencies.

Current research interests

His current research covers the following areas:

  • The role of plant functional traits in ecosystem function,
  • Long-term land use and biodiversity change on the Machair,
  • Prioritisation of species and habitats for conservation,
  • Upland management for biodiversity, and
  • The impact of tree regeneration on moorland biodiversity.

He also maintains an interest in previous areas of research including:

  • The role large mammals play as seed dispersal agents,
  • Bracken ecology and control,
  • The role of seedbanks in vegetation dynamics, and
  • The impact of management on vegetation dynamics.

Bibliography

  • Chambers, B.J.; Cross, R.B.; Pakeman, R.J., (1996) Recreating lowland heath on ex-arable land in the Breckland Environmentally Sensitive Area., Aspects of Applied Biology, 44, 393-400.
  • Manchester, S.J.; Mountford, J.O.; Pakeman, R.J.; Pywell, R.F.; Treweek, J.R., (1995) Experimental habitat restoration of arable land., Aspects of Applied Biology, 43, 175-181.
  • Pakeman, R.J.; Marrs, R.H.; Howard, D.C.; Barr, C.J., (1995) Predicting the effects of climate and land-use change on the spread of bracken., In: Bracken: An Environmental Issue (eds. R.T.Smith and J.A.Taylor). Leeds University Press, pp69-72.
  • Pakeman, R.J., (1995) Heathland and grassland management for conservation., In: Managing Ancient Monuments: An Integrated Approach (eds. A.Q. Berry and I.W. Brown). Clwyd Archaeology Service, Clywd County Council; Mold, pp113-122.
  • Marrs, R.H.; Pakeman, R.J.; Lowday, J.E., (1995) Bracken control and heathland restoration in Breckland., In: Bracken: An Environmental Issue (eds. R.T. Smith and J.A. Taylor), Leeds University Press, pp166-172.
  • Boorman, L.A.; Pakeman, R.J.; Garbutt, A.; Ashton, C., (1994) Salt marsh processes in four European countries., Report of the Institute of Terrestrial Ecology, 1993-1994. Natural Environment Research Council, Swindon, pp53-56.
  • Pakeman, R.J., (1994) The control of bracken (Pteridium aquilinum) with asulam, its environmental implications and alternatives., Pesticide Outlook, 5, 21-23.
  • Pakeman, R.J.; Marrs, R.H.; Jacob, P.J., (1994) A model of bracken (Pteridium aquilinum) growth and the effects of control strategies and changing climate., Journal of Applied Ecology, 31, 145-154.
  • Pakeman, R.J.; Marrs, R.H.; Hill, M.O., (1993) Bracken distribution and management: Program listings., Final Report to the Department of the Environment - Volume 3, March 1993.
  • Pakeman, R.J.; Marrs, R.H.; Hill, M.O., (1993) Bracken distribution and management: Technical Annexes., Final Report to the Department of the Environment - Volume 2, March 1993.
  • Pakeman, R.J.; Marrs, R.H.; Hill, M.O., (1993) Bracken distribution and management: Report., Final Report to the Department of the Environment - Volume 1, July 1993.
  • Pakeman, R.J.; Marrs, R.H., (1993) Bracken., The Biologist, 40, 105-109.
  • Hill, M.O.; Pakeman, R.J.;, (1993) Modelling species change during ecological succession., Report of the Institute of Terrestrial Ecology, 1992-1993. Natural Environment Research Council, Swindon, pp25-27.
  • Pakeman, R.J.; Marrs, R.H., (1993) Long-term recovery of bracken (Pteridium aquilinum (L.) Kuhn) after asulam spraying., Annals of Applied Biology, 122, 519-530.
  • Marrs, R.H.; Pakeman, R.J.; Lowday, J.E., (1993) Control of bracken and the restoration of heathland. V. Effects of bracken control treatments on the rhizome and its relationship with frond performance., Journal of Applied Ecology, 30, 107-118.
  • Bull, K.R.; Brown, N.J.; Gerard, F.; Pakeman, R.J.; Sparks, T.H.; Veitch, N., (1992) Habitat, Climate Envelope and Process Models., In: Bull, K.R. et al. The Department of the Environment Core Model Project: The Impacts of Climate Change on Natural and Semi-Natural Ecosystems. Report to the Department of the Environment.
  • Pakeman, R.J.; Marrs, R.H., (1992) The effects of climate change on bracken and its control., Aspects of Applied Biology, 309-316.
  • Pakeman, R.J.; Marrs, R.H., (1992) The conservation value of bracken, Pteridium aquilinum (L.) Kuhn, dominated communities in the UK, and an assessment of the ecological impact of bracken expansion or its removal., Biological Conservation, 62, 101-114.
  • Pakeman, R.J.; Marrs, R.H., (1991) Bracken distribution and management: An Environmental Balance Sheet for Bracken and its Control., Report to Department of the Environment, March 1991.
  • Pakeman, R.J.; Marrs, R.H., (1991) Advantages and disadvantages of the bracken habitat., Report of the Institute of Terrestrial Ecology, 1990-1991. Natural Environment Research Council, Swindon, pp19-21.
  • Pakeman, R.J.; Lee, J.A., (1991) The ecology of the strandline annuals Cakile maritima and Salsola kali. I. Environmental factors affecting plant performance., Journal of Ecology, 79, 143-153.
  • Pakeman, R.J.; Lee, J.A., (1991) The ecology of the strandline annuals Cakile maritima and Salsola kali. II. The role of nitrogen in controlling plant performance., Journal of Ecology, 79, 155-165.

  • Pakeman, R.J., (2017) Rabbit., In: Littlewood, N.; Chapman, P.; Francis, I.; Roberts, G.; Robinson, A.; Sideris, K. (eds.). Mammal Atlas of North-East Scotland and the Cairngorms. NESBReC, Aberdeen, pp.52-55.
  • Pakeman, R.J., (2016) Diversity confers resilience of production in grasslands., In: Pakeman, R.J. (ed.) Grassland Biodiversity. The James Hutton Institute, Craigiebuckler, Aberdeen, pp22-23.
  • Pakeman, R.J.; Fielding, D.; Littlewood, N.; Pozsgai, G.; Smith, S., (2016) Grassland management drives trade-offs for biodiversity., In: Pakeman, R.J. (ed.) Grassland Biodiversity. The James Hutton Institute, Craigiebuckler, Aberdeen, pp20-21.
  • Stockan, J.; Pakeman, R.J., (2016) Grassland management impacts on invertebrates., In: Pakeman, R.J. (ed.) Grassland Biodiversity. The James Hutton Institute, Craigiebuckler, Aberdeen, pp18-19.
  • Moore, E.; Pemberton, J.; Iason, G.; Pakeman, R.J., (2016) Managing habitat mosaics., In: Pakeman, R.J. (ed.). Grassland Biodiversity. The James Hutton Institute, Craigiebuckler, Aberdeen, pp10-11.
  • Fielding, D.; Littlewood, N.; Pozsgai, G.; Pakeman, R.J.; Evans, D., (2016) Upland grassland management for biodiversity., In: Pakeman, R.J. (ed.). Grassland Biodiversity. The James Hutton Institute, Craigiebuckler, Aberdeen, pp8-9.
  • Pakeman, R.J., (2016) Identifying drivers of change in coastal grasslands., In: Pakeman, R.J. (ed.). Grassland Biodiversity. The James Hutton Institute, Craigiebuckler, Aberdeen, pp6-7.
  • Mitchell, R.; Hewison, R.; Britton, A.; Pakeman, R.J.; Hester, A., (2016) Long-term changes in Scottish grassland plant communities., In: Pakeman, R.J. (ed.). Grassland Biodiversity. The James Hutton Institute, Craigiebuckler, Aberdeen, pp4-5.
  • Pakeman, R.J., (2016) Grassland biodiversity : A Summary of Research Outputs Supported or Facilitated by the Environmental Change Programme of the Scottish Government's Portfolio of Strategic Research 2011-2016. The James Hutton Institute, Craigiebuckler, Aberdeen, 24pp., In: Pakeman, R.J. (ed.). Grassland Biodiversity. The James Hutton Institute, Craigiebuckler, Aberdeen, 24pp.
  • Eastwood, A.; Brooker, R.; Irvine, R.J.; Pakeman, R.J., (2016) Nature conservation and ecosystem services delivery., In: Brooker, R., Hester, A. & Pakeman, R. (eds.). Ecosystem Services. The James Hutton Institute, Craigiebuckler, Aberdeen, pp26-27.
  • Gimona, A.; Baggio Compagnucci, A.; Poggio, L.; Castellazzi, M.; Brooker, R.; Pakeman, R.J., (2016) Modelling and mapping key ecosystem services., In: Brooker, R., Hester, A. & Pakeman, R.J. (eds.). Ecosystem Services. The James Hutton Institute, Craigiebuckler, Aberdeen, pp8-9.
  • Brooker, R.; Karley, A.; Pakeman, R.J.; Newton, A.; Schob, C.; Morcillo, L., (2016) Biodiversity and function., In: Brooker, R., Hester, A. & Pakeman, R.J.(eds.). Ecosystem Services. The James Hutton Institute, Craigiebuckler, Aberdeen, pp6-7.
  • van der Wal, R.; Bonn, A.; Monteith, D.; Reed, M.; Blackstock, K.L.; Hanley, N.; Thompson, D.; Evans, M.; Alonso, I.; Allott, T.; Armitage, H.; Beharry, N.; Glass, J.; Johnson, S.; McMorrow, J.; Ross, L.; Pakeman, R.J.; Perry, S.; Tinch, D., (2011) Mountains, moorlands and heaths., In: UK National Ecosystem Assessment. Understanding Nature's Value to Society. Technical Report. Cambridge, UNEP-WCMC, Chapter 5, pp106-159.
  • Bullock, J.M.; Jefferson, R.G.; Blackstock, T.H.; Pakeman, R.J.; Emmett, B.A.; Pywell, R.F.; Grime, J.P.; Silvertown, J.; Church, A.; McMullan, M.; Rimes, C.; Smith, S.; Hinton, G.; Porter, K.; Crowle, A.; Alexander, R.; Peel, S.; Grice, P.; MacKintosh, J.; Holyoak, V.; Keatinge, R.; Middlebrook, I.; Brereton, T.; Crick, M.; Woodcock, B.; Heard, M.; Carvell, C.; Tallowin, J.; Bardgett, R.; Cooper, N., (2011) Semi-natural grasslands., In: UK National Ecosystem Assessment. Understanding Nature's Value to Society. Technical Report. Cambridge, UNEP-WCMC, Chapter 6, pp162-195.
  • Pakeman, R.J.; Marrs, R.H.; Howard, D.C.; Barr, C.J., (1995) Predicting the effects of climate and land-use change on the spread of bracken., In: Bracken: An Environmental Issue (eds. R.T.Smith and J.A.Taylor). Leeds University Press, pp69-72.
  • Pakeman, R.J., (1995) Heathland and grassland management for conservation., In: Managing Ancient Monuments: An Integrated Approach (eds. A.Q. Berry and I.W. Brown). Clwyd Archaeology Service, Clywd County Council; Mold, pp113-122.
  • Marrs, R.H.; Pakeman, R.J.; Lowday, J.E., (1995) Bracken control and heathland restoration in Breckland., In: Bracken: An Environmental Issue (eds. R.T. Smith and J.A. Taylor), Leeds University Press, pp166-172.

  • Brooker, R.W.; Hester, A.J.; Newey, S.; Pakeman, R.J., (2018) Socio-economic and biodiversity impacts of driven grouse moors in Scotland: Part 2 Biodiversity impacts of driven grouse moors in Scotland., Report to Scottish Government as part of Grouse Moor Management PAWSA Project, 49pp.
  • Pakeman, R.J.; Gimona, A.; Glendell, M.; Yeluripati, J.; Addy, S.; van Hulst, F.; Matthews, K.; Mitchell, R.; Rivington, M., (2018) Climate change, natural capital and adaptation in Scotland’s marginal lands., Report to ClimateXChange, 17pp.
  • Brooker, R.W.; Pakeman, R.J.; Eastwood, A.E., (2018) A report on work undertaken in year 2 (2017-2018) of the Scottish Government's Strategic Research Programme in support of the Natural Capital Asset Index., James Hutton Institute, 11pp. (Theme 1 Website and direct circulation to Scottish Natural Heritage).
  • Pilkington, J.G.; Ashraf, B.; Bach, F.; Ballingall, K.; Bussière, L.; Chambers, A.; Childs, D.; Christensen, L.; Clements, D.; Crawley, M.J.; Dicks, K.; Ellis, P.; Fairlie, J.; Froy, H.; Graham, A.; Grenfell, B.; Handel, I.; Hayward, A.; Hindle, B.; Hunter, D.; Janeiro, M.J.; Johnston, S.; Kruuk, L.; Leivesley, J.; Mellanby, R.; McNeilly, T.; Morrissey, M.; Nussey, D.; Pakeman, R.J.; Pemberton, J.M.; Regan, C.; Sargison, N.; Slate, J.; Smiseth, P.; Sparks, A.; Stevenson, I.R.; Watson, R.; Watt, K.; Willbourn, R.; Zamoyska, R., (2018) St. Kilda Soay sheep project: annual report 2017., St Kilda Soay Sheep project Website.
  • Pakeman, R.J.; Brooker, R.W., (2018) Developing an Ecosystem Health Indicator based on Scottish bryophyte records., Report to the Scottish Biodiversity Strategy Science and Technical Subgroup on Indicators, 9pp.
  • Brooker, R.; Iannetta, P.; Karley, A.; Newton, A.; Pakeman, R., (2017) Crop mixtures in the Strategic Research Programme., Workshop Report, James Hutton Institute, Dundee, 27 July 2017. Report circulated to workshop attendees.
  • Blackstock, K.L.; Brooker, R.; Pakeman, R.J.; Ellis, C.; George, T.; Iason, G.; Gilbert, L.; Artz, R,.R.E.; Irvine, R.J.; McVittie, A.; Newey, S.; Mitchell, R.; Gimona, A.; Fischer, A.; Begg, G.; Maxwell, J., (2017) Ecosystems and Land Use Stakeholders Engagement Group (ELSEG) Workshop Report., Workshop, Victoria Quay, Edinburgh, 20 November 2017.
  • Pakeman, R.J., (2017) Identifying gaps in the current agri-environment and climate scheme., Notes from a Workshop, Silvan House, Edinburgh, 9 March 2017. Notes recorded on Theme 1 Website.
  • Pakeman, R.J., (2017) Identifying gaps in the current agri-environment and climate scheme (2014-2020)., Report for Theme 1 Website, 26pp.
  • Eastwood, A.; Brooker, R.W.; Pakeman, R.J., (2017) Developing an ecosystem health indicator for urban green space: the current state of play., Information Note for Scottish Natural Heritage, EHI Green Space Final Draft, 8pp.
  • Brooker, R.J.; Eastwood, A.; Pakeman, R.J., (2017) Report on assessment of new indicators include within the NCAI., Short Report to Scottish Natural Heritage, 7pp.
  • Chapman, S.J.; Hester, A.J.; Irvine, R.J.; Pakeman, R.J., (2017) Muirburn peatland and peat soils - an evidence assessment., Final Report to CXC calldown.
  • Matthews, K.B.; Miller, D.G.; Wardell-Johnson, D.; Hewitt, R.; Pakeman, R.J., (2017) Reply to Greening query from RESAS., Confidential report to RESAS, 4pp.
  • Irvine, R.J.; Miller, D.R.; Artz, R.R.E.; Brooker, R.; Chapman, S.J.; Newey, S.; Hester, A.J.; Pakeman, R.J., (2016) Scoping a strategic vision for the uplands: A response from the James Hutton Institute., Response to a Consultation for Scottish Natural Heritage.
  • Matthews, K.B.; Miller, D.G.; Towers, W.; Squire, G.R.; Hawes, C.; Pakeman, R.J.; Brooker, R.; Brown, I.; Owen, J.; Vinten, A.J.A.; MacLeod, C.J.A., (2016) CAP Greening Review, Summary., Scottish Government and The James Hutton Institute Website.
  • Squire, G.R.; Hawes, C.; Pakeman, R.J.; Brooker, R.; Brown, I.; Towers, W.; Owen, J.; Vinten, A.J.A.; MacLeod, C.J.A., (2016) CAP Greening Review, Part 4, Expert Panel Review. Views of members of the expert panel on CAP Greening., Scottish Government and The James Hutton Institute Websites.
  • Dawson, L.A.; Pakeman, R.J.; Stutter, M.I.; Miller, D.R.; Matthews, K.B.; Stott, A., (2016) Strategic Research Programme, Programme 1 Environmental Change, Final Report 2011 to 2016, Report to RESAS.
  • Werritty, A.; Pakeman, R.J.; Shedden, C.; Smith, A.; Wilson, J.D., (2015) A review of sustainable moorland management., Report to the Scientific Advisory Committee of Scottish Natural Heritage, SNH, Battleby, Perth.
  • Humphreys, E.M.; Gilbert, L.; Furness, R.W.; Littlewood, N.; Mitchell, R.J.; Pakeman, R.; Fuller, R.J.; Calladine, J., (2015) Scoping report to Uist Wader Research: Suggested research programme 2012-2014., Scottish Natural Heritage Commissioned Report No. 497.
  • Mitchell, R.J.; Broome, A.; Harmer, R.; Beaton, J.K.; Bellamy, P.E.; Brooker, R.W.; Duncan, R.; Ellis, C.J.; Hester, A.J.; Hodgetts, N.G.; Iason, G.R.; Littlewood, N.A.; Mackinnon, M.; Pakeman, R.J.; Pozsgai, G.; Ramsey S.; Riach, D.; Stockan, J. A.; Taylor, A.F.S.; Woodward, S., (2014) Assessing and addressing the impacts of ash dieback on UK woodlands and trees of conservation importance (Phase 2)., Natural England Report.

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The James Hutton Research Institute is the result of the merger in April 2011 of MLURI and SCRI. This merger formed a new powerhouse for research into food, land use, and climate change.