Antonia Eastwood

Honorary Associate
Ecological Sciences
T: +44 (0)344 928 5428 (*)

I am a socio-ecologist with experience in working in a wide range of countries including the UK overseas territories and the Balkans. My early research career focused on the consevation biology of rare and globally threatened island floras. However,  after years of practical conservation experience with Royal Botanic Gardens Kew and Fauna and Flora International, the need for more integrated solutions to biodiversity conservation, and the need to better understand the complex dynamics of human-ecosystem interactions become more and more apparent to me.

My main research interest now is therefore the application of interdisciplinary research to biodiversity conservation and the governance of ecosystem services/natural resources. I currently lead the research on participatory decision-making in multi-functional woodlands. Recent contracts include assessing the effects of nature conservation on ecosystem delivery (JNCC), and the evaluation of the Natural Capital Assest Index (SNH).

  • Exploring and understanding human-ecosystem interactions in ecosystem service delivery
  • Exploring decision making processes and tools  in natural resource mananagment and understanding trade-offs in ecosystem services
  • Providing guidance to the Conservation Organisation for Afghan Mountain Areas on participatory evaluation (Darwin Initiative project with the Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh)
  • Understanding the social aspects  of  adaptive co-management across landscapes

Past research

  • Conservation planning (protected areas) and grassland biodiversity conservation in Croatia – 2004-2007
  • Research on seed viability and hybridisation in the globally threatened Commidendrum from St Helena – 1999-2003
  • Population genetics of Elaphoglossum from St Helena – 1999-2003
  • Coastal biodiversity assessment of Anegada, British Virgin Islands – 2004
  • IUCN Red listing of globally threatened trees -2004-2007


Prior to appointment

Books / chapters

  • Brooker, R.; Eastwood, A.; Gimona, A.; Poggio, L.; Genney, D.; Ellis, C.; Brewer, M.I. (2016) Opportunities for translocating mountain species., In: Irvine, R.J. (ed.) Biodiversity and Upland Management. The James Hutton Institute, Craigiebuckler, Aberdeen, Chapter 11, pp24-25.
  • Eastwood, A.; Brooker, R.; Irvine, R.J.; Pakeman, R.J. (2016) Nature conservation and ecosystem services delivery., In: Brooker, R., Hester, A. & Pakeman, R. (eds.). Ecosystem Services. The James Hutton Institute, Craigiebuckler, Aberdeen, pp26-27.
  • Fischer, A.; Byg, A.; Eastwood, A.; Irvine, R.J. (2016) Ecosystem services at a local scale., In: Brooker, R., Hester, A. & Pakeman, R. (eds.). Ecosystem Services. The James Hutton Institute, Craigiebuckler, Aberdeen, pp20-21.
  • Eastwood, A.; Irvine, J.; Blackstock, K.; Byg, A.; Fischer, A. (2016) Approaches for more integrated and participatory decision making., In: Brooker, R., Hester, A. & Pakeman, R. (eds.). Ecosystem Services. The James Hutton Institute, Craigiebuckler, Aberdeen, pp14-15.
  • Eastwood, A.; Lazkov, G.; Newton, A. (2009) The red list of trees of Central Asia., Fauna and Flora International, Cambridge, UK. ISBN: 9781 903703 27 4

Technical / contract reports

  • Pakeman, R.J.; Eastwood, A.; Duckett, D.; Waylen, K.; Hopkins, J.; Bailey, D. (2023) Understanding the Indirect Drivers of Biodiversity Loss in Scotland, NatureScot Research Report 1309 – Understanding the Indirect Drivers of Biodiversity Loss in Scotland
  • Colley, K.; Hague, A.; Thompson, C.; Fischer, A.; Roberts, M.; Irvine, K.; Juarez Bourke, A.; Conniff, A.; Nicholson, H.; Eastwood, A.; Herrett, S.; Ferguson, J.; Murray, K.; Rae, G. (2023) Creating Natural Connections: Final Evaluation of Outcomes for People, Evaluation report of the people-focused activities of the Creating Natural Connections project, delivered by Cumbernauld Living Landscape.
  • Gimona, A.; Wright, P.; Eastwood, A.; Gallego, A.; Hester, A.J. (2021) Ecological networks – connecting Scotland’s nature at the landscape scale., Report on NatureScot Website (NatureScot), 38pp.
  • Blackstock, K.L.; Calo, A.; Currie, M.; Dinnie, L.; Eastwood, A.; MacLeod, K.; Matthews, K.B.; McKee, A.; Miller, D.R.; Nijnik, M.; Sutherland,L-A.; Waylen, K.A. (2020) Issues arising from SLC’s Interim Report on Regional Land Use Partnerships – Evidence from the Scottish Government Strategic Research Programme 2016-2021, Scottish Land Commission, Advice to Scottish Government on Regional Land Use Partnership, Appendix 3, 33pp.
  • Macleod, C.J.A.; Blackstock, K.L.; Begg, G.; Eastwood, A.; Fischer, A.; Lackova, P.; Kuhfuss. L.; Shortall, O.; Vinten, A.J.A.. (2020) Landscape level management case studies for ecological, economic and social outcomes: lessons learned., Research Briefing, James Hutton Institute
  • Eastwood, A.; Lorenzo-Arribas, A.; Byg, A.; Herrett, S.; Juarez-Bourke, A.; Fischer, A. (2019) Cumbernauld Glen: Exploring the perceived impacts of different management interventions on woodland benefits. , Worksop Report, The James Hutton Institute, UK, 18pp.
  • Brooker, R.W.; Pakeman, R.J.; Eastwood, A.E. (2018) A report on work undertaken in year 2 (2017-2018) of the Scottish Government’s Strategic Research Programme in support of the Natural Capital Asset Index., James Hutton Institute, 11pp. (Theme 1 Website and direct circulation to Scottish Natural Heritage).
  • Brooker, R.; Paterson E.; Glendell, M.; Ellis, C.; Eastwood, A.; Fraser, F.; Wilkinson, M.; Skuce, P.; Macleod, C.; Carvalho, L.; Fischer, A.; Comerford, D.; Holland, J.; Vinten, A.J.A.; McVittie, A. (2017) Report on natural assets theme science day, James Hutton Institute, Aberdeen, 2 October 2017., Theme 1 Web pages, 6pp.
  • Eastwood, A.; Brooker, R.W.; Pakeman, R.J. (2017) Developing an ecosystem health indicator for urban green space: the current state of play., Information Note for Scottish Natural Heritage, EHI Green Space Final Draft, 8pp.
  • Brooker, R.W.; Pakeman, R.J.; Eastwood, A. (2017) Developing a “complex, multi-species” Ecosystem Health Indicator using bryophyte and lichen data., Information Note for Scottish Natural Heritage, James Hutton Institute, 5pp.
  • Macleod, C.J.A.; Blackstock, K.L.; Brown, A.; Eastwood, A.; Fisher, A.; Gimona, A.; Prager, K.; Irvine, R.J. (2017) Adaptive management evaluation framework., RESAS1.4.3a Deliverable M2.
  • Brooker, R.J.; Eastwood, A.; Pakeman, R.J. (2017) Report on assessment of new indicators include within the NCAI., Short Report to Scottish Natural Heritage, 7pp.
  • Brown, K.M.; Eastwood, A.; Fischer, A.; Herrett, S.; Irvine, R.J. (2017) D2: Report on benefits from woodland derived by communities from case study areas and the main trade-offs., Report to RESAS for WP1.4.3.
  • MacLeod, C.J.; Blackstock, K.L.; Brown, K.M.; Eastwood, A.; Gimona, A.; Prager, K.; Irvine, R.J. (2016) Adaptive management: an overview of the concept and its practical application in the Scottish context., Technical Report for RESAS1.4.3a Deliverable D1, 24pp.
  • Brown, K.; Irvine, J.; Fischer, A ; Eastwood, A ; Herrett, S. (2016) 1.4.3c D1: Report on stakeholder engagement to help co-construct the research agenda in the Cairngorms based case study on accessible rural woodland expansion., Logged in RESAS 143 outputs folder.
  • Worrell, R.; Pepper, S.; Eastwood, A.; Harden, J. (2015) Principles and indicators for representing the environment in FES Land Management Plans: a pilot study., Forest Enterprise Scotland Commissioned Report.
  • Eastwood, A.; Donaldson-Selby, G.; Byg, A.; Fischer, A. (2015) A Future of the Forest of Falkland., Report of staff workshop, Falkland Estate, 26 March 2015. One day staff workshop.
  • Holstead, K.L.; Eastwood, A.; McVittie, A.; Kyle, C.; Martin-Ortega, J.; Glenk, K.; Nijnik, M. (2014) EAWG5: Update on valuations and values meeting report., Report from EAWG5, Victoria Quay, Edinburgh, 11 June 2014.
  • Albon, S.; Balana, B.; Brooker, R.; Eastwood, A. (2014) A systematic evaluation of Scotland’s Natural Capital Asset Index., Scottish Natural Heritage Commissioned Report No. 751
  • Eastwood, A.; Fischer, A. (2014) People and the Forest of Falkland: understanding and realising benefits., Report to Falkland Estate and Centre for Stewardship, Falkland.
  • Eastwood, A.; Nijnik, M.; Brooker, R.; Pakeman, R.J.; Artz, R.R.E.; Norton, L.; Ross, L.; Bullock, J.; Albon, S.; Vellinga, N.; Fielding, D.; Irvine, R.J.; Ramsay, S.; Cooksley, S. (2013) Nature conservation and ecosystem service delivery., Joint Nature Conservancy Council, Contract C12-0170-0635.
  • Waylen, K.A.; Eastwood, A.; Banks, E.; Black, H.I.J.; Brown, I.; Brooker, R.; Coull, M.C.; Irvine, R.J.; Kyle, C.; Macleod, K.; McVittie, A. (2012) Integrated frameworks to support the ecosystem approach., EAWG3 Workshop Report.
  • Eastwood, A.; Coull, M.C.; Blackstock, K.L. (2011) Ecosystem Approach Working Group: 1st Brief Discussion Paper., Ecosystem Approach Working Group.
  • Pakeman, R.J.; Lewis, R.; Kriel, A.; Moore, E.K.; Pemberton, C.; Gore, S.; Hewison, R.L.; Alexander, J.; Cummins, R.; Fielding, D.; Orford, K.; Mitchell, R.; Brooker, R.; Nolan, A.J.; Eastwood, A.; Huband, S. (2011) Detecting biodiversity change in a rare habitat: a botanical re-survey of the Machair., Final Report to the Esmee Fairbairn Foundation.
  • Eastwood, A.; Pakeman, R.J. (2008) Analysis of UK Biodiversity Action Plan 2005 reporting data at Scotland level., Report to Scottish Natural Heritage.

Conference papers

Conference posters / abstracts

  • Juarez-Bourke, A.; Eastwood, A.; Herrett, S.; Hague, A. (2019) Participatory Video. Helping people engage with nature., Scottish Biodiversity Science Conference 2019, Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh, 18 November 2019.
  • Iason, G.R.; Beaton, J.K.; Reid, S.; Ellis, C.; Finger, A.; Newey, S.; Irvine, J.; McLeod, J.; Gilbert, L.; Fielding, D.; Dagleish, D.; McInnes, C.; Artz, R.; Miller, P.; Gimona, A.; Poggio, L.; Eastwood, A.; Fisher, A.; Skuce, P. (2018) RESAS Strategic Research Programme: Biodiversity and Ecosystems., Posters presented at The Wild North East – Scotland’s Natural Gem, organised by North East Scotland Biodiversity Partnership, James Hutton Institute, 13 April 2018.
  • Brooker, R.W.; Britton, A.J.; Eastwood, A.; Ellis, C.; Genney, D.; Gimona, A.; Poggio, L. (2013) Translocations for conservation during climate change: An adaptation case study., PEER Science for the Environment Meeting, Aarhus, Denmark, 2-4 October 2013. Poster.
  • Fischer, A.; Eastwood, A.; Byg, A. (2013) Cultural ecosystem services from woodlands: a case-study from Fife, Scotland, Workshop on Cultural Ecosystem Services: Inside the Black-Box of Natural Resource Management, University of Exeter, 1-2 July 2013.
  • Brooker, R.W.; Britton, A.J.; Eastwood, A.; Ellis, C.; Genney, D.; Gimona, A.; Poggio, L. (2013) Translocations for conservation during climate change: an adaptation case study, The Scottish Biodiversity Strategy: Opportunities and Challenges for Science, Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh, 19-20 September 2013. Poster